Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199602100

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Gas Bubble Disease Research & Monitoring of Juvenile Salmonids
BPA Project Proposal Number 199602100
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division
Business acronym (if appropriate) USGS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name John W. Beeman and Alec G. Maule
Mailing Address 5501A Cook-Underwood Rd.
City, State, Zip Cook, WA 98605
Phone 5095382299 257
Fax 5095382843
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Mainstem
Subbasin Mainstem
Short Description Conduct work on juvenile salmonids: lab studies of GBD to determine signs appropriate for monitoring; field studies of vertical & hoizontal distribution of individuals to determine behavior & risk of GBD; training & QA/QC for monitoring.
Target Species All Snake River spring chinook and steelhead stocks

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses:
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine significance of GBD in juvenile salmonids migrating in the Snake and Columbia rivers a. Monitor the incidence and severity of GBD in juvenile salmon and/or steelhead collected at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, Rock Island, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville dams during the smolt migration.
. b. Participate in analysis of GBD signs in juvenile salmonids collected from in-river sampling to determine if fish sampled at dams have GBD signs equal to those in fish in the river.
2. Determine optimal method for detecting and assessing GBD in juvenile salmonids. a. Construct a gas supersaturation system which will be expanded before the 1997 season to optimize research productivity
. b. Assess the progression and quantify the severity of signs of GBD in juvenile salmonids exposed to different levels of total dissolved gas and temperatures.
. c. Relate signs of GBD to the likelihood of mortality, based on prevalence, severity and individual variation.
. d. Mimic in-situ exposures (Objective 3) of juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead under controlled conditions and determine their GBD signs and mortality.
3. Determine in-situ vertical distribution of individual juvenile salmonids migrating in water with high total dissolved gas. a. Investigate technologies for reducing the size of the current pressure-sensitive radio transmitter for use in juvenile spring chinook salmon.
. b. Determine depth histories of individual juvenile salmonids in a Columbia or Snake river reservoir.
. c. Determine depth histories of individual juvenile salmonids in the near-dam forebay of a Columbia or Snake river dam.
4. Determine sublethal effects of exposure to gas supersaturated water on juvenile salmonids. a. Determine if juvenile salmonids with bacterial kidney disease (BKD) experience increased mortality or severity of Renibacterium salmoninarum (RS) infection as the result of exposure to water with dissolved gas supersaturation (DGS).
. b. Determine if exposure to water with DGS increases the mortality of juvenile chinook salmon when they encounter Vibrio anguillarum, a marine fish pathogen.
. c. Determine if the availability of compensation depth mitigates for the effects of water with DGS on disease resistance of juvenile chinook salmon.
. d. Determine if exposure to water with DGS increases the likelihood of horizontal transmission of BKD.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 04/01/99 04/01/01 5.0%
2 04/01/99 04/01/01 10.0%
3 04/01/99 04/01/01 75.0%
4 04/01/99 04/01/01 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $416,751
Fringe $ 96,901
Supplies $ 22,500
Operating $ 46,923
Travel $ 30,400
Indirect $241,070
Subcontractor $ 0
Other Radio tags $ 60,000
Total Itemized Budget $914,545

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $914,545
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $914,545
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

All Phases $918,019
Total Outyear Budgets $918,019

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: This project requires funding approval prior to 01 March each year to enable purchase and setup of field equipment to allow proper data collection.

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


This project has three main goals. They are to determine the risk of GBD of juvenile salmonids by determining in-situ exposures to total dissolved gas (TDG) and mimicking them in the laboratory, to determine the sub-lethal effects of TDG, and to provide training and QA/QC for the biological monitoring program. The first goal benefits fish through analysis of GBD risk based on actual exposure of individual migrants. This approach is the most appropriate manner to determine signs and mortality. Current methods, based on fish collected via dam bypass systems and purse seines, are limited to a “snapshot” of the overall picture. Our method results in a more complete picture based on actual exposure histories (e.g., in 1997 results indicated exposure varied with reservoir area and time of year, and that vertical movement of individuals was common; this information was previously undocumented). The second goal will increase understanding of the effects high TDG have on mortality from altered disease resistance. Current decisions and models about the exposures to GBD are based on an untested theory of a static vertical distribution of fish. Research in 1997 indicated this view was incorrect, which could result in overestimates of GBD incidence and fish mortality. We propose to determine signs and mortality resulting from exposures of individuals by mimicking them under controlled conditions. Results will indicate if prevalence and severity of GBD signs detected through the monitoring program are reasonable given actual exposures of fish. This research requires exposure histories from 1-2 additional years.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

Criteria 1: Technical Criteria - Yes:

Criteria 2: Objectives Criteria - Yes

Criteria 3: Milestones Criteria - Incomplete: Show what will have been already done in FY98 and what is proposed specifically for FY99. What can be modeled vs field tested? Add further discussion of effects of tags on behavior.

Criteria 4: Resources Criteria - Incomplete: Additional budget details would help. Staffing requirements, Travel 30k?

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
Complete depth tag studies - last year of funding

ISRP Review , ISRP 1998-1 Recommendation:
Jun 18, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
ISRP reviewers comment that this is a good study with good peer-reviewed publications. The ability to remotely monitor the vertical movements of individual juvenile salmonids is a particularly worthy objective given the need to better understand the natural migration patterns of juveniles through dams and reservoirs. One reviewer questions whether this project should have a stronger working relationship with the project for monitoring of gas bubble disease in adults.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
$ 16,885
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
$ 16,885
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
$ 16,885
Sponsor (Alec Maule) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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