Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20105

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Develop New Feeds for Fish Used in Recovery and Restoration Efforts
BPA Project Proposal Number 20105
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Abernathy Salmon Culture Technology Center
Business acronym (if appropriate) USFWS/SCTC

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Ann Gannam
Mailing Address 1440 Abernathy Creek Rd.
City, State, Zip Longview, WA 98632
Phone 3604256072
Fax 3606361855
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Formulate new diets to improve the health and condition of propagated salmonids
Target Species Spring chinook, coho, steelhead

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.2, 7.2 A.6, 7.2D, 7.2D3, 7.2D4, 7.4A.1, 7.4D
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Determine mineral requirements a. Feeding trial
1. b. Disease and salt water challenge
1. c. Tissue analysis
2. Determine appropriate levels of lipid and carbohydrate for diets a. Feeding trial
2. b. Disease and salt water challenge
2. c. Tissue analysis
3. Formulate, produce and test new diet a. Make feed
3. b. Feeding trial
3. c. Disease and salt water challenge
3. d. Tissue analysis
3. e. Check for quality after storage

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 11/01/00 selected mineral requirements determined 50.0%
2 10/01/99 11/01/00 energy level determined 50.0%
3 11/01/00 09/01/01 new diet developed  

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel WG-7 Extruder Operator/Fish Culturist $ 31,180
Fringe $ 9,354
Supplies Feed ingredients, chemicals, lab supplies for fish and feed analyses $ 32,500
Operating Operating well, maintenance of equipment $ 4,000
Indirect $ 22,427
Other uniform allowance $ 300
Total Itemized Budget $ 99,761

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 99,761
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 99,761
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

All Phases $ 67,100
Total Outyear Budgets $ 67,100

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Availability of fish needed for the studies may cause a time constraint

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Ashley, L. M. 1972. Nutritional pathology. In, Fish nutrition, J. Halver, ed. pp. 490-492. Academic Press, New York. No
Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 1990. Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th ed. S. Williams (Editor). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Va. 1141 pp. No
Barrows, R. 1997. The effect of diet on fin erosion in rainbow trout. Presented at the Fish feed and Nutrition Workshop, Frankfort, KY, September 21-23, 1997. No
Bell, J. G. and C. B. Cowey. 1989. Digestibility and bioavailability of dietary selenium from fishmeal, selenite, selenomethionine and selenocystine in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 81:61-68. No
Bell, J. G., C. Ghioni and J. R. Sargent. 1994. Fatty acid compositions of 10 freshwater invertebrates which are natural food organisms of Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar): a comparison with commercial diets. Aquaculture 128:301-313. No
Buterbaugh, G. L. and H. Willoughby. 1967. A feeding guide for brook, brown, and rainbow trout. Progressive Fish-Culturist 29: 210-215. No
Caceres-Martin, C. M. Cadena-Roa and R. Metailler. 1984. Nutritional requirements of turbot (Scophthalums maximus): I. A preliminary study of protein and lipid utilization. Journal of the World Mariculture Society 15:191-202. No
Castell, J. D., J. G. Bell, D. R. Tocher and J. R. Sargent. 1994. Effects of purified diets containing different combinations of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid on survival, growth and fatty acid composition of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus No
Clarke, W. C. and J. Blackburn. 1978. Seawater challenge tests performed on hatchery stocks of chinook and coho salmon in 1977. Fisheries and Marine Service Technical Report 761. Pacafic Biological Station, Nanaimo, British Columbia V9R 5K6. No
Dupree, H., E. Gauglitz,Jr., A. Hall and C. Houle. 1979. Effects of dietary lipids on the growth and acceptability (flavor) of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Proc. World Symp. on Finfish Nutrition and Fishfeed Technology, Hamburg 2:87-103. No
El-Mowafi, A. F. A., R. Waagbo and A. Maage. 1997. Effect of low dietary magnesium on immune response and osmoregulation of Atlantic salmon. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 9:8-17. No
Felton, S. P., R. Grace and M. Landolt. 1994. Significantly higher levels of zinc and copper found in wild compared to hatchery-reared coho salmon smolts Oncorhynchus kisutch. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 18:233-236. No
Fowler, L. G. and E. M. Wood. 1966. Effect of type of supplemental dietary fat on chinook salmon fingerlings. Progressive Fish Culturist. 26:123-127. No
Gannam, A. L. 1997. Development of open formula diets and new feeding stategies: A progress report. 48th Annual Pacific Northwest Fish Culture Conference, Gleneden Beach, OR, December 2-4, 1997. No
Heck, N. E. and H. E. Calbert. 1977. Use of animal fat in formulated diets for yellow perch. Proceedings of the eighth annual meeting world Mariculture Society; 1977 January 9-13; San Jose, Costa Rica. c1977:787-791. No
Hemre, G-I., K. Sanders, O. Lie, O. Torrissen, R. Waagbo. 1995. Carbohydrate nutrition in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L.: growth and feed utilization. Aquaculture Research 26:149-154. No
Lall, S. 1989. The Minerals. In, Fish Nutrition, 2nd edition, J. Halver, ed. pp.219-257. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, New York. No
Landolt, M. L. 1989. The relationship between diet and the immune response of fish. Aquaculture 79: 193-206. No
Lewis, D. H., J. E. Marks and R. R. Stickney. 1985. Degenerative myopathy in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque), maintained on rations containing purified fatty acids. Journal of Fish Diseases 8:563-565. No
Li, M. H. and E. H. Robinson. 1996. Comparison of chelated zinc and zinc sulfate as zinc sources for growth and bone mineralization of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fed practical diets. Aquaculture 146:237-243. No
Lie, O., E. Lied, and G. Lambertsen. 1986. Liver retention of fat and of fatty acids in cod (Gadus mochua) fed different oils. Aquaculture 59:187-196. No
Lim, C., P. H. Klesius and P. L. Duncan. 1996a. Immune response and resistance of channel catfish to Edwardsiella ictaluri challenge when fed various dietary levels of zinc methionine and zinc sulfate. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 8:302-307. No
Lim, C. W. M. Sealey and P. H. Klesius. 1996b. Iron methionine and iron sulfate as sources of dietary iron for channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 27:290-296. No
Mazur, C. N., D. A. Higgs, E. Plisetskaya and B. E. March. 1992. Utilization of dietary starch and glucose tolerance in juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) of different strains in seawater. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 10:303-313. No
Ostle, B. And R. Mensing. 1975. Statistics in research. 596 pp. The Iowa State University Press, Ames. No
Paripatananont, T and R. T. Lovell. 1995. Chelated zinc reduces the dietary zinc requirement of channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Aquaculture 133:73-82. No
Paripatananont, T and R. T. Lovell. 1997. Comparative net absorption of chelated and inorganic trace minerals in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus diets. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 28:62-67. No
Piper, R., I. McElwain, L. Orme, J. McCraren, L. Fowler and J. Leonard. 1982. Fish Hatchery Management. U. S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D. C. pp. 517 No
Roberts, R. J. and A. M. Bullock. 1989. Nutritional pathology. In, Fish Nutrition, 2nd edition, J. Halver, ed. p. 430. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, New York. No
Shearer, K. D, A. Maage, J. Opstvedt and H. Mundheim. 1992. Effects of high-ash diets on growth, feed efficiency, and zinc status of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 106:345-355. No
Stickney, R. R. and J. W. Andrews. 1972. Effects of dietary lipids on growth, food conversion, lipid and fatty acid composition of channel catfish. Journal of Nutrition 102:249-258. No
Stickney, R. R., R. B. Mcgeachin and E. H. Robinson. 1984. Effect of dietary linoleic acid level on growth, food conversion and surbibal of channel catfish. Journal World Mariculture Society 15:186-190. No
Wilson, R. P. 1994. Utilization of dietary carbohydrate by fish. Aquaculture 124:67-80. No

Section 7. Abstract


As recognized in the 1994 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, Section 7.2, habitat destruction has brought about the realization that there will be a greater dependence on hatchery raised stocks to replenish fish runs in the Columbia Basin and elsewhere. Nutrition research is essential when hatchery fish will be used for recovery and restoration of weak wild and naturally spawning fish populations. Current hatchery production fish will also benefit from new diets. The semimoist diets contain 17-25% moisture as compared to dry diets (<17% moisture), and moist diets (>25% moisture). The open formula semimoist diet proposed for development will provide a feed that is more palatable to fish than existing dry feeds. Also, semimoist diets are easier and more economical to store than moist feeds. The importance of open formula diets in these rearing programs is twofold. In open formula diets the ingredients are known and can be specified. Also, because the formulas are open, they can be monitored through quality control programs. Thus, new open formula diets need to be developed for use in hatcheries. Feeding trials conducted in specific areas of nutrition research will include diet energy and mineral requirements. The diet trials will be conducted with three stocks of fish: Carson spring chinook, Big Creek coho, Big Creek steelhead. The fish become available at different times so the studies will be staggered throughout the year. Growth, survival and feed conversion will be monitored during the trials. At the end of the studies, the needed tissue samples will be collected and analyzed. Disease and salt water challenges will be conducted to assess disease response and fish condition.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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