Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20024

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Fall Chinook Natural Production and Spawning Habitat Conditions in the Tucannon River
BPA Project Proposal Number 20024
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Business acronym (if appropriate) WDFW

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Joseph D. Bumgarner
Mailing Address 401 S. Cottonwood
City, State, Zip Dayton, WA 99328
Phone 5093824755
Fax 5093822427
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Tucannon
Short Description Assess fall chinook natural production and the potential for hatchery supplementation. Document sedimentation of fall chinook redds and estimate survival of eggs within redds. Capture, identify, enumerate and calculate survivals for migrating sub-yearl
Target Species Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.1A-3, 7.2, 7.4A.1, 7.5B.1, 7.5B.2, 7.5B.3, 7.6B.3
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.1.d, 4.3-4.8
Other Planning Document References Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit - Volumes I and II Snake River Salmon Recovery Team: Final Recommendations to NMFS State of Washington’s and Western Washington Treaty Tribes Wild Salmonid Policy

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9401806 Tucannon River model watershed program Provide a habitat assessment baseline No
9401807 Pataha Creek model watershed program Provide a habitat assessment baseline No
9801003 Monitor and evaluate the spawning distribution of Snake River fall chinook. Cooperative effort between agencies to document Snake River fall chinook spawning. No
9102900 Life History and Survival of fall chinook salmon in the Columbia River Basi Life history and survival estimates from outside the Snake River Basin. No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine the fate of fall chinook redds, eggs and alevins. a. Conduct weekly spawning ground surveys, identify and mark location of all redds.
1. b. Periodically monitor redd condition (evidence of scouring and deposition) through the fall, winter and spring as water conditions allow.
1. c. Collect fall chinook salmon eggs from the brood stock at Lyons Ferry Hatchery and incubate eggs to the eyed stage
1. d. Create 10 artificial redds, place about 1,000 eyed eggs in egg baskets, in each artificial redd.
1. e. Create 10 artificial redds with no eggs above and below Pataha Creek to document sedimentation of redds above and below known source of sediment input.
1. f. Cap all artificial redds and 3-5 natural redds.
1. g. Estimate egg to hatch success of artificial redds by digging up egg basket and counting the number of unhatched eggs.
1. h. Estimate alevin success by dividing the number of alevins collected by known or estimated eggs in each redd.
2. Determine the presence of and estimate annual production of juvenile fall chinook smolts leaving the river. a. Operate fish trap, capture, identify, enumerate, PIT tag (1,000), CWT (3,500) and adipose fin clip fall chinook salmon smolts.
2. b. Genetically sample (DNA - caudal fin clip) a portion of naturally produced chinook smolt to determine origin (spring or fall chinook)
2. c. Associate physical characteristics with migration time to assist in origin identification.
2. d. Collect and compare scale samples to distinguish between fall and spring chinook to facilitate identification of fall chinook and develop a scale baseline for later use.
2. e. Mark and release a known number of fall chinook upstream of the trap for recapture to calibrate trap efficiency.
2. f. Estimate the number of fall chinook smolts annually leaving the river.
3. Evaluate juvenile fish out migrant and adult return success rates. a. Collect information on PIT tagged juveniles during downstream migration and returning adult chinook interrogated at the Snake and Columbia River dams.
3. b. Collect and summarize CWT information on returning adult chinook recovered in fisheries, hatcheries and spawning ground survey recoveries.
3. c. Estimate smolt to adult survival rates based on CWT recoveries.
4. Identify in- river factors that may limit fall chinook production. a. Monitor daily river flow and temperatures throughout the year via USGS flow measurements and WDFW temperature recorders in the lower Tucannon River.
4. b. Record water turbidity at the smolt trap on a daily basis, and at points above and below Pataha Creek.
4. c. Monitor siltation, gravel deposition and/or scouring effects on both artificial (with and without eggs) and natural redds during the spawning and incubation period using freeze core and/or scour chain methods.
5. Determine annual egg to smolt survival rate of juvenile fall chinook from the Tucannon River relative to river conditions from egg deposition to out-migrant. a. Estimate the total number of eggs in the river by multiplying the total number of redds above the smolt trap times average fecundity.
5. b. Estimate annual egg to smolt success by dividing the estimate of annual smolt production determined from Objective 2, by the number of eggs deposited in the river above the smolt trap.
6. Determine through DNA and scale pattern analysis , if fall chinook adults found in the Tucannon River are of Snake River origin. a. Collect scales from spawned out adults in the Tucannon River and determine wild or hatchery origin based on scale patterns
6. b. Have scale patterns analyzed against other fall chinook populations (Lyons Ferry and Priest Rapids Hatchery, Hanford Reach wild stock, Umatilla and Klickitat Hatchery, and wild origin Snake River fall chinook.
6. c. Collect DNA fin clips from spawned out carcasses recovered in the Tucannon River. Collect fin clips from know origin spawners at Lyons Ferry and Umatilla hatcheries
6. d. Analyze DNA from adults and juveniles to determine relations
7. Information exchange. a. Disseminate the information collected (oral and written) and provide recommendations for management implementation.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 Ho: Fall chinook redds and eggs do not survive in the Tucannon River X 25.0%
2 Origin of fall chinook juveniles (if captured) will be determined. X 25.0%
3 Ho: Juvenile fall chinook will return as adults. X 10.0%
4 06/01/04 15.0%
5 3.0%
6 Ho: Spawning fall chinook in the lower Tucannon River represent Snake River Stock. X 15.0%
7 10/01/99 09/01/00 7.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel Three technician 2's (one 3 months, two 4 months each), One Biologist 3 (4 months) and one full time $ 53,100
Fringe 28.5% for state WDFW employees and 1.0% for graduate student. $ 11,470
Supplies Freeze core sampler, turbidimeter, material to build redd caps, genetic analysis (juvenile and adult $ 21,900
Operating vehicle and smolt trap maintenance $ 1,500
Capital None $ 0
PIT tags 1,300 $ 3,770
Travel Vehicle leasing at 250/month and 1000 miles/month x $0.31 x 6 months $ 3,360
Indirect Washington State overhead at 22.5% Graduate Student overhead at 31.5% $ 25,587
Other None $ 0
Total Itemized Budget $120,687

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $120,687
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $120,687
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
LSRCP smolt trap, computers, office space, phone, PIT tag equipment, additional personnel time, travel and vehicle operation and maintenance $ 45,000 unknown
Columbia Garfield County Conservation Districts (Tucannon and Pataha Model Watersheds) Temperature recorders (5), ISCO sediment samplers (3) $ 11,000 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $112,000 $114,500 $116,500 $118,000
Total Outyear Budgets $112,000 $114,500 $116,500 $118,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: During some years, extreme river flows may preclude successful spawning ground surveys and proposed monitoring of those redds over time. In addition, high spring runoff may hinder our attempts to cap redds and trap juvenile migrants. Until we formally request a Section 10 Permit modification, NMFS may prevent us from capping or disturbing natural fall chinook redds in the Tucannon River, as eggs within each redd are listed as “threatened” under the ESA. If our permit modification is rejected, results from artificial redds (created as natural as possible without using egg baskets) will have to be utilized. Even then, redd capping efforts may be futile against heavy spring runoffs. Because this project is not scheduled to begin until 2000, WDFW has time to request any changes in our research permit.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Bugert, R., P. LaRiviere, D. Marbach, S. Martin, L. Ross, and D. Geist. 1990. Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Salmon Hatchery Evaluation Program: 1989 Annual Report. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, LSRCP Office, Boise, ID. No
Chevalier, B., C. Carson, and W.J. Miller. 1984. Report of engineering and biological literature pertaining to the aquatic environment: special emphasis on dissolved oxygen and sediment effects on salmonid habitat. Colorado State University, Department Yes
Gustafson-Marjanen, K. I., and J. R. Moring. 1984. Construction of artificial redds for evaluating survival of Atlantic salmon eggs and alevins. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 4:455. No
Kelly, D.W., and Associates. 1982. Ecological investigations on the Tucannon River Washington. Newcastle, CA. No
Lotspeich, F. B., and F. H. Everest. 1981. A new method for reporting and interpreting textural composition of spawning gravel. U.S. Forest Service Research Note PNW-369. No
Mendel G., J. Bumgarner, D. Milks, L. Ross and J. Dedloff 1996. Lyons Ferry Hatchery Evaluation: Fall Chinook. Fall Chinook salmon 1995 annual report #H96-09 to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Boise, ID. No
Nawa, R. K.; and C.A. Frissel. 1993. Measuring scour and fill of gravel steambeds with scour chains and sliding-bead monitors. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 13 (3): 634-639. No
Phillips, R.W., and K. V. Koski. 1969. A fry trap method for estimating salmonid survival from egg deposition to fry emergence. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 26: 133-141. No
Platts, W. S., M. A. Shirazi, and D. H. Lewis. 1979. Sediment particle sizes used by salmon for spawning, with methods for evaluation. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA Report 600/3-79-043, Washington, DC. No
Snake River Salmon Recovery Team. 1994 Final recommendation to National Marine Fisheries Service, Portland, OR. No
USACE (U.S. Army corps of Engineers), 1975. Special Report: Lower Snake River Fish and Wildlife Compensation Plan. Walla Walla, Washington. Yes
Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission. 1997. Policy of Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and Western Washington Treaty Tribes Concerning Wild Salmonids. Olympia, WA. No
Waters, T.F. 1995. Sediment in Streams: Sources, Biological Effects, and Control. American Fisheries Society Monograph 7, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. No
Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit. 1995a. The Columbia River Anadromous fish Restoration Plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs and Yakima Tribes, Volume I, Portland, OR. No
Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit. 1995b. The Columbia River Anadromous fish Restoration Plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs and Yakima Tribes, Volume II - Subbasin Plans, Portland, OR. No

Section 7. Abstract


Presently, the WDFW does not know if fall chinook salmon spawning in the lower Tucannon River represent a self-sustaining population, even though they are listed as “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Future hatchery supplementation of fall chinook (500,000 subyearlings) has been called for in the Tucannon River (Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit 1995b), but river conditions (severe turbidity, channel instability, and high substrate sedimentation) may limit natural production of fall chinook in the river. The proposed project will attempt to identify which in-river factors are limiting natural production, and determine the origin of current spawners and their success. Project objectives are designed to gather presently unknown information on the presence, genetic origin, abundance and fate of fall chinook redds, eggs, alevins and smolts, and to identify which factors are limiting population survival. The results of this study will be used as partial assessment and baseline for the Model Watershed Programs (1992 NPPC) in the basin, and as baseline information for determining if future Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (1975 USACE) hatchery supplementation could address the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (1994 NPPC) attempt to encourage rebuilding a naturally produced population of fall chinook. Specific findings will be used to develop scientifically supported programs to supplement naturally spawning populations, and to balance hatchery releases with the capacity of the natural environment. The project is proposed for 2000-2004. Detailed reports of results and recommendations will be provided.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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