Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20051

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Decrease Sedimentation and Temp. in Streams, Educate Resource Managers
BPA Project Proposal Number 20051
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oregon State University Extension Service
Business acronym (if appropriate) OSU EXT

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Michael Stoltz
Mailing Address 102 Ballard Hall, Oregon State University
City, State, Zip Corvallis, OR 97331-3803
Phone 5417372711
Fax 5417374423
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Blue Mountain
Subbasin Grande Ronde
Short Description MULTI-YEAR PROJECT Reduce sedimentation, water temperatures, in Oregon's salmon streams. Educate natural resource managers to facilitate widespread management changes to benefit fish and wildlife
Target Species anadromous fish

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.6 B1, B3 & B6, 7.6C, 7.6D, 7.8D1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Endangered Species Act - Section 7 Consultation, III Listed Species & Critical Habitat. Threatened: Snake River fall, summer, spring Chinook Salmon; Snake River & Lower Columbia River Steelhead. Endangered: Snake River Sockeye Salmon
Other Planning Document References Oregon Department of Agriculture and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife have requested OSU Extension involvment. Watershed Councils have requested educational help from OSU Extension

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9005 Irrigation system replacement Trout Creek @ Willowdale II ’99 funds Supports riparian enhancement, livestock management changes No
9012 Mitigate effects of runoff & erosion on salmonid habitat in Pine Hollow Supports improving riparian vegitation, reducing water temp., recover stream morphology No
9045 Eliminate gravel pushup dams on Lower North Fork John Day Supports improving riparian vegitation No
9133 Bakeoven riparian assessment Supports riparian work & exclosure fence No
9139 Acquisition of Pine Creek Ranch Supports riparian & upland area improvements, fencing, lvstk mgnt No
8339200 Grande Ronde Supports riparian habitat improvements No
8400900 Grande Ronde Supports riparian habitat improvements No
8402100 Protect & enhance John Day River fish habitat Supports riparian habitat improvements, fencing, landowner agreements No
8402500 Protect & enhance fish habitat in Grande Ronde Basin streams Supports riparian habitat improvements No
8402700 Grande Ronde Supports habitat improvement implementation No
8710000 Umatilla Supports habitat improvement No
8710001 Enhance Umatilla River Basin anadromous fish habitat Supports habitat improvements, fencing, bank stabilization, plantings No
8710002 Protect & enhance coldwater fish habitat in the Umatilla River Basin Supports habitat improvements, fencing, bank stabilization, plantings No
9202601 Grande Ronde Model Watershed project support, planning Provides specific training and support for watershed councils, supports habitat enhancement No
9304000 Fifteenmile Creek habitat restoration project Supports riparian habitat improvement No
9402700 Grand Ronde Model Watershed habitat projects Supports implementation habitat improvements No
9403900 Wallowa Basin project planning Provides specific training and support for watershed councils No
9604500 Umatilla Supports habitat improvement work No
9607700 Grande Ronde Supports habitat monitoring No
9608300 Upper Grande Ronde habitat enhancement Supports habitat improvement work No
9701100 Owyhee Shoshone/Paiute habitat enhancement Supports habitat improvement work, grazing management No
9702500 Implement the Wallowa Co./Nez Perce Tribe salmon recovery plan Supports Grande Ronde habitat implementation No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Reduce sedimentation in salmon streams from dryland farming a. Intensify grower and field reps education on annual crop, conservation tillage and no-till, meetings, tours, workshops (winter/spring ’00)
1. b. Implement no-till cost share program (Feb ’00)
1. c. Conduct one on one contacts, set up comparisons i.e. fertilizer placement, etc (spring ’00)
1. d. Monitor plant stands, comparisons (summer ’00)
1. e. Gather yield, acreage data, produce reports (fall ’00)
1. f. Use data, reports in next years meetings (winter ’01)
2. Promote public outreach and encourage education in watershed and resource management and protection a. Make contacts and schedule meetings (Oct ’99)
2. b. Print support materials and workbooks (Nov ’99)
2. c. Conduct meetings (winter/spring ’00)
2. d. Evaluate effectiveness of meetings (summer ’00)
2. e. Produce reports, make needed changes (fall ’00)
3. Stabilize stream banks, increase shading, improve riparian vegitation of target streams a. Select improvement sites & monitoring locations, conduct PFC analysis (spring ’00)
3. b. Install changes, i.e. off stream watering, etc (spring ’00)
3. c. Monitor flow, temp., nutrients, take photos & notes (summer ’00)
3. d. Gather data, compile for each & across sites, compare to stream type sites in good condition (fall ’00)
3. e. Produce reports, make needed changes (fall ’00)
4. Assess watershed health (temperature) on representative stream types in Eastern Oregon a. Select sites & monitoring locations, conduct PFC analysis (spring '00)
4. b. Monitor flow, temp., nutrients, take photos & notes (summer ’00)
4. c. Gather data, compile for each & across stream types, compare to sites with improvements (fall ’00)
4. d. Produce reports (winter ’00/’01)

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 11/01/99 11/01/03 save 149,000 tons of soil 13,000 A no-till  
2 11/01/99 11/01/03 21 ed meetings  
3 11/01/99 11/01/03 30 improve sites  
4 11/01/99 11/01/03 12 tempert. sites  

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel 4 coordinators @ $40K, 1 project mgr/coord @ $50K $210,000
Fringe 32% $ 67,200
Supplies HOBO's, flow meters, locators, tapes, 5 computers @$3,000, other $ 99,300
Operating material, weigh wagons, workbooks, nutrient samples $ 15,770
Travel $ 47,500
Indirect 20.3% for off campus $105,107
Other incentives: no-till, stream site equip such as electric fence, solar panals, no indirect charge cost $205,000
Subcontractor to help county paid expenses, include first $25K in indirect costs $ 80,000
Subcontractor non OSU temporary help, include in indirect cost charge $ 53,000
Total Itemized Budget $882,877

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $882,877
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $882,877
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
OSU Extension dryland PI@ 20% $ 13,000 unknown
OSU Extension stream PI @ 10% $ 13,000 unknown
OSU Extension 18 Agents @ 10% $120,600 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003
All Phases $918,192 $954,920 $993,117
Total Outyear Budgets $918,192 $954,920 $993,117

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: very dry springs that render unprofitable any annual cropping, extream flooding that destroys riparian improvements

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Agriculture Statistics. 1996. USDA, Portland OR No
Barton, D.R., W.D. Taylor, and R.M. Biette. 1985. Dimensions of riparian buffer strips required to maintain trout habitat in southern Ontario streams. N. Am. J. Fish Management 5:364-378. No
Brown, G.W. and J.T. Krygier. 1970. Effects of clearcutting on stream temperature. Water Resources Research 6(4):1133-1139. No
Chamberlain, D. 1998. Unpublished data. Harney County Extension Office, Courthouse, 450 N Buena Vista, Burns OR 97720 No
Conway, F. 1997. WSEP workshops. Extension reports of accomplishment. Oregon State University Extension Service, 102 Ballard Hall, OSU, Corvallis OR 97331 No
Delaney, G. 1997. Individual water quality planning workshops. Extension reports of accomplishment. Oregon State University Extension Service, 102 Ballard Hall, Corvallis OR 97331 No
Dickard, M.L., C. Hunt, P.A. Momont, N.R. Rimbey, T. DelCurto, J.A. Tanaka. 1998. Paper Presentation. Offstream water and salting as management stratagies for improved cattle distribution and subsequent riparian health. No
Larson, L. and S. Larson. 1996. Riparian shade and stream temperature: a perspective. Rangelands 18(4):149-52. No
Marlow, C.B., T. M. Pogacnik, and S.D. Quinsey. 1987. Streambank stability and cattle grazing in southwestern Montana. J. of soil and water conservation 3:291-296. No
Meisner, J.D. 1990. Effect of climatic warming on the southern margins of the native range of brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis. Can. J. Fish. Aquatic Science 47:1065-1070. No
Miller, B.C., E. Adams, P. Peterson and R. Karow. 1992. On-Farm Testing: A Grower's Guide. Extension Bulletin 1706. Washington State University Cooperative Extension, Pullman, WA. No
MOU # 1425-8-MU-10-02170, Oregon Dept. of Ag, Salem OR No
Prichard, D. 1993. Riparian area management: Process for assessing proper functioning conditon. USDI, Bureau of Land Management, TR 1737-9. No
Rasmussen, P.E., R.W. Smiley and B. Duff. 1993. Biological and economic sustainability of wheat/fallow agriculture. pp 13-22. In 1993 Columbia Basin Agriculture Research annual report, Spec. Rept. 909. Oregon State University Agri. Exp. Stn., Corvallis No
Rosgen, D. 1996. Applied river morphology. Wildlife hydrology, 1481 Stevens Lake Rd, Pagosa Springs CO 81147 No
Smiley, R.W. 1998. Personal communication. Columbia Basin Agriculture Research Center, PO Box 370, Pendleton OR 97801 No
Stoltz, M. and R. Karow. 1997. Dryland working group. Oregon Invests. Oregon State University College of Agriculture Science, 126 Strand Hall, Corvallis OR 97331 No
Ward, J.V. 1985. Thermal characteristics of running waters. Hydrobiologia 125:31-46. No
Wolman, M.G. and J.P. Miller. 1960. Magnitude and frequency of forces in geomorphic processes. J. Geology 68:54-57. No
USDA Forest Service. 1992. Integrated riparian evaluation guide. Intermountain Region, Ogden Utah. No

Section 7. Abstract


There is tremendous soil erosion from the dryland wheat areas of Oregon’s Columbia Basin due to the summerfallow system of cropping using the moldboard plow. This grant using very limited producer incentives for no-till planting and extensive one on one consultation will dramatically reduce erosion and resulting sedimentation in salmon streams by increasing annual cropping and particularly no-till annual cropping. In four years this project will directly affect 92,000 acres. The adoption of the practices will be much larger. The long-term goal is 250,000 acres in an annual crop no-till system with more acres in conservation till annual crop system. Results will be monitored and evaluated by one on one consultation and using the Agriculture Statistical Reporting Service data. Land managers are very distrustful of the water quality planning process according to Andrews and Greer, the heads of Oregon Departments of Agriculture and Fish and Wildlife respectfully. Watershed councils are working with the process and agencies, councils and individuals are asking for OSU Extension’s help. Workshops and workbooks, other materials, for individuals and groups working on water quality have been pilot tested by Extension. Workshops for Watershed Councils will be conducted where requested, workshops for individuals to develop water quality plans will be conducted as each involved Extension agent requests them. The ’94 CB Fish and Wildlife Program speaks directly to educating individuals, volunteers and groups on water quality issues and getting more plans and improvements on the ground. Agents will tabulate how many participants complete plans. In four years most of the Watershed Councils and individuals interested in water quality plans should have access to workshops. Proper Functioning Condition is an observation method of determining stream quality and stability. The major government agencies have agreed to use PFC as their quality-determining tool. Most riparian vegetative damage and stream bank instability is in certain segments of streams. The loss of vegetative cover and bank erosion results in higher water temperature and increased sedimentation of salmon streams and a lower PFC rating. This project would target about 30 damaged stream segments in Oregon’s Columbia River and Snake River drainages. Each segment would have a PFC assessment done by OSU. By using limited producer incentives for cash costs on off stream watering systems (nose pumps, solar or gravity powered), electric fencing, hardened crossings, planting, and by changing the season and duration of grazing, this project will increase riparian vegetation, reduce sedimentation and water temperature, and result in positive changes to stream morphology. Extension pilot tests have shown that by the fourth year fencing may not be needed due to the rank growth of vegetation. At the end of four years dramatic differences may be seen. Photo points and extensive temperature, flow, and nutrient analysis will be completed on the stream segments. Extension tours and meetings for land managers, and professional presentations and articles will assure information/technology transfer. Land managers and groups will be encouraged to use GWEB and CREP funds to implement the changes on more streams. There are several main types of streams in Eastern Oregon. Water temperature has become one of the standards by which to measure water quality for salmon. There is a large debate about whether a 64* F water temperature can be attained on all streams. It is not known if streams of the different types but in the same PFC will have different water temperatures. It is not known how much water temperature will change with a change in PFC. The lack of this knowledge is causing many land managers to distrust the planning system and to not invest in changes that may benefit their water quality. Twelve stream segments in Eastern Oregon’s Columbia Basin, in very good PFC, will be analyzed for water temperature and nutrients. Four streams will be used from each of the three dominant types in Eastern OR. Measurements will be taken June through September of each year There are 11 Extenson Agents collecting stream temperature data in Oregon. At this time there is not a base line of temperature data related to water/stream quality. This project will expand the data collection and make comparisons. It will answer some of the unknowns about water temperature related to stream quality and nutrients and will give land managers and agencies data to make informed decisions about water quality plans and implementation. This study will assess the three dominant stream types in Eastern Oregon as well as do a reach by reach assessment of 30 streams with problems.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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