Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20057

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Strategies for Riparian Recovery: Plant Succession & Salmon
BPA Project Proposal Number 20057
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oregon State University
Business acronym (if appropriate) OSU

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Judith L. Li
Mailing Address Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife; 104 Nash Hall
City, State, Zip Corvallis, OR 97331-3503
Phone 5417371093
Fax 5417373590
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Determines the role of riparian plant diversity, structure and density on fish diet and habitat. Examines temporal and spatial dynamics of riparian inputs and their use by aquatic invertebrates and salmonids.
Target Species inland rainbow trout, sculpin, spring chinook salmon, bull trout, native cyprinids, catastomids, cottids and all other aquatic species in the study reaches

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: sections 2.1, 2.2, 4.1, 7.6, 7.7, and 10.2
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References Return to the River (Independent Scientific Group 1996) calls for better efforts to examine influences of riparian vegetation on salmonids and stream food webs. We are presently working with the Umatilla National Forest in funded projects related to mining restoration, flood effects, stream temperature patterns, and fish distribution. OSU Extension program is incorporated into this study through the participation of Dr. Reed. Through his office we are cooperating with the Umatilla Basin Watershed Council, Hermiston Irrigation District and private landowners.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9405400 Bull trout genetics, habitat needs, etc. collaborators in NE Oregon No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Analyze historic patterns of vegetation changes in riparian zones of study streams a. Obtain and analyze present and historical aerial photographs of the study stream basins
1. b. Reconstruct changes in structure, density and extent of riparian zone through time
2. Examine riparian and stream habitat features associated with riparian stands of different diversity/seral stage a. Quantify the species and structural diversity of riparian zones along longitudinal gradients
2. b. Ground truth aerial photographs
2. c. Collect FLIR imagery
3. Compare terrestrial inputs (litter and invertebrate) from riparian stands differing in plant diversity a. Quantify timing and biomass of litter infall to streams
3. b. Examine nutrient quality of litter inputs
3. c. Identify & quantify terrestrial insect assemblages from different plant assemblages (litter fall and drift)
4. Analyze aquatic invertebrate response to riparian diversity a. Quantify aquatic invertebrate abundance and diversity through the seasons in drift and benthos at sites of differing seral stage and riparian diversity
5. Examine differences in native fish densities, diet, and growth rate associated with riparian stands differing in plant diversity a. Census fish communities at reaches flowing through riparian communities of differing structure, density and extent
5. b. Examine pumped fish stomach samples of drift-feeding yoy salmonids
5. c. Determine growth rates of yoy salmonids through photogrammetric methods

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 09/01/00 historic riparian vegetation Gis layers 15.0%
2 10/01/99 09/01/00 present riparian diversity riparian composition 25.0%
3 10/01/99 09/01/00 terrestial inputs; quantity, quality 20.0%
4 10/01/99 09/01/00 invertebrate diversity and composition 20.0%
5 10/01/99 09/01/00 fish abundances, gut contents 20.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $157,090
Fringe $ 44,825
Supplies $ 58,500
Travel $ 25,000
Indirect $ 96,128
Other graduate student tuition $ 22,920
Subcontractor $ 25,000
Total Itemized Budget $429,463

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $429,463
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $429,463
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
USDI/USGS .25 FTE for Hiram Li $ 16,450 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003
All Phases $420,000 $430,000 $400,000
Total Outyear Budgets $420,000 $430,000 $400,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: streamflow conditions for field sampling

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Behmer, D.J. and C.P. Hawkins. 1986. Effects of overhead canopy on macroinvertebrate production in a Utah stream. Freshwater Biology 16:287-300. No
Beschta, R.L. 1997. Restoration of riparian and aquatic systems for improved aquatic habitats in the Upper Columbia River Basin. Pages 475-491 in D.J. Strouder et al., editors. Pacific Salmon and their Ecosystems. Chapman and Hall, New York. Yes
Bowen, S.H. 1983. Quantitative description of the diet. Pages 325-337 in L.A. Nielsen and D.L. Johnson (eds). Fisheries techniques. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. No
Case, R.L. 1995. The ecology of riparian ecosystems on Northeastern Oregon: Shrub recovery at Meadow Creek and the structure and biomass of headwater Upper Grande Ronde ecosystems. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 137p. No
Cortes, R.M.V., M.A.S. Graca and A. Monzon. 1994. Replacement of alder by euclaypt along two streams with different characteristics: differences on decay rates and consequences to the system functioning. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25:1697-1702. No
Cummins, K.W. 1974. Structure and function of stream ecosystems. Bioscience 24:631-641. No
Decamps, H., M. Fortune, F. Gazelle and G. Pautou. 1988. Historical influence of man on the riparian dynamics of a fluvial landscape. Landscape Ecology 1:163-173. No
Decamps, H.. 1993. River margins and environmental change. Ecological Applications 3:441-445. No
Dombeck, M.P., J.E. Williams and C.A. Wood. 1997. Watershed restoration: social and scientific challenges for fish biologists. Fisheries 22(5):26-27. Yes
Ebersole, J.L., W.J. Liss, and C.A. Frissell. 1997. Restoration of stream habitats in the western United States: restoration as re-expression of habitat capacity. Environmental Management 21:1-14. No
Gregory, S.V. and P.A. Bisson. 1997. Degradation and loss of anadromous salmonid habitat in the Pacific Northwest. Pages 277-314 in D.J. Strouder, P.A. Bisson and R.J. Naiman, editors. Pacific Salmon and their Ecosystems. Chapman and Hall, New York. Yes
Gregory, S.V., F.J. Swanson, W.A. McKee and K.W. Cummins. 1991. An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones. BioScience 41:540-551. No
Hankin, D.G., and G.H. Reeves. 1988. Estimating total fish abundance and total habitat area in small streams based on visual estimation methods. Can. J. Fish. Aq. Sci. 45(5):834-844. No
Hauer, F.R. and V.H. Resh. 1996. Benthic macroinvertebrates. Pages 339-369 in F.R. Hauer and G.A. Lamberti (eds). Methods in stream ecology. Academic Press, N.Y., N.Y. No
Hynes H.B.N. 1970. The ecology of running waters. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. No
Johnson, J.H. and N.H. Ringler. 1980. Diets of juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) relative to prey availability. Can. J. Zool. 58:553-558. No
Johnson, S.L. and A.P. Covich. 1997. Scales of observation of riparian forests and distributions of suspended detritus in a prairie river. Freshwater Biology 37: 163-175. No
Kauffman, J.B., W.C. Krueger and M. Vavra. 1985. Ecology and plant communities of the riparian area associated with Catherine Creek in northeastern Oregon. Oregon State Univ. Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 147 35 p. No
Kauffman, J.B. 1988. The status of riparian habitats in Pacific Northwest forests. Pages 45-55 in K. J. Raedeke, editor. Streamside management: riparian wildlife and forestry interactions. Institute of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattl Yes
Kauffman, J.B., R.L. Beschta, N. Otting, and D. Lytjen. 1997. An ecological perspective of riparian and stream restoration in the Western United States. Fisheries 22(5):12-24. Yes
Li, H.W., G.A. Lamberti, T.N. Pearsons, C.K. Tait, J.L. Li, and J.C. Buckhouse. 1994. Cumulative effects of riparian disturbance in small streams of the John Day Basin, Oregon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123:627-640. No
Li, J.L.1990. Foraging behavior of the limnephilid caddisfly, Dicosmoecus gilvipes, and co-occurring herbivores in streams of the Pacific Northwest. Ph.D. Dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 174p. No
Li, H.W. and J.L. Li. 1996. Fish community composition. Pages 391-406 in F.R. Hauer and G.A. Lamberti (eds). Methods in stream ecology. Academic Press, N.Y., N.Y. No
McGill, R.R. 1979. Land use change in the Sacramento River riparian zone, Redding to California Department of Water Resources, Northern District, Redding, CA. No
Nehlsen, W., J. E. Williams, and J. A. Lichatowich. 1991. Pacific salmon at the crossroads: Stocks at risk from California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington. Fisheries 16:4-21. No
Sedell, J.R. and J.L. Froggatt. 1984. Importance of streamside vegetation to large rivers: the isolation of the Willamette River, Oregon, USA from its floodplain. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol 22: 1828-1834. No
Stanford, J.A., J.V. Ward, W.J. Liss, C.A. Frissell, R.N. Williams, J.A. Lichatowich, and C.C. Coutant. A general protocol for restoration of regulated rivers. Regulated rivers: research and management 12:391-413. No
Sweeney, B.W. 1993. Effects of streamside vegetation on macroinvertebrate communities of White Clay Creek in eastern North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadephia 144: 291-340. No
Swift, B.L. 1984. Status of riparian ecosystems in the United States. Water Resources Bulletin 20: 223-228. No
Tait, C.K., J.L. Li, G.A. Lamberti, T.N. Pearsons, and H.W. Li. 1994. Relationships between riparian cover and the community structure of high desert streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13(1):45-56. No
Torgersen, C.E., D. Price, H.W. Li and B.A. McIntosh. 1999. Multiscale thermal refugia and stream habitat associations of chinook salmon in northeastern Oregon. Ecological Applications (in press). No

Section 7. Abstract


The precarious standing of many salmonid stocks in the Pacific Northwest demands extraordinary measures to improve the odds for their survival. An important component for habitat restoration is undoubtedly riparian vegetation because it generates plant litter, insect litter and woody structure, as well as providing bank structure and shade. Recent initiatives propose to restore riparian corridors through extensive planting; but we know little of riparian vegetation succession, of the dynamics controlling the seasonal availability of riparian inputs to streams, or how these inputs are connected to the distribution and life cycles of fishes in Oregon watersheds. The proposed study will determine how salmonid fishes respond to riparian diversity, how riparian diversity changes over time and will build a framework for designing riparian restoration programs in northeast Oregon. We will reconstruct riparian community succession by analyzing time series of aerial photographs of riparian zones in different areas, and also use these images to establish study sites of varying composition and age. Differences in seasonal timing and nutritional quality of riparian input will be compared among stands. We will survey both in-stream and riparian zone characteristics of each site, where riparian litter, terrestrial insects, aquatic insects, and fish will be quantified. To study the potential of riparian inputs to fish diet, drift samples and fish stomach contents will be separated into components derived from terrestrial and aquatic sources. Fish growth will be compared between sites to estimate the relative value of these sources.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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