Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 198346700

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam
BPA Project Proposal Number 198346700
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks
Business acronym (if appropriate) MFWP
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Brian Marotz / Steve Dalbey
Mailing Address 490 N. Meridian Rd.
City, State, Zip Kalispell, MT 59901
Phone 4067514546
Fax 4062570349
E-mail marotz@digisys.net
 
Manager of program authorizing this project
 
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Upper Columbia
Subbasin Kootenai
 
Short Description Execute watershed / habitat enhancement projects mitigating hydropower impacted native fish populations. Implement operational plan for Kootenai River and Libby Reservoir. Recover endangered Kootenai white sturgeon. Develop burbot recovery program.
Target Species bull trout (proposed ESA listing) Naturally spawning fish without targeted artificial enhancement, contributes to rebuilding weak but recoverable native population. Kootenai River white sturgeon ESA listed, artificial production to delay or avoid extinction. mountain whitefish Contributes to rebuilding weak but recoverable native population, restoration through hatchery production or imprint planting to restore wild runs. westslope cutthroat trout Naturally spawning native fish without targeted artificial enhancement, contributes to rebuilding weak but recoverable native population. interior redband trout Naturally spawning native populations, initiation of spawning runs in historic range using experimental imprint planting. Some areas naturally spawning fish without targeted artificial enhancement, contributes to rebuilding weak but recoverable native population. kokanee Naturally spawning fish without targeted artificial enhancement. Kootenai River burbot Naturally spawning fish with possible experimental outplanting, contributes to rebuilding weak but recoverable native population


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.1B, 10.1C.1, 10.3B, 10.3B.2, 10.3B.3, 10.3B.5, 10.3B.6, 10.3B.7, 10.3B.10 and 10.3B.11.
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Kootenai River White Sturgeon Biological Opinion (59 FR 45989) NMFS Hydrosystem Operations for salmon recovery (56 FR 58619; 57 FR 14653) Bull Trout Proposed Listing (62 FR 32268) Westslope cutthroat trout and Interior redband trout recovery actions
Other Planning Document References


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9401000 MFWP- Libby Reservoir Excessive Drawdown Habitat Enhancement No
9608702 MFWP- Focus Watershed Native Species Recovery No
8806500 IDFG-Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations White Sturgeon Revovery No
8806400 KTI – White Sturgeon Experimental Aquaculture White Sturgeon Recovery No
8346500 Libby and Hungry Horse Modeling Technical Analysis Reservoir Modeling No
9404900 Kootenai River Ecosystem Improvement Study Ecosystem Function No


Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Incorporate results of the NPPC public scoping process and council direction into the Libby Mitigation Plan to compensate for fisheries losses brought about by the construction and operation of Libby Dam. a. Organize a citizen’s advisory committee to help the Mitigators implement program actions listed in Plan. Select Advisory Committee from a cross-section of users groups and constituents. Conduct further scoping of draft plan prior to submission to NPPC.
1. b. Upon approval by NPPC, implement habitat enhancement, fish passage improvements, off-site mitigation and monitoring as established in the Libby Fisheries Mitigation and Implementation Plan.
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. a. Complete analysis of habitat utilization by rainbow trout and mountain whitefish in the Kootenai River from Libby Dam to Bonners Ferry (Sections 1 and 2).
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. b. Complete hydraulic calibrations of IFIM model using data from Kootenai River transects.
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. c. Calibrate completed PHABSIM (RHABSIM) modell
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. d. Quantify amount of available habitat for target species in Kootenai River from Libby Dam to Kootenay Lake under various operational strategies.
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. e. Determine microhabitat selection of Kootenai River Bull Trout and incorporate HSI data into IFIM model.
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. f. Complete final IFIM report.
2. Calibrate riverine component of Kootenai system model(IFIM model). Establish biologically sound river operations. Link to existing reservoir model, which will allow evaluation of operational tradeoffs between reservoir and river. g. Develop interface between existing reservoir model (LRMOD) and completed riverine model (RHABSIM).
3. Define river operations required to mitigate losses of Kootenai River macrozoobenthos attributed to river regulation a. Determine varial zone area of the Kootenai River associated with ramping operations
3. Define river operations required to mitigate losses of Kootenai River macrozoobenthos attributed to river regulation b. Quantify seasonal losses of macrozoobenthos in the Kootenai River during ramping periods. Establish seasonal operational guidelines to minimize impacts.
4. Complete pilot mitigation projects in the Kootenai Watershed to determine the cost effectivenes of mitigation strategies and help guide future actions that compensate for fisheries losses caused by the construction and operation of Libby Dam. a. Complete pilot mitigation projects according to established timetables.
4. Complete pilot mitigation projects in the Kootenai Watershed to determine the cost effectivenes of mitigation strategies and help guide future actions that compensate for fisheries losses caused by the construction and operation of Libby Dam. b. Establish site-specific project designs, budgets and timelines for completion of projects listed in the plan.
4. Complete pilot mitigation projects in the Kootenai Watershed to determine the cost effectivenes of mitigation strategies and help guide future actions that compensate for fisheries losses caused by the construction and operation of Libby Dam. c. Identify projects not previously listed in the Mitigation Plan that will enhance native and gamefish species in the Kootenai Watershed
4. Complete pilot mitigation projects in the Kootenai Watershed to determine the cost effectivenes of mitigation strategies and help guide future actions that compensate for fisheries losses caused by the construction and operation of Libby Dam. d. Conduct pre- and post-treatment data collection for comparison.
5. Continue efforts to quantify and document life history data for Kootenai River burbot populations. Continue to refine restoration techniques. a. Enumerate burbot with SCUBA transects and collect spawning burbot from the Libby Dam stilling basin during the months of January, February and March.
5. Continue efforts to quantify and document life history data for Kootenai River burbot populations. Continue to refine restoration techniques. b. Artificially culture burbot to a stage where they are eating solid food.
5. Continue efforts to quantify and document life history data for Kootenai River burbot populations. Continue to refine restoration techniques. c. Review the feasibility of stocking burbot in closed basin Kootenai valley lakes
5. Continue efforts to quantify and document life history data for Kootenai River burbot populations. Continue to refine restoration techniques. d. Continue to collect burbot tissue for mitochondrial DNA analysis.
5. Continue efforts to quantify and document life history data for Kootenai River burbot populations. Continue to refine restoration techniques. e. Determine distribution, timing of spawning, and habitat use by all life stages of burbot in the Kootenai River from Libby Dam to the Idaho line.
6. Quantify white sturgeon populations in Montana portions of the Kootenai River. Investigate habitat requirements of juvenile hatchery sturgeon and determine availability of habitat in Montana. a. Determine habitat use of juvenile white sturgeon in Montana using SCUBA transects, hook and line surveying and radiotelemetry
6. Quantify white sturgeon populations in Montana portions of the Kootenai River. Investigate habitat requirements of juvenile hatchery sturgeon and determine availability of habitat in Montana. b. Conduct beam trawling efforts for egg and larval fish in Idaho and British Columbia portions of the Kootenai River.
6. Quantify white sturgeon populations in Montana portions of the Kootenai River. Investigate habitat requirements of juvenile hatchery sturgeon and determine availability of habitat in Montana. c. Determine habitat requirements of larval, juvenile and adult white sturgeon in Montana portions and investigate recovery options.
6. d. Continue participation in the White Sturgeon recovery team.
7. Continue investigating limiting factors of salmonid populations in the lower Kootenai River (Kootenai Falls to Idaho border). Address and implement actions that will enhance this fishery a. Install screw trap in Yaak River to determine juvenile outmigrant abundance.
7. b. Explore habitat enhancement (spawning, rearing) in principal tributaries.
7. c. Conduct electrofishing population estimates in mainstem Kootenai River and principal tributaries (O'Brien and Callahan creeks). Determine recruitment to Kootenai River.
7. c. Contract stream rehabilitation project that will meet fisheries enhancement objectives
7. e. Post-treatment monitoring of habitat projects.
8. Monitor use of mainstem Kootenai River and tributaries for spawning and rearing by fluvial burbot, cutthroat and bull trout. a. Monitor tributary use of river- dwelling bull trout in the Montana portion of the Kootenai River.
8. Monitor use of mainstem Kootenai River and tributaries for spawning and rearing by fluvial burbot, cutthroat and bull trout. b. Describe the magnitude of the spawning migration of trout into O'Brien and Callahan creeks and the recruitment of fry from these spawning events back into the Kootenai River.
8. Monitor use of mainstem Kootenai River and tributaries for spawning and rearing by fluvial burbot, cutthroat and bull trout. c. Continue rainbow redd counts below Libby Dam
9. Document entrainment of fish through Libby Dam during flow events greater than 20,000 cfs. a. Monitor entrainment of fish through Libby Dam.
9. Document entrainment of fish through Libby Dam during flow events greater than 20,000 cfs. b. Measure draft tube velocities and develop/determine relationship to disharge and reservoir elevation.
9. Document entrainment of fish through Libby Dam during flow events greater than 20,000 cfs. c. Incorporate >20 kcfs entrainment data points into the existing entrainment model (Skaar et al. 1996)
9. Document entrainment of fish through Libby Dam during flow events greater than 20,000 cfs. d. Investigate feasability of development and installation of kokanee salmon deterrent structure on the face of Libby Dam
10. Monitor zooplankton and gamefish populations in Koocanusa Reservoir. a. Monitor seasonal and annual changes in fish abundance in near- shore zones by seasonal gillnetting.
10. Monitor zooplankton and gamefish populations in Koocanusa Reservoir. b. Conduct annual estimate of population numbers of each age class of kokanee(hydroacoustics)..
10. Monitor zooplankton and gamefish populations in Koocanusa Reservoir. d. Monitor burbot movement in Libby Reservoir
10. Monitor zooplankton and gamefish populations in Koocanusa Reservoir. d. Monitor zooplankton populations in the reservoir.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 05/01/95 05/01/98 6.0%
2 08/01/95 05/01/98 10.0%
3 04/01/94 05/01/98 6.0%
4 05/01/95 05/01/55 40.0%
5 10/01/94 02/01/00 7.0%
6 10/01/94 08/01/04 6.0%
7 10/01/94 08/01/10 5.0%
8 10/01/94 08/01/50 5.0%
9 10/01/92 02/01/00 10.0%
10 08/01/83 08/01/50 5.0%


Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $143,609
Fringe $ 46,795
Supplies Includes Equipment $ 50,232
Operating $ 9,904
Travel $ 24,427
Indirect $ 38,536
Subcontractor Payne and Associates; University of Idaho; Wildlands Hydrology; WestWater Consultants $ 13,490
Other $173,007
Other $173,007
Other $173,007
Other $173,007
Total Itemized Budget $1,019,021


Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $1,019,021
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $1,019,021
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable


Reason for change in scope

Not applicable


Cost Sharing

Not applicable
 

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $600,000 $600,000 $600,000 $600,000
Total Outyear Budgets $600,000 $600,000 $600,000 $600,000
 

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: None


Section 6. References

n/a or no information


Section 7. Abstract

Abstract

Libby Dam, completed in 1972, interrupted the second largest tributary to the Columbia River by creating the 90-mile Libby Reservoir. The primary benefits of this project are power production (91.5%), flood control (8.3%) and other (0.2%). Reservoir surface elevation ranges from 2,287 feet msl to 2,459 feet msl (full pool). Between 1974 and 1996, drawdowns averaged 112.44 feet, with a maximum of 152 feet. Libby Reservoir inundated 109 miles of the mainstem Kootenai River and 40 miles of critical, low gradient tributary habitat. Annual drawdowns affect revegetation of the reservoir varial zone, resulting in a littoral zone of nondescript cobble/mud/sand bottom with limited available structure and limited biological production. River operations for power production cause rapid flow fluctuations (as much as 400% change in daily discharge), which are inconsistent with the normative river concept. Primary objectives of this project are to 1) Correct impacts caused by hydropower operations and mitigate fisheries losses attributed to the construction and operation of Libby Dam using watershed-based, habitat enhancement, fish passage improvements and offsite measures, 2) Integrate computer models into a watershed framework using MFWP’s quantitative reservoir model (LRMOD), Integrated Rule Curves (IRC), Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) and Libby Dam fish entrainment model (ENTRAIN). Implement operational changes, and 3) Recover native resident species including the endangered Kootenai River white sturgeon, bull trout, westslope cutthroat trout, interior redband rainbow trout, and burbot. A loss statement, site-specific mitigation actions, and monitoring strategies were compiled in the Libby Mitigation and Implementation Plan.


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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