Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20063

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Effects of Catch and Release Angling on White Sturgeon
BPA Project Proposal Number 20063
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Geological Survey, Columbia River Research Laboratory, Idaho Department of Fish and Game
Business acronym (if appropriate) USGS/IDFG
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Matthew G. Mesa, Michael J. Parsley
Mailing Address 5501A Cook-Underwood Rd.
City, State, Zip Cook, WA 98605
Phone 5095382299
Fax 5095382843
E-mail matt_mesa@usgs.gov
 
Manager of program authorizing this project
 
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Snake Lower
 
Short Description Use physiological telemetry to monitor metabolic activity, determine energetic costs and assess stressful effects of catch and release angling on white sturgeon.
Target Species White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus)


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.1, 10.4A.4
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References Idaho Department of Fish and Game Fish Management Plan, 1996-2000, Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority Draft Multi-year Implementation Plan, Upper Snake River White Sturgeon Biological Risk Assessment


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8605000 White Sturgeon Mitigation and Restoration in the Columbia and Snake Rivers Equipment and expertise developed under 860500 project will be used in this proposed work. Fishery managers contemplating seasonal and area closures to angling will benefit from the proposed study. No
9700900 Evaluate Means of Rebuilding White Sturgeon Population in Lower Snake River Adaptive management to rebuild populations will benefit from knowing the effects of angling stress. No


Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Examine the relation between telemetered physiological variables, oxygen consumption, and physiological indicators of stress in white sturgeon. a. Obtain or construct a swimming respirometer for large fish. Setup wet laboratory holding and testing facilities
1. b. Obtain a few physiological telemetry tags and related equipment for lab testing. These would include heart rate, ventilation rate, and electromyogram (EMG) tags. Obtain detailed instructions and methods for surgical implantation of tags.
1. c. Collect white sturgeon from the Columbia River and transport them to our laboratory. Maintain fish under ambient conditions. Fish should be about 0.9-1.5 m in length. Hold fish for several weeks prior to testing
1. d. Implant one tag in each fish. Cannulate fish for repeated sampling of blood. Check for proper operation of the biotelemetry system. Allow for recovery while telemetering the variable of interest and maintaining patency of cannula.
1. e. Subject fish to a respirometry trial. Conduct a U-critical swimming challenge with fish while simultaneously measuring oxygen consumption, monitoring telemetry signals (i.e., heart rate, ventilation rate, or EMG), and periodically taking blood samples
1. f. Examine relations between telemetered data, oxygen consumption, physiological indicators of stress, and individual fish. Derive best fit regression equation for the relation between telemetered data and oxygen consumption.
2. Assess the effects of catch and release angling on metabolic rate and selected physiological indicators of stress in wild white sturgeon a. From the wild, capture several large sturgeon with either set lines or angling. Implant tags and monitor recovery.
2. b. Monitor physiological function and movement for several weeks to establish baseline metabolic rate data.
2. c. Using the telemetry system, locate tagged fish and capture by angling. Monitor physiological function during the angling process. Monitor time of hookup and playing time. Upon landing the fish, draw a quick blood sample from the caudal vasculature.
2. d. Determine the stressful effects of angling. After release, monitor physiological function for several days. Compare metabolic response of angling with the baseline metabolic rate data collected prior to angling.
3. Document the occurrence and determine the extent of any postangling mortality a. Use physiological telemetry and fish movement and location data to assess post-angling mortality.
4. Assess the effects of exhaustive stress on selected aspects of white sturgeon reproductive performance a. Obtain several reproductive age female sturgeon from the wild. Stock fish in each of 4 large tanks for rearing. There will be two treatments (stressed and controls) with two replicate tanks per treatment. Maintain under ambient conditions.
4. b. During rearing, monitor reproductive physiology and state of maturation by periodically sampling blood for sex steroid analysis and conducting ovarian biopsies as per standard aquaculture procedures.
4. c. Administer various stressors to fish in two tanks (i.e., the treatment fish) at selected intervals during rearing and prior to sexual maturation. The stressors should be varied to minimize fish becoming accustomed to one type of stressor.
4. d. Spawn treatment and control fish using a single sperm sample and standard aquacultural methods. Record female weight, total length, weight of the eggs, and ovarian fluid weight.
4. e. Using subsamples of eggs from each female, weigh to the nearest 0.01 g and measure the diameter to the nearest 0.01 mm each egg in the subsample. Determine the gonadosomatic index, absolute and relative fecundity, and the percent of fertilization.
4. f. Determine the mean percent of embryos hatching and monitor growth of fry at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after absorption of the yolk sac. Monitor embryo, fry, and juvenile mortality twice a week.
5. Develop and implement strategies to sustain healthy, viable population. a. Using information collected formulate risk plan to address future management direction.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 06/01/01 Identification of population viability under current fishing regulations Completion of laboratory experiments 1.0%
2 10/01/00 06/01/03 Identification of population viability under current fishing regulations Completion of field work  
3 10/01/00 10/01/03 Identification of population viability under current fishing regulations Completion of field work  
4 10/01/03 09/01/04 Identification of population viability under current fishing regulations Completion of spawning and rearing trials  
5 10/01/04 09/01/05 Development of risk strategies to protect and perpetuate white sturgeon populations Altering fisheries management strategies if necessary  


Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel IDFG - $22,440; USGS - $82,118 $104,558
Fringe IDFG - $8,200; USGS - $23,814 $ 32,014
Supplies IDFG - $1,500; USGS - $44,000 $ 45,500
Operating IDFG - $3,000; USGS - $7,000 $ 10,000
Travel IDFG - $2,000; USGS - $1,000 $ 3,000
Indirect IDFG - $11,400; USGS - $60,014 $ 71,414
Subcontractor University of Idaho $ 5,000
Total Itemized Budget $271,486


Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $271,486
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $271,486
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable


Reason for change in scope

Not applicable


Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
IDFG Field assistance, supervision $ 17,700 unknown
USGS Field station support $ 8,300 unknown

 

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $380,000 $350,000 $200,000 $ 50,000
Total Outyear Budgets $380,000 $350,000 $200,000 $ 50,000
 

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable


Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
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Beggs, G.L., G.F. Holeton, and E.J. Crossman. 1980. Some physiological consequences of angling stress in muskellunge, Esox masquinogy Mitchell. Journal of Fish Biology. No
Biological Risk Assessment Team. 1997. Upper Snake river white sturgeon biological risk assessment. Report for The Nez Perce Tribe. No
Birstein, V. J. 1993. Sturgeons and paddlefishes: threatened fishes in need of conservation. Conservation Biology 7(4):773-787. No
Booth, R. K., R. S. McKinley, F. Økland, and M. M. Sisak. 1997. In situ measurement of swimming performance of wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) using radio transmitted electromyogram signals. Aquatic Living Resources 10:213-219. No
Booth, R. K., J. D. Kieffer, K. Davidson, A. T. Bielak, and B. L. Tufts. 1995. Effects of late-season catch and release angling on anaerobic metabolism, acid-base status, survival, and gamete viability in wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journ No
Bouck, G. R., and R. C. Ball. 1966. Influence of capture methods on blood characteristics and mortality in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 95(2):170-176. No
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Campbell, P.M., T.G. Pottinger, and J.P. Sumpter. 1992. Stress reduces the quality of gametes produced by rainbow trout. Biology of Reproduction 47:1140-1150. No
Carragher, J.A., J.P. Sumpter, T.G. Pottinger, and A.D. Pickering. 1989. The deleterious effects of cortisol implantation on reproductive function in two species of trout, Salmo trutta L. and Salmo gairdneri Richardson. General and Comparative Endocrinolo No
Carragher, J.A., and J.P. Sumpter. 1990. The effect of cortisol on the secretion of sex steroids from cultured ovarian follicles of rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology 77:403-407. No
Carragher, J.A., and N.W. Pankhurst. 1991. Stress and reproduction in a commercially important marine fish, Pagrus auratus (Sparidae). Pages 253-255 in A.P. Scott, J.P. Sumpter, D.E. Kime, and M. Rolfe, editors. Reproductive physiology of fish 1991. No
Chan, D.O., and N.Y.S. Woo. 1978. Effect of cortisol on the metabolism of the eel, Anguilla japonica. General and Comparative Endocrinology 35:205-215. No
Contreras-Sánchez, W. M. 1995. Effects of stress on the reproductive performance and physiology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Master's thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. No
Craig, J. A., and R.L. Hacker. 1940. The history and development of the fisheries of the Columbia River. U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Bulletin 49(32):132-216. No
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Kaseloo, P.A., A.H. Weatherly, J. Lotimer, and M.D. Farina. 1992. A biotelemetry system recording fish activity. Journal of Fish Biology 40:165-179. No
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Section 7. Abstract

Abstract

The white sturgeon is a species critically affected by hydroelectric development. Because of the declining status of many sturgeon populations, catch and release angling has become a central part of current fisheries management activities directed at sustaining or recovering populations of these fish. However, the potential detrimental effects of catch and release angling on these fish have never been addressed. We propose to examine the effects of catch and release angling on the stress physiology, reproductive physiology, and mortality of white sturgeon in laboratory and field studies. This research will use a multi-disciplinary approach that will focus on state-of-the-science physiological telemetry techniques to assess the effects of angling stress on fish in the wild. Data from the laboratory on the physiological responses and metabolic costs of physical stress in white sturgeon will be coupled with metabolic rate data obtained by physiological telemetry from fish angled in the wild to allow an assessment of catch and release angling. This project should be relevant to the resident fish goal and sturgeon mitigation as described in section 10 of the FWP. Results from this study should be complete within 3-4 years and will enable fisheries managers to make more informed decisions regarding the use of catch and release angling as a management tool for sustaining or recovering populations of white sturgeons. The study could be used to decide if seasonal closures to angling are warranted to protect spawning fish or to improve survival of fish during the summer when water temperatures are at their highest.


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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