Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20054

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Effects of Hydraulic Turbulence on the Survival of Migratory Fish
BPA Project Proposal Number 20054
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Business acronym (if appropriate) ORNL

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Dr. Glenn F. Cada
Mailing Address Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008
City, State, Zip Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6036
Phone 4235747320
Fax 4235763989
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Design, construct, and operate a laboratory apparatus to study effects of turbulence on fish survival and swimming performance. Intensities and scales would be the same as within hydroelectric turbines, fish bypass systems, spill, and vessel passage.
Target Species Initial test species would include salmonids (rainbow trout; Atlantic salmon) and American shad; experimental apparatus and techniques that will be developed can be applied to any other fish

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.6A.14, also contributes information to many other items in 5.6 and 5.7
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: NMFS Biological Opinion - Reinitiation of Consultation on 1994-1998 Operations of the Federal Columbia River Power System and Juvenile Transportation Program in 1995 and Future Years (March 2, 1995) - Conservation Recommendation No. 5
Other Planning Document References Snake River Salmon Recovery Plan Task Nos. 2.2.a., 2.2.d., 2.3.a., 2.3.b., 2.3.d., and 2.8.a.2. Also, Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wah-Kish-Wit recommendations to improve juvenile salmon passage by (1) optimizing the operations of turbines and retrofitting existing turbines with advanced designs to decrease fish mortality, (2) implementing controlled spill to enhance fish passage, and (3) evaluating predator control programs.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Assess state-of-the-art in turbulence studies a. Review literature and determine turbulence values to test
1. b. Evaluate existing experimental apparatus
2. Develop test apparatus a. Engineering design
2. b. Construction and installation
2. c. System shakedown
3. Hydraulic evaluation of test apparatus a. Flow measurement and calibration
3. b. Velocity mapping
3. c. Detailed description of turbulence in the system
4. Biological evaluation of test conditions a. Evaluate fish injury and mortality caused by turbulence
4. b. Evaluate reduced swimming performance
5. Data analysis . Characterization of velocity field (turbulence scale and intensity) and biological effects
6. Report preparation a. Progress report (literature review and final design of test apparatus)
6. b. Final test report

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 01/01/00 11.0%
2 11/01/99 01/01/00 Progress report 20.0%
3 01/01/00 05/01/00 22.0%
4 02/01/00 06/01/00 22.0%
5 02/01/00 07/01/00 15.0%
6 08/01/00 09/01/00 Final report 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel ORNL (35K) Conte Anadromous Fish Research Center (95K) Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (5K) $135,000
Fringe ORNL (15K) CAFRC (34K) INEEL (2K) $ 51,000
Supplies Pipes, reducers, pump, timber, pressure and velocity transducers, flow meters, etc. $ 25,000
Operating Utilities, fish tests, etc. $ 3,500
Capital High speed video system, PCs and software $ 95,000
Travel $ 6,000
Indirect $ 25,500
Total Itemized Budget $341,000

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $341,000
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $341,000
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Availability of appropriate fish for testing

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Cada, G.F., C.C. Coutant, and R.R. Whitney. 1997. Development of biological criteria for the design of advanced hydropower turbines. DOE/ID-10578. Report to the Idaho Operations Office, U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho Falls, ID. 85 p. No
Gordon, N.D., T.A. McMahon, and B.L. Finlayson. 1992. Stream hydrology: An introduction for ecologists. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY. 526 p. No
Killgore, K.J., A.C. Miller, and K.C. Conley. 1987. Effects of turbulence on yolk-sac larvae of paddlefish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 116:670-673. No
Vogel, S. 1981. Life in moving fluids: The physical biology of flow. Princeton University Press. Princeton, Mew Jersey. 352 p. No

Section 7. Abstract


It has been recognized by numerous investigators that excessive turbulence associated with turbine passage, spill passage, and fish bypass systems at hydroelectric dams may have adverse effects on downstream migrating fish. Although this fluid stress has been poorly studied, it is suspected that excessive turbulence at scales comparable to the size of a fish can cause direct injury and mortality, and at larger scales can disorient fish so that they become more susceptible to predation. In response to the goal of developing an improved understanding of the mechanisms of fish mortality (FWP Measure 5.6A.14), we propose to design and construct an experimental apparatus to generate known intensities and scales of turbulence in the laboratory, expose migratory fish (juveniles and smolts) to these levels of turbulence, and quantify the biological responses. Biological responses would be measured in terms of injuries, direct mortality (short-term and long-term), and changes in swimming capacity that might alter susceptibility to predation. Results of the studies would be used to develop biologically based criteria for turbulence that could be used by regulators and in the design of turbine systems, bypass systems, and spill procedures. The laboratory study would be accomplished during FY 2000, and the results would be conveyed by a progress report, a final test report, and open literature publications.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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