Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 9030

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Etiology of Headburns in Returning Adult Salmonids
BPA Project Proposal Number 9030
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Business acronym (if appropriate) AQT

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Dr. Ralph Elston
Mailing Address P.O. Box 687
City, State, Zip Carlsborg, WA 98324
Phone 3606832376
Fax 3606832550
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Lower Snake
Subbasin Snake
Short Description Define the nature and cause of head injuries in adult returning salmonids that appear to result in prespawning mortalities. Characterize and evaluate “headburns” and their etiology to validate monitoring and provide a basis for prevention strategies.
Target Species

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.6E1, 6.1, 6.1A, 6.1B4, 6.1B7, 6.1B.8
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: NMFS: Conservation Recommendation #2: Adult Studies/Adult Passage; Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives: (8) Fallback, (16) Total Dissolved Gas.
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
Not applicable No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Physiological and pathological characterization of headburns b. Necropsy of fish at Lower Granite Dam fish holding facility
1. e. Histological and radiographic evaluation of injuries
1. f. Evaluation of infectious agents in lesions
2. Exaceration of headburns in adult holding facility a. Lesion characterization and observation at Lower Granite facility
3. Frequency and timecourse of healing lesions a. Lesion characterization and observation at Lower Granite facility
3. c. Characterization of injured fish moved to Oregon and Idaho facilities
4. Outcome and survival of injured fish in river or which are transferred. d. Observation of injured fish in Grand Ronde basin
4. c. Characterization of injured fish moved to Oregon and Idaho facilities
5. Atlas of salmonid head injuries for agencies, scientific publication. g. Develop annotated Atlas and scientific publication
6. Regional workshops on headburn h. Presentations are workshops

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 04/01/99 08/01/99 48.0%
2 04/01/99 08/01/99 10.0%
3 04/01/99 08/01/99 10.0%
4 04/01/99 08/01/99 10.0%
5 09/01/99 12/01/99 19.0%
6 04/01/99 04/01/00 3.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $ 48,928
Fringe $ 5,686
Supplies $ 8,300
Travel $ 11,120
Indirect $ 27,392
Subcontractor Texas A & M University; Oregon State University $ 5,500
Other $ 12,171
Other $ 12,171
Total Itemized Budget $131,268

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $131,268
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $131,268
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001
All Phases $123,860 $128,815
Total Outyear Budgets $123,860 $128,815

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The occurrence of fish with head injuries is somewhat variable from year to year. The level of project effort and need for outyear funding will depend on the occurrence and availability of sufficient injured fish to conduct the study.

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


The proposal addresses N.M.F.S. Biological Opinion Conservation Recommendation No. 2 (Adult Studies/Adult Passage), Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (fallback and total dissolved gas) and parts of measures 4.1-4.3, 5.6 and 6.1 of the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Salmon survival, passage, research and performance). Head injuries in returning adult salmon occur at a frequency of up to 10% or greater at certain fish passage facilities, particularly in the Snake River watershed. They are poorly described and their cause in unknown. “Headburns” have been observed in E.S.A. listed salmon and other runs and are thought responsible for prespawning mortalities. Fisheries managers uniformly agree an urgent need exists to define the nature of headburn syndrome and assess its cause and consequences in order to formulate strategies to reduce the injuries. The proposal objectives are to develop a detailed pathological and physiological characterization of headburns in adult returning salmon, evaluate likely causes and determine whether injuries are exacerbated during fish holding and transfer. Close collaboration with fishery agencies is planned. Descriptive pathology, evaluation of lesion development and time course, histological examination, osmoregulatory function assessment, and microbiological methods will be used. A one to three year study is proposed, depending on the variable occurrence of injured fish from year to year. Critical new information from this project regarding nature, cause and consequences of head injuries should directly lead to remediation strategies. The results will be presented in an annotated atlas for regional fishery agencies, published in a peer reviewed scientific journal and presented at regional workshops.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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