Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199007700

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Northern Squawfish Management Program
BPA Project Proposal Number 199007700
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
Business acronym (if appropriate) PSMFC

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Russell Porter
Mailing Address 45 SE 82nd Dr., Suite 100
City, State, Zip Gladstone, OR 97027-2522
Phone 5036505400
Fax 5036505426
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Mainstem
Subbasin Mainstem
Short Description Reduce juvenile salmonid predation by selective reduction of northern squawfish populations in the lower mainstem Columbia and Snake Rivers by means of a sport-reward fishery, dam angling and site-specific tributary mouth fisheries.
Target Species

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.7B.1, 5.7B.2, 5.7B.3, 5.7B.4, 5.7B.5, 5.7B.6, 5.7B.7
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: ND-NMFS BO RPA Sec.14
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: BiOp designation from 4/16/03 budget estimates spreadsheet.
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Provide contractual & fiscal oversight for all components of the Columbia River Northern Squawfish Management Program a. Contract out the various tasks comprising the Northern Squawfish Managment Program to various state and tribal agencies.
. b. Provide fiscal oversight of the work performed by the various agencies, tribes and private vendors participating in the program.
2. Guide development of work statements, budgets, biological assessments and reports a. Review draft work statements for consistency with Program objectives.
. b. Review draft reports for clarity, accuracy and consistency with work statements and recommend improvements.
3. Coordinate implemention of the Northern Squawfish Managment Program a. Conduct program-wide coordination meetings on a regular basis. Maintain program activity schedule.
. b. Monitor field activites and review weekly reports for consistency with the Biological Opinion
. c. Provide regular status reports on program to CBFWA members
. d. Coordinate with FPAC and fishery agencies
. e. Coordinate with U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
. f. Coordinate with tribal, state and law enforcement agencies
. g. Review Program elements for cost-effectiveness and recommend ways to improve Program efficiency
. h. Assist Program participants in identifying and implementing operational procedures.
4. Provide information on the Program’s intent, status & accomplishments a. Act as centralized point of contact for inquires concerning the Program
. b. Summarize field data from all program participants and distribute weekly field activity reports to BPA, NMFS & others.
. c. Guide development of promotional activities designed to increase participation in the sport-reward fishery.
. d. Provide fishery information and how-to guides to anglers.
5. Implement sport-reward fishery for northern squawfish in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. a. Coordinate media and promotional plan designed to inform and increase participants in the fishery.
. b. Coordinate activites with agencies and tribes who are affected by or are participating in the program.
. c. Recruit, train and manage creel clerk staff to run registration/creel check stations.
. d. Distribute sport reward fishery vouchers to returning anglers at creel check stations.
. e. Transfer northern squawfish turned into the registration stations to subcontractors for fish disposition.
. f. Create data sets that enable preparation of final report detailing the result of all sport-reward activities.
. g. Recore dand analyze catch data on fishes other than northern squawfish caught by sport-reward anglers.
. h. Provide weekly catch data for distribution to interested parties.
. i. Conduct a telephone survey of participating anglers to estimate effect of promotion and receiver publlic input on management of the program.
6. Issue reward payments, and drawing and tournament prizes to qualyfing anglers and provide appropriate accounting, reporting and problem resolution a. Receive, review and process vouchers mailed in from anglers and issue reward payment on a daily basis.
. b. Mail reward payments and prizes to anglers.
. c. Maintain computerized data base of payments and accounting statistics for tiered-reward payments.
. d. Maintain archives of original vouchers and check payment records and status for all quallified anglers.
. e. Prepare IRS Form 1099’s for all anglers receiving in excess of $600 in payments for the year.
. f. Mainatain records of participants and payments for end of year project summaries and current mailing lists.
. g. Receive and answer telephone requests on the “voucher hotline” from anglers concerning status of voucher payments.
. h. Transmit electronic voucher files to WDFW for comparison, accounting and cross check to registration center forms and vouchers issued lists.
7. Conduct and evalutate controlled fisheries for northern squawfish at all eiht federal dams on the lower mainstems of the Columbia and Snake rivers. a. Conduct an angling program at Columbia River dams involving tribal members and where appropriate local sportsmen volunteers.
. b. Assit tribes with training, coorination and provising of angling crews at dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers.
. c. Collect, summarize, analyze and report data from all controlled angling fisheries
. d. Support visitor services at the dams regarding northern squawfish managment activities administered by CRITFC and the Tribes.
8. Conduct and evaluate site-specifid fisheries for northern squawfish in the lower Columbia and Snake river reservoirs and below Bonneville Dam. a. Conduct site-specific gillnet fisheries at tributary mouths on the lower mainstem Columbia and Snake rivers as determined appropriate and productive.
. b. Assist tribal contractors with training, coordination , and provisioning of the tribal site-specific gillnet fishery crews on the Columbia and Snake rivers, as needed.
. . Collect summarize, analyze, and report data from all site-specific gillnet fisheries.
9. Evaluate system-wide response of northern squawfish to sustained fisheries. a. Evaluate response of northern squawfish size structure to sustained fisheries.
. b. Evaluate consumption of juvenile salmonids by nortthern squawfish after sustained fisheries.
10. Evaluate relative effects of northern squawfish removals on annual loss of juvenile salmonids to predation, and the consequences of progam management alternatives. a. Provide estimates of relative changes in predation related juvenile salmonid losses, and probable long term consequences of the present and possible alternative managment programs on losses.
11. Evaluate exploitation rates acheived by program fisheries a. Conduct boat sampling in the Columbia river downstream from Bonneville Dam, in lower Columbia river reservoirs and in the lower Snake river reservoirs to mark northern squawfish for population studies prior to start of the fisheries.
. b. Collect data on marked northern squawfish caught in the fisheries.
. c. Analyze mark and recapture data for each fishery to compare exploitation rates.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 04/01/99 03/01/00 1.9%
2 10/01/99 03/01/00 0.7%
3 04/01/99 03/01/00 1.3%
4 04/01/99 03/01/00 1.3%
5 04/01/99 03/01/00 36.0%
6 05/01/99 02/01/00 33.2%
7 04/01/99 03/01/00 7.3%
8 04/01/99 03/01/00 10.4%
9 08/01/99 03/01/00 0.9%
10 08/01/99 03/01/00 1.5%
11 04/01/99 10/01/99 5.5%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $1,290,711
Fringe $424,743
Supplies $ 49,232
Operating $168,378
Travel Mileage, Per Diem & GSA Vehicle Lease costs $254,940
Indirect $428,013
Subcontractor Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife; Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Authority; Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife; Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission; Yakama Indian Nation; Nez Perce Tribe; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon; Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation $ 0
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Other $1,012,000
Total Itemized Budget $10,712,017

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $10,712,017
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $10,712,017
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $3,651,918 $3,834,513 $4,183,238 $4,224,400
Total Outyear Budgets $3,651,918 $3,834,513 $4,183,238 $4,224,400

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Schedule changes are minor, but are related to yearly flow rates and termperatures in the river which affect northern squawfish availability to anglers and spawning time. Biological Opinion guidelines may affect program duration or start date.

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


Development of the hydropower system in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers has resulted in increased losses of juvenile salmonids to resident fish predators. Impoundments delay the downstream migration of juveniles, increasing their exposure to predators and high water temperatures. Migrating fish are concentrated and endure stress as they pass dams, increasing their vulnerability to predation. The native northern squawfish Ptychocheilus oregonensis is the dominant predator of juvenile salmonids, but introduced smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu and walleye Stizostedion vitreum are also abundant. A large-scale management program for northern squawfish was begun in 1990 to increase survival of juvenile salmonids in the Columbia and Snake rivers. The Northern Squawfish Management Program consists of a public sport-reward fishery, and agency-operated dam-angling and gillnet fisheries that target northern squawfish >250 mm fork length, approximately the size at which northern squawfish become important predators on juvenile salmonids. Because consumption of juvenile salmonids generally increases with size of northern squawfish, low exploitation rates may result in relatively large reductions in predation. The goal of the program is to sustain annual exploitation of “predator-size” northern squawfish at 10-20%, which may reduce losses of juvenile salmonids by as much as 50%. During 1997, program data from the 1990-1996 seasons was evaluated to determine if annual exploitation of northern squawfish was maintained in the target range. Predator populations were monitored to describe the response of northern squawfish, smallmouth bass, and walleye to the management program. Benefits of the management program would be less than expected if surviving northern squawfish or other predators increased their rates of predation, growth, or reproduction. The findings were used to estimate the benefits of the management program in terms of reduced predation on juvenile salmonids. It was found that the Northern Squawfish Management Program in the Columbia and Snake rivers is effective at removing large northern squawfish. From 1990-96, over 1.1 million northern squawfish >250 mm fork length were removed from the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. Annual exploitation averaged 12.0%, and ranged from 8.1% to 15.5%. Exploitation was greater than 10% all years except 1993. The sport-reward fishery accounted for 86.5% of the harvest. All fisheries targeted large, piscivorous, northern squawfish (96.1-99.5% of reported catch); however, mean fork length was higher in the gillnet (409mm) and dam-angling (401mm) fisheries than in the sport-reward fishery (346mm). No evidence was found that surviving northern squawfish compensated for sustained removals. No evidence of smallmouth bass or walleye response to sustained removals of northern squawfish was found. Finally, no evidence was found that diets of northern squawfish, smallmouth bass, or walleye changed in response to sustained removals of northern squawfish.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

Criteria 1: Technical Criteria - Yes

Criteria 2: Objectives Criteria - Yes

Criteria 3: Milestones Criteria - Yes

Criteria 4: Resources Criteria - Yes:

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
1999 2000 2001
$3,306,000 $3,651,918 $3,834,513

ISRP Review , ISRP 1998-1 Recommendation:
Jun 18, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
The scientific basis and logical need for this proposal are questionable. The proposal does not, for example, ensure that adequate time will be invested to critically assess whether predator control is effective in significantly reducing mortality of juveniles or increasing adult returns.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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