Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20034

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Impact of Flow Regulation on Riparian Cottonwood Ecosystems
BPA Project Proposal Number 20034
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
BioQuest International Consulting Ltd.
Business acronym (if appropriate) BQI

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Bob Jamieson
Mailing Address P.O. Box 73
City, State, Zip Ta Ta Creek, BC VOB 2HO
Phone 2504223322
Fax 2504223322
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Columbia
Subbasin Flathead
Short Description Enhance riparian cottonwood ecosystems through a basin wide inventory and assessment of the timing and duration of springtime flows that will benefit not only anadromous and resident fish, but also lead to the natural recruitment of cottonwoods below dams
Target Species This proposal is concerned with an specific ecosystem rather than specific species. Priority species are black cottonwood, resident fish, otter, beaver, bald eagle great blue heron, , black-capped chickadee, ruffed grouse and migrating songbirds

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: Resident Fish -10.3.A -Flathead and 10.3.B -Libby, (no notation found for Methow and Yakima). The white sturgeon and burbot program on the Kootenai River is also associated with this project. Section 11. -Resident Wildlife -11.2.E.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: This project is indirectly related to the Koot. Sturgeon B.O. and NMFS Hydrosystem Operations B.O.
Other Planning Document References This proposal will provide additional benefits from the spring releases for white sturgeon on the Kootenai River, affecting both US and Canadian portions of the river. Reference will also be required with the Watershed co-ordination project for the Kootenai River Watershed (9608720). The importance of riparian cottonwood systems has been recognized in a variety of planning documents in B.C. In some areas, issues are being addressed by the Watershed Restoration Program of Forest Renewal BC

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): wildlife

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9608720 Overall watershed coordination for the Kootenai River. cooperation on overall watershed issues. No
8806400 Conservation of White Sturgeon in the Kootenai River. analysis of the value of spring releases for more than one use No
9141 Riparian recovery in relation to salmon habitat background on the importance of riparian values to salmon. No
9089 Classification system for riparian vegetation in the Lower Columbia background research No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Identify and document the acres of riparian cottonwood sites flooded by reservoirs in the Flathead, Kootenay, Yakima and Methow sub-basins. a. a. Review 1930’s air photos were available.
1. b. Review governmental reports and historical documents
1. c. Collect data from local residents and historical societies
1. d. Map historic native cottonwood stands inundated by reservoirs and agricultural diversions based on information collected in a-c.
1. e. Map the historic distribution of native cottonwoods lost to flooding
1. f. Create a GIS/GPS template of former cottonwood stands.
2. Identify remnant riparian cottonwood sites in these sub-basins. a. Review current aerial and satellite imagery and other resource-based maps.
2. b. Review governmental assessments of riparian corridors (where available).
2. c. Use recent air photos to document cottonwood stands by river reach
2. d. Input these data into a GIS/GPS template for remnant cottonwood stands
3. Document the ecological condition of remnant riparian cottonwood sites in these sub-basins. a. Review governmental assessments of riparian corridors (where available).
3. b. Selectively determine the ecological status of remnant stands, using an innovative sampling regime (see methods).
3. c. Identify river reaches where remnant stands remain at risk due to flow regulation.
4. Use sampled remnant stands (Objective 3) to calibrate satellite imagery for the remaining sub-basins, as proposed for year 2-4 of this project. a. Coordinate on-the-ground data collection with the integration and calibration requirements of satellite imagery analyses in the second stage of this project.
4. b. Collect and convert data to a GPS/GIS format compatible with satellite imagery data.
5. Analyse current flow management regimes below existing dams. a. Complete a literature review and analysis of water management regimes below dams in the Flathead, Kootenay, Methow and Yakima subbasins.
5. b. Discuss flow regimes with dam operators, resource managers and research biologists working in these areas.
5. c. Document seasonal flow release schedules for white sturgeon and other fisheries.
6. Develop options for altering flows to maintain remnant stands and promote natural patterns of cottonwood recruitment. a. Describe optimal flow releases for cottonwood recruitment and stand rejuvenation.
6. b. Compare flow requirements of cottonwood with flow releases for fish.
6. c. Discuss current flow regimes with dam operators, resource managers and biologists.
6. d. Provide an overview of options for flow regimes that meet mutual objectives for fish, other enhancement actions, and the rejuvenation of riparian cottonwood ecosystems.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 03/01/00 none none 15.0%
2 10/01/99 09/01/00 none none 15.0%
3 04/01/00 09/01/00 none none 35.0%
4 10/01/99 09/01/00 none none 10.0%
5 10/01/99 09/01/00 none none 15.0%
6 10/01/99 09/01/00 none none 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 0
Fringe $ 0
Supplies air photos and maps $ 4,000
Capital Trimble Pro XR GPS and 3 8mm increment borers $ 14,250
Travel field work and consultation $ 6,784
Subcontractor (for seven members of the team) $123,000
Total Itemized Budget $148,034

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $148,034
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $148,034
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
Columbia Basin Trust Funding is not confirmed. A request will be made in the fall of 1999 for FY 2000 funding, based on the area of the Canadian portion of the Basin (15-20%). $ 0 unknown
Columbia Basin Trust Funding is not confirmed. A request will be made in the fall of 1999 for FY 2000 funding, based on the area of the Canadian portion of the Basin (15-20%). $ 0 unknown
Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program Funding is not confirmed. A request will be made in the fall of 1999 for FY 2000 funding, based on the area of the Canadian portion of the Basin (15-20%). $ 0 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $175,000 $175,000 $175,000 $175,000
Total Outyear Budgets $175,000 $175,000 $175,000 $175,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: None expected in first year.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Baker, W.L. 1990. Climatic and Hydrologic Effects on the Regeneration of Populus angustifolia James along the Animas River, Colorado. J. of Biogeography 17: 59-73. No
Beschta, R.L. 1991. Stream habitat management for fish in the NW United States: THe role of riparian vegetation. Amer. Fish. Soc. Symp. 10:53-58. No
Braatne J.H., S.B. Rood, and P.E. Heilman. 1996. Life history, ecology and conservation of riparian cottonwoods in North America. In: Biology of Populus and its implications for management and conservation, R.F Stettler, H.D. Bradshaw, Jr., P.E. Heilman No
Braatne, J.H. 1997. Genetic structure of isolated populations of Plains Cottonwood (Populus deltoides var. occidentalis) along the lower Snake and Columbia Rivers. A report prepared for the US Forest Service and Boise Cascade Corporation. 44p. No
Braatne, J.H., S.B. Rood, and R. Simons. 1998. Life history, ecology and distribution of riparian vegetation in the Hells Canyon Recreation Area. A detailed study plan prepared for the Idaho Power Company. 88p. No
Braatne, J.H. 1998. Annual Review of the Joint BLM/USFS Black Cottonwood Restoration Program on the lower John Day River. Prepared for the US Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management, Prineville, Oregon. 33p. No
Bradley C.F., F. Reintjes, and J. Mahoney, 1991. The Biology and Status of Riparian Poplars in Southern Alberta, World Wildlife Fund Canada and Forestry, Lands & Wildlife, Fish and Wildlife Division, pp. 85. No
Bradley C., and D. Smith, 1986. Plains Cottonwood Recruitment and Survival on a Prairie Meandering River Floodplain, Milk River, Southern Alberta and Northern Montana, Canadian Journal of Botany, 64: 1433-1442. No
Bradley C., and D. Smith, 1984. Meandering Channel Response to Altered Flow Regime: Milk River, Alberta and Montana., Water Resources Research, 20: 1913-1920. No
Cooley, N. J. and B. Jamieson 1997. Identification of Options for Environmental Enhancement in the Columbia River basin. For: Columbia Basin Trust. No
Debano L.F., and L.J. Schmidt, 1990. Potential for enhancing riparian habitat is the southwestern United States with watershed practices, Forest Ecology and Management 33/34: 385-403. No
Dunlap, J.M., P.E. Heilman, and R.F.Stettler. 1994. Genetic variation and productivity of Populus trichocarpa and its hybrids. VII. Survival and two-year growth of native black cottonwood clones from four river valleys in Washington. Can. J. For. Res. 24: No
Dunlap, J.M. and R.F. Stettler. 1998. Genetic variation and productivity of Populus trichocarpa and its hybrids. X. Trait correlations in young black cottonwood from four river valleys in Washington. Trees 13: 28-39. No
Dunstone, N. and M.L. Gorman. 1998. Behavior and Ecology of Riparian Mammals. Cambridge Press, London, UK. No
Fenner P., W. Brady, and D. Patton, 1985. Effects of Regulated Water Flow on Regeneration of Fremont Cottonwood, J. of Range Management 38: 135-138. No
Gregory, S.V., F.J. Swanson, W.A. McKee, and K.W. Cummins. 1991. An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones. BioScience 41: 540-551. No
Jamieson, B. and E. Hennan 1998. An Operational Management Plan for the Columbia Wetlands Wildlife Management Area. For: Wildlife Branch, Min. of Env't, Lands and Parks, Cranbrook office. No
Jamieson, B., G. Allen, M.L. Polzin and S.B. Rood 1997. Elk Valley Riparian Assessment. For: Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, Nelson, B.C. No
Jamieson, B. 1997. Identification of Issues and Opportunities in terrestial ecosystem management in the Columbia River basin. For: Columbia Basin Trust. No
Jamieson, B. and I.A. Ohanjanian, 1993. A Land Management Strategy for Wildlife in the East Kootenay Trench. Wildlife Branch, Cranbrook office, Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. No
Johnson, W.C., R.L. Burgess, and W.R. Keammerer, 1976. Forest Overstory Vegetation and Environment on the Missouri River Floodplain. Ecol. Monogr. 46: 58-84. No
Johnson, W.C. 1992. Dams and riparian forests: Case study from the upper Missouri River, Rivers, 3: 229-242. No
Johnson, W.C. 1994. Woodland Expansion in the Platte River, Nebraska: Patterns and Causes. Ecological Monographs. 64: 45-84. No
Johnson, W.C., M.D. Dixon, R. Simons, S. Jenson and K.Larson. 1995. Mapping the response of riparian vegetation to possible flow reductions in the Snake River, Idaho. Geomorphology 13: 159-173. No
Lonard, R. I., F.W. Judd, J.H. Everitt, D.E. Escobar, M.R. Davis, M.N. Crawford and M.D. Desai. 1998 Monitoring Native Riparian Forest Vegetation: Color Infared film aids aerial change evaluation in the lower Rio Grande. EOM: 32-35. No
McKay, S.J. 1997. The impact of river regulation on establishment processes of riparian black cottonwood. MSc. thesis, University of Washington, Seattle. 85 pp. No
Mahoney J.M., and S.B. Rood, 1991. A device for studying the influence of declining water table on poplar growth and survival, Tree Physiology, 8: 305-314. No
Mahoney J.M., and S.B. Rood, 1992. Response of a hybrid poplar to water table decline in different substrates, For. Ecol. Manage. 54: 141-156. No
Mahoney, J.M. 1996. How Rivers Affect the Establishment and Growth of Riparian Poplars. PhD. thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta. No
Mahoney, J. M. 1997. Incorporating downstream ecosystem concerns into reservoir operations in southwestern Alberta, Canada. Wetlands Conf.. Soc. of Wetland Scientists. Bozeman, Nt. P 86. No
Mahoney, J. M. 1997. Streamflow Requirements for Cottonwood Seedling Recruitment-A Interative Model. Wetlands Dec 1998 Volume 8 pages 634-645. No
Mahoney J.M., and S.B. Rood, 1998. Streamflow Requirements for Cottonwood Seedling Recruitment-A Integrated Model. Wetlands 8:634-645. No
Manning, M.E., Engleking, L.D. and Jensen M.E. 1998 (in press) Riparian Plant association groups and assoc. valley types of the Interior Columbia River basin ecosystem mgnt project assessment area. Portland OR. Dep't of Agric., PNW Res. Station. No
Martinsen, G.D. and T.G. Whitham. 1994. More birds nest in hybrid cottonwood trees. Wilson Bull. 106:474-481. No
Naiman et al. 1992. Fundamental elements of ecologically healthy watersheds in the Pacific Northwest coastal ecoregion. In: Watershed Management: balancing sustainability and environmental change, Springer Verlag: 126-188. No
Ohanjanian, I. A. 1991. An inventory of mature and old growth stands in the Cranbrook and Invermere Timber Supply areas, with special reference to the habitat requirements of the Pileated Woodpecker. Wildlife Branch, Cranbrook office. 51p. No
Ohanjanian, I.A. and I. Teske. 1996. Cottonwood Stands in the Columbia Marshes. Report to the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program. 27 pp. No
Polzin, M.L. 1998. River and Riparian Dynamics and Black Cottonwoods in the Kootenay River Basin, British Columbia and Montana, MSc. thesis, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta pp-224. No
Quigley, T.M., S. T. Arbelbide (ed.) 1997. Assessment of Ecosystem Components in the Interior Columbia Basin and parts of the Klamath and Great Basins. 4 vols. No
Rood S.B. and A. Kalischuk, 1998. Cottonwood seedling recruitment following the flood of the century of the Oldman River, Ablerta, Canada. Wetlands (In press). No
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Rood S.B., J.M. Mahoney, D.E. Reid, and L. Zilm, 1995. Instream Flows and the Decline of Riparian Cottonwoods Along the St. Mary River. Can. J. Bot. 73:1250-60. No
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Section 7. Abstract


Riparian cottonwoods provide critical habitat for a diverse assemblage of fish and wildlife species indigenous to the Pacific Northwest and are important to maintaining the quality of spawning areas, rearing sites and adult fish habitat. With the damming of the Columbia River and the widespread clearing of floodplain forests, the structure and function of riparian cottonwood ecosystems has been significantly degraded. Where native cottonwoods still occur downstream of dams, they lack the natural flow variability that is essential to sustaining these critical ecosystems. Objective 1. is to provide an overview of the areal extent and ecological status of these ecosystems in the Columbia Basin, following a step-wise assessment that will begin with the Flathead, Kootenai, Yakima and Methow Rivers. These initial study areas will provide a representative sample of the fluvial and ecological environments occupied by riparian cottonwoods within the basin. GIS/GPS-based methodologies will be combined with historic air photo interpretation to quantify the areal extent of riparian cottonwood ecosystems within these subbasins. In years 2 to 4, satellite imagery will be used to facilitate the inventory and assessment of the remainder of the basin. Objective 2. is to assess specific flow management practices related to the timing and duration of springtime flows, and to develop flow regimes that benefit not only anadromous and resident fish, but also encourage natural recruitment of cottonwoods below dams within the Columbia Basin. Objective 3. Is to promote international co-operation on the management of riparian ecosystems within the Columbia Basin.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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