Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199603302

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate the Feasibillity and Potential Risks of Restoring Yakima R. Coho
BPA Project Proposal Number 199603302
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Yakama Indian Nation
Business acronym (if appropriate) YIN

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Mel Sampson
Mailing Address P.O. Box 151
City, State, Zip Toppenish, WA 98948
Phone 5098656262
Fax 5098656293
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Lower Mid-Columbia
Subbasin Yakima
Short Description Test new supplementation techniques to increase natural production and improve harvest opportunities, while maintaining genetic fitness of salmonid populations; and, provide critical knowledge to resource managers throughout the Columbia River Basin.
Target Species

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.4 K.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Biological Opinion for 1995 to 1998 Hatchery Operations in the Columbia River Basin (NMFS 1995a); Biological Assessment of 1997-2001 Hatchery Operations of the Proposed Cle Elum Hatchery, December 1995 (BPA 1995); NMFS concurrence letter dated 4/1/96.
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8812001 Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Management Core Management/Admin Support services for all YIN’s YKFP Tasks No
8811500 Yakima Hatchery Construction Final design/construction of needed acclimation facilities/wells for YKFP No
9701300 Yakima Cle Elum Hatchery O&M O&M costs for Cle Elum supplentation and research facilities. Core facility for the YKFP. No
9506300 Yakima/Klickitat M&E Program Covers the diverse M&E needs for the target species which are essential for the success of the YKFP. No
8812005 Fish passage video monitoring Monitors, at Prosser and Roza dams, the adult salmonids returning to the Yakima basin. No
9706200 Objectives and strategies for Yakima Represents the modeling process, for iterative planning for species consistent with the regional assessment of supplementation project. No
9603301 Yakima river fall chinook supplementation O&M Essential for YKFP’s all stock initiative for experimental purposes for supplementation No
8812008 Fisheries Technician Field Activities Provides essential technical support to fulfill the diverse needs of the YKFPi.e. M&E support, surveys, juvenile fac. operations, marking, etc. No
9506404 Policy/Tech involvement/Planning-YKFP Supports the required co-manager process for the YKFP. No
9506406 Monitoring of supplementation response variables for YKFP Essential for adequate M&E planning and technical participation as co-managers of the YKFP. No
9506402 Upper Yakima species interaction studies M&E function relative to behavior of multi species within the Yakima Basin for the YKFP. Defines competitive/ecological interactions. No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine the feasibility of re-establishing a sustainable, naturally spawning coho population in the Yakima Basin with sufficient productivity to sustain a meaningful in-basin fishery in most years. a. Limit risk by testing feasibility in various portions of the basin.
1. b. Gather data relevant to the suitability of environmentally distinct portions of the basin for coho production by the following measures:Ø Inventorying the quantity and quality of habitat for coho spawning, incubation and rearing;Ø Estimating the (cont.)
1. b. survival (fry-to-smolt and fry-to-adult) of marked groups of hatchery-reared fry released in inventoried areas; and Ø Estimating the reproductive success (egg-to-fry survival) of returning (cont.)
1. b. hatchery fish spawning in inventoried areas.
1. c. Use the Ecosystems Diagnosis and Treatment computer model to integrate habitat, survival and reproductive success data.
1. d. Develop temporary acclimation/release facilities in those candidate areas which collectively afford an optimal combination of productivity, carrying capacity and life –history diversity.
1. e. Develop marking methods to identify hatchery-reared progeny of Cascade and Yakima-recruit broodstock as juveniles and adults. Develop non-lethal methods of identifying naturally produced juveniles and adults
1. f. Release marked hatchery smolts from acclimation facilities in selected test areas and implement strategic habitat enhancement measures
1. g. At the "sub-drainage" level (e.g., the entire Naches Subbasin), monitor smolt production rate and smolt-to-adult survival for both hatchery-reared and natural fish, and adult recruitment rate for natural fish.
2. Optimize production of naturalized populations of coho with respect to abundance and distribution a. Employ volitional releases of acclimated smolts, in order to maximize survival, homing fidelity and productivity.
2. b. Implement strategic habitat enhancement measures designed to maximize productivity and life history diversity of coho populations spawning and rearing in targeted areas.
2. c. Develop facilities, procedures and marking methods to estimate the production of wild and hatchery smolts and adults.
3. Minimize adverse impacts of coho reintroduction and supplementation on non-target taxa of concern (NTTOC) a. Control releases of hatchery coho in terms of release location, the number of fish released, the size of fish released and the time of release (date and diel) to minimize potential impacts to NTTOC
3. b. Experimentally estimate the severity of impacts of direct and indirect predation occasioned by releases of coho smolts on NTTOC
3. d. Identify non-predatory interactions between coho and NTTOC in which coho pose a demonstrable risk to the impacted species.
3. d. Experimentally assess the severity of demonstrated non-predatory risks by conducting replicated experiments in natural stream segments within the area of concern.
4. Limit losses of wild and hatchery smolts to native and exotic predators to levels that do not significantly limit coho production potential. a. Design and conduct experiments to evaluate the level of predation upon hatchery and naturalized coho smolts and implement prey protection or predator control measures as warranted
5. Establish a distinct Yakima River coho stock with heritable life history traits adapted to the Yakima River Basin. a. Develop techniques to identify NOR’s and develop a reintroduction program that moves from the use of Cascade broodstock, to the use of Yakima returns as broodstock and, ultimately, to the exclusive use of NOR’s as broodstock.
0. .
5. b. Spawn fish in accordance with YKFP broodstock mating guidelines
5. c. Until viable natural populations have been established in the use natural original-origin adult escapement as broodstock. After viable populations have been established, use less than 50%.
0. .
6. Expand harvest opportunities for treaty Indian and sport fisheries inside and outside of the Yakima River Basin while meeting objectives for genetics, experimentation, natural production and ecological interactions a. Develop procedures to estimate harvest of wild and hatchery Yakima coho inside the Yakima Basin and in major oceanic and Columbia River fisheries.
0. .
0. .

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 06/01/96 12/01/48 30.0%
2 06/01/96 12/01/48 23.0%
3 06/01/96 12/01/48 10.0%
4 06/01/96 12/01/48 10.0%
5 06/01/96 12/01/48 25.0%
6 06/01/96 12/01/48 2.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel Admin, Biologist, Technicians, Research $150,000
Fringe @ 25.3 % $ 37,950
Supplies $ 65,000
Operating $216,550
Capital M & E equipment, Rearing facility improvements $ 95,000
Travel Project oversight, M&E and fish propagation crews, Training $ 35,000
Indirect 26.6% 1997 rate $140,500
Subcontractor Sea Springs; USFS $ 70,000
Total Itemized Budget $810,000

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $810,000
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $810,000
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001 2002 2003
All Phases $1,650,000 $1,750,000 $1,210,000 $1,210,000
Total Outyear Budgets $1,650,000 $1,750,000 $1,210,000 $1,210,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: NEPA determinations, Unpredictable low brood year, Budget constraints.

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


a. The operation and maintenance of coho acclimation/hatchery sites. Including the surveying and development of additional acclimation sites. These sites will be developed in strategic areas to optimize fish rearing activities, and in areas determined most productive for successful adult returns. b. The YKFP’s core objectives are as follows: 1) To test the hypothesis that new supplementation techniques can be used in the Yakima and Klickitat River Basins to increase natural production and to improve harvest opportunities, while maintaining the long-term genetic fitness of the wild and native salmonid populations and keeping adverse ecological interactions within acceptable limits; 2) To provide knowledge about the use of supplementation, so that it may be used to mitigate effects on anadromous fisheries throughout the Columbia River Basin; 3) To implement and be consistent with the Council's Fish and Wildlife Program; and 4) To implement the Project in a prudent and environmentally sound manner. c. All activities conducted by the YKFP, are consistent with the NPPC’s Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (“Program”) Measure 7.4K.1. d. Supplementation is defined as utilizing artificial propagation in an attempt to maintain or increase natural production while maintaining long-term fitness of the target population and while keeping ecological and genetic impacts on nontarget species within specified limits (RASP 1991). YKFP operations have been designed to test the principles of supplementation. Its experimental design has focused on the following critical uncertainties affecting hatchery production: 1) the survival of hatchery fish after release from the hatchery; 2) the impacts of hatchery fish as they compete with wild populations; and, 3) the effects of hatchery propagation on the long-term genetic fitness of fish stocks. One of the YKFP’s primary objectives is to provide regional resource managers with knowledge regarding these issues, and identify and apply improved methods for carrying out hatchery production and supplementation of natural production. The YKFP’s monitoring activities are intended evaluate the relative survival and success of various release groups of supplementation fish and to compare their success with that of naturally produced fish. e. The expected outcome of the project is to have supplementation fish return as adults in sufficient numbers, and to have a reproductive rate of success that will contribute to the enhancement of the natural populations. The project plans to evaluate several generations of releases to obtain a statistically significant result. f. Project scientists and managers realize that effective monitoring is the key to a successful adaptive management program. The Yakima coho M&E plan will be modeled after the following spring chinook plan. 1. Quality control will monitor the performance of the facilities and their operators. 2. Product specification attributes to determine whether the fish produced by the project meet goals with respect to: fish health; morphology (size and shape); behavior; and survival. 3. Research monitoring activities will be designed to test the performance treatments of artificially reared fish to compare their performance with naturally reared fish. Research monitoring would include measurements of performance in four main areas: o post-release survival (survival from time of release until the fish return to spawn); o reproductive success (number of offspring produced per spawner); o long-term fitness (genetic diversity and long-term stock productivity); and o ecological interactions (population abundance and distribution, growth rates, carrying capacity, survival rates, transfer of disease, and gene flow). 4. Risk containment, and 5. Monitoring of stock status.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

Return to top of page