Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20061

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Influence of Marine-Derived Nutrients on Juvenile Salmonid Production
BPA Project Proposal Number 20061
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Columbia River Research Laboratory
Business acronym (if appropriate) USGS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Matthew G. Mesa
Mailing Address 5501A Cook-Underwood Rd.
City, State, Zip Cook, WA 98605
Phone 5095382299
Fax 5095382843
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Evaluate the influence and efficacy of marine-derived nutrient influx via adult salmonid carcass decomposition on the productivity of selected Columbia River basin tributaries and stream-rearing salmonids.
Target Species Various species of Salmonidae, including but not limited to, spring chinook salmon, coho salmon, and steelhead.

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: Sections 7.6, 7.6A, 7.6A2, all under 7.6B, 7.6C
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: None known.
Other Planning Document References NMFS Proposed Recovery Plan for Snake River Salmon: Task Nos. 1.1, 1.1b, 1.1b.3, 1.3, 1.3b, 1.4, 1.4a, 1.4b; Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit Tribal Anadromous Fish Restoration Plan: Chapters 3 and 5; Return to the River by the Independent Scientific Group: Chapters 5 and 8A.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9154 Wind River Ecosystem Restoration Project 9154 has baseline fish and habitat data from potential streams to be used for our research No
83319 New fish tag system We plan to use the new flat-plate PIT-tag detector technology to be developed under project 83319 No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Identify and select streams for use in nutrient enhancement research a. Gather and summarize historical and recent biological data on productivity and anadromous fish runs for third to fifth order tributaries of the Columbia River basin
1. b. Using data from task 1a, define the importance of marine-derived nutrients (MDN) to candidate streams and develop criteria for use in selecting streams for research
1. c. Select 2-4 streams for nutrient enhancement research
2. Document the productivity of selected streams prior to nutrient enhancement a. Assess the status of the following stream factors: habitat conditions, marine derived isotopes of C and N in selected flora and fauna, and fish production (e.g., density, biomass, age structure, growth, and physiology)
2. b. Collate and analyze data on productivity of selected streams
3. Document the effects of introducing adult salmon carcasses on stream and fish productivity in selected streams a. Using data from the previous tasks, establish control and treatment streams and/or reaches
3. b. Place salmon carcasses or potentially other nutrient sources in selected treatment streams
3. c. Monitor the response of stream and fish community productivity in treatment and control streams as outlined in Task 2a

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 05/01/00 Streams for enhancement work are selected 30.0%
2 06/01/00 09/01/01 Pre-nutrient enhancement data collected and analyzed; treatment and control streams established 70.0%
3 10/01/01 10/01/04 Post-nutrient enhancement data collected and analyzed; final write-up and analysis 0.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel GS-12@2080 h; GS-11@2080 h; GS-7@1040 h; GS-5@3120 h $140,951
Fringe @ 28% of personnel for perms and terms; @ 7% for temps $ 32,635
Supplies Electrofishers, field supplies, computer, PIT-tag detectors, laboratory supplies $ 27,150
PIT tags 4000@ $2.90 ea. $ 11,600
Travel Vehicle rentals (2), vehicle mileage, and travel to meetings $ 11,475
Indirect @ 38% $ 85,048
Subcontractor Initial work on stable isotope analysis $ 1,000
Total Itemized Budget $309,859

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $309,859
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $309,859
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $458,672 $375,000 $412,500 $250,000
Total Outyear Budgets $458,672 $375,000 $412,500 $250,000

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Bilby, R.E., B.R. Fransen, and P.A. Bisson. 1996. Incorporation of nitrogen and carbon from spawning coho salmon into the trophic system of small streams: evidence from stable isotopes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53:164-173. No
Bilby, R. E., B. R. Fransen, P. A. Bisson, and J. K. Walter. 1998. Response of juvenile coho salmon and steelhead to the addition of salmon carcasses to two streams in southwestern Washington, U.S.A. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 1909-1918. No
Bohlin, T. 1982. The validity of the removal method for small populations -- consequences for electrofishing practice. Institute of Freshwater Research Drottningholm Report 60:15-18. No
Cederholm, C. J., D. B. Houston, D. L. Cole, and W. J. Scarlett. 1989. Fate of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) carcasses in spawning streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 46: 1347-1355. No
Connolly, P.J. 1996. Resident cutthroat trout in the central Coast Range of Oregon: logging effects, habitat associations, and sampling protocols. Doctoral dissertation. Oregon State University, Corvallis. No
Dolloff, C.A., D.G. Hankin, and G.H. Reeves. 1993. Basinwide estimates of habitat and fish populations in streams. General Technical Report SE-83. Asheville, North Carolina: U.S. Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station No
Hankin, D.G., and G.H. Reeves. 1988. Estimating total fish abundance and total habitat area in small streams based on visual estimation methods. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:834-844. No
Kline, T.C., J. J. Goering, O.A. Mathisen, P.H. Poe, and P.L. Parker. 1990. Recycling of elements transported upstream by runs of Pacific salmon: I. 15N and 13C evidence in Sashing Creek, Southeastern Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47:136-144. No
Larkin, G.A., and P.A. Slaney. 1997. Implications of trends in marine-derived nutrient influx to south coastal British Columbia salmonid production. Fisheries 22:16-24. No
Michael, J.H. 1995. Enhancement effects of spawning pink salmon on stream rearing juvenile coho salmon: managing one resource to benefit another. Northwest Sci. 69:228-233. No
Richey, J.E., M.A. Perkins, and C.R. Goldman. 1975. Effects of kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) decomposition on the ecology of a subalpine stream. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 32:817-820. No
Schuldt, J.A., and A.E. Hershey. 1995. Effect of salmon carcass decomposition on Lake Superior tributary streams. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 14:259-268. No
Smith, S.G., J.R. Skalski, W. Schlechte, A. Hoffman, and V. Cassen. 1994. Statistical survival analysis for fish and wildlife tagging studies. SURPH.1 Manual. Center for Quantitative Science, HR-20, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195. No
White, G.C., D.R. Anderson, K.P. Burnham, and D.L. Otis. 1982. Capture-recapture and removal methods for sampling closed populations. No. LA-8787-NERP, UC-11. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM. No
Zippin, C. 1956. An evaluation of the removal method of estimating animal populations. Biometrics 12:163-189. No

Section 7. Abstract


Adult anadromous salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.), through excretion, gamete deposition, and carcass decomposition, transport significant amounts of marine-derived nutrients (MDN) to the freshwater ecosystem. Such nutrient input to streams is a fundamental aspect of salmonid ecology and is important to the productivity of waters in which salmon spawn. However, the decline of salmon populations in the Pacific Northwest has dramatically reduced the availability of carcasses in many tributaries of the Columbia and Snake rivers. Diminished inputs of MDN can depress stream ecosystem productivity and lead to a cascade of deleterious effects such as decreased juvenile salmonid size, reduced overwinter and marine survival, and declines of returning adults. We propose to document the effects and efficacy of nutrient enhancement via carcass decomposition on the productivity of anadromous (and other) fish in selected Columbia River basin tributaries. This research will involve identification and selection of treatment and control streams, collection and analysis of pre-enhancement baseline data on a variety of factors related primarily to fish production, and finally the stocking of carcasses into streams and monitoring and evaluation of the response of fish productivity. Information derived from this project is fundamental to measures outlined in the FWP regarding coordinated salmon production and habitat. In addition, this information may be critical to the success of restoration and supplementation programs. Our results should add to the growing body of evidence assessing the importance of MDN to salmonid production and will establish a solid foundation towards implementing nutrient enrichment as a long-term management program designed to help reverse the decline of Pacific Northwest salmonid populations.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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