Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20541

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Studies (Umbrella Proposal)
BPA Project Proposal Number 20541
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Nez Perce Tribe, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey-Biological Resources Division, National Marine Fisheries Service
Business acronym (if appropriate) NPT/USFWS/USGS
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Stephen J. Rocklage
Mailing Address 3404 Highway 12
City, State, Zip Orofino, ID 83544
Phone 2084763626
Fax 2084760719
E-mail stever@nezperce.org
 
Manager of program authorizing this project
 
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Snake Lower
 
Short Description Implement Tribal and Federal Snake River fall chinook recovery plans by assessment and M&E of attributes and survival of natural juveniles, Lyons Ferry Hatchery yearlings and subyearlings, and returning adult Snake River fall chinook.
Target Species Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 9102900: 7.5B.3, 7.3B.5 9302900: 5.0F, 5.8A.8 9403400: 7.3B.2, 7.4B.1, 7.5B.1, 7.5B.3 9801003: 7.3B.2 9801004: 7.0A, 7.3B.2, 7.5B.1 9801005: 7.3B, 7.3B.7, 7.4F, 7.5B
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: 9102900: NMFS BO RPA 13f, NMFS Consult. #0682 9302900: NMFS BO RPA 13f 9403400: Section 10, Permit 1134 9801003: 9801004: NMFS BO 1995-1998 Hatchery Ops. in the Col. R. Basin, Sec. X. 9801005: See subproposal.
Other Planning Document References Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kush-Wi (CRITFC 1995): 1) Artificial Production Actions for the Snake River Mainstem Action 8. 2) Draft Plan (June 1995). Pages 3-20, 5B-25. 3) Volume 2. Page 97-99, 108-110. Snake River Salmon Recovery Plan: Ch. V, Sec. 4: p V-4-15; pV-4-22; p V-4-40; p V-4-42 4.7.d; p V-4-43 4.8. NMFS RP 2.1.d.3 Clearwater Subbasin Plan: p. 115


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
See individual subproposals


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8335000 Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery Hatchery supplementation program to assist in the recovery of fall chinook in the Clearwater R. Subbasin. No
9406900 A Spawning Habitat Model to Aid Recovery Plans for Snake River Fall Chinook Investigates interactions influencing Columbia and Snake River spawning site selection to predict spawning habitat and improved production estimates for Snake River fall chinook. No
9401806 Enhance Habitat for Spring & Fall Chinook, Summer Steelhead, and Bull Trout Restore, protect, and enhance fish habitat, riparian, and upland areas along the Tucannon River, a tributary of the Lower Snake River. No
9401807 Enhance Habitat for Fall Chinook, Steelhead, and Bull Trout Enhance fish habitat along Pataha Creek, a tributary of the Tucannon (and Snake) River. No
9603301 Supplement and Enhance the Two Existing Stocks of Yakima River Fall Chinook Tests new supplementation techniques to increase natural production while maintaining genetic fitness to provide critical knowledge to resource managers throughout the Columbia River Basin. No
8805301 Northeast Oregon Hatchery Will provide hatchery supplementation program to assist in the recovery of fall chinook in the Grande Ronde and Imnaha sub-basins. No
9801005 Pittsburg Ldg., Capt. John Rapid, & Big Canyon Fall Chinook Acclimation Fac Yes
9801004 M&E of Yearling Snake R. Fall Chinook Released Upstream of L. Granite Dam Yes
9801003 Monitor and Evaluate Spawning Distribution of Snake R. Fall Chinook Salmon Yes
9403400 Assessing Summer and Fall Chinook Restoration in the Snake River Basin Yes
9302900 Survival Estimates for Passage of Juv. Salmonids Through Dams and Reservoir Yes
20541 Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Studies Yes
20149 Develop Research Priorities For Fall Chinook In The Columbia River Basin Yes
9102900 Life History and Survival of Fall Chinook Salmon in the Columbia R. Basin Yes


Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Supplement natural populations of Snake River fall chinook salmon with fish from Lyons Ferry Hatchery. A. Transport 150,000 yearling fall chinook salmon from Lyons Ferry Hatchery to each of the following three acclimation facilities: Pittsburg Landing and Captain John on the Snake River, and Big Canyon on the Clearwater River, on or about March 1.
1. B. Release fish at 10 fish/lb. after six weeks of acclimation on or about April 15.
1. C. To mimic the natural life history of fall chinook salmon, acclimate and release subyearlings at Snake and Clearwater river acclimation facilities as recommended by fishery managers and the M&E group
2. Describe the rearing and early life history of natural and hatchery juvenile fall chinook salmon. A. Capture and PIT tag natural and hatchery fall chinook to determine emergence timing, growth, subyearling holdover, emigration timing and movement patterns, and stock structure in the Snake River basin.
2. B. Conduct rearing habitat surveys throughout the Snake River basin.
2. C. Conduct weekly fish health assessments of 100 fish/week and document fish size and condition at each yearling acclimation facility.
3. Describe the migratory behavior of hatchery yearling and natural subyearling fall chinook salmon. a. Release radio-tagged/PIT-tagged yearling fall chinook salmon at the Big Canyon acclimation facility and use mobile and fixed-site telemetry to track fish through the Clearwater River and Lower Granite Reservoir.
3. b. Release natural subyearling fall chinook salmon at Lower Granite Dam that have been tagged with temperature-sensitive radio tags, and use mobile and fixed-site telemetry to track fish through Little Goose Reservoir.
3. c. Analyze data collected in Tasks a and b to determine migration rates, thermal exposure histories, and identify where migrational delays are occurring.
4. Estimate smolt survival and identify factors affecting survival of hatchery and natural fall chinook salmon through free-flowing reaches and lower Snake River reservoirs. a. Capture, PIT tag, and release natural and hatchery fall chinook at various locations in free-flowing rivers and reservoirs in the Snake River basin. PIT tag and release 10,000 yearlings at each acclimation facility.
4. b. Compile PIT tag interrogation data from the PTAGIS database for use in survival estimation. Estimate survival of release groups using the SURPH model (Smith et al. 1994).
4. c. Use correlation and multivariate analyses to examine relations between survival and emergence timing, growth, fish size, temperature, flow, migration timing, and rearing habitats.
5. Document the distribution of hatchery and natural fall chinook salmon redds, and describe migratory behavior of adults in the Snake River basin. a. Conduct spawning surveys by helicopter and underwater video from October through December to determine fall chinook redd locations and numbers, spawn timing, and post-spawn carcass locations in the Snake River basin.
5. b. Collect tags and biological information from post-spawning fall chinook carcasses (length, percent spawned, scales, genetic tissue samples).
5. c. Use radio telemetry to describe the spawning distribution and migratory behavior of both supplemented hatchery and natural adult fall chinook salmon.
6. Determine adult escapement, smolt-to-adult survival, and spawning success of hatchery fall chinook salmon released for supplementation. a.
6. b. Calculate the smolt-to-adult survival of hatchery fish based on recovery of tags and passage of hatchery adults past Lower Granite Dam.
6. c. Enumerate the number of hatchery-origin carcasses on spawning grounds to determine the proportion of hatchery fish spawning in relation to natural fish, and the proportion of hatchery fish spawning in relation to the number passing Lower Granite Dam.

Objective Schedules and Costs

n/a or no information

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 0
Fringe $ 0
Supplies $ 0
Total Itemized Budget $ 0


Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 0
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 0
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable


Reason for change in scope

Not applicable


Cost Sharing

Not applicable
 

Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: 9102900: Environmental concerns such as floods; difficulty in obtaining hatchery fish. 9302900: Delays in installation of PIT tag interrogation systems at dams; availability of fish for PIT tagging due to low number or allocation to other uses. 9403400: Availability of Lyons Ferry subyearlings, environmental concerns such as turbidity for aerial redd counts 9801003: Low adult return rates, environmental concerns in field 9801004: Availability of Lyons Ferry yearlings; weather concerns for field activities 9801005: Availability of Lyons Ferry yearlings


Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Arnsberg, B.D., W.P. Connor, and E. Connor. 1992. Mainstem Clearwater River Study: assessment for salmonid spawning, incubation, and rearing. Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resources Management Final Report to the BPA, Project 88-15. No
Bevan, D. and several other co-authors. 1994. Snake River Salmon Recovery Team: Final Recommendations to the National Maine Fisheries Service. No
Bjornn, T.C. and N. Horner. 1980. Biological criteria for classification of Pacific salmon and steelhead as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Yes
Bugert, R.M., G.W. Mendel, and P.R. Seidel. 1997. Adult returns of subyearling and yearling fall chinook salmon released from a Snake River hatchery or transplanted downstream. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 638-651. No
Muir, W.D., S.G. Smith, E.E. Hockersmith, M.B. Eppard, W.P. Connor, and B.D. Arnsberg. 1998. Passage and survival of hatchery subyearling fall chinook salmon to Lower Granite, Little Goose, and Lower Monumental Dams, 1996 in BPA Project 9102900. No
National Marine Fisheries Service. 1995. Proposed recovery plan for Snake River Salmon. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Portland, Oregon. No


Section 7. Abstract

Abstract

The goal of these umbrella projects is to help recover Snake River fall chinook salmon populations (for ESA de-listing and harvest opportunities) through supplementation with Lyons Ferry Hatchery (currently) and Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery (future) Snake River stock fall chinook salmon and by providing real-time data and published, peer-reviewed information for adaptive management. The objectives of this umbrella project are: 1) Supplement natural populations of Snake River fall chinook salmon with fish from Lyons Ferry Hatchery; 2) Describe the rearing and early life history of natural and hatchery juvenile fall chinook salmon; 3) Describe the migratory behavior of hatchery yearling and natural subyearling fall chinook salmon; 4) Estimate smolt survival and identify factors affecting survival of hatchery and natural fall chinook salmon through free-flowing reaches and lower Snake River reservoirs; 5) Document the distribution of hatchery and natural fall chinook salmon redds, and describe migratory behavior of adults in the Snake River basin; 6) Determine adult escapement, smolt-to-adult survival, and spawning success of hatchery fall chinook salmon released for supplementation. BPA projects 9102900 and 9403400 are currently assessing fall chinook habitat, early life history attributes, and survival throughout the Snake River basin above Lower Granite Dam. BPA project 9302900 estimates survival of groups of all chinook through various reaches of the Snake River basin to partition mortality and identify areas of excessive mortality or migrational delay. Supplementation with Lyons Ferry Hatchery Snake River stock fall chinook yearlings began in 1996 at Pittsburg Landing. As of spring 1998 all three acclimation facilities (Pittsburg Landing, Capt. John Rapids, and Big Canyon) were operational under BPA project 9801005. In 1996-1998 monitoring and evaluation of supplementation yearlings was cooperative between BPA projects 9801004 and 9102900 along with some assistance from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) (USFWS-LSRCP funded). Beginning in 1999 BPA project 9801004 will conduct exclusive M&E operations at Pittsburg Landing and Big Canyon while assisting the WDFW at Capt. John Rapids. BPA projects 9403400 and 9801003, with a high level of interagency coordination, conduct research and M&E on adult fall chinook returning past Lower Granite Dam and through spawning. While certain subprojects under this umbrella proposal will have earlier completion dates, as the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Proposed Recovery Plan Monitoring and Evaluation Strategy (V-4-15) states: “supplementation studies are long-term and may extend for 15 years and preliminary information should be available after five years.” As stated under the “Completion Date” section above, supplementation (BPA project 9801005) may continue for five life cycles or more depending on adult return rates while preliminary results from juvenile (BPA project 9801004) and adult (BPA project 9801003) fall chinook from all three facilities in 2001.


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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