Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199201000

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Habitat Restoration/Enhancement Fort Hall Reservation
BPA Project Proposal Number 199201000
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes
Business acronym (if appropriate) SBT

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name David C. Moser
Mailing Address Shoshone-Bannock Tribes, P.O. Box 306
City, State, Zip Fort Hall, ID 83203
Phone 2082383761
Fax 2082383742
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Upper Snake
Subbasin Upper Snake
Short Description Provide conditions to maintain a self-perpetuating tribal subsistence and trophy trout fishery. Provide conditions and seed stock to re-establish native cutthroat trout runs in bottoms and mountain stream tributaries.
Target Species Yellowstone cutthroat trout Contributes to rebuilding weak but recoverable native populations. Rainbow trout

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.3E.10, 10.3E.11, 10.3E.9,
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9500600 Shoshone-Bannock/Shoshone-Paiute joint culture facility Will provide seed stock to re-establish native Yellowstone cutthroat to restored streams No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Baseline data collection in project reaches a. Measure abiotic stream habitat variables in stream reaches, including: channel morphology, substrate composition, water chemistry
1. b. Measure biotic stream habitat variables in stream reaches, including: fish and invertebrate community composition and densities, biomass
2. Install habitat improvement structures to increase existing juvenile and adult salmonid habitat (i.e spawning, rearing, and object cover) a. Evaluate habitat enhancement projects completed in previous years and modify to increase efficacy
2. b. Construct and install new habitat structures in project areas
2. c. Monitor changes in biotic and abiotic variables; fish populations, riparian vegetation, and channel profiles. Maintain structures as needed
3. Protect and restore riparian habitats of Reservation streams a. Plant pole cuttings of native willow and cottonwood. Plant native grass and wetland plants
3. b. Erect fences to protect riparian areas and critical spawning habitats
3. c. Maintain fences on an as needed basis
4. Deter and reduce non-game fish migrations into Fort Hall Bottoms streams a. Maintain permanent weir on Spring Creek
4. b. Remove common carp (Cyprinus carpio) from Clear, Big Jimmy, and Spring Creeks when sampling for trout
5. Promote tribal fisheries management objectives in the Snake River Basin a. Participate in forums and meetings that affect regional use, storage, and regulation of Snake River flows to promote fisheries restoration
5. b. Solicit design and cost share projects pertaining to Snake and Blackfoot Rivers and American Falls Reservoir habitat enhancement and management
6. Genetic inventory of native Yellowstone cutthroat trout, Fort Hall Reservation a. Reference samples collected by Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. Allozyme confirmation of reference sample identity
6. b. Screen of introns to identify useful markers
6. c. Sample collection by Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. Sample analysis done by University of Montana

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 03/01/92 10/01/07 25.0%
2 03/01/92 10/01/07 20.0%
3 03/01/92 10/01/07 30.0%
4 03/01/92 10/01/07 10.0%
5 03/01/92 10/01/07 15.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel Biologist Program Manager, Biologist (partial), Field Biologist (partial), Technician, Secretary $ 54,000
Fringe 34% of Salarys $ 18,360
Supplies Field Supplies, Office Supplies, Gas & Oil) $ 3,200
Operating Equipment Maintenance (i.e electrofishers, generators, vehicles) $ 3,000
Capital Buck and rail fencing $ 20,000
Travel Professional society meetings, workshops $ 4,000
Indirect 28% of Salary and Fringe $ 20,261
Subcontractor Salmon Corps; University of Montana $ 65,000
Other $ 4,927
Other $ 4,927
Total Itemized Budget $197,675

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $197,675
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $197,675
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $130,000 $135,000 $140,000 $140,000
Total Outyear Budgets $130,000 $135,000 $140,000 $140,000

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


Streams on the Fort Hall Bottoms have suffered from years of unrestricted grazing and rapid flooding and drafting of American Falls Reservoir. Negative impacts from loss of bank vegetation and resultant lateral scouring and downcutting of streambanks include; siltation of spawning gravels, loss of object cover and pool depth, increasing width depth ratios of stream channels and resulting increases in water temperature. Enhancement and restoration techniques thus far have included use of instream structures to provide cover and direct flow from unstable streambanks (i.e. rock and wood wings dams and barbs), sloping of banks, revegetation with native species, and fencing of project areas and sensitive riparian areas. Monitoring has included measuring pre and post abiotic and biotic parameters, including; channel morphology, aquatic invertebrates, channel substrates, and fish populations. Since 1992 fish population densities have increased five fold from pre-project levels in Clear Creek. Stream depth has increased significantly in project areas, and new areas of clean spawning gravels have been created. Many areas of actively eroding bank have been stabilized and revegetated in Spring Creek. Restoration of riparian areas has provided for increased fish production and has benefitted other wildlife. Continued restoration/enhancement efforts combined with exclosures will address project goals, specifically, returning spring streams on the Fort Hall Bottoms to historical conditions and providing for tribal subsistance and recreational fisheries. Future plans also include supplementation of remaining native Yellowstone cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki bouvieri) populations impacted by hybridization. Fish from the planned SBT/SPT Joint Culture Facility (Project # 9500600) will be used for supplementation. Captive brood stock will be obtained from streams on the Fort Hall Reservation after a genetic inventory of Yellowstone cutthroat trout has been completed.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA: Resident Fish Review Comments Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Presentation: The goal of this project is to provide good habitat to support a self-sustaining native cutthroat trout population. It began in 1992, focuses on low cost / low tech stream restoration, and includes riparian fencing, instream structures and willow plantings. The Tribe has been successful in increasing the density of spawning and rearing trout. The budget includes $60,000 for genetics work on Yellowstone cutthroat trout. Fish from the Joint Culture Facility (9500600) will be used for supplementation.


Biologs are really expensive. Upstream barbs are all that is needed to direct the current away from the bar. Response: We have put in woody debris to trap silt and provide cover for fish. We haven't seen fry in areas where we haven't enhanced the habitat.

The $60,000 for processing genetic samples seems high. Response: This would be the maximum amount. The price includes field work. We may sample 15-20 fish per stream but we don't have to do every stream. We are trying to pick up different populations.

Do you see genetic introgression? Answer: There may be pure Yellowstone cutthroat trout in the mountains and in some streams. In the major streams, such as Spring Creek, there are virtually no cutthroat trout without hybridization. The hybridization rate is anywhere from 10-90%.

Does Objective 4 (deter and reduce non-game fish) include native and non-native fish? Does it lead to a diverse community and a healthy stream ecosystem that fish will self- stock? Answer: We are still considering the options, we could use Yellowstone cutthroat trout. We haven't removed rainbow trout yet.

The restoration work began in 1992. What will ensure longevity of restoration actions? Answer: Most of the work has been fencing to protect against grazing. We can't do much about flooding. Are you attempting to change livestock practices? Yes. We are trying rotational grazing schemes, etc.

Screening Criteria: Yes

Technical Criteria: Yes

Programmatic Criteria: Yes

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
1999 2000 2001
$162,748 $130,000 $135,000
Some of the genetics tasks were deferred until 2000

ISRP Review , ISRP 1998-1 Recommendation:
Jun 18, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
This proposal is diffuse and confusing, with many unjustified projects and methods. The habitat restoration portion of the proposal is well written and well justified, and past efforts appear to be successful; however, the supplementation portion of the project, intended to create a subsistence and trophy fishery, is not technically justified. The proposal indicates that the project has been successful in exposing spawning gravels and that native Yellowstone cutthroat trout remain in the stream (p. 5); thus, the fish population should regenerate without supplementation with hatchery fish. The planned supplementation seems to involve the idea of diluting away the genetic introgression in the Yellowstone cutthroat stock by injecting gametes from a pure strain at the rate of 20-30% per year. No genetic staff is shown, and no genetic basis for this plan is given. There is not support for the genetically pure broodstock methods on which the proposed work relies. The goal of deterring non-game fish species also should be viewed cautiously. Additionally, some of the study methods are inappropriate or poorly chosen. For example, Mesa and Schreck (1989) did not advocate using a "modified single-pass method" of electrofishing for population estimates to reduce injury, and the Shannon-Weaver diversity index probably cannot be equated with "invertebrate community health," as the proposal implies. A more aggressive and clear-cut grazing scheme is needed. Literature review on results of habitat work is too skimpy.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (Shoshone Bannock Tribe) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Return to top of page