Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20031

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Community Ecology and Food Web Studies in the Columbia River Basin
BPA Project Proposal Number 20031
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Olympia Forest Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Research Station, United States Forest Service
Business acronym (if appropriate) USFS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Dr. Charles W. Heckman
Mailing Address Olympia Forest Sciences Laboratory, 3625 93rd Ave., S.W.
City, State, Zip Olympia, WA 98512
Phone 3607537680
Fax 3609562345
E-mail checkman/
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Cascade
Subbasin Chelan
Short Description The most abundant species of plant and animal in the water bodies within the watershed, their positions in the food web, and their contributions to the biotic community as a whole will be identified to elucidate their roles as food for fish and wildlife.
Target Species All identifiable species from the water bodies will be listed, and their impact on the food webs supporting the resident and migratory fish and wildlife species that depend on the aquatic community for nutrition will be estimated.

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 2.1A, 2.2.A, 4.1A, 4.1D, 5.5A, 5.7A, 7.0A, 7.1A, 7.1D, 7.1E, 7.1F, 7.1G, 7.1I, 7.6A, 7.6B, 7.6C, 7.6D, 7.8A, 7.8B, 7.8D, 7.8I, 7.8J, 10.2C, 10.4A, 10.5A, 10.7A, 11.2C, 11.2D
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9506402 Upper Yakima Species Interactions Study This will provide a basis of comparison with the situation in neighboring tributaries No
9152 Feasibility of Sockeye Salmon Reintroduction to Wallowa and Warm Lakes The food web will indicate the food resources needed by these fishes. No
9111 Evaluate Effects of Food Web Changes on Native Fish Restoration Strategies The study in Lake Chelan and adjacent water courses will provide a list of species actually involved in the local food webs and provide a basis of comparison. No
9081 Impact of Exotic Fishes and Macrophytes on Salmonids in Littoral Areas The food web models will provide a means to evaluate changes caused by introducing exotic species No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Obtain physical and chemical background information a. On-site sampling and analysis with sampling to meet other objectives
1. b. Determination of water quality variables, including temperature, flow rate, electrical conductivity, turbulence, pH, hardness, COD, and the concentrations of oxygen, chloride, iron, free phosphate, calcium, ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, and other ions.
2. Determine structure of the biotic community a. Collect, preserve, and identify to species the important microorganisms and invertebrates in natural lentic (Lake Chelan) and lotic habitats. Sampling should be completed at least twice during each season for two years..
3. Model food web construction a. Using methods described by Heckman and Hardoim (1995), a computerized food web will be constructed. This can be used to predict changes affecting the fish and wildlife populations expected from impacts on the microorganisms and invertebrates.
4. Baseline for biomonitoring a. .The results obtained in near pristine habitats will provide evaluations of species that may by indicators of certain kinds of habitat. These can be used for future biomonitoring.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 09/01/01 Selection of sites, compiling physical and chemical data, collecting specimens End of field work 80.0%
2 10/01/99 10/01/02 Identification, preserving, and photographing specimens 15.0%
3 10/01/01 10/01/03 Establishment of computerized food web for prognoses on fish and wildlife effects 5.0%
4 10/01/99 09/01/03 Identification of habitat indicators 0.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel For one man-year (two helpers for up to six months each) $ 30,000
Fringe Estimated $ 5,000
Supplies Chemicals, test kits, collection equipment, laboratory equipment, and film. $ 8,000
Capital Microscope and electronic equipment $ 18,000
Travel $ 4,500
Total Itemized Budget $ 65,500

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 65,500
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 65,500
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003
All Phases $ 65,500 $ 10,000 $ 45,000
Total Outyear Budgets $ 65,500 $ 10,000 $ 45,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Sampling must include at least two visits to the sites per season

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Caspers, H., and C. W. Heckman. 1981. Ecology of orchard drainage ditches along the freshwater section of the Elbe Estuary. Biotic succession and the influence of changing agricultural methods. Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl. 43:347-486. No
Caspers, H., and C. W. Heckman. 1982. The biota of a small standing water ecosystem in the Elbe flood plain. Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl. 61:227-316. No
De-Lamonica-Freire, E., and C. W. Heckman. 1996. The seasonal succession of biotic communities in wetlands of the tropical wet-and-dry climatic zone. III. The algal communities in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 81:255-282. Yes
Hardoim, E. L., and C. W. Heckman. 1996. The seasonal succession of biotic communities in wetlands of the tropical wet-and-dry climatic zone. IV. The protozoan communities in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 81:367-384. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1979. Rice Field Ecology in Northeast Thailand. Monographiae Biologicae, Vol. 34. Dr. W. Junk, The Hague. 228 pp. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1981. Long-term effects of intensive pesticide applications on the biotic community in orchard drainage ditches near Hamburg. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 10:392-418. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1982a. Ecophysiological and phylogenetic characterization of a wintertime biotic community in shallow water habitats near Hamburg. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 67:361-386. No
Heckman, C. W. 1982b. Pesticide applications on aquatic habitats. Environ. Sci. Technol. 16:48A-57A. No
Heckman, C. W. 1983. The recovery of the biotic community in a lotic freshwater habitat after extensive destruction by chlorine. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 68:207-226. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1984a. Effects of dike construction on the wetland ecosystem along the freshwater section of the Elbe Estuary. Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl. 61:397-508. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1984b. The ecological importance of wetlands along streams and rivers and the consequences of their elimination. J. Ecol. Environ. Sci. 10:11-29. No
Heckman, C. W. 1986a. Tidal influence on the wetland community structure behind the dike along the Elbe Estuary. Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl. 75:1-117. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1986b. The role of marsh plants in the transport of nutrients as shown by a quantitative model for the freshwater section of the Elbe Estuary. Aquatic Botany 25:139-151. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1989. The use of electronics in mapping the distribution and abundance of flora and fauna. In: Proc. Regional Seminar on Methods of Biological Inventory and Cartography in Ecosystem Management (BICEM), Tokyo. UNESCO/MAB. pp. 140-161. No
Heckman, C. W. 1990. The fate of aquatic and wetland habitats in an industrially contaminated section of the Elbe floodplain in Hamburg. Arch. Hydrobiol./Suppl. 75:133-245. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1992. Die Tierwelt des Bodens und der Watten in der Tide-Elbe. In: H. Kausch (Ed.), Die Unterelbe. Zentrum fuer Meeres- und Klimaforchung, Bericht No. 19, Hamburg. pp. 191-203. No
Heckman, C. W. 1994. The seasonal succession of biotic communities in wetlands of the tropical wet-and-dry climatic zone. I. Physical and chemical causes and biological effects in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 79:569-589. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1995. The chemistry of headwater streams in the Rio das Mortes System and its effect on the structure of the biotic community. In: P. Seidl et al. (Eds.), Chemistry of the Amazon. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington. pp. 248-264. No
Heckman, C. W. 1997. Description of a dynamic ecotone in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Ecotropica 3:1-7. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1998a. The seasonal succession of biotic communities in wetlands of the tropical wet-and-dry climatic zone. V. Climatological influences on life cycles of invertebrates in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 83:31-63. Yes
Heckman, C. W. 1998b. The Pantanal of Pocone Int. Monographiae Biologicae, Vol. 77. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 622 pp. Yes
Heckman, C. W., J. L. E. Campos, and E. L. Hardoim. 1997. Nitrite concentration in well water from Pocone, Mato Grosso, and its relationship to public health in rural Brazil. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 58:8-15. No
Heckman, C. W., and E. L. Hardoim. 1995. Uso da informatica no ensino de ciencias, educacao e meio ambiente. Rev. Educ. Publica, Cuiaba 4:140-149. No
Heckman, C. W., E. L. Hardoim, S. A. Ferreira, and A. Kretzschmar. 1993. Preliminary observations on some cosmopolitan alga species in ephemeral water bodies on the Pantanal. In: B. Gopal et al. (Eds.), Wetlands and Ecotones. pp. 279-292. Yes
Heckman, C. W., H. Kameith, and M. Stoehr. 1990. The.usefulness of various numerical methods for assessing the conditions in water bodies. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 75:353-378. No
Heckman, C. W., and H. Kausch. 1996. Veraenderungen und Gefaehrdungen der Flussmarschen. In: J. Lozan and H. Kausch (Eds.), Warnsignale aus den Fluessen. Blackwell, Berlin. pp. 280-286. Yes
Heckman, C. W., and R. Schade (1989). Biotische Verhaeltnisse im Harburger Binnenhafen. In: Umweltbehoerde Hamburg (Ed.), No
Heckman, C. W., B. R. S. Trindade, and E. L. Hardoim. 1996. Environmental conditions in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso conducive to natural eublenophyte populations. Japan. J. Limnol. 58:21-34. Yes
Junqueira, M. V., and C. W. Heckman. 1998. Multifactorial assessment of physical modifications, impoundment, and contamination of a stream passing through an oil refinery in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Limnologica 28:329-345. Yes
Kretzschmar, A. U., and C. W. Heckman. 1995. Estrategias de sobrevivencia das especies de Ampulariidae durante mudancas das condicoes ambientais extremas do ciclo sazonal sob o clima tropical umido-e-seco. - Acta Limnol. Brasileira 7:60-66 Yes
Kretzschmar, A., S. A. Ferreira, E. L. Hardoim, and C. W. Heckman. 1993. Activity peak of the Asplanchna sieboldi rotifer aggregation and its relationship to the seasonal wet-and-dry cycle. In:B. Gopal et al. (Eds.), Wetlands and Ecotones. pp. 293-301. Yes
Prado, A. L. de, C. W. Heckman, and F. R. Martins. 1994. The seasonal succession of biotic communities in wetlands of the tropical wet-and-dry climatic zone. II. Aquatic macrophytes in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 79:397-421. Yes

Section 7. Abstract


The research will yield a synopsis of the synecology of the main water bodies in the watershed. The results will include a summary of physical and chemical conditions in the water during each season, a description of the watersheds and riparian zones, lists to outline the structures of the biotic communities encountered, and a tentative food web model to reveal the trophic relationships within and among the communities. The sites investigated will be visited several times during each season to analyze the physical and chemical variables and collect samples of identifiable stages of the microorganisms and macroscopic invertebrates. Information on the macrophyte vegetation and vertebrate fauna will be obtained from on-site observations supported by supplemental information from the literature. In most cases, the organisms will be identified to species, and the role of each in the food web will be incorporated in a computer model. The study will provide a means of evaluating the importance of individual species for the functioning of the biotic community and a way of estimating the effects of local extinction of each plant and invertebrate species on the fish and wildlife. Sampling sites will be selected to permit the greatest variety of habitats in a closed section of the river system to be surveyed in detail. Physical and chemical features will be determined in the field by standard methods , as described by (Heckman, 1990,1994, 1995, 1998a). Species will be identified using appropriate literature as described by Caspers and Heckman (1981, 1982), Heckman (1984a, 1986a, 1990, 1998a, b), and Hardoim and Heckman (1996). The food web model will be subject to correction and enlargement as additional information becomes available. To confirm suspected trophic relationships, individual species will be observed in the laboratory or at local fish hatcheries.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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