Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199405400

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Bull Trout Genetics, Habitat Needs, L.H. Etc. in Central and N.E. Oregon
BPA Project Proposal Number 199405400
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Business acronym (if appropriate) ODFW

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name David V. Buchanan
Mailing Address 28655 Hwy. 34
City, State, Zip Corvallis, OR 97333
Phone 5417574263
Fax 5417574102
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Lower Mid-Columbia
Subbasin Deschutes, John Day, Grande Ronde, Umatilla...
Short Description Provide essential scientific information for the protection, management and recovery of bull trout populations in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest..
Target Species bull trout

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.5A.2
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9202604 Spring Chinook Early Life History Study They provide information on bull trout encountered in sampling and capture fish for tagging. No
940400 Willamette Bull Trout Study They aid sampling for genetics, and participate in information exchange No
8810808 STREAMNET We provide information and maps for website and database. No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine the genetic characteristics of Oregon bull trout populations. a. Collect samples from bull trout groups within the 11 Oregon river subbasins of the Columbia Basin.
1. b. Conduct nuclear DNA analysis of those samples collected in task a
1. c. Determine spatial relationships between populations between populations, metapopulation structure and estimates of genetic variation within and among those populations.
2. Determine distribution of juvenile and adult bull trout and habitats associated with that distribution in portions of the Grande Ronde, John Day, Deschutes and Walla Walla subbasins.. a. Identify areas where bull trout spawn
2. b. Identify movement patterns of radio-tagged migratory juvenile bull trout.
2. c. Identify movement patterns and characterize habitat use of radio-tagged adult bull trout.
2. d. Map juvenile and adult distribution using the Geographic Information System (GIS).
3. Determine relationships between stream temperature and distribution of bull trout. a. With thermographs, identify summer temperatures experienced by juvenile bull trout in selected streams.
3. b. With thermographs and telemetry, identify fall through spring temperatures experienced by migrant juvenile bull trout in selected streams of the John Day subbasin.
3. c. Primarily with thermistor telemetry identfy seasonal temperatures experienced by adult bull trout in the Walla Walla, John Day and Grande Ronde subbasins
4. Determine fluvial and resident life history patterns in the upper John Day subbasin. a. Trap downstream migrant juvenile and subadult bull trout and implant them with PIT (passive integrated transponder) tags
4. b. Trap upstream migrant adult bull trout, sample for PIT tags and mark them to permit visual identification.
4. c. Collect scales and length data to determine length at age.
5. Characterize interactions between bull trout and introduced brook trout. a. Determine the distribution of sympatric bull trout and brook trout populations
5. b. Estimate the amount of hybridization between bull trout and brook by dorsal fin pigmentation and genetic analysis.
5. c. Characterize invertebrate communities in bull trout and brook trout zonations
5. d. Identify food habits feeding behavior of bull trout alone and in sympatry with brook trout.
5. e. Determine a basis for assessing the relative risk to bull trout by brook trout.
6. Establish guidelines to monitor the abundance of bull trout using spawning surveys a. Identify variation in spawning distribution.
6. b. Identify variation associated with life history form.
6. c. Estimate variation among spawning surveyors
6. d. Determine variation in spawning timing between years.
6. e. Determine duration of redd visibility

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 05/01/95 09/01/00 16.6%
2 05/01/95 09/01/01 26.0%
3 05/01/96 09/01/01 14.7%
4 03/01/97 09/01/01 18.1%
5 05/01/96 09/01/01 12.8%
6 05/01/96 09/01/01 11.8%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $118,300
Fringe at 36% $ 42,587
Supplies $ 11,840
Operating $ 3,950
Travel $ 25,208
Indirect at 22.9% $ 46,232
Subcontractor Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation; USDA, Forest Service; University of Montana $ 91,400
Total Itemized Budget $339,517

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $339,517
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $339,517
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001
All Phases $330,000 $280,000
Total Outyear Budgets $330,000 $280,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: None known

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


The goal of the project is to provide scientific information that will help develop a protection and recovery plan for weak stocks of native bull trout in Oregon’s proportion of the Columbia Basin. The factors addressed in the study; status, habitat needs, genetics, life history characteristics, interactions with exotic species and other limiting factors have been identified by many authors as key factors in the survival and recovery of bull trout populations (Howell and Buchanan, 1992; Rieman and McIntyre, 1993; Kostow, 1995; Buchanan et al. 1997). From these considerations we have derived specific objectives and tasks 1. Determine genetic characteristics of bull trout populations. 2. Determine distribution of juvenile and adult bull trout and associated habitats. 3. Determine relationships between stream temperature and bull trout distribution. 4. Determine fluvial and resident life history patterns in the upper John Day subbasin. 5. Characterize interactions between bull trout and introduced brook trout. 6. Establish guidelines to monitor abundance of bull trout populations using spawning surveys. Each of these objectives are addressed using established techniques including DNA analysis, systematic sampling of streams, habitat surveys, spawning surveys, radio tagging, and trapping. Data are summarized and statistical analysis performed to test specific hypothesis. The project is planned through 2001. We will have addressed all objectives by this time and provide guidance to fisheries managers on these subjects. The results of our research will be presented in the form of annual reports; presentations at professional meetings and publications in peer-reviewed journals.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA: Resident Fish Review Comments Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Presentation: The goal of this cooperative project between ODFW, the Warm Springs Tribe and the Forest Service is to protect and restore bull trout. Over harvest may be a factor. The plan is to complete the project in 2001. So far, we have sampled 46 populations for nuclear DNA analysis; looked at historic and current distribution and status; conducted a distribution and habitat survey of bull trout-brook trout hybrids; collected bull trout spawning data in three watersheds to establish guidelines for determining abundance; radio-tagged bull trout to determine movement; determined the relationship between fish size and injuries caused by electrofishing; looked a macro invertebrates in two streams in different subbasins; looked at foraging behaviors; and collected temperature data on two streams.


How many bull trout will you tag? What percent of the population? Answer: 15-20 of adults in 3 streams. A total of 50 over several years.

There is a concern about tagging potentially spawning fish? Response: There is low mortality associated with tagging. It doesn't seem to adversely affect spawning. We are seeing a lot of movement. We are tagging fewer adults in Mill Creek because of the smaller population

Have you completed the first two objectives? Answer: We have completed the genetics work but we may revisit the 1997 Spruell and Allendorf work. Objective 2 is ongoing. The radio-tag work will continue but the historic and current distribution studies are complete. The migratory work will continue into 2000.

For objective 5 (sympatry work, invertebrate survey), how does the continuing work build on the title in bibliography? Answer: This is ongoing work and we have a graduate student working on the reporting.

This project has a sunset date of 2001. How will the scope and/or budget change if bull trout are listed? Answer: A listing shouldn't affect our ability to do the work. A steering committee keeps up with listing decisions and feedback from the Fish and Wildlife Service suggests a listing shouldn't be a problem. If additional work is needed, we would write a new proposal.

How has the funding been distributed from 94 to the present? Answer: This is a cooperative project and the distribution changes with the level of funding. In the early years it was mostly Oregon, now Tribal money is used on their lands. The USFS work is sub-contracted.

Is this an anadromous fish project? Answer: No, bull trout are resident fish. There are still some trout in the Hood River basin.

In shared watersheds bull trout are nuisance predators of salmon and steelhead. Response: Our approach is ecological. Bull trout spawn and rear above salmon and steelhead runs, are an upper-level predator, and indicate the health of the system.

Mill Creek is tributary to the Walla Walla. What do you do to coordinate activities with WDFW? Answer: We work closely with WDFW and the USFS since the upper portion of Mill Creek is on USFS land.

Screening Criteria: Yes

Technical Criteria: Yes

Programmatic Criteria: Yes. There is a lack of technical coordination with CTUIR.

General Comment: More passive methods should be used to gain information without disturbing populations.

Comprehensive projects like this should be encouraged in program.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
1999 2000 2001
$339,517 $330,000 $280,000

ISRP Review , ISRP 1998-1 Recommendation:
Jun 18, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
This is a good study that will help define the bull trout problem (ranked in the top 10 of the set). The proposal’s strengths are excellent objectives and tasks, good methods and approach, and evidence of a strong collaborative effort with other agencies and groups. Progress to date is given somewhat generally, although publications are referenced. The schedule is ambitious, but they seem to be keeping up. The WDFW bull trout assessment proposals (9033 and 9055) should be coordinated with this work.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (ODFW) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Sponsor (ODFW) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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