Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20122

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Test Guidance Flows and Strobe Lights at a SBC to Increase Smolt FCE & FGE
BPA Project Proposal Number 20122
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
Business acronym (if appropriate) WDFW

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Charles Morrill, WDFW, Fish Program
Mailing Address 600 Capitol Way N
City, State, Zip Olympia, WA 98501-1091
Phone 3609022747
Fax 3609022183
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Snake Lower
Short Description Test guidance flow and strobe lights at the Cowlitz Falls Dam to increase FCE and FGE. Radio telemetry, fyke and flume nets and facility collection will be used to measure the success of guidance flow and strobe lights.
Target Species Steelhead, coho and spring chinook smolts

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.6A.13. ...Explore promising new approaches to fish bypass technologies....
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Action Number .....Immediate Measure 15. And 15.3.
Other Planning Document References Action #... 2.3.b., 2.3.b.10., 2.3.d.1 in NMFS Proposed Recovery Plan (March 1995) Action #... Page 5B-41 in CRITFC Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish Wit (Spirit of the Salmon) (June 1995) Actions #... Subchapter 3: Hydropower/Dams in Chapter 14 of Washington State’s Draft Lower Columbia River Draft Conservation Initiative (March 10, 1998)

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
Cowlitz Falls Project Anadromous Fish Reintroduction Program DE-MS79-91BP93 Funded under Power Generation Division of BPA No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Test and measure the effectiveness of guidance flows and strobe lights at the Cowlitz Falls hydroproject to increase FCE and FGE. a. Review estimates of Fish Guidance Efficiencies obtained in 1998 and 1999 as baseline for study objectives. Use radio telemetry data obtained in 1998 and 1999 for salmonid smolt approach, passage and FGE to refine and finalize study design. Monitor approa
2. Determine how environmental conditions effect guidance flows and/or strobe light guidance; ie diel patterns, turbidity, and flow. a. Measure reservoir turbidity and correlate to strobe light effectiveness Monitor day vs night responses using data from task #’s 1c,1d and 1e.
3. Complete reports and identify effective ways to utilize this technology to enhance FGE at other hydroprojects throughout the Columbia Basin. a. Complete compilation and analysis of all data collected for the application of guidance flows and strobe lights to enhance FGE in a Project completion report. Present results at workshops and/or seminars related to fish passage/collection in the basin. Ho

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 09/01/00 Test and measure the effectiveness of guidance flows and strobe lights at the Cowlitz Falls hydroproject to increase FCE and FGE. 70.0%
2 10/01/99 09/01/00 Determine how environmental conditions effect guidance flows and/or strobe light guidance; ie diel patterns, turbidity, and flow 10.0%
3 07/01/00 03/01/01 Complete reports and identify effective ways to utilize this technology to enhance FCE and FGE at other hydro-projects throughout the Columbia Basin. 12/2000 - draft 20.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel WDFW: temp. fte’s for on-site field work and supervision USGS: telemetry components $ 0
Fringe WDFW USGS $ 0
Supplies WDFW - guidance flow USGS - radio tags $ 0
Operating USGS - vehicles $ 2,000
Capital Strobe lights - $ 60,000
Travel USGS - telemetry $ 5,000
Indirect WDFW USGS - telemetry $ 0
Total Itemized Budget $ 67,000

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 67,000
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 67,000
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
TPU To be determined $ 0 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The Cowlitz Falls Dam is a run of the river hydro-project and high flows may require the project to lower the reservoir, rendering the fish collection facility inoperable. However, recent discharge records indicate that it is unlikely flows would be high enough to require a drawdown durring the study period. It is possible that project operation and/or maintenance may require a schedule change.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Adams, NS.,1998. Personal communication. US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Cook Washington. No
Adeniyi, R. , and Nealson , P. A., 1997. Hydroacoustic evaluation of juvenile salmon passage at Cowlitz Falls Dam in 1996 . Report prepared for Harza Northwest , Inc. by Hydroacoutic Technology , Inc. No
Amaral, S.V. , Winchell , F.C. and Pearsons , T.N. , 1998. Evaluation of behavioral technologies for diverting chinook salmon smolt at the Roza Dam screening facility. No
Bernier, K . , 1998. 1997 Report on the effectiveness of the permanent downstream passage system for Atlantic salmon at Weldon Dam . Submitted to the Atlantic Sea Run Salmon Commission. No
Bernier, K. and Brown , R.. , 1997 . The use of an aquatic guidance strobe lighting system to enhance the safe bypass of Atlantic salmon smolts . Presented at the American Fisheries Society 1997 Annual Meeting. No
BPA (Bonneville Power Administration). 1994. Columbia River System Operation Review Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix C-1 Anadromous Fish. DOE/EIS-0170, DOE/BP-2400. Portland, Oregon. No
Cada, G.F., C. C. Coutant, and R. R. Whitney. 1997. Development of biological criteria for the design of advanced hydropower turbines. DOE/ID-10578. U.S. Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office, Idaho Falls, Idaho. No
Coutant, C. C. 1998. Turbulent attraction flows for juvenile salmonid passage at dams. ORNL /TM Report No. 13608. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. No
CRITFC (Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission). 1995. Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit Spirit of the Salmon. Portland, Oregon. No
Easterbrooks, J., verbal 1998. Fish Screening Program Manager, Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife. No
GAIA Northwest, Inc.. 1994. Cowlitz Falls Project Fisheries Management Plan: Anadromous Reintroduction Program. Prepared for Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Independent Scientific Group. 1996. Return to the River. Review Draft. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Johnson, G. E., A. E. Giorgi, and M. H. Erho, Jr. 1997. Critical assessment of surface flow bypass development in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. Completion Report. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland and Walla Walla districts, Portland, Oregon No
Johnson , P.N., Goetz, F.A. and Ploskey , G.R., 1998. The effectiveness of strobe lights for vertically displacing juvenile salmon out of flow entering a 4.3 X 4.9m filling intake at Hiram M. Chittenden Locks, Seattle. No
Maiolie , M. , verbal 1997/1998 . Principal Fishery Research Biologist, Idaho Department of Fish & Game. No
Mueller, R.P. , verbal 1998. Technical Specialist , Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. No
Mighetto, L., and W. J. Ebel. 1995. Saving the salmon: the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ efforts to protect anadromous fish on the Columbia and Snake rivers. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, North Pacific Division, Portland, Oregon. No
Nemeth , R. S. , 1989. The photobehavioral responses of juvenile chinook and coho salmon to strobe and mercury lights. University of Washington , Master’s thesis . No
Nemeth, R. S. and Anderson, J. J., 1992 . Response of juvenile coho and chinook salmon to strobe and mercury lights. North American Journal of Fisheries Management , 12:684 -692. No
NMFS, 1996. Coastal salmon conservation: working guidance for comprehensive salmon restoration initiatives in the Pacific Coast. National Marine Fisheries Service. Seattle, WA. No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1995a. Endangered Species Act - Section 7 Consultation. Biological Opinion. Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington. No
NMFS. 1995b. Proposed Recovery Plan for Snake River Salmon. National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington. No
NRC (National Research Council). 1996. Upstream. Salmon and Society in the Pacific Northwest. National Research Council Press, Washington, DC. No
NPPC (Northwest Power Planning Council). 1994. Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Portland, Oregon. No
OTA (Congress of the United States, Office of Technology Assessment). 1995. Fish Passage Technologies: Protection at Hydropower Facilities. OTA-ENV-641 (Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office). No
Pevan, C. M., T. R. Mosey, and K. B. Truscott. 1996. Biological evaluation of the Rocky Reach surface collector 1996. Chelan County Public Utility District, Wenatchee, Washington. No
Ploskey, G. R. , Johnson , P. N. and Burczyniski , M. G. , 1998. Effectiveness of strobe lights, infrasound devices , and a sound transducer for eliciting avoidance by juvenile salmonids. No
Quistorff, E. 1966. Floating salmonid smolt collectors at Baker River dams. Fishery Research Papers, Washington Department of Fisheries 2(4):39-52. No
Rainey , S. , 1997. “ Opportunity for Discovery “: An important tool for assessment of surface collection technology potential for improving juvenile salmon passage at Columbia River dams. Presented at the Electric Power Research Institute’s Fish Passage No
Rainey, S. 1997b. “Opportunity for discovery”: an important tool for assessment of surface collection technology potential for improving juvenile salmon passage at Columbia River dams. Proceedings, Fish Passage Workshop, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. May 6-8, 1 No
Rondorf, DE.,1998. Behavior of juvenile salmonids at Cowlitz Falls dam, Washington. Preliminary data summary report for 1998. US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Cook Washington. No
Stockley, C. 1959. Merwin Dam downstream migrant bypass trap experiments for 1957. Unnumbered report. Washington Department of Fisheries, Olympia, Washington. No
Truebe, J.P., and E.P. Truebe. In press. Case Studies Analyzing Surface Bypass Success by Using Technology to Measure the Environment and Fish Responses. Proceedings, Symposium on Fish Passage, American Fisheries Society 127th Annual Meeting (Montery, C No
WDFW, 1994. Cowlitz Falls Fishery Management Plan. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. No
WDFW 1996. Cowlitz Falls Anadromous Reintroduction Plan. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. No
WDFW, 1998. Lower Columbia River Stock Conservation Initiative. March 1998 Draft. No
Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission, 1997. Resolution of the Washinton Fish and Wildlife Commission adopting policies to sustain and rebuild wild salmonid stocks. December 5, 1997. No
Wayne, W. W. 1961. Fish handling facilities for Baker River Project. Journal of the Power Division, Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers 87:23-54. No
Whitney, R. R., L. D. Calvin, M. W. Erho, Jr., and C.. C. Coutant. 1997. Downstream passage for salmon at hydroelectric projects in the Columbia River basin: Development, installation, and evaluation. Report No. 97-15, Northwest Power Planning Council, No

Section 7. Abstract


We propose to test and measure the efficacy of guidance flows and strobe lights to increase Fish Collection Efficiency (FCE) and Fish Guidance Efficiency(FGE) for steelhead, coho, and spring chinook smolts at the Surface Bypass Collection system at the Cowlitz Falls Dam. We will test the hypotheses that 1) guidance flows will increase guidance and collection efficiencies, 2) that strobe lights will deter passage through the induction slots and coupled with guidance flows, increase FCE and FGE. Past and current research clearly show that strobe lights can be an effective behavioral guidance tool. Coutant (1998) suggests that the addition of directed flows may provide smolts cues that would enhance guidance and acceptance of SBC pathways. The combination of guidance flows and strobe lights offers a potential tool to enhance FCE and FGE for migrant juvenile salmonids. Radio tagging, flume netting, and SBC collection in the fish facility will provide the tools to measure the response and behavior of the juvenile salmonids to guidance flows and strobe lights. The experimental study design will utilize on/off blocks of time throughout the primary migration periods for each species. The results could serve as a model for enhancing FCE and FGE of other bypass and SBC systems in operation in the Columbia Basin and may offer managers an efficient and cost effective tool.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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