Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20067

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Effects of Supersaturated Water on Reproductive Success of Adult Salmonids
BPA Project Proposal Number 20067
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Geological Survey, Western Fisheries Research Center, Columbia River Research Laboratory
Business acronym (if appropriate) USGS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name John Beeman; Dr. Alec Maule
Mailing Address 5501A Cook-Underwood Rd.
City, State, Zip Cook, WA 98605
Phone 5095382299 257
Fax 5095382843
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description This study will determine in-situ exposures of adult salmonids to total dissolved gas supersaturation (TDGS) and conduct laboratory assays to determine the effects of TDGS exposure on their reproductive performance.
Target Species Spring/summer chinook salmon, steelhead and sockeye salmon

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.6.E.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: BIOP RPE# 2, 6
Other Planning Document References Independent Scientific Advisory Board (ISAB Page 2, 1998), Dissolved Gas Team (DGT page 17, 1998)

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9300802 Symptoms of gas bubble trauma induced in salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) by ... We will determine TDGS exposure and reproductive effects, they monitor adults for gbt signs No
Migration of adult chinook salmon and steelhead past dams and through ... Cooperative use of equipment and study fish No
The above project is funded by USACE, conducted by Ted Bjornn of U of Idaho See Section 8c for details. No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine in-situ exposure of adult salmonids to total dissolved gas supersaturation (TDGS). a. Determine in-situ migration depths of adult salmonids in a Columbia River reservoir.
1. b. Determine in-situ migration depths of adult salmonids in the near-dam areas of Columbia/Snake river dams.
2. Determine if exposure to TDGS affects reproductive performance. a. Conduct laboratory experiments to determine the effects of TDGS exposure on reproductive performance of adult salmonids.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/00 04/01/03 In-situ exposure histories of adult salmonids 90.0%
2 02/01/00 04/01/03 Quantitative assessment of TDGS effect on reproductive performance 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel base salaries plus overtime $341,643
Fringe $ 64,247
Supplies $ 17,500
Operating $ 68,380
Capital telemetry receiver upgrades $ 4,500
PIT tags 200 RADIO TAGS $120,000
Travel $ 8,000
Indirect $215,623
Total Itemized Budget $839,893

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $839,893
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $839,893
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
None $ 0 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002
All Phases $848,533 $872,697
Total Outyear Budgets $848,533 $872,697

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Costs may be reduced substantially by reducing species examined

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Beeman, J. W., P. V. Haner, and A. G. Maule. 1998. Evaluation of a new miniature pressure-sensitive radio transmitter. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 18:458-464. No
Beiningen, K. T. and W. J Ebel. 1970. Effect of John Day Dam on dissolved nitrogen concentrations and salmon in the Columbia River, 1986. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 99:664-671. No
Campbell, P.M., T.G. Pottinger, and J.P. Sumpter. 1992. Stress reduces the quality of gametes produced by rainbow trout. Biology of Reproduction 47:1140-1150. No
Carragher, J.A., and J.P. Sumpter. 1990. The effect of cortisol on the secretion of sex steroids from cultured ovarian follicles of rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology 77:403-407 No
Carragher, J.A., and N.W. Pankhurst. 1991. Stress and reproduction in a commercially important marine fish, Pagrus auratus (Sparidae). Pages 253-255 in A.P. Scott, J.P. Sumpter, D.E. Kime, and M. Rolfe, editors. Reproductive physiology of fish 1991. No
Carragher, J.A., J.P. Sumpter, T.G. Pottinger, and A.D. Pickering. 1989. The deleterious effects of cortisol implantation on reproductive function in two species of trout, Salmo trutta L. and Salmo gairdneri Richardson. General and Comparative Endocrin No
Colt, J. 1984. Computation of dissolved gas concentrations in water as functions of temperature, salinity, and pressure. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 14. No
Contreras-Sánchez, W. M. 1995. Effects of stress on the reproductive performance and physiology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Master’s thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. No
CRITFC (Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission). 1995. Tribal Restoration Plan: Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: The Columbia River anadromous fish restoration plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs, and Yakama tribes. Columbia Riv No
DGT (Dissolved Gas Team). 1998. Draft Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority dissolved gas research plan. Unpublished. No
Ebel. W. J. 1971. Dissolved nitrogen concentrations in the Columbia and Snake rivers in 1970 and their effect on chinook salmon and steelhead trout. NOAA Technical Report NMFS SSRF-646. No
Ebel, W. J., H. L. Raymond, G. E. Monan, W. E. Farr, and G. K. Tanonaka. 1975. Effect of atmospheric gas supersaturation caused by dams on salmon and steelhead trout of the Snake and Columbia rivers. Report of the National Marine Fisheries Service, Se No
Gorham, F. P. 1901. The gas bubble disease of fish and its causes. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission (1899) 19:33-37. No
ISAB (Independent Scientific Advisory Board). 1998. Review of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Capital Construction Program. Part II: Dissolved Gas Abatement Program. ISAB Report 98-8 for the Northwest Power Planning Council and the National Marine F No
Melotti, P., A. Roncarati, E. Garella, O. Carnevali, G. Mosconi and A. Polzonetti-Magni. 1992. Effects of handling and capture stress on plasma glucose, cortisol and androgen levels in brown trout, Salmo trutta morpha fario. Journal of Applied Ichthyol No
Mesa, M. M. and J. J. Warren. 1997. Predator avoidance ability of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) subjected to sublethal exposures of gas-supersaturated water. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54:757-764. No
Montgomery, J. C. and C. D. Becker. 1980. Gas bubble disease in smallmouth bass and northern squawfish form the Snake and Columbia rivers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109:734-736. No
Muir, W. D., S. G. Smith, K. W. McIntyre, and B. P. Sanford. 1998. Project survival of juvenile salmonids passing through the bypass system, turbines, and spillways with and without flow deflectors at Little Goose Dam, 1997. Prepared by National Marine No
Nebeker, A. V., D. G. Stevens, and R. K. Stroud. 1976. Effects of air-supersaturated water on adult sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 33:2629-2633. No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1995. Endangered Species Act – Section 7 Consultation. Biological Opinion. Reinitiation of Consultation on 1994 – 1998 Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System and Juvenile Transportation Program in No
NPPC (Northwest Power Planning Council). 1995. 1994 Columbia River Basin fish and wildlife program. Prepared by the Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon, document 94-55. No
Pankhurst, N. W., and M. Dedual. 1994. Effects of capture and recovery on plasma levels of cortisol, lactate and gonadal steroids in a natural population of rainbow trout. Journal of Fish Biology 45:1013-1025. No
Pickering, A.D., T.G. Pottinger, J. Carragher, and J.P. Sumpter. 1987. The effects of acute and chronic stress on the levels of reproductive hormones in the plasma of mature male brown trout, Salmo trutta L. General and Comparative Endocrinology 68:249 No
Sumpter, J.P., J.F. Carragher, T.G. Pottinger, and A.D. Pickering. 1987. Interaction of stress and reproduction in trout. Pages 299-302 in D.R. Idler, L.W. Crim, and J.M. Walsh, editors. Reproductive Physiology of Fish 1987. St. Johns: Memorial Unive No
Weitkamp, D. E. and M. Katz. 1980. A review of dissolved gas supersaturation literature. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109:659-702. No
Wendelaar-Bonga, S. E. 1997. The stress response in fish. Physiological Reviews 77:591-625. No
Westgard, R. L. 1976. Physical and biological aspects of gas-bubble disease in impounded adult chinook salmon at McNary spawning channel. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 93:306-309. No

Section 7. Abstract


This project has two goals. They are to determine the in-situ exposure of adult salmon to total dissolved gas supersaturation (TDGS) and determine if exposure to TDGS affects their reproductive performance. Exposure to TDGS has been shown to cause direct and sub-lethal mortality in salmonids (see Section 7a, below). These goals are associated with the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program and NMFS Biological Opinion through sections addressing improvements in juvenile salmonid survival through increased use of spill to pass fish over dams and the impacts of increased TDGS due to this action (refer to page 1 for specific measures). We propose to investigate the possibility that increases in survival achieved by passing juvenile salmonids via increased spill are accompanied by deleterious effects on adults. The first goal benefits fish by determining the extent of hydrostatic compensation during adult migration. Hydrostatic compensation reduces the exposure aquatic animals receive in waters with TDGS. This can compensate for about 10% of TDGS per meter of depth. The vertical and horizontal distributions of adult salmon are needed to assess their exposure to TDGS and risk of gas bubble disease, a potentially-lethal condition analogous to “the bends” of human divers. We will collect this information via telemetry using depth-reporting transmitters. The second goal will determine if exposures to TDGS impair reproduction of salmon. Together, the goals will enable us to determine what, if any, exposure is deleterious to reproduction and determine if adult salmon receive such exposures in the Columbia River.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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