Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 9063

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Ocean Survival of Salmonids Relative to Migrational Timing, Fish Health…
BPA Project Proposal Number 9063
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Business acronym (if appropriate) NMFS/NWFSC
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Michael Schiewe, Ph.D.
Mailing Address 2725 Montlake Blvd. East
City, State, Zip Seattle, WA 98112
Phone 2068603270
Fax 2068603267
E-mail michael.schiewe@noaa.gov
 
Manager of program authorizing this project
 
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Mainstem
Subbasin Ocean/estuary
 
Short Description Measure the effects of time of entry and smolt quality, food habits, growth, and bioenergetic status of juvenile coho and chinook salmon on survival in relation to oceanographic features of the nearshore ocean environment associated with Columbia River
Target Species Chinook (ocean & stream type) and coho (when available)


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses:
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information


Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Physical characterization of Columbia River plume, estuary, and near-shore environment a. Integrated numerical modeling and real-time data acquisition of circulation and physical water properties in the Columbia River estuary
1. Physical characterization of Columbia River plume, estuary, and near-shore environment b. Integrated vessel observations and numerical modeling of circulation and physical water properties in the Columbia River plume and nearshore environment
1. Physical characterization of Columbia River plume, estuary, and near-shore environment c. Analysis of variability of present and historical river flow data, and estimation of suspended particulate matter (SPM) using an existing rating curve
2. Biological characterization of Columbia River plume and near-shore environment a. Measure nutrient concentrations (nitrate, phosphate, silicate), phytoplankton biomass and zooplankton and ichthyoplankton abundance and species composition at monthly intervals in the plume and nearshore environments
2. Biological characterization of Columbia River plume and near-shore environment b. Compare results to historical data from central OR & WA coasts & in the plume of 1970s & 1980s to determine if plume and shelf waters have changed in nutient dynamics & plankton production as a result of 76/77 regime shift or Columbia River spring flows.
2. Biological characterization of Columbia River plume and near-shore environment c. Relate variations in seasonal cycles of plankton abundance to interannual variations in date of spring transition, coastal upwelling strength and size of plume, from historical data and for data collected during this proposed study
3. Assess timing of entry as a factor related to salmon survival a. Collect juvenile salmon in river or at hatchery release sites, measure, and acquire tissue samples for bioenergetic quality assessment
3. Assess timing of entry as a factor related to salmon survival b. Assess growth characteristics of release groups and smolt quality
3. Assess timing of entry as a factor related to salmon survival c. Acquire return rates for each release group
3. Assess timing of entry as a factor related to salmon survival d. Identify relationships among time of entry, smolt condition, and oceanographic conditions in the estuary and nearshore ocean identified in Objectives 1 & 2.
4. Assess salmon growth and health in nearshore ocean habitats off the Columbia River a. Collect fish, measure, and acquire tissue samples to measure growth rates and bioenergetic status
4. Assess salmon growth and health in nearshore ocean habitats off the Columbia River b. Assess growth characteristics and bioenergetic status of juvenile coho and ocean and stream-type chinook salmon
4. Assess salmon growth and health in nearshore ocean habitats off the Columbia River c. Identify relationships among growth and bioenergetic status, nearshore ocean conditions identified in Objectives 1 & 2, and microhabitats of the ocean in relation to the Columbia River for juvenile coho and ocean- and stream-type chinook salmon
4. Assess salmon growth and health in nearshore ocean habitats off the Columbia River d. Conduct retrospective analysis of juvenile coho salmon growth during ocean age 1 and 2 using data collected by Fisher and Pearcy (1988) and data collected from this study
4. Assess salmon growth and health in nearshore ocean habitats off the Columbia River e. Identify relationships among growth & bio-energetic status in naturally-produced & hatchery reared juvenile salmon & nearshore ocean conditions & microhabitats of ocean relative to Columbia River for juvenile coho & ocean- & stream-type chinook salmon.
5. Assess juvenile salmon food habits a. Collect stomach contents of juvenile salmon in hearshore ocean off Columbia River
5. Assess juvenile salmon food habits b. Perform stomach analysis
5. Assess juvenile salmon food habits c. Identify relationships between food habits, ocean conditons, and prey fields (identified from Objectives 1 & 2) for juvenile coho and ocean- and stream-type chinook salmon
5. Assess juvenile salmon food habits d. Identify relationships between food habits of juvenile salmon and microhabitats of the nearshore ocean off the Columbia River
6. Report results a. Create text, tables and figures and report results

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/99 10/01/03 40.0%
2 04/01/99 02/01/03 18.0%
3 04/01/99 08/01/03 12.0%
4 06/01/99 09/01/03 22.0%
5 06/01/99 09/01/03 8.0%


Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $ 87,300
Fringe $ 30,600
Supplies $ 35,000
Operating $ 1,200
Capital $ 38,000
Travel $ 3,500
Indirect $ 36,600
Subcontractor $545,000
Other $ 11,000
Total Itemized Budget $788,200


Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $788,200
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $788,200
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable


Reason for change in scope

Not applicable


Cost Sharing

Not applicable
 

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $790,000 $800,000 $700,000 $600,000
Total Outyear Budgets $790,000 $800,000 $700,000 $600,000
 

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: ESA Section 7 permit for collection of juvenile salmon in the nearshore ocean. Charter of suitable vessel for collection of juvenile salmon in the nearshore ocean.


Section 6. References

n/a or no information


Section 7. Abstract

Abstract

Interannual variation in ocean recruitment of salmon is high and thought to be associated with variation in nearshore ocean conditions. The nearshore ocean environment, particularly that associated with the Columbia River plume, is a critical habitat to outmigrating juvenile salmon. Several investigators have suggested that survival during the first year of ocean life is a key to establishing year-class strength. In the case of salmonids originating in the Columbia River Basin, survival success hinges on the complex interaction of smolt quality and the abiotic and biotic ocean conditions at the time of entry and during their first year of ocean existence. We hypothesize that variation in the physical and biological conditions of the nearshore environment, particularly that associated with the Columbia River plume, affects overall survival of Columbia River stocks. We further hypothesize that primary factors driving the variation in the nearshore environment include (a) food availability and habits and (b) time of entry, smolt quality, and growth and bioenergetic status at the time of entry and during the first growing season in the ocean and (c) predation (a companion study on predation on juvenile salmon is ongoing). We propose to characterize, over a 10-year period, the physical and biological features of the nearshore ocean environment with real-time and modeling projections of the Columbia River plume as it interacts with the coastal circulation regime, and to relate these features, both spatially and temporally, to variation in salmon health, condition, and survival.


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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