Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20068

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Numerical Study of Flow-Field Structure on Salmonid Migration
BPA Project Proposal Number 20068
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Business acronym (if appropriate) UMICH

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Prof. Ana I. Sirviente
Mailing Address Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, 2600 Draper Road # 204 NAME
City, State, Zip Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2145
Phone 7346479411
Fax 7349368820
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description This proposal seeks to develop quantitative statistical correlations in-between the flow field information (obtained using a three-dimensional numerical model) and available salmonid out-migration trajectory data.
Target Species Salmonids. Analysis will be extended to other species at a later date.

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: Sections 5.0E, 5.0F, 5.2, 5.4.
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: BO ID #s 4, 10, 13(g) among others.
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Develop/apply numerical model to select Columbia/Snake mainstem reaches a. Data collection and evaluation
1. b. Generate computational grid/s
1. c. Run numerical model to obtain flow and turbulence field information
1. d. Analyze data and store 3-D flow information in easily retrievable format
2. Obtain salmonid out-migration trajectories from existing data-bases a. Evaluate existing data-bases and obtain most detailed and accurate information
3. Develop Statistical Models a. As a first step, try using "black-box" non-linear regression analysis to develop correlations
3. b. As the second/final step, develop neural network models and obtain refined correlations
4. Report results a. Prepare final report and journal papers

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 04/01/00 Measure 5.0E, 5.0F, 5.3, BO ID# 10, 13 -final 3-D flow & turbulence information for up to three reaches 55.0%
2 02/01/00 04/01/00 see above - Obtain detailed fish trajectory information from available data-sets 10.0%
3 01/01/00 07/01/00 see above - Develop correlations 25.0%
4 07/01/00 09/01/00 see above - Prepare reports 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel Salaries $ 43,768
Fringe $ 13,568
Supplies Computer usage/fax/phone related expenses etc $ 100
Capital $ 4,000
Travel To BPA/workshops/conferences etc $ 2,000
Indirect $ 31,204
Total Itemized Budget $ 94,640

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 94,640
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 94,640
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: None

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Sinha, S. K., F. Sotiropoulos, and A. J. Odgaard, (1998), "Three-dimensional numerical model for flows through natural rivers”, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 124(1), 13-24. No
Cada, G. F., M. D. Deacon, S. V. Mitz, and M. S. Bevelhimer, (1997), "Effects of water velocity on the survival of downstream-migrating juvenile salmon and steelhead", Reviews in Fisheries Science, Vol. 5(2), 131-184. No
Hoar, W. S., (1954), "The behavior of juvenile Pacific salmon", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 11, 69-96. No
McDonald, J., (1960), "The behavior of Pacific salmon fry during their downstream migration", Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Vol. 17, 655-676. No
Fangstam, H., I. Berglund, M. Sjoberg, and H. Lundqvist, (1993), "Effects of size and early sexual maturity on downstream migration during smolting in Baltic salmon", Journal of Fish Biology, Vol. 43, 517-529. No
Giorgi, A. E., and J. R. Stevenson, (1995), "A review of biological investigations describing smolt passage behavior at Portland district Corps of Engineers", Don Chapman Consultants, Boise, Idaho. No
Ransom, B. H., G. A. Raemhild, and T. W. Steig, (1988), Hydroacoustic evaluation of deep and shallow spill as a bypass mechanism for downstream migrating salmon and steelhead at Rock Island Dam, EPRI Report CS/EA/AP-5663-SR, Palo Alto, California. No
Ransom, B. H. and K. M. Malone, (1990), "Hydroacoustic evaluation of the sluiceways at Wanapum dam in passing juvenile salmon and steelhead trout during spring 1990", Hydroacoustic Technology Inc for Grant County PUD # 2, Ephrata, Washington. No
Coutant, C. C., and R. R. Whitney, (1998), "Fish behavior in relation to entrainment in hydropower turbines: A review", Transactions of American Fisheries Society, (press). No
Rutter, C., (1902), "Natural history of the quinnat salmon", Bulletin of the U.S. Fish Commission, Vol. 22, 65-142. No
Arnold, G. P., (1974), "Rheotropism in fishes", Biological review, Vol. 49, 515-576. No
Mundy, P. R., B. Watson, and R. Tuck, (1995), "Migratory behavior of juvenile spring chinook salmon in relation to water flow in the Yakima river", Washington. No
Raemchild, G. A., R. Nason, and S. Hayes, (1985), "Hydroacoustic studies of downstream migrating salmonids at hydropower dams: two case studies", Proceedings of the symposium on Small Hydropower and Fisheries, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. No
Biosonics, Inc., (1983), "Hydroacoustic assessment of downstream migrating salmon and steelhead at Wanapum and Priest Rapids dams in 1983", Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, Ephrata, WA. No
Sinha, S. K., (1997),"An algebraic grid generation scheme for three-dimensional natural river reaches", Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, New York, Vol. 13, 475-485. No
Babovic, V., and N. Bartoli, (1997), "An application of artificial neural networks in computational hydraulics", Environmental and Coastal Hydraulics: Protecting the Aquatic Habitat, 2:865-870. No
Boogaard, H. F. V., and A. C. H. Kruisbrink, (1996), "Hybrid modeling by integrating neural networks and numerical models", Hydroinformatics 96, Balkema, Rotterdam, 1996. No
Masters, T., (1993), "Practical neural network recipes in C++", Academic Press, New York. No

Section 7. Abstract


An individual-based modeling approach focussing on the movement strategies of juvenile salmonid in response to three-dimensional velocity and turbulence variables is proposed. Existing field data for salmonid movement will be used to track fish-trajectories in three-dimensional space. Simultaneously a previously developed fully three-dimensional numerical model will be used to provide a comprehensive database of velocity and turbulence parameters. Finally, statistical correlations between fish-trajectories and local flow parameters will be formulated using advanced statistical modeling techniques such as nonlinear regression analysis and/or neural network modeling. Such correlations are expected to have wide ranging impact in the understanding of salmonid out-migration behavior. The model may further be used to project fish population abundance through time to assess the risk that the population will fall below some threshold requiring mitigation. Finally, the quantitative information may be used to foster compatibility of engineered systems with the normal behavioral patterns of fish species leading to reduced mortality. These outcomes are directly aligned with the 1994 CBFWP and NMFS/USFWS 's goals. Although not directly used in the context of the present study, the proposed numerical and statistical modeling techniques are technically sound and have been well tested for several Columbia river reaches. The work will be completed in one year. Publication of the statistical correlations in respected refereed journal publications as well as periodic reports to the BPA would provide an easy means of result monitoring.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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