Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 198806400

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Kootenai River White Sturgeon Studies and Conservation Aquaculture
BPA Project Proposal Number 198806400
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
Business acronym (if appropriate) KTOI

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Susan Ireland
Mailing Address P.O. Box 1269
City, State, Zip Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
Phone 2082673620
Fax 2082671131
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Upper Columbia
Subbasin Kootenai
Short Description Prevent extinction, preserve existing gene pool, and begin rebuilding healthy age classes of the endangered white sturgeon in the Kootenai River using conservation aquaculture techniques with wild broodstock.
Target Species Kootenai River white sturgeon (ESA listed) kokanee

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.3B.11, 10.4B.1, 10.4B.2, 10.4B.5, 10.8B, 2.2G
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Kootenai River White Sturgeon Biological Opinion (59 FR 45989) ESA Section 10 Permit No. PRT-798744
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8806500 Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations Co-investigator No
9404900 Kootenai River Ecosystems Improvements Study Co-investigator No
9401200 Kootenai River White Sturgeon - M&E Supplemental funding for monitoring and evaluation No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Prevent extinction and preserve genetic variability of white sturgeon in the Kootenai River using conservation aquaculture. a. Collect and spawn wild broodstock following protocol outlined in the breeding plan for white sturgeon in the Kootenai River (Kincaid 1993).
1. b. Rear progeny in at least two separate facilities to prevent fish loss due to unforeseen circumstances. Begin planning process for facility to be constructed for white sturgeon rearing using a reliable water source.
1. c. Retain family identity by keeping families separate during egg, larvae, and juvenile stages.
1. d. Investigate cryopreservation techniques for sperm and ova, as well as viability of sperm collected in the field.
1. e. Further refine disease testing protocol for detection of the presence and prevalence of white sturgeon iridovirus (WSIV).
1. f. Release up to 1,000 white sturgeon per family into the Kootenai River following release protocol outlined in the breeding plan (Kincaid 1993).
2. Monitor and evaluate genetic variability, survival, condition, growth, movement, and habitat use of hatchery reared juvenile white sturgeon released into the Kootenai River. a. Conduct sonic tracking studies to determine movement and habitat use of hatchery reared juvenile white sturgeon.
2. b. Collect juvenile white sturgeon to determine life history characteristics using gillnets, hoopnets, and angling.
2. c. Develop and validate permanent tagging and marking techniques for artificially propagated white sturgeon.
2. d. Evaluate habitat characteristics in areas used by juvenile white sturgeon and identify habitat improvement opportunities.
2. e. Evaluate genetic characteristics of hatchery produced juvenile white sturgeon.
3. Provide facilities, assistance, and coordination for additional research and training. a. Hatch and rear certified disease-free rainbow trout as food for wild white sturgeon brood stock. and as part of aquaculture training.
3. b. Provide facilities and assistance for development of research methods for IDFG burbot and rainbow trout project.
3. c. Provide facilities and assistance for cooperative research with USGS National Biological Service to determine timing of embryo development of white sturgeon.
3. d. Provide facilities and assistance for cooperative research with IDFG to determine hatching success of white sturgeon embryos using filtered and unfiltered river water.
4. Investigate kokanee fishery improvement opportunities. a. Collect baseline abundance, distribution, and reproduction data for native kokanee in lower Kootenai River tributaries.
4. b. Provide recommendations and implementation program for improving kokanee spawning habitat in Kootenai River tributaries.
4. c. Obtain disease-free kokanee eggs from Canada for experimental reintroductions into tributaries in the lower Kootenai River where kokanee have been extirpated.
5. Assist IDFG with the monitoring and evaluation of natural spawning of white sturgeon. a. Use artificial substrate mats to sample for eggs and larvae in areas above Bonners Ferry when fish move above the bridge.
5. b. Use D-ring plankton nets to sample for eggs and larvae during spawning.
5. c. Sample stomachs of predator fish for eggs and larvae.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/91 01/01/15 65.0%
2 03/01/92 04/01/22 20.0%
3 01/01/91 01/01/15 5.0%
4 01/01/93 01/01/05 5.0%
5 01/01/91 01/01/15 5.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel Biologist/Admistrator; Hatchery Manager; 4 Fish Culturists; 2 part time M&E; Hatchery Maintenance $257,000
Fringe 33% of Personnel Costs $ 84,810
Supplies $ 35,000
Operating $120,000
Capital $ 60,000
Tag 6,000 $ 17,400
Travel includes training $ 10,000
Indirect 57.6% of total personnel costs $196,882
Subcontractor Idaho Department of Fish and Game; British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks-Fisheries Branch; J-U-B Engineers, Inc.; University of Idaho Aquaculture Research Institute $100,000
Other $400,000
Other $400,000
Other $400,000
Other $400,000
Total Itemized Budget $2,481,092

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $2,481,092
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $2,481,092
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $2,782,000 $1,942,250 $1,000,000 $1,100,000
Total Outyear Budgets $2,782,000 $1,942,250 $1,000,000 $1,100,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The conservation aquaculture program should continue until evidence is available to show that natural reproduction is yielding adequate recruits to sustain the genetic variability of the population, as defined in the recovery plan (USFWS 1996).

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


The white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus Richardson) population in the Kootenai River was listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on September 6, 1994, due to a virtual lack of recruitment during the last two decades. The Kootenai River White Sturgeon Study and Conservation Aquaculture Project was initiated to preserve the genetic variability of the population, begin rebuilding natural age class structure, and prevent extinction while measures are implemented to restore natural recruitment. A breeding plan will be implemented to guide management in the systematic collection and spawning of wild adults before they are lost from the breeding population. The implementation of the breeding plan includes measures to minimize potential detrimental effects of conventional stocking programs. The objectives of the conservation aquaculture program are to produce 4-9 separate families per year and use preservation stocking criteria to produce 4 to 10 adults per family that survive to breeding age. Monitoring and evaluation using genetic sampling, sonic tracking, gill-netting, and angling will assess genetic variability, survival, growth, movement, and habitat use of juveniles released into the Kootenai River. Success of the project will be determined by: 1) an increase in the number of juvenile sturgeon in the Kootenai River drainage; 2) survival of hatchery fish to sexual maturity; 3) retention of wild sturgeon life history characteristics and genetics in the hatchery reared population; and 4) an understanding of the life history characteristics and factors limiting natural recruitment of sturgeon in the Kootenai River. This project also proposes to provide recommendations and an implementation program for improving kokanee spawning habitat in Kootenai River tributaries, as well as reintroduction of native kokanee into streams where they have been extirpated. Reintroduction will be accomplished using a native stock of kokanee from the North Arm of Kootenay Lake. The goal will be to improve habitat conditions in tributaries to provide for natural spawning, thereby increasing prey items for sturgeon, as well as improved fishing opportunites for kokanee.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA: Resident Fish Review Comments Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Presentation: This project started in 1991 when the co-managers recognized that there was a water quality problem and that there had been no natural recruitment. Could sturgeon reproduce? Sturgeon were listed as Endangered in 1994 and recovery efforts are guided by the White Sturgeon Recovery Team (BC ministry of Environment, MT, ID, KTOI, FWS, etc). The hatchery's short term goal is to prevent extinction and it is implementing the Kincaid Breeding Plan included in the Recovery Plan. The project has 3 objectives: 1) conservation aquaculture -release hatchery reared juvenile sturgeon back into the Kootenai River; 2) provide a facility for research, including timing of the development of embryos and contaminates in eggs; and 3) kokanee enhancement efforts - including reintroducing kokanee into the system. The hatchery has 2 phases: 1) the current hatchery upgrades and a test well for the counter current exchange system; and 2) an alternate rearing site. The FY 99 budget includes the funds necessary to begin the Council's 3-step process for the alternative rearing site.

Questions/Answers: The sturgeon broodstocks are very valuable, and kokanee are known to harbor diseases. Why are you raising kokanee next to sturgeon? Answer: Kokanee do spread disease. We began raising kokanee this year because of the loss of the entire sturgeon 1997 year class. In the future we will not raise kokanee in the sturgeon hatchery but will instead use streamside incubators. The kokanee work could be done under the ecosystem project.

Concern: The capital costs in 1999 and the future will come from the Resident Fish budget.

Screening Criteria: Yes

Technical Criteria: Yes. The kokanee work is inappropriate. Sponsor agreed to move the kokanee work (Objective 4) to the Ecosystem Project (9404900).

Programmatic Criteria: Yes

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
1999 2000 2001
$1,281,092 $2,782,000 $1,942,250
Includes 50,000 from 9401200

ISRP Review , ISRP 1998-1 Recommendation:
Jun 18, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
This is a well-written proposal (one of the best of the set); it follows the recovery plan (FWS) and breeding plan, and it is well linked to other studies and to the Fish and Wildlife Program measures. It could be better related to other Kootenai proposals. There needs to be an umbrella proposal for all Kootenai/white sturgeon projects. The kokanee work may be a stretch and the time frame may be a bit long. The budget suggests major expenditures.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
$ 0
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
$ 0
Sponsor (Kootenai Tribe Of Idaho) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Sponsor (Kootenai Tribe Of Idaho) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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