Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20014

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Songbird Use of Riparian Areas During Fall Migration
BPA Project Proposal Number 20014
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
University of Idaho, Department of Biological Sciences
Business acronym (if appropriate) UI

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Dr. Patricia Heglund
Mailing Address
City, State, Zip Moscow, ID 83844
Phone 2088852665
Fax 2088857905
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Evaluate songbird use of native (Willow-dominated) and non-native (Russian-olive dominated) riparian areas as fall migration stopover areas in the Mid-Columbia River Basin.
Target Species Neotropical migratory songbirds, and North American migratory songbirds.

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses:
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): wildlife

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1998 Songbird surveys at six study sites
1998 Insect surveys at six study sites
1997 Songbird surveys at six study sites
1997 Vegetation surveys at six study sites

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Survey migratory songbird use of Willow and Russian-olive dominated areas. a. Conduct mist net operations at each study site two times per week, using single- and double-stacked mist nets.
2. Determine if there is a difference in songbird species richness and relative abundance between vegetation types during fall migration. a. Evaluate songbird species richness from mist net data, and compare between sites and vegetation types using analysis of variance.
2. b. Evaluate songbird relative abundance from mist net data, and compare between sites and vegetation types using analysis of variance.
3. Survey insects in Willow and Russian-olive dominated areas during the fall season. a. Conduct insect surveys using sticky traps, sweep nets, and limb beating. Count and measure all insects and identify to order.
4. Determine if there is a difference in insect relative abundance between vegetation types during the fall season. a. Evaluate insect relative abundance from insect trapping data, and compare between vegetation types using analysis of variance.
4. b. Evaluate ordinal richness of insects from insect trapping data, and compare between sites and vegetation types using analysis of variance.
5. Determine if dominant tree species, vegetation density, or relative food availability (insects) are important to migratory songbirds' use of a stopover area during fall migration. a. Compare songbird relative abundance and species richness with vegetation measures (dominant tree species and vegetation density) using analysis of variance.
5. b. Compare songbird relative abundance and species richness with insect relative abundance and ordinal richness at each study site, using analysis of variance.
6. Relate the study findings to migratory songbird conservation in the area, and suggest management implications and strategies. a.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 08/01/99 10/01/00 40.0%
2 10/01/99 12/01/00 5.0%
3 08/01/99 10/01/99 30.0%
4 10/01/99 12/01/99 5.0%
5 10/01/99 12/01/99 10.0%
6 10/01/99 12/01/99 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel One graduate research assistantship, five research assistants $ 19,720
Fringe 1% for research assistantship, 13% for research assistants $ 1,757
Supplies Mist net and insect survey supplies $ 1,500
Travel Scientific meetings $ 1,000
Indirect Overhead of 20.7% for University of Idaho, and 3.5% for Dept. of Biological Sciences $ 6,383
Other Research assistant tuition and fees $ 2,400
Total Itemized Budget $ 32,760

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 32,760
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 32,760
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Three field vehices $ 875 unknown
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Housing for six field workers $ 1,750 unknown
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Publication costs $ 1,000 unknown
$ 0 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Borell, A. E. 1976. Russian-olive for wildlife and other conservation uses. U. S. Dept. of Agric. Leaflet 517. 8 pp. No
Brown, C. R. 1990. Avian use of native and exotic riparian habitats on the Snake River, Idaho. Thesis, Department of Fishery and Wildlife Biology, Colorado State University. No
Duberstein, C. A., R. D. Sayler, and C. A. Brandt. 1996. Habitat selection by spring migrant passerines in riparian zones of south-central Washington. Unpublished. No
Ennor, H. R. 1991. Birds of the Tri-Cities and Vicinity. Lower Columbia Basin Audubon Society, Richland, WA. No
Geupel, G. R., D. Hardesty, and G. Ballard. Nov. 1993. Status and distribution of the landbird avifauna along riparian corridors of the Sacramento River NWR: results of the 1993 field season. A report of the Point Reyes Bird Observatory. No
Johnson, R.R., L.T. Haight and J.S. Smithson. 1977. Endangered species vs. endangered habitats. Pp.68-79 in R.R. Johnson and D.A. Jones, tech. coords. Importance, preservation and management of riparian habitat. USDA For Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-43. No
Karr, J. R. 1981. Surveying birds with mist nets. Pp. 62-67 in Estimating numbers of terrestrial birds (C.J. Ralph and J.M. Scott, eds.). Studies in Avian Biology 6. No
Keast, A. and E. S. Morton (eds.). 1980. Migrants in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution, and conservation. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. No
Kennedy, P. C., and L. F. Wilson. 1969. Major insect pests in North Dakota shelterbelts: abundance and distribution by climate and host age. U.S. Forest Service Res. Pap. RM (47). No
Knopf, F.L. 1985. Significance of riparian vegetation to breeding birds…. Pp. 105-111 in R.R. Johnson, C.D. Ziedell, D.R. Patton, P.S. Folliott and R.H. Hamre, tech. coords. Riparian ecosystems. USDA For. Ser. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-120. No
Knopf, F.L. and T. E. Olson. 1984. Naturalization of Russian-olive: implications to Rocky Mountain wildlife. Wildlife Society Bulletin 12: 289-298. No
Knopf, F. L., R. R. Johnson, T. Rich, F. B. Samson, and R. C. Szaro. 1988. Conservation of riparian ecosystems in the United States. Wilson Bulletin 100(2): 272-284. No
Kreuper, D.J. 1993. Effects of land use practices on Western Riparian Ecosystems. Pp. 321-330 in Finch, D.M. and P.W. Stangel, eds. Status and Management of Neotropical Migratory Songbirds; 1992 September 21-25; Estes Park, CO. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-229. No
MacArthur, R. H. and A. T. MacArthur. 1974. On the use of mist nets for population studies of birds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 71:3230-3233. No
Martin, T. E. and J. R. Karr. 1986. Patch utilization by migrating birds: resource oriented? Ornis Scandinavica 17: 165-174. No
Moore, F. R. and W. Yong. 1991. Evidence of food-based competition among passerine migrants during stopover. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 28: 85-90. No
Nelson, E., S. Hudson, and K. Moroney. 1997. Migrating and resident songbirds in riparian habitats of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. Unpublished report. No
Olson, T. E. and F. L. Knopf. 1986. Naturalization of Russian-olive in the western United States. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 1(3): 65-69. No
Ott, R. L. 1993. An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis. Wadsworth, Inc., Belmont, CA. No
Ralph, C. J. 1981. Age ratios and their possible use in determining autumn routes of passerine migrants. Wilson Bulletin 93: 164-188. No
Ralph, C. J., G. R. Geupel, P. Pyle, T. E. Martin, and D. F. DeSante. 1993. Handbook of field methods for monitoring landbirds. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-144. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. No
Rappole, J. H. and D. W. Warner. 1976. Relationship between behavior, physiology, and weather in avian transients at a migration stopover site. Oecologia 26: 193-212. No
Rappole, J. H., E. S. Morton, T. E. Lovejoy and J. L. Ruos. 1983. Nearctic avian migrants in the Neotropics. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. No
Remsen, J. V., Jr., and D. A. Good. 1996. Misuse of data from mist-net captures to assess relative abundance in bird populations. The Auk 113(2): 381-398. No
Robbins, C. S., J. R. Sauer, R. S. Greenberg, and S. Droege. 1989. Population declines in North American birds that migrate to the tropics. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86: 7658-7662. No
Skagen, S. K., C. P. Melcher, W. H. Howe, and F. L. Knopf. Oct. 1996. Comparative use of riparian corridors and oases by migrating birds in southeast Arizona. A report of the Biological Resources Division, USGS. No
Southwood, T. R. E. 1966. Pp. 145-146 and 223-242. Ecological Methods. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. No
Taylor, D.M., D.F. DeSante, G.R. Geupel, and K. Houghton. 1994. Autumn populations of landbirds along central coastal California 1976-1986. Journal of Field Ornithology 65(2): 169-185. No
Weisbrod, A. R., C. J. Burnett, J. G. Turner, and D. W. Warner. 1993. Migrating birds at a stopover site in the Saint Croix River valley. Wilson Bulletin 105(2): 265-284. No
Wilson, L. F. 1962. Forest insects and diseases in the Northern Great Plains - a survey. Lake States Forest Experiment Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Station Paper No. 101. No
Winker, K., D. W. Warner, and A. R. Weisbrod. 1992. Migration of woodland birds at a fragmented inland stopover site. Wilson Bulletin 104(4): 580-598. No

Section 7. Abstract


In the western United States, critical declines in songbirds and other wildlife are due in part to the alteration of riparian habitat in semi-arid regions. Although less than 1% of the arid west is covered by riparian vegetation, riparian areas support more species of songbirds than the surrounding uplands. Riparian ecosystems in the arid west have historically been altered by the construction of dams, agricultural conversions, and invading exotic vegetation. Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is an exotic and invasive woody plant, and areas along the Columbia and Snake Rivers support extensive and often monotypic Russian-olive stands. We propose to continue a research and monitoring project to evaluate migratory songbird use of native and non-native vegetation in riparian areas along the Mid-Columbia River during fall migration. Insect and migratory songbird surveys will be conducted at six study sites using mist nets, and sticky traps, sweep nets, and limb beating. Songbird species richness and relative abundance, insect relative abundance, and vegetation measurements (taken in previous years) will be examined to determine why certain migratory songbird species may be using one vegetation type over another as fall migration stopover sites. This fourth and final year of data collection is important for determining the conservation value of native or non-native riparian vegetation to migratory landbirds along the Mid-Columbia River during fall migration. This study will culminate in a Master’s thesis in May of 2000, and submission of at least one scientific paper to a peer-reviewed journal.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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