Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20124

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate An Experimental Re-Introduction of Sockeye Salmon Into Skaha Lake
BPA Project Proposal Number 20124
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Colville Confederated Tribes
Business acronym (if appropriate) CCT

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Chris Fisher
Mailing Address Omak Community Center, P.O. Box 862
City, State, Zip Omak, WA 98841
Phone 5094227427
Fax 5094227428
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Cascade
Subbasin Okanogan
Short Description Evaluation of an experimental re-introduction of sockeye salmon into Skaha Lake in the Okanagan River Basin. Assess risks and benefits, formulate hypotheses, develop an experimental design and analytical tools.
Target Species Sockeye salmon

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 2.2G, 2.2H, 3.2C, 3.2F, 4.1A, 4.2A, 7.1A, 7.1C
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References Integrated System Plan for Salmon and Steelhead Production in the Columbia River Basin (CBFWA 1991, p. 315 Action 10)

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Disease risk assessment a. Compare the disease and infection status of fish above and below the dams
1. b. Determine if there are environmental conditions specific to the lakes in question that would either put fish at extraordinary risk for developing disease or that would maintain introduced infectious agents
1. c. Assess the opportunity for re-introduced fish to interact with susceptible resident fish or to extend the distribution of important pathogens
2. Exotic species re-introduction risk assessment a. Review available fish inventory information in the Okanagan river system below Skaha lake, and in Skaha and the southern portion of Okanagan lake
2. b. Inventory exotic fish species and habitat use in each of these two areas
2. c. Complete a literature review on habitat requirements for exotic species of concern (i.e. species identified in tasks a and b as being present in the Okanagan sytem below Skaha lake but not in Skaha or Okanagan lakes)
2. d. Assess the availability of suitable habitat for species of concern in Skaha and Okanagan lakes
2. e. Compile the information from tasks a-d to complete an assessment of the risk of exotic species introduction to Skaha and Okanagan lakes.
3. Inventory existing habitat and opportunities for habitat enhancement a. Review of literature for evidence of beach-stream spawning plasticity in sockeye salmon populations and to determine attributes of sockeye spawning and incubation habitat
3. b. Identification of potential areas of beach-spawning habitat in Skaha Lake
3. c. Assessment of potential areas of beach-spawning habitat in Skaha Lake
3. d. Field inventory of potential sockeye spawning/incubation habitat in the Okanagan River between Okanagan and Skaha Lakes and Okanagan River and Skaha Lake tributaries
3. e. Identification of opportunities for sockeye habitat enhancement and development (e.g. spawning channels, lower tributary spawning gravel placement, etc.) and preliminary engineering feasibility assessments
4. Develop life-cycle model of Okanagan salmonids, including interactions with resident kokanee a. Literature review to compile information on life-cycle of Okanagan salmonids
4. b. Design document that describes general structure and assumptions of a life-cycle model
4. c. Multi-agency workshop to review model structure and assumptions
4. d. Develop model
4. e. Develop user interface
4. f. Documentation
5. Develop experimental design a. Multi-agency workshop to review existing information and formulate hypotheses about potential effects of experimental reintroduction on sockeye salmon and resident species.
5. b. Survey/compile baseline data to test hypotheses (including assessment of Wenatchee stock as quasi-control)
5. c. Design alternative implementation designs and monitoring programs to collect data
5. d. Test alternative designs and monitoring programs in context of entire life-cycle using life-cycle model (developed in Objective 4)
6. Finalize plan for experimental re-introduction of sockeye salmon into Skaha Lake and associated monitoring programs a. Multi-agency workshop to: review results of Objectives 1-5 and develop experimental management plan; develop workplan for obtaining necessary approvals and additional funding
6. b. Obtain necessary funding / approval for implementation of plan
6. c. Multi-agency workshop to review progress on obtaining approval/funding; finalize plans for experimental re-introduction

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 11/01/99 01/01/02 45.0%
2 11/01/99 01/01/02 23.0%
3 11/01/99 07/01/02 10.0%
4 11/01/99 10/01/00 22.0%
5 11/01/00 10/01/01 0.0%
6 11/01/01 10/01/02 0.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel Project management / Contract administration $ 16,000
Fringe $ 0
Supplies $ 0
Capital Boat, electrofishing equipment, and other fishing equipment $ 27,000
Travel Workshop expenses $ 15,000
Subcontractor Obj. 4 - Life-cycle model (ESSA Technologies Ltd.) $ 41,000
Subcontractor Obj. 3 - Habitat inventory (contractor to be determined) $ 13,200
Subcontractor Obj. 1-Disease risk assessment (Craig Stephens) $ 77,000
Subcontractor Obj. 2 - Exotic species risk assessment (contractor to be determined) $ 30,250
Total Itemized Budget $219,450

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $219,450
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $219,450
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans Spawning estimates, information on sockeye-kokanee interactions $ 26,000 unknown
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fisheries Commission Age and stock composition sampling of Columbia R. sockeye at Bonneville Dam $ 40,000 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002
All Phases $223,000 $135,000
Total Outyear Budgets $223,000 $135,000

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority, 1991. Integrated System Plan for Salmon and Steelhead Production in the Columbia River Basin. June 1, 1991. No
Sustainable Fisheries Foundation. 1998. Toward Ecosystem-based Management in the Upper Columbia River Basin: Workshop Summary Report. Preliminary Draft, October 1998. No
Fryer, J.K. 1995. Columbia Basin sockeye salmon: Causes of their past decline, factors contributing to their present low abundance, and the future outlook. Ph.D. thesis. University of Washington. 274 pp. No
United States Army Corps of Engineers. 1998. Annual fish passage report for 1998. Portland and Walla Walla Districts. No
Gustafson, R.G., T.C. Wainwright, G.A. Winans, F.W. Waknitz, L.T. Parker, and R.S. Waples. 1997. Status review of sockeye salmon from Washington and Oregon. U.S. Dept. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NWFSC-33, 282 pp. No
Nehlson, W., J.E Williams, and J.A. Lichatowich. 1991. Pacific salmon at the crossroads: Stocks at risk from California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington. Fisheries 16(2):4-21. No
Washington Department of Fisheries, Washington Department of Wildlife, and Western Washington Treaty Indian Tribes. 1993. 1992 Washington State salmon and steelhead stock inventory. Wash. Dep. Fish Wildl., Olympia, WA, 212 pp. plus 5 regional volumes. No
Peters. C.N., D.P. Bernard and D.R. Marmorek. 1998. Should sockeye be re-introduced to Okanagan Lake? An exploration of potential benefits, impacts and uncertainties. ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, B.C., 50 pp. No
Korman, J., T.M. Webb, and E. Parkinson. 1993. User's guide to the B.C. large lakes kokanee model: Version 2.0. Vancouver, B.C., 70 pp. No
Green, R. H. 1979. Sampling design and statistical methods for environmental biologists, John Wiley & Sons, Toronto. No
Schmitt, R. J., and C. W. Osenberg. 1996. Detecting Ecological Impacts: concepts and applications in coastal habitats. , Academic Press, Toronto, 401. No
Skalski, J. R., and D. H. McKenzie. 1982. A design for aquatic monitoring programs. Journal of Environmental Management, 14, 237-251. No
Stewart-Oaten, A., W. M. Murdoch, and K. R. Parker. 1986. Environmental impact assessment:"Pseudoreplication" in time? Ecology, 67(4), 929-940. No
Sainsbury, K. J. 1991. Application of an experimental approach to management of a tropical multispecies fishery with highly uncertain dynamics. ICES mar. Sci. Symp., 193, 301-320. No
Keeley, E. R., and C. J. Walters. 1994. The B.C. watershed restoration program: summary of the experimental design, monitoring, and restoration techniques workshop. 1, B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, and Ministry of Forests, Vancouver B.C. No
McAllister, M. K., and R. M. Peterman. 1992. Decision analysis of a large-scale fishing experiment designed to test for a genetic effect of size-selective fishing on British Columbia pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). CJFAS 49: 1305-1314. No
Walters, C. 1994. Use of gaming procedures in evaluation of management experiments. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 51, 2705-2714. No
Walters, C. J., and R. Green. 1997. Valuation of experimental management options for ecological systems. Journal of Wildlife Management, 61(4), 987-1006. No
Gilbert, R. O. 1987. Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring, Von Nostrand Reinhold, New York. No
Hurlbert, S. H. 1984. Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs, 54(2), 187-211. No
Hairston , N. G. 1989. Ecological experiments: purpose, design, and execution, Cambridge University Press, New York. No
Hall, J. D., M. L. Murphy, and R. S. Aho. 1978. An improved design for assessing impacts of watershed practices on small streams. International Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 20, 1359-1365. No
Walters, C. J., J. S. Collie, and T. Webb. 1988. Experimental designs for estimating transient responses to management disturbances. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 45, 530-538. No
Mellina, E., and S. G. Hinch. 1997. Overview of large-scale ecological experimental designs and recommendations for the British Columbia Watershed Restoration Program. 1, Watershed Restoration Program, Vancouver, B.C. No
Anderson, J. L. 1998. Errors of Inference. In V. Sit and B. Taylor, (eds.), Statistical Methods for Adaptive Management Studies, Land Management Handbook 42, Ministry of Forests Research Program, pp. 69-87. No

Section 7. Abstract


Historical records indicate that sockeye salmon were once found in most of the lakes in the Okanagan Basin. Currently, the only sockeye population within the Okanagan Basin is found in Osoyoos Lake. Abundance of this stock has declined significantly in the last fifty years. Tribes and First Nations in the U.S. and Canada have proposed re-introducing the species into Okanagan Lake, which has a large rearing capacity. However, assessing the potential benefits and risks associated with a re-introduction of sockeye salmon into Okanagan Lake is difficult because of uncertainties about factors that determine production of Okanagan sockeye, and potential interactions with other species in Okanagan Lake. A recent workshop to discuss these issues recommended that sockeye be re-introduced to Skaha Lake as an experimental management strategy to resolve some of these uncertainties. The purpose of this proposal is to assess the risks and benefits of an experimental re-introduction of sockeye salmon into Skaha Lake. The assessment will be accomplished through comprehensive assessments of disease and other potential risks, development of quantitative modeling tools, and an evaluation of the potential learning benefits of this action. These elements will be integrated into an overall experimental management plan through a cooperative multi-agency process that involves U.S. and Canadian agencies. The information contained in this plan, as well as the information gathered from the re-introduction itself, will support future decisions on rebuilding strategies for this stock and for other sockeye stocks in the Columbia basin.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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