Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20011

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Whole System Effects on Migration and Survival of Juvenile Salmon
BPA Project Proposal Number 20011
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Business acronym (if appropriate) OCFWRU

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Carl B. Schreck
Mailing Address Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife, OSU; 104 Nash Hall
City, State, Zip Corvallis, OR 97331
Phone 5417371938
Fax 5417373590
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Our goal is to understand how salmon smolts may be managed to minimize loss in the Columbia River estuary. Physiological impacts during outmigration may affect behavior and survival in the estuary. Tissue sampling and radiotracking will be used.
Target Species Juvenile spring/summer chinook salmon

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.0B.3, 5.0E, 5.7A.6, 5.8, 5.8A.2, 5.9A.1, and 7.1A.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Relevant 1995 Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) BiOp RPA measures are: VIII.A(1,5,6), VIII.A.13.c, VIII.A.13.e, and VIII.A.13.f
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Document behavior and survival of transported and run-of-the-river chinook salmon through the estuary to the near-shore ocean environment a. Tag spring/summer chinook smolts with standard and depth-sensitive radiotags and track using various radiotelemetry techniques
1. b. Evaluate the effect of run-of-the-river migrant stock origin on migration and survival
1. c. Document avian predation rates on radiotagged fish in the estuary
1. d. Measure or determine physicochemical characteristics of the river and estuary in relation to migrating chinook salmon
2. Determine the relationship between fish condition (physiological indicators of fish quality) and migration behavior, physicochemical characteristics of estuary, predation susceptibility, and survival a. Determine pre- and post-migration physiological status of transported and run-of-the-river chinook smolts at Snake and Columbia River mainstem dams
2. b. Match physiological data with radiotracking data to see relationships between condition and behavior/survival
2. c. Determine smoltification status of individual radiotagged fish and compare to subsequent behavior and survival
2. d. Perform direct tests of the relationship between smoltification, bacterial kidney disease, saltwater entry behavior, and saltwater survival in a controlled situation
2. e. Develop and validate a computer model incorporating all of the factors associated with smolt survival in the estuary as measured by returning adult spawners

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 09/01/01 Annual variation assessed Yes 65.0%
2 10/01/99 09/01/01 Annual variation assessed Yes 35.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel 2 Research Aides, 2 Grad. Students, and 6 Seasonal Aides $125,880
Fringe Rate varies from 1-52% of wages, depending on position $ 33,334
Supplies Hydrolab $ 10,200
Operating Includes radiotags, flight time, boat charter, model validation, datalogger upgrade, sample analysis $109,305
Travel Includes field housing and vehicles $ 17,500
Indirect 43% for 9 months and 26% for 3 months, excluding Hydrolab and tuition $ 93,019
Other Tuition (2 for 3 terms) $ 11,460
Total Itemized Budget $400,698

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $400,698
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $400,698
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
USGS-Biological Resources Division 15% PI's time $ 30,000 unknown
Oregon State University Administrative Assistant $ 20,000 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

All Phases $381,219
Total Outyear Budgets $381,219

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: ESA permitting may constrain schedule.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Blackburn, J. and W.C. Clarke. 1987. Revised procedure for the 24-hour seawater challenge test to measure seawater adaptability of juvenile salmonids. Can. Tech. Rep. of Fish. and Aquat. Sci. 1515:1-35. No
Foster, L.B. and R.T. Dunn. 1974. Single-antibody technique for radioimmunoassay of cortisol in unextracted serum or plasma. Clinical Chemistry 20:365-368. No
Goede, R.W. and B.A. Barton. 1990. Organismic indices and an autopsy-based assessment as indicators of health and condition in fish. American Fisheries Society Symposium 8:93-108. No
Johnson, S.L., R.D. Ewing, and J.A. Lichatowich. 1977. Characterization of gill (Na+K+)-activated adenosine triphosphatase from chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. J. Exp. Zool. 199: 345-354. No
Redding, J.M., C.B. Schreck, E.K. Birks, and R.D. Ewing. 1984. Cortisol and its effects on plasma thyroid hormones and electrolyte concentrations during seawater acclimation in yearling coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Gen. Comp. Endocr. 56:146-155. No
Schreck, C.B., L.E. Davis, and C. Seals. 1996. Evaluation of procedures for collection, bypass, and transportation of outmigrating salmonids, Objective 1: Migratory behavior and survival. Draft Annual Report 1996, MPE-96-10. USACE, Walla Walla, WA. No
Schreck, C.B., L.E. Davis, and C. Seals. 1997. Evaluation of migration and survival of juvenile salmonids following transportation. Draft Annual Report 1997, MPE-95-3. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, Washington. No
Schreck, C.B., S. Kaattari, L.E. Davis, C.E. Pearson, P.A. Wood, J.L. Congleton. 1993. Evaluation of the facilities for collection, bypass, and transportation of outmigrating chinook salmon. Annual Report 1993, JTF-92-XX-3. USACE, Walla Walla, WA. No
Schreck, C.B. and T.P. Stahl. In Prep. Evaluation of migration and survival of juvenile salmonids following transportation. Draft Annual Report 1998, MPE-W-97-4. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, Washington. No
Ward, D.L. and L.M. Miller. 1989. Using radiotelemetry in fisheries investigations. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (Fish Division) Information Reports No. 88-7. No

Section 7. Abstract


The goal of this study is to obtain information that will allow us to make recommendations concerning how outmigrating salmon smolts may be managed while passing through the Columbia River hydropower system to minimize the subsequent loss of fish in the Columbia River estuary or nearshore ocean. Migration through reservoir and dam complex and transportation may have physiological impacts on smolts that affect their behavior and survival once they reach the estuary and have survival consequences after early ocean entry. A critical point for survivorship appears to be where freshwater meets saltwater; our hypothesis is that behaviors, affected by physiology, affect smolt vulnerability to avian predators or lead to maladapted fish in the ocean. Thus, our efforts will be concentrated in the lower estuary of the Columbia River. We will determine the physiological status (smoltification, general well-being, and disease) by sampling fish at Snake and lower Columbia River dams. Behavior of the fish will be assessed by telemetry in the lower estuary and will establish sources of mortality. Salinity preference and challenge experiments in a controlled setting will also be conducted to determine willingness of the fish to enter the ocean and compare behavior of barged and run-of-the-river radiotagged chinook. The effects of smoltification, disease, and stress of outmigrating juveniles on returning adult spawning populations will also be assessed through a computer-based population model. Field work will be conducted for two years to assess annual and seasonal variability.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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