Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20141

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Recondition Wild Steelhead Kelts
BPA Project Proposal Number 20141
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission
Business acronym (if appropriate) CRITFC

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Allen F. Evans
Mailing Address 729 NE Oregon, suite 200
City, State, Zip Portland, OR 97232
Phone 5032380667
Fax 5032354228
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Yakima
Short Description Test various methods to recondition wild steelhead kelts to help increase the contribution of repeat spawners to rebuilding depleted populations. Methods developed in this study could be used basin wide to help reduce kelt passage mortality .
Target Species Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.1A, 7.0A.1, 7.1B.2, 7.1C.3, 7.2C,7.4, and 7.4K
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: XII.2.b. (terms and conditions to reduce adult mortality), NMFS 1998 Supplemental Biological Opinion.
Other Planning Document References Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Identify kelts a. Evaluate ultrasound and morphological identification techniques to distinguish pre- and post-spawned steelhead.
1. b. Locate facilities that have access to kelts in the Columbia and Snake rivers.
2. Recondition kelts a. Identify and collect kelts at Prosser Dam (Yakima River) bypass.
2. b. Test Scenario 1: Immediately transport collected kelts and release them below Bonneville Dam.
2. c. Test Scenario 2: Perform short-term reconditioning and release kelts below Bonneville Dam.
2. d. Test Scenario 3: Perform long-term reconditioning and captive spawning.
2. e. Test Scenario 4: Perform long-term reconditioning and release to spawn naturally.
3. Monitor and evaluate kelt reconditioning a. PIT tag (134.2 kHz) all experimental fish before transportation and/or reconditioning.
3. b. Monitor returning test fish in the Yakima River.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 03/01/00 07/01/00 Identify female and male kelts with 99% and 95% accuracy, respectively. Identify sites above Bonneville Dam where kelts can be collected. 60.0%
2 07/01/00 05/01/02 Survival of kelts and release in good condition.. 30.0%
3 06/01/00 04/01/03 Return of experimental fish to Yakima River (Prosser Dam). 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 24,780
Fringe $ 7,806
Supplies No indirect charged to non-expendable property (17,500 ultrasound) $ 8,150
Operating $ 6,105
PIT tags 150 $ 435
Travel $ 7,234
Indirect $ 18,180
Subcontractor OSU $ 7,562
Total Itemized Budget $ 80,252

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 80,252
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 80,252
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $ 70,000 $ 70,000 $ 18,000 $ 20,000
Total Outyear Budgets $ 70,000 $ 70,000 $ 18,000 $ 20,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: None foreseeable

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Bruce, R., A. Ward, and A. Slaney. 1990. Returns of pen-reared steelhead from riverine, estuarine and marine releases. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 119:492-499. No
Caudle, A. 1998. Use of ultrasound to identify the sex of Columbia River chinook salmon. (Draft report available from the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission) Portland, OR. No
Crim, L.W., C.E. Wilson, Y.P. So, and D.R. Idler. 1992. Feeding, Reconditioning, and Rematuration Responses of Captive Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Kelts. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 1835 – 1842. No
Foster, J.R., and C.B. Schom. 1989. Imprinting and homing of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) kelts. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 46:714 -719. No
Gauthier, D., L. Desjardins, J.A. Robitaile, and Y. Vigneault. 1989. River spawning of artificailly reconditioned Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 46:824-826. No
Hasler, A.D, A.T. Scholz, R.M. Horrall. 1978. Olfactory imprinting and homing in salmon. American Scientist 66 (3), 347-355. No
Johnston, C.E., R.W., Gray, A. McLennan, and A. Paterson. 1987. Effects of photo., temp., and diet on the reconditioning response, blood chem., and maturation of Atlantic salmon kelts (Salmo salar) held in freshwater. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci 44:702-711 No
Kato, F. 1991. Pacific Salmon Life Histories- edited by Groot and Margolis. Universtiy of British Coumbia Press. Vancouver, BC. No
Leider, S.A. 1985. Precise timing of upstream migrations by repeat steelhead spawners. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 114:906–908. No
Leider, S.A., M.W. Chilcote, and J.J. Loch. 1986. Comparative life history of hatchery and wild steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) of summer and winter races in the Kalama River, Washington. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43:1398–1409 No
Moffett, I.J., G.J.A. Kennedy, and W.W. Crozier. 1996. Freshwater reconditioning and ranching of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., kelts: growth and reproductive performance. Fisheries Management and Ecology. 3: 35-44. No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1996. Status review of west coast steelhead from Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and California. Seattle, WA. No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1997. Endangered and threatened species: Listing of several evolutionary significant units (ESUs) of west coast steelhead. Final rule. Federal Register 62 (159):43937-43940 No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1998. Supplemental Biological Opinion. NMFS Northwest Region. Seattle, WA. No
NPPC (Northwest Power Planning Council). 1986. Compilation of information on salmon and steelhead losses in the Columbia River Basin. Portland, Oregon. No
NPPC (Northwest Power Planning Council). 1995. 1994 Columbia River Fish and Wildlife Program (revised 1995). Portland, Oregon. No
Poole, W.R., M.G. Dillane., and K.F. Whelan. 1994. Artificial reconditioning of wild sea trout, Salmo trutta L., as an enhancement option: initial results on growth and spawning success. Fish. Mgmt Ecol. 1(3):179-192. No
SSR (Stock Summary Reports). 1992. Stock summary report for Columbia River anadromous salmonids. Vol. IV: Above McNary. (available from the Bonneville Power Administration). Portland, OR. No
TRP (Tribal Restoration Plan). 1995. Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: The Columbia River anadromous fish restoration plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs, and Yakama tribes. Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, Portland, OR No
U.S. v. Oregon. 1997. 1996 all species review, Columbia River fish management plan. Technical Advisory Committee. Portland, OR. No
Wingfield, W. 1976. Holding summer steelhead adults over to spawn second year. 27th Northwest Fish Culture Conference. Twin Falls, ID. No
Whitt, Charles R. 1954. The Age, Growth, and Migration of Steelhead Trout in the Clearwater River, Idaho. Thesis submitted to the University of Idaho Graduate School No
Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. No

Section 7. Abstract


Wild steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) kelts that enter the juvenile collection systems at mainstem and tributary dams are now being returned to the river, where they are believed to die. If treated and nurtured (i.e., reconditioned) to spawn again, these kelts could help rebuild wild populations and maintain the iteroparity that is now being selected out of upriver stocks by high cumulative mainstem passage mortalities. Such reconditioning has succeeded elsewhere with steelhead and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). In year 1 we will validate ultrasound and visual methods to discriminate kelts from prespawners, and we will identify other sites where wild kelts could be collected. In years 1-3 we will collect 150-200 wild Yakama R. steelhead kelts at Prosser Dam and test reconditioning under four scenarios: 1) immediate transportation and release below Bonneville Dam, 2) short-term reconditioning and release below Bonneville Dam, 3) long-term reconditioning and spawning in captivity, 4) long-term reconditioning and release below Prosser Dam to spawn naturally during the ensuing spawning season. In years 1-4, we will monitor post-release survival and returns for scenarios 1, 2, and 4 using PIT tags and detectors at Prosser Dam. The Yakama Indian Nation (YIN) will contribute technician time, equipment, and facilities at Prosser Dam and at Cle Elum Hatchery; OSU will provide expertise in reproductive physiology and will help develop therapeutic regimes. Reproductive benefits and production-scale costs will be estimated for each scenario to help evaluate its feasibility for a long-term reconditioning program.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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