Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199603301

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Supplement and Enhance the Two Existing Stocks of Yakima R. Fall Chinook
BPA Project Proposal Number 199603301
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Yakama Indian Nation
Business acronym (if appropriate) YIN

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Mel Sampson
Mailing Address P.O. Box 151
City, State, Zip Toppenish, WA 98948
Phone 5098656262
Fax 5098656293
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Lower Mid-Columbia
Subbasin Yakima
Short Description --Test new supplementation techniques to increase natural production and improve harvest opportunities, while maintaining genetic fitness of salmonid populations; and, -- Provide critical knowledge to resource managers throughout the Columbia River Basin
Target Species

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.3B, 7.4A, 7.4F, 7.4O, 7.4K.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Biological Opinion for 1995 to 1998 Hatchery Operations in the Columbia River Basin (NMFS 1995a); Biological Assessment of 1997-2001 Hatchery Operations of the Proposed Cle Elum Hatchery, December 1995 (BPA 1995); NMFS concurrence letter dated 4/1/96.
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8812001 Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project MGMT. Core Management/Admin. Support services for all YIN's YKFP Tasks. No
8811500 Yakima Hatchery Construction Final design/construction of needed acclimation facilities/wells for YFP. No
9701300 Yakima Cle Elum Hatchery O&M O&M costs for Cle Elum Supplementation and Research Facilities. Core Facility for the Yakima Fisheries Project. No
9506300 Yakima/Klickitat M&E Program Covers the diverse M&E needs for the target species which are essential for the success of the YKFP. No
8812008 Fisheries Technician Field Activities Provides essential technical support to fulfill the diverse needs of the YKFP i.e. M&E support, surveys, juvenile facility operations, marking, etc. No
8812005 Fish Passage Video Monitoring Monitors, at Prosser and Roza dams,the adult salmonids returning to Yakima Basin. The need for this key M&E information is essential to YFP. No
9706200 Objectives & Strategies for Yakima Represents the modeling process, for iterative planning for species consistent with the Regional Assessment of Supplementation Project. No
9603302 Yakima River Coho Restoration-O&M Essential for YKFP's all stock initiative for experimental purposes for supplementation. No
9506404 Policy/Tech Involvement/Planning-YKFP Supports the required co-manager process for the YKFP No
9506406 Monitoring of Supplementation Response Variables for YKFP Essential for adequate M&E planning and technical participation as co-manager of the YKFP. No
9506402 Upper Yakima Species Interaction Studies Vital M&E function relative to behavior of multi species within the Yakima Basin for the YKFP. Defines competitive/ecological interaction No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. GENETIC- Minimize genetic risks as described by Busack and Currens (1995) (extinction, loss of within-population variability, loss of between-population variability, and domestication selection) to Marion Drain and mainstem stocks a. Segregate stocks by selecting broodstock
1. b. Whose origin can be reasonably well determined. Continue refinement of techniques for determining stock of origin of individual fish; e.g., DNA, elemental analysis, scale pattern analysis, etc.
1. c. Use for broodstock only fish that are not first-generation hatchery fish
1. d. Spawn fish in accordance with YKFP broodstock mating guidelines.
1. e. Use less than 50% of the natural-origin adult escapement from each stock for broodstock purposes. Segregate fall chinook by stock through rearing and release.
1. f. Develop and apply methods to maximize the likelihood that only Marion Drain-origin fish enter and spawn in Marion Drain.
2. NATURAL PRODUCTION- Optimize natural production of fall chinook with respect to abundance and distribution. a. Site acclimation and release facilities to optimize natural spawning distribution (temporal and spatial)
2. b. Assess the productivity of environmentally distinct portions of the lower river for fall chinook production by inventorying habitat quality attributes and estimating the survival of marked test fish released in such areas.
2. c. Develop facilities, procedures and marking methods to estimate the production of wild and hatchery smolts and adults on a stock-specific basis.
2. d. Develop computer models to estimate productivity and carrying capacity of potential release sites and to determine the probability of ultimately increasing natural production on the basis of incomplete empirical data.
3. NATURAL PRODUCTION- Optimize natural production of fall chinook while managing adverse ecological impacts resulting from interactions between and within species and stocks. a. Use harvest management and the location of acclimation and release facilities to optimize natural spawning distribution (temporal and spatial).
3. b. Control the magnitude of releases(number of fish released), the size of fish released,and the timing and location of releases to minimize adverse impacts of indirect predation on wild conspecifics.
3. c. Assess pre-implementation status (distribution, abundance, and size distributions) of non-target taxa of concern, set criteria for allowable adverse impacts, and determine whether criterial post-implementation changes are due to supplementation. (Cont.
3. c. If criterial changes are due to supplementaion, alter protocols appropriately.
4. EXPERIMENTAL - Use supplementation as described by RASP (1991) (i.e., to increase natural production of Yakima fall chinook and increase harvest opportunities, while keeping genetic and ecological impacts within acceptable limits) to provide scientific a. Monitor the fall chinook supplementation effort, following the approach developed in the YKFP Spring Chinook Monitoring Plan (Busack et al. 1997)
4. b. Experimentally test new rearing and/or acclimation treatments designed to improve performance of hatchery fall chinook.
4. c. Develop techniques of identifying individual fish to stock so that broodstock for the mainstem stock can be collected from facilities in the lower river (Horn Dam or Prosser Dam) with little probability of including Marion Drain fish. Collect (Cont.)
4. c. Marion Drain broodstock from a trap located inside Marion Drain.
4. d. Retrofit the adult collection facilities at Prosser Dam or retrofit the adult ladders at Horn Dam to permit benign, unbiased collection of adults for broodstock.
4. e. Release all hatchery smolts from acclimation ponds connected to target streams located in areas determined to be suitable for supplementation in terms of productivity and carrying capacity.
4. f. Release a number of hatchery fish from M. Drain and mainstem acclimation facilities consistent with life history characteristics of local populations and revised estimates of carrying capacity and productivity for habitat in the area of acclim. ponds.
4. g. Conduct power analyses of all experimental and monitoring efforts prior to inception to insure that power is adequate to detect effects of biological significance.
5. HARVEST – Increase harvest opportunities for all fishers consistent with the requirements of genetic, natural production, and experimentation objectives. a. Develop policies to increase harvest opportunities inside the Yakima Basin for all fishers.
5. b. Develop procedures to estimate stock-specific harvest of wild and hatchery Yakima fall chinook inside the Yakima Basin and in major oceanic and Columbia River fisheries.
6. ECOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS – Keep adverse impacts of fall chinook supplementation on non-target taxa of concern (NTTOC) within prescribed limits. a. Determine pre-implementation status (distribution, abundance and size distributions) of NTTOC and set maximum allowable adverse impacts in relation to baseline values.
6. b. Monitor status of NTTOC after implementation, conduct focused studies as warranted to determine cause of criterial impacts, and alter supplementation protocols as needed or accept impacts as a lesser priority.
7. ECOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS - Limit losses of wild and hatchery smolts to native and exotic predators to levels that do not significantly limit the scope for increase in natural production a. Design and conduct experiments to evaluate the level of predation upon supplemental and natural fall chinook smolts and implement prey protection or predator control measures as warranted.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 06/01/96 12/01/48 20.0%
2 06/01/96 12/01/48 20.0%
3 06/01/96 12/01/48 20.0%
4 06/01/96 12/01/48 20.0%
5 06/01/96 12/01/48 5.0%
6 06/01/96 12/01/48 7.5%
7 06/01/96 12/01/48 7.5%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $150,000
Fringe 25.3% $ 37,950
Supplies $ 75,000
Operating $300,000
Capital $170,000
Travel $ 35,000
Indirect 26.6% $185,654
Subcontractor USFWS $100,000
Total Itemized Budget $1,053,604

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $1,053,604
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $1,053,604
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $1,080,000 $1,145,000 $1,110,000 $1,165,000
Total Outyear Budgets $1,080,000 $1,145,000 $1,110,000 $1,165,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Broodstock availability, construction, NEPA, PSR, budget constraints

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


a. The operation and maintenance of fall chinook acclimation/supplementation sites. These sites will be developed in strategic areas to optimize fish rearing activities, and in areas determined most productive for successful adult returns.. b. The YKFP’s core objectives are as follows: 1) To test the hypothesis that new supplementation techniques can be used in the Yakima and Klickitat River Basins to increase natural production and to improve harvest opportunities, while maintaining the long-term genetic fitness of the wild and native salmonid populations and keeping adverse ecological interactions within acceptable limits; 2) To provide knowledge about the use of supplementation, so that it may be used to mitigate effects on anadromous fisheries throughout the Columbia River Basin; 3) To implement and be consistent with the Council's Fish and Wildlife Program; and 4) To implement the Project in a prudent and environmentally sound manner. c. All activities conducted by the YKFP are consistent with the NPPC’s Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (“Program”) Measure 7.4K.1. d. Supplementation is defined as utilizing artificial propagation in an attempt to maintain or increase natural production while maintaining long-term fitness of the target population and while keeping ecological and genetic impacts on nontarget species within specified limits (RASP 1991). YKFP operations have been designed to test the principles of supplementation. Its experimental design has focused on the following critical uncertainties affecting hatchery production: 1) the survival of hatchery fish after release from the hatchery; 2) the impacts of hatchery fish as they compete with wild populations; and, 3) the effects of hatchery propagation on the long-term genetic fitness of fish stocks. One of the YKFP’s primary objectives is to provide regional resource managers with knowledge regarding these issues, and identify and apply improved methods for carrying out hatchery production and supplementation of natural production. The YKFP’s monitoring activities are intended evaluate the relative survival and success of various release groups of supplementation fish and to compare their success with that of naturally produced fish. e. The expected outcome of the project is to have supplementation fish return as adults in sufficient numbers, and to have a reproductive rate of success that will contribute to the enhancement of the natural populations. The project plans to evaluate several generations of releases to obtain a statistically significant result. f. Project scientists and managers realize that effective monitoring is the key to a successful adaptive management program. The YKFP’s PSR and the Monitoring and Evaluation Plan lay out an integrated multi-level monitoring program for supplementing upper Yakima spring chinook. This structure ensures that strategies are implemented as intended, that experimental studies produce reliable results, and that risks associated with unresolved uncertainties are contained. The Project’s upper Yakima spring chinook monitoring plan addresses the following five monitoring categories which the fall chinook project will be modeled after. Not all of these steps may be used: 1. Quality control will monitor the performance of the facilities and their operators. 2. Product specification attributes will be monitored at the Cle Elum facility, the acclimation ponds, and the juvenile monitoring facilities to determine whether the fish produced by the project meet goals with respect to: fish health; morphology (size and shape); behavior; and survival. 3. Research monitoring activities will be designed to test the performance of two treatments of artificially reared fish (OCT vs. SNT) and to compare their performance with naturally reared fish. Research monitoring would include measurements of performance in four main areas: o post-release survival (survival from time of release until the fish return to spawn); o reproductive success (number of offspring produced per spawner); o long-term fitness (genetic diversity and long-term stock productivity); and o ecological interactions (population abundance and distribution, growth rates, carrying capacity, survival rates, transfer of disease, and gene flow). 4. Risk containment, and 5. Monitoring of stock status. Details can be found in the YKFP’s M&E Project No. 9506300.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

Return to top of page