Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20030

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Impact of Nutrients on Salmon Production in the Columbia River Basin
BPA Project Proposal Number 20030
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
University of British Columbia
Business acronym (if appropriate) U of BC

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name John Stockner
Mailing Address 2614 Mathers Avenue
City, State, Zip West Vancouver, BC V7V 2J4
Phone 6049265383
Fax 6049263663
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Examine the potential importance of nutrients on salmon production in the Columbia River basin by examining the impact of dams, reduced salmon returns and human activity on nutrient inputs to selected sections of the basin.
Target Species Anadromous salmon

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: Sections 7.6, 7.6A, 7.6B, 7.6C, 7.6D and Section 5
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Write an overview of what is currently known about nutrients in the Columbia River basin. a. Review existing white and gray literature, solicit input from those working in local regions, focus on areas of concern to anadromous salmon.
2. Estimate impact of impoundments on nutrients. a. Review existing white and gray literature.
2. b. Estimate nutrient response of selected impoundments.
2. c. Estimate impact of impoundments on nutrients in selected basin section(s).
3. Estimate impact of reduced salmon returns on nutrients. a. Compile history of anadromous salmon returns (number, size, stock).
3. b. Determine nutrient content of each stock from literature.
3. c. Estimate nutrient returns by adult salmon to selected basin section(s).
4. Estimate impact of other human activity on nutrients. a. Estimate nutrient input from sewage: i. Compile history of population impacting selected section(s); ii. Compile history of sewage/industrial treatment impacting section(s); iii. Estimate nutrient history.
4. b. Estimate nutrient input from land -use impacts: forestry, agriculture: i. From literature establish nutrient parameters for logging, agriculture; ii. Compile history of land-use impacting selected section(s); ii. Estimate nutrient history.
5. Determine resulting impact on total nutrients of 2-4 above. a. Sum results from objectives 2-4 to estimate nutrient budget for selected section(s).
5. b. Compare historic to present nutrient levels.
5. c. Estimate potential future change in nutrients.
6. Write overview of impact of oligotrophication (nutrient reduction) on juvenile salmon. .
7. Summarize outstanding research questions and enhancement options. .

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 09/01/00 10.0%
2 10/01/99 09/01/00 30.0%
3 10/01/99 09/01/00 10.0%
4 10/01/99 09/01/00 20.0%
5 10/01/99 09/01/00 10.0%
6 10/01/99 09/01/00 10.0%
7 10/01/99 09/01/00 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 92,500
Fringe (20%) $ 18,500
Supplies Computer 3,200 Backup device 400 Office Supplies 3,500 Communication 2,500 $ 9,600
Travel $ 12,000
Indirect 40% (or 0% if contribution agreement, see Section 8h). $ 53,040
Total Itemized Budget $185,640

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $185,640
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $185,640
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Ashley, K., L.C. Thompson, D.C. Lasenby, L. McEachern, K.E. Smokorowski and D.Sebastian. 1997a. Restoration of an Interior Lake Ecosystem: the Kootenay Lake Fertilization Experiment. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada, 32 (2): 295-323. No
Ashley, K., L.C. Thompson, P. Warburton, Y.-R. Yang, F.R. Pick, P.B. Hamblin, D.C. Lasenby, K.E. Smokorowski, L. McEachern, D. Sebastian and G. Scholten. 1997b. Kootenay lake fertilization experiment , yr. 4 (1995). Fisheries Proj. Rep.RD58, MoELP, B.C. No
Bradford, M.E. and R.H. Peters. 1987. The relationship between chemically analyzed phosphorus fractions and bioavailable phosphorus. Limnol. Oceanogr., 32(5), 1124-1137. No
Dillon, P.J. and F. Rigler. 1974. A test of simple nutrient budget model predicting the phosphorus concentration in lake water. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 31: 1771-1778. No
Donaldson, J.R. 1966. The phosphorus budget of Iliamna Lake, Alaska as related to the cyclic abundance of Sockeye salmon. Ph.D thesis, Univ. of Washington, Seattle. No
Edmondson, WT and J.T. Lehman. 1981. The effect of changes in the nutrient income on the condition of Lake Washington. Limnol. Oceanogr. 26: 1-29. No
Larkin G.A. and P.A. Sleany. 1997. Implications of trends in marine-derived nutrient influx to South Coastal British Columbia salmonid production. Fisheries 22(11):16-24. No
Milbrink, G. and S. Holmgren. 1981. Addition of artificial fertilizers as means of reducing negative effects of "oligotrophication" in lakes after impoundment. Report 59, Swedish Board of Fisheries, Institute of Freshwater Research, Drottningholm. No
Ney, J. I. 1996. Oligotrophication and its discontents: effects of reduced nutrient loading on reservoir fisheries. American Fisheries Society Symposium 16: 285-295. No
Pieters, R., L.C. Thompson, L. Vidmanic, S. Pond, J. Stockner, P. Hamblin, K. Ashley, B. Lindsay, G. Lawrence, D. Sebastian and G. Scholten. 1998. Arrow Reservoir limnology and trophic status report, Year 1. RD 67, Fisheries Branch, MoELP, B.C. No
Pieters, R., L.C. Thompson, L. Vidmanic, S. Pond, J. Stockner, M. Roushorne, K. Hall, K. Ashley, B. Lindsay, G. Lawrence, D. Sebastian and G. Scholten. 1999. Arrow Reservoir limnology and trophic status report, Year 2. In preparation. No
Stockner, J.G. and K.S. Shortreed. 1975. Phytoplankton succession and primary productivity in Babine Lake, British Columbia. J. Fish Res. Board Can., 32, pp2413-2427. No
Stockner, J.G. and K.S. Shortreed. 1985. Whole-lake fertilization experiments in coastal British Columbia lakes: empirical relationships between nutrient inputs and phytoplankton biomass and production. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42, 649-658. No
Stockner, J.G. 1987. Lake fertilization: the enrichment cycle and lake sokeye salmon (O. nerka) production. In: H.D. Smith, L Margolis, and C.C. Wood (Eds.), Sockeye salmon population biology and future mgmt. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 96, p198. No
Stockner, J.G. and E.A. MacIsaac, 1996. British Columbia lake enrichment program: two decades of habitat enhancement for sockeye salmon. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management, Vol. 12, 547-561. No
Stockner, JG, E. Rydin, and P. Heyenstrand 1999. Cultural Oligotrophication. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. (in review) No
Vollenweider, RA. 1976. Advances in defining critical loading levels of phosphorus in lake eutrophication. Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol., 33: 53-83. No
Webster, JR and BC Patten. 1979. Effects of watershed perturbations on stream potassium and calcium dynamics. Ecol. Monogr. 49: 51-72. No
Wolf, P. 1960. Land drainage and its dangers as experienced in Sweden. The Swedish salmon and trout association, Spec. Publ., Malmo Sweden, 73p. No

Section 7. Abstract


Recent studies of impoundments on the Upper Columbia River have demonstrated a tight correlation between salmon production and total phosphorus (TP). Reservoirs become effective sediment/nutrient sinks, and after a decade or so of aging show declining levels of pelagic and littoral zone production. When returning adult salmon are blocked or their passage severely restricted by dams another valuable source of biogenic TN and TP is lost, hastening and further exacerbating the oligotrophication process. Loss of these sources of nutrients to the reservoir and downstream riverine sectors will impact forage production and affect growth of rearing juveniles and survival of seaward migrant smolts. Small, stunted salmon smolts, with few exceptions, usually translate into low estuarine and marine survivals and poor adult returns. We believe that nutrient balances that determine system productivity are important to juvenile salmon survivals. Evidence suggests that Columbia/Snake productivity have been altered by dams and by other anthropogenic interventions. Using similar methods from our previous Upper Columbia basin nutrient work we propose to examine the TP dynamics and calculate a TP nutrient budget for a selected section(s) of either/or the Columbia main-stem and Snake River basin. Also included will be overview of the ‘current status’ of nutrients from a historical perspective. Such information should provide decision-makers with a better understanding of whether nutrient losses/gains from a half-century of perturbations are one of the bottlenecks to restoration of adult salmon returns to the Columbia.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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