Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20143

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Monitor Symptoms of Gas Bubble Trauma in Adult Salmonids
BPA Project Proposal Number 20143
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission
Business acronym (if appropriate) CRITFC

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Tom Backman
Mailing Address 729 NE Oregon, Suite 200
City, State, Zip Portland, OR 97232
Phone 5032380667
Fax 5032354228
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Monitor the frequency and severity of gas bubble trauma symptoms in adult salmonids migrating in the mainstem Columbia River.
Target Species Oncorhynchus mykiss Oncorhynchus nerka Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.6E.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: IV.A.2.d, NMFS Biological Opinion -Endangered Species Act - Section 7 Consultation
Other Planning Document References 5B-29 Volume 1 of Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit, CBFWA Total Dissolved Gas Supersaturation Research Plan, ISAB Report 98-8, DGT Dissolved Gas Research Plan

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

n/a or no information

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8401400 Smolt Monitoring at Federal Dams Project 8401400 proposes to examine juvenile fish while we propose to examine adult fish for GBT - in conjunction, the two projects complete mainstem salmonid life cycle examinations No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Monitor the frequency and severity of GBT in adult salmonids a. Conduct sampling at the Bonneville Dam Fisheries and Engineering Research Laboratory
1. b. Conduct sampling at Three-Mile Dam (Umatilla River)
1. c. Conduct sampling at tribal ceremonial and subsistence sites
1. d. Analyze results for weekly and annual reports

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 02/01/00 10/01/00 Data on the incidence and severity of GBT in adult salmonids Provide data to water quality agencies that issue TDGS waiver - Waiver is reviewed and granted on an annual basis. 100.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 59,560
Fringe $ 11,447
Supplies $ 1,410
Operating $ 4,470
Travel $ 4,938
Indirect $ 30,930
Total Itemized Budget $112,755

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $112,755
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $112,755
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $118,393 $124,312 $130,527 $137,053
Total Outyear Budgets $118,393 $124,312 $130,527 $137,053

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Project depends on Total Dissolved Gas Supersaturation Waivers.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Backman W.H., A.F. Evans, and M.A. Hawbecker. 1998. Symptoms of Gas Bubble Trauma induced in salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) by total dissolved gas supersaturation of the Snake and Columbia Rivers, USA. 1997 Annual Report. 95BI39861, BPA. Portland, OR. No
Beiningen, K.T., and W.J. Ebel. 1970. Effect of John Day Dam on dissolved nitrogen concentrations and salmon in the Columbia River, 1968. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 99 (4): 664-671. No
Blahm, T.H., R.J. McConnell, and G.R. Synder. 1976. Gas supersaturation research, National Marine Fisheries Service, Prescott Facility - 1971-1974. Proceedings of Gas Bubble Disease Workshop. U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Information Service No
CBFWA (Columbia Bsin Fish and Wildlife Authority). 1998. Total Dissolved Gas Supersaturation Research Plan. CBFWA, Portland, OR. No
CRITFC (Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission). 1995. Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: The Columbia River anadromous fish restoration plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs, and Yakama tribes. CRITFC, Portland, OR. No
Dawley, E.M. 1986. Effects of 1985-86 levels of dissolved gas on salmonids in the Columbia River. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW-57-85F-0623, 31p. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Blvd. E., Seattle, No
Dell, M.B., M.W. Erho, and B.D. Leman. 1974. Occurrence of gas bubble disease symptoms on fish in mid-Columbia River reservoirs, 49 p. (Available from Public Utility District of Grant County, P.O. Box 878, Ephrata, WA 98823.) No
DGT (Dissolved Gas Team). 1998. Dissolved Gas Research Plan. Report to the Implementation Team as requested by the Independent Scientific Advisory Board. Available from National Marine Fisheries Service. Seattle, Washington. No
Ebel, W.J. 1969. Supersaturation of nitrogen concentrations in the Columbia and its effects on salmon and steelhead trout. U.S. Fish Wildlife Service, Fishery Bulletin. 68:1-11. No
Ebel, W.J. 1971. Dissolved nitrogen concentrations in the Columbia and Snake Rivers in 1970 and their effect on chinook salmon and steelhead trout. NOAA Tech. Rep. National Marine Fisheries Service, SSRF-646, 7p. No
Ebel, W.J., H.L. Raymond, G.E. Monan, W.E. Farr, and G. K. Tononaka. 1975. Effects of atmospheric gas supersaturation caused by dams on salmon and steelhead trout of the Snake and Columbia Rivers. 111 p. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, No
Ebel W.J. and H.L. Raymond. 1976. Effect of atmospheric gas supersaturation on salmon and steelhead trout of the Snake and Columbia Rivers. Marine Fisheries Review. 38(7):1-14. No
ISAB (Independent Scientific Advisory Board). 1998. Review of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Capital Construction Program. Part II: Dissolved Gas Abatement Program. ISAB Report 98-8 for the NPPC and NMFS. Seattle, Washington. No
Lutz, Donna S. 1995. Gas supersaturation and Gas Bubble Trauma in Fish Downstream from a Midwestern Reservoir. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 124: 423-436. No
Marking, L.L. 1988. Gas supersaturation in Fisheries: Causes, Concerns, and Cures. U.S. FishAnd Wildlife Service, Fish and Wildlife Leaflet 9, p. 16. No
Meekin, T. K., and R. L. Allen 1974. Nitrogen saturation levels in the mid-Columbia River, 1965-1971. Washington Department of Fisheries.,Technical Report. 12, p. 32-77. No
Meekin, T.K., and B.K. Turner. 1974. Tolerance of salmonid eggs, juveniles and squawfish to supersaturated nitrogen. Washington Department of Fisheries., Technical Report. 12, p. 78-126 No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1995. Endangered Species Act – Section 7 Consultation. Biological Opinion. NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Region, Seattle, Washington. No
NPPC (Northwest Power Planning Council). 1995. 1994 Columbia River Fish and Wildlife Program (revised 1995). Portland, Oregon. No
Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran, 1980. Statistical Methods (7th edition). Iowa State University Press. Ames, IA. No
Weitkamp, D. E. 1974. Snake River 1973, dissolved gas studies. Report to Idaho Power Company, Boise, ID, 81 p. (Available from Idaho Power Co., P.O. Box 70, Boise, ID 83707.) No
Weitkamp, D.E. 1976. Dissolved gas supersaturation: live cage bioassays at Rock Island Dam, Washington. Proceedings of Gas Bubble Disease Workshop. U.S. Department of Commerce,Technology Information Service. CONF-741033, p. 24-36. No
Weitkamp, D.E. and M. Katz. 1975. Resource and literature review, dissolved gas supersaturation and gas bubble disease, 1975. Environmental. Services. Section, 4122 Stone Way N. Seattle, WA, Report to Northwest Utility Cooperative. (Idaho Power) No
Weitkamp, D.E. 1977. Gas Bubble Disease of Resident Fish and Juvenile Salmonids in the Columbia River System. Ph.D. Dissertation for the University of Washington,Seattle, WA. No

Section 7. Abstract


Columbia River salmon restoration plans have recommended the implementation of a spill program at the federal hydroelectric projects designed to achieve an >80% fish passage efficiency (FPE) objective. To accomplish this goal, total dissolved gas supersaturation (TDGS) levels often exceed the established state and federal water quality criteria. Prolonged exposure of fish to TDGS can cause a potentially lethal condition referred to as gas bubble trauma (GBT). To address this concern, an annual GBT monitoring effort has been initiated for juvenile fish. At the same time juvenile fish are migrating towards the ocean, adult chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) sockeye (O. nerka), and steelhead (O.mykiss) are migrating past dams to their spawning grounds. Supersaturation levels, therefore, are a concern for adult salmon as well as juvenile salmon. Thus, an annual GBT monitoring program is needed for adult salmonids in the Columbia River to ensure that the benefits of managed spill, for improved juvenile FPE, are not having a negative impact on adult migrants. Based on methods developed and reviewed in a prior research/monitoring effort, we propose to continue examining adult salmonids for symptoms of GBT at Bonneville Dam, Three-Mile Dam and at various tribal plat-form fishing sites throughout the Columbia River. We propose to continue monitoring adult salmonids for GBT symptoms as long as it is required and/or needed by water quality agencies. Such monitoring will provide consistent, real-time information on the incidence and severity of GBT in adult salmonids and can be used to assess the biological impact of spill in the mainstem Columbia River.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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