Return to Proposal Finder FY 1999 Proposal 199702400

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Avian Predation on Juvenile Salmonids in the Lower Columbia R: Phase II M&E
BPA Project Proposal Number 199702400
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oregon State University, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission
Business acronym (if appropriate) OSU, CRITFC

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Dr. Daniel D. Roby
Mailing Address Oregon Coop Wildlife Research Unit, Dept. of F&W, 104 Nash Hall, OSU
City, State, Zip Corvallis, OR 97331-3803
Phone 5417371955
Fax 5417373590
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 1999
Province Mainstem
Subbasin Mainstem
Short Description Develop a management plan to reduce avian predation on juvenile salmonids. Implement chosen management options and evaluate their efficacy through continued monitoring of smolt losses to birds.
Target Species All Columbia Basin salmonid stocks consumed by piscivorous waterbirds

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.7A.6, 5.7B.20, 5.7B.21, 5.7B.22, 5.7B.23
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: BiOp designation from 4/16/03 budget estimates spreadsheet.
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Develop and implement a management plan to reduce avian predation on juvenile salmonids a. Coordinate all management activities with regional fish and wildlife managers and stakeholders
. b. Implement chosen management options
. c. Refine and further develop management options (i.e., adaptive management), as needed
2. Evaluate the efficacy of management options by monitoring changes in piscivorous waterbird population size, nesting distribution, productivity, diet, and foraging activity. a. Conduct surveys to assess changes in size and distribution of piscivorous waterbird nesting colonies.
. b. Determine changes in diet composition and smolt consumption rates of managed piscivorous waterbirds
. c. Measure change in productivity of managed piscivorous waterbird colonies
3. Evaluate various environmental factors as they affect avian predation rates a. Conduct surveys to determine size and distribution of piscivorous waterbird foraging concentrations
. b. Assess the relative importance of various environmental factors, including management, on foraging activity of piscivorous waterbirds
4. Monitor piscivorous waterbird populations not targeted for management in 1999, if deemed necessary. a.
. b. Determine diet composition of piscivorous waterbirds and estimate their consumption rates of juvenile salmonids

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 12/01/98 12/01/99 30.0%
2 03/01/99 08/01/99 30.0%
3 03/01/99 08/01/99 30.0%
4 04/01/99 08/01/99 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 1999 Cost
Personnel $ 70,000
Fringe $ 25,000
Supplies $ 25,000
Operating $ 40,000
Travel $ 5,000
Indirect $ 35,000
Subcontractor $150,000
Total Itemized Budget $350,000

Total estimated budget

Total FY 1999 project cost $350,000
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 1999 budget request $350,000
FY 1999 forecast from 1998 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2000 2001
All Phases $350,000 $200,000
Total Outyear Budgets $350,000 $200,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The implementation of a management plan to reduce predation by piscivorous waterbirds on juvenile salmonids will depend on decisions made by regional fish and wildlife managers and stakeholders, specifically (1) is there sufficient data to warrant management action, (2) what level of predation on juvenile salmonids warrants management of bird populations, and (3) what management options are most appropriate. These issues will be addressed in a workshop planned for December 1998. The schedule for FY99 could be affected if resource management agencies and stakeholder groups have difficulty reaching a consensus on the above mentioned management questions.

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


Piscivorous waterbirds can have a significant impact on survival of juvenile salmonids in mainstem Columbia and Snake rivers. Data collected in 1997 indicated that one bird colony in the Columbia River estuary consumed 6-20 million smolts. Recovery Plans for Columbia Basin salmonids have recommended that avian predation be thoroughly investigated and managed if necessary. In FY99, we will develop and implement a management plan to reduce avian predation on juvenile salmonids, should predation rates be deemed unacceptable. We will evaluate the efficacy of management initiatives and monitor the responses in targeted populations of piscivorous waterbirds (i.e., cormorants, terns, gulls) and their diets. We will use a bioenergetics approach to monitor the numbers of juvenile salmonids consumed by managed colonies of fish-eating waterbirds in the lower Columbia River (Columbia River estuary to head of McNary Pool). We will also assess those conditions and locales where avian predation on smolts continues to be most prevalent, and test the feasibility of potential new management techniques. Finally, we will continue to monitor population size and diet composition of those fish-eating waterbirds in the Lower Columbia River that could potentially contribute to significant smolt mortality. This project focused on assessing the magnitude of avian predation on juvenile salmonids in FY97 and FY98. Field work can be completed in 2 more years (FY99 and FY00) of implementing the management plan, unless otherwise indicated by the results, and final reports will be submitted one year following the completion of field work

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

Criteria 1: Technical Criteria - Yes

Criteria 2: Objectives Criteria - Yes

Criteria 3: Milestones Criteria - Yes

Criteria 4: Resources Criteria - Yes:

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
May 13, 1998
1999 2000 2001
$280,000 $350,000 $200,000
The budget recommendation will necessitate changes in the FY99 work, and either the radio-telemetry study of tern and cormorant foraging behavior in the estuary (new component) or addressing avian predation above Bonneville Dam will need to be eliminated.

ISRP Review , ISRP 1998-1 Recommendation:
Jun 18, 1998
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Although specific for the lower river and estuary, this proposal was grouped with the systemwide proposals because of its wide application. It is a well-written proposal that ranked near the top of the set. It is good basic research on an important topic and the proposal is well documented with lots of references. Is the food or the habitat attracting the birds? The proposal needs to propose various alternatives for management actions. Actual potential control methods are pretty vague. This proposal does not address the real problems associated with most releases of hatchery fish and barged fish. There is no indication of how a colony might be relocated.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (OSU - Contract Administration) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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