Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20103

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Indexing Salmon Carrying Capacity to Habitat, Population & Physical Fitness
BPA Project Proposal Number 20103
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Oregon State University
Business acronym (if appropriate) OSU

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Hiram W. Li
Mailing Address 104 Nash Hall, Oregon State University
City, State, Zip Corvallis, OR 97331-3803
Phone 5037371963
Fax 5037373590
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description The objective of this proposal is to develop a fast reliable method to determine salmonid carrying capacity for watersheds based on remotely sensed data. The initial research will test this approach by linking remotely sensed data to habitat quality as d
Target Species

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.1B, 4.3B, 5.0E, 7.1A.1, 7.1C.3, 7.1G, 7.6A.2, 7.6C
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: NMFS ESUs Snake River spring chinook salmon (threatened), Snake River steelhead Threatened), Middle Columbia River steelhead (proposed threatened), USFWS: Inland rainbow trout (candidate species
Other Planning Document References Run of the River, Upstream

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
Redband trout Candidate Species (USFWS) ID Critical limiting factors Cooperative working relationship with ODFW (Kim Jones & Jeff Dambacher) No
Redband trout temperature program (Oregon DEQ) Cooperative working relationship with ODEQ (Bruce Hammons) No
Geomorphic, ecologic, hydrologic connectivity: Implication for Columbia Riv Development of understanding and methodologies for understanding normative watersheds in the Mid-Columbia and Snake River watersheds. No
Lamprey project (CTUIR—David Close) (BRD—Jim Seelye) Yes
9405400 Bull Trout (ODFW-David Buchanan) Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine whether or not the carrying capacities for spring chinook salmon and inland rainbow trout of the John Day and Grande Ronde basins are similar. .
1. A. Collect thermal and truce color images of the John Day and Grande Ronde catchments. Classify and quantify habitats into types based on established criteria for thermal tolerances of salmonids.
1. b. Determine from clinical indicators of physical fitness whether or not Grande Ronde spring chinook juveniles are healthier than those from the John Day at the end of the growing season (Following smolts survival from specific habitat types from different b
1. d. Establish relations of thermal habitat types to stream features of stream sinuosity, expanse of riparian vegetation and type, volume of large woody debris, and the frequency of large pools.
1. e. Determine the average densities of juvenile salmonids from each thermal habitat type.
1. f. Calibrate techniques for population censuses and clinical indicators of physical fitness.
2. Determine from PIT tagging data available on the Stream Net Web site, whether or not survival rates to Bonneville Dam are similar for salmonids migrating down through 8 dams versus those that migrate through fewer dams. .
3. Given the results of objectives I and II, determine whether or not the differences in productivity of anadromous salmonids between the Grande Ronde and John Day basins appear to be due more to differences in the quality and quantity of habitat or to diffe .

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 08/01/02 Determine salmonid carrying capacities of the Grande Ronde vs. John Day drainages using application of remote imagery and clinical indicators of physical fitness of salmonids Collect Remote imagery & quantify habitats by temperature class within John Day and Grande Ronde Basins 20.0%
1 06/01/00 07/01/00 Calibrate Fish Density Survey 10.0%
1 07/01/00 08/01/01 Enumerate salmonid densities in habitats by temperature class 20.0%
1 08/01/00 08/01/01 Gather clinical indicators of physical fitness for salmonids from habitats of different temperature classes 20.0%
1 10/01/00 08/01/02 Determine relationships between salmonid densities & habitat temperature class. 10.0%
1 10/01/00 08/01/02 Determine relationships between salmonid physical fitness & habitat temperature class 10.0%
2 01/01/01 01/01/02 From available PIT tagging data, determine approximate relative values of survival of salmonid smolts migrating through 3 vs. 8 dams. Consult with tagging researchers 5.0%
3 01/01/02 09/01/02 Determine the relative limiting factor of dam passage vs. habitat quality and quantity for Grande Ronde and John Day basins 5.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel 34% of total budget $123,402
Fringe 10% of total budget $ 35,140
Supplies 8% of total budget $ 29,100
Travel 5% of budget $ 16,500
Indirect 24% of budget $ 87,060
Other 5% of budget $ 17,190
Subcontractor 15% of budget $ 55,000
Total Itemized Budget $363,392

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $363,392
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $363,392
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002
All Phases $378,233 $393,805
Total Outyear Budgets $378,233 $393,805

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Bad flying weather

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Armour, C.L. 1991. Guidance for evaluating and recommending temperature regimes to protect fish. U.S.D.I. Fish and Wildlife Service, Instream Flow Information Paper 27, Biological Report 90 (22). No
Barton, B. A., and C. B. Schreck. 1987a. Influence of acclimation temperature on interrenal and carbohydrate stress responses in juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Aquaculture 62:299-310. No
Barton, B. A., and C. B. Schreck. 1987b. Metabolic cost of acute physical stress in juvenile steelhead trout. Transactions American Fisheries Society 116:257-263 No
Bayley, P. B., and D. C. Dowling. 1990. Gear efficiency calibrations for stream and river sampling. Aquatic Ecology Technical Report 90/8. Illinois Natural History Survey. Champaign, IL. 51p. No
Bayley, P. B., and D. C. Dowling. 1993. The effect of habitat in biasing fish abundance and species richness estimates when using various sampling methods in streams. Polish Archives in Hydrobiology 40: 5-14. No
Bayley, P. B., R. W. Larimore, and D. C. Dowling. 1989. Electric seine as a fish-sampling gear in streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 118: 447-453. No
Bayley, P. B., and L. L. Osborne. 1993. Natural rehabilitation of stream fish populations in an Illinois catchment. Freshwater Biology 29: 295-300. No
Becker, C.D. and M.P. Fugihara. 1978. The bacterial pathogen, Flexibacter columnaris, and its epizootiology among Columbia River fish: a review and synthesis. American Fisheries Society Monograph No. 2. Yes
Dowling, D. C., R. W. Larimore, and P. B. Bayley. 1990. Assembling an electric seine: a technical reference. Aquatic Ecology Technical Report 90/2. Illinois Natural History Survey. Champaign, IL. 7p. No
Duan, C., S. J. Duguay, and E. M. Plisetskaya. 1993. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) mRNA expression in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch: tissue distribution and effects of growth hormone/prolactin family proteins. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 11: 371-3 No
Folch, J., N. Lees, and C. H. Sloan-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chemistry 226: 497-509. No
Forsyth, R. B., E. P. M. Candido, S. L. Babich, and G. K. Iwama. 1997. Stress protein expression in coho salmon with bacterial kidney disease. J. Aquat. Anim. Health 9(1): 18-25. No
Foster, L. B., and R. T. Dunn. 1974 Single-antibody technique for radioimmunoassay of cortisol in unextracted serum or plasma. Clinical Chemistry 20: 365-368. No
Frings, C. S., T. W. Fendly, R. T. Dunn, and C. A. Queen. 1972. Improved determination of total serum lipids by the sulfo-phospho-vanillin reaction. Clinical Chemistry 18:673-674. No
Hankin, D. G., and G. H. Reeves. 1988. Estimating total fish abundance and total habitat area in small streams based on visual estimation methods. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 834-844. No
Hanson, M.L. 1987. Riparian zones in eastern Oregon. Oregon Environmental Council, Portland Oregon, 74 p. Yes
Howell, P.J. and D.V. Buchanan. 1992. Proceedings of the Gearhart Mountain bull trout workshop. Oregon Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Corvallis, Oregon. Yes
Independent Science Group. 1996. Return to the river: Restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River Ecosystem, Document 96-6. Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. Yes
Li, H.W., G.A. Lamberti, T.N. Pearsons, C.K. Tait, J.L. Li, and J.C. Buckhouse. 1994. Cumulative effects of riparian disturbance in small streams of the John Day Basin, Oregon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 627-640. Yes
Li, H.W. et al. 1998. Geomorphic, hydrologic and Ecological Connectivity in Columbia River Watersheds: implications for endangered salmonids. Proceedings of the 1998 EPA/NSF Water and Watersheds Program Review, p64. National Science Foundation. Yes
Litwack, G. 1955. Photometric determination of lysozyme activity. Proc. Soc. Exp. Bio. and Med. 89: 401-403. No
McCullagh, P., and J. A. Nelder. 1989. Generalized linear models. 2nd Edition. Chapman and Hall, London, 511 p. No
Maule, A. G., C. B. Schreck, C. S. Bradford, and B. A. Barton. 1988. Physiological effects of collecting and transporting emigrating juvenile chinook salmon past dams on the Columbia River. Transactions American Fisheries Society 117:245-261. Yes
Maule, A. G., R. A. Tripp, S. L. Kaattari, and C. B. Schreck. 1988. Stress alters immune function and disease resistance in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). J. Endocrinology 120: 135-142. Yes
McIntosh, B.A., J.R. Sedell, J.E. Smith, R.C. Wissmar, S.E. Clarke, G.H.Reeves, and L.A. Brown. 1994. Historical changes in fish habitat for select river basins of eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Science 68: 36-53. Yes
National Resource Council. 1996 Upstream: Salmon and society in the Pacific Northwest. Commission on Life Sciences, National Academy of Sciences., Washington DC. Yes
Patino, R., C. B. Schreck, J. L. Banks, and W. S. Zaugg. 1986. Effects of rearing conditions on the developmental physiology of smolting coho salmon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 115(6): 828-837. No
Payne, C. D. (editor). 1987. The GLIM system release 3.77. Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd. Oxford, England/Downers Grove, IL. No
Peter, R. E., and T. A. Marchant. 1995. The endocrinology of growth in carp and related species. Aquaculture. 129: 299-321. No
Peterson, J. T. 1996. The evaluation of a hydraulic unit-based habitat system. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. No
Pickering, A. D. 1993. Endocrine-induced pathology in stressed salmonid fish. Fisheries Research 17: 35-50. No
Price, D.A. 1998. Habitat electivity of adult spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in seven watersheds of northeastern Oregon. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University. No
Ratliff, D.E. and P.J. Howell. 1992. The status of bull trout populations in Oregon. Pages 10-17, in P.J. Howell and D.V. Buchanan (eds.). Proceedings of the Gearhart Mountain bull trout workshop. Oregon Chap. of AFS, Corvallis, Oregon. Yes
Redding, J. M., C. B. Schreck, E. K. Birks, and R. D. Ewing. 1984. Cortisol and its effects on plasma thyroid hormones and electrolyte concentrations during seawater acclimation in yearling coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Gen. Comp. Endocrinology 56 No
Rodgers, J. D., M. F. Solazzi, S. L. Johnson, and M. A. Buckman. 1992. Comparison of three techniques to estimate juvenile coho salmon populations in small streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 12: 79-86. No
Sankaran, K. and S. Gurnani. 1972. On the variation in the catalytic activity of lysozyme in fishes. Indian J. Biochem. And Biophys. 9: 162-165. No
Schreck, C. B., A. G. Maule, and C. H. Slater. 1991. Stress affects the immune response and health of fish in aquacultural systems. Program and abstracts. Second International Marine Biotechnology Conference (IMBC ’91). p58 No
Skalski, J.R. 1998. Estimating season-wide survival rates of outmigrating salmon smolt in the Snake River, Washington. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55:761-769. Yes
Specker, J. L., and C. B. Schreck. 1980. Stress response to transportation and fitness for marine survival in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) smolts. Canadian Journal Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37(5):765-769. No
Tait, C.K., J.L. Li, G.A. Lamberti, T.N. Pearsons, and H.W. Li. 1994. Influences of riparian cover on benthic community structure in high desert streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13:45-56. Yes
Torgersen, C.E., D.M. Price, B.A. McIntosh, and H.W. Li. 1995. Thermal refugia and chinook salmon habitat in Oregon: applications of airborne thermal videography. Proceedings of the 15th Biennial Workshop on Videography and Color Photography, pp167-171. Yes
Torgersen, C.E., D. Price, H.W. Li and B.A. McIntosh. 1999. Multiscale thermal refugia and stream habitat associations of chinook salmon in northeastern Oregon. Ecological Applications (In Press). Yes
Triebskorn, R., H. R. Koehler, W. Honnen, M. Schramm, S. M. Adams, and E. F. Mueller. 1997. Induction of heat shock proteins, changes in liver ultrastructure, and alterations of fish behavior: Are these biomarkers related and are they useful to reflect No
Vijayan, M. M., C. Pereira, G. Kruzynski, and G. K. Iwama. 1998. Sublethal concentrations of contaminant induce the expression of hepatic heat shock protein 70 in two salmonids. Aquat. Toxicol. 40(2-3): 101-108. No
Williams, D. A. 1982. Extra-binomial variation in logistic linear models. Appl. Statist. 31: 144-148. No
Williams, J. H., A. M. Farag, M. A. Stansbury, P. A. Young, H. L. Bergman, and N. S. Petersen. 1996. Accumulation of Hsp-70 in juvenile and adult rainbow trout gill exposed to metal-contaminated water and/or diet. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 15(8): 1324-132 No
Wissmar, R.C., J.E. Smith, B.A. McIntosh, H.W. Li, G.H. Reeves, and J.R. Sedell. 1994. Ecological health of river basins in forested regions of eastern Washington and Oregon. Northwest Science 68:1-35. Yes

Section 7. Abstract


We propose a novel approach to rapid determination of carrying capacities of catchment basins for anadromous salmonids. This comprises linking the following elements (1) remote sensed inventory of habitat quality features, (2) estimating population densities for different habitat categories, and (3) determining the physical fitness of fishes produced by different habitats rated by type and class. We propose that survival to the smolt stage and beyond is ultimately a product of its physical fitness which is determined not only by genetics, but by its rearing environment. Although, we will be developing this approach by examining the ecology and biology influencing smolt production in freshwater, we suggest that estimates of salmonid production from remotely sensed data will be at least as precise and as accurate as that developed from Hankin and Reeves Surveys for a fraction of the cost. The premises are that (1) optimal, tolerable, and intolerable habitats can be determined from physiological criteria and fish population densities estimated in the field. (2) we can determine the amounts of habitat in each class by remote sensing, and (3) the potential carrying capacity of each basin can be determined by summing the quantitities of habitat available by type. GIS software will be used to store and analyzed spatially explicit data. Development of the approach will be ground truthed and calibrated. We will compare factors limiting salmonid carrying capacity of the of the Grande Ronde and John Day basins and determine the utility of this approach for other systems.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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