Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 20545

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Idaho Supplementation Studies - Umbrella Proposal
BPA Project Proposal Number 20545
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Idaho Department of Fish and Game
Business acronym (if appropriate) IDFG

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Peter F. Hassemer
Mailing Address 1414 East Locust Lane
City, State, Zip Nampa, ID 83686
Phone 2084658404
Fax 2084658434
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Snake
Subbasin Salmon
Short Description Evaluate various supplementation strategies for maintaining and rebuilding spring/summer chinook populations in Idaho. Develop recommendations for the use of supplementation to rebuild naturally spawning populations.
Target Species Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.3B.2, 7.0A, 7.1B.1, 7.1C.3, 7.2A
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Permitted under ESA Section 10
Other Planning Document References 4.5C, 4.1, 4.1B, 4.2 of NMFS draft Snake River Salmon recovery Plan; Wy Kan Ush Me Wa Kush Wit section 5B, pages 14-23

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1991 Identified study areas, brood stocks, facilities to be used.
1991 Brood stock development
1992 Begin supplementation and monitoring of treatment streams, and monitoring of control streams.
1996 Small scale investigations into chinook salmon supplementation strategies and techniques: 1992-1994. Technical Report. Peery, C.A. and T.C. Bjornn.
1997 First generation returns, a known brood stock for supplementation is established.
1998 Five-year Report (1991-1996) in progress.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9005500 Steelhead Supplementatin Studies Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
9107300 Idaho Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
8335000 Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery O&M Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
9405000 Salmon River Habitat Enhancement - O&M, M&E Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
9705700 Salmon River Production Program Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
9703000 Monitor Listed Stock Adult Chinook Salmon Escapement Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
9102800 Monitoring smolt Migration of Wild Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
9604300 Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement- O&M, M&E Reciprocal transfer of data/coordination No
20545 Idaho Supplementation Studies - Umbrella Yes
8909803 Idaho Supplementation Studies - Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Yes
8909802 Idaho Supplementation Studies - Nez Perce Tribe Yes
8909800 Idaho Supplementation Studies - Idaho Fish and Game Yes
8909801 Idaho Supplementation Studies - US Fish and Wildlife Service Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Monitor and evaluate the effects of supplementation on parr, pre smolt and smolt numbers, and spawning escapements of naturally produced salmon. a. Develop and implement “standardized” spawning, rearing, marking, and release protocols.
1. b. Differentially mark all hatchery supplementation and general production fish released in or nearby the study streams.
1. c. PIT tag a minimum of 300 to 700 hatchery supplementation and general production fish released in or nearby the study streams.
1. d. Release various life stages of chinook salmon. Determine fish numbers for each life stage based on existing natural production and natural rearing capacity.
1. e. Estimate late summer parr densities from snorkel surveys.
1. f. PIT tag a minimum of 700 naturally produced parr from each treatment and control stream to estimate smolt production and survival.
1. g. Use existing weirs to collect, mark (PIT tag), and enumerate emigrating fish and to identify and enumerate returning adults.
1. h. Compare natural production of supplemented populations to unsupplemented populations and baseline data.
2. Monitor and evaluate changes in natural productivity and genetic composition of target and adjacent populations following supplementation. a. Monitor productivity and genetic indices from supplemented populations and compare baseline and controls. Productivity characteristics will be evaluated as a function of density or percent carrying capacity to minimize density dependent effects confoundi
2. b. Monitor straying of hatchery supplementation fish into adjacent and control streams by weirs and carcass surveys.
2. c. Determine spawner to recruitment relationship based on determined production and productivity indices (parr and smolt numbers, adult escapements, survival, eggs/spawner etc.).
2. d. Predict population viability based on spawner to recruitment relationship to determine if the population will maintain itself through time in the absence of additional supplementation.
3. Determine which supplementation strategies (brood stock and release stage) provide the quickest and highest response in natural production without adverse effects on productivity. a. Monitor and evaluate natural production (pre smolt, Smolt and adult numbers) and productivity (survival, life stage characteristics, pathogens, straying, genetic composition) of supplemented populations and compare to baseline and controls.
3. b. Use local brood stocks with known natural component from the target population during the second generation of supplementation.
3. c. Compare natural production and productivity indices of supplemented populations using existing hatchery brood stocks (first generation) to populations using locally developed brood stocks (second generation).
3. d. Compare natural production and productivity indices among supplemented populations using parr, pre smolt, and smolt release strategies.
4. Develop supplementation recommendations. (Long term). a. Guidelines and recommendations will be developed addressing risks and benefits of supplementation (augmentation and restoration) in general and specific supplementation strategies (brood stock and release stage).

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 05/01/92 12/01/07 Evaluation of supplementation effects on numbers of presmolt and smolt, and spawning excapements of naturally produced salmon. Supplement natural populations with juveniles and adults. Yes  
2 05/01/92 12/01/07 Increased smolt outmigration and adults spawners for natural spawning. Evaluate increases or decreases in number of naturally produced salmon. Evaluate genetic composition of target and adjacent populations following supplementation. Yes  
3 05/01/92 12/01/07 Determine which brood stock and release stage result in the quickest and highest (if any) increase in natural production, without adversely effecting the productivity. Yes  
4 01/01/99 12/01/07 Supplementation recommendations completed in final study report. Yes  

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 0
Fringe $ 0
Supplies $ 0
Total Itemized Budget $ 0

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $ 0
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $ 0
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The continued decline of spring/summer chinook salmon returning to Idaho result in insufficient adult returns to provide target supplementation treatments.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Bams, R.A. 1976. Results of a pink salmon transplant using males native to the recipient stream. Fisheries and Marine Service Technical Report No. 642. No
Chilcote, M.W., S.A. Leider, and J.J. Loch. 1986. Differential reproductive success of hatchery and wild summer-run steelhead under natural conditions. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115:726-735. No
Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority. 1990. Integrated system plan for salmon and steelhead production in the Columbia River Basin. Public Review Draft. Prepared for Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Currens, K.P., C.A. Busack, G.K. Meffe, D.P. Philipp, E.P. Pister, F.M. Utter, and S.P. Yundt. 1991 (MS). A hierarchical approach to conservation genetics and production of anadromous salmonids in the Columbia River Basin. Product of the 1990 Sustainabili No
Franklin, I.R. 1980. Evolutionary change in small populations. Pages 135-149 in M.E. Soule' and B.A. Wilcox (eds.). Conservation Biology: an evolutionary - ecological perspective. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. No
Gebhards, S.V. 1959. The effects of irrigation on the natural production of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawtscha) in the Lemhi River, Idaho. Master's Thesis, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. No
Herrig, D.M. 1990. A review of the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan hatchery program. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Office, Boise, Idaho. No
Hurlbert, S.H. 1984. Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs 54(2):187-211. No
Idaho Department of Fish and Game. 1985. Anadromous fisheries management plan, 1986-1990. Boise, Idaho. No
Idaho Department of Fish and Game. 1991. Anadromous fisheries management plan, 1991-1995. Boise, Idaho. No
Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho, and Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Fort Hall. 1990. Salmon River sub-basin salmon and steelhead production plan. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Johnson, R.A., and D.W. Wichern. 1982. Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. No
Kapucinski, A.R., C.R. Steward, M.L. Goodman, C.C. Krueger, J.H. Williamson, E.C. Bowles, and R. Carmichael. 1991 (MS). Genetic conservation guidelines for salmon and steelhead supplementation. Product of the 1990 Sustainability Workshop, Northwest Power No
Kennedy, G.J.A., and C.D. Strange. 1986. The effects of intra- and interspecific competition on the survival and growth of stocked juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., and resident trout, Salmo trutta L., in an upland stream. Journal of Fish Biology 2 No
Kijima, A., and Y. Fujio. 1984. Relationship between average heterozygosity and river population size in chum salmon. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish. 50:603-608. No
Lichatowich, J. and S. Cramer. 1979. Parameter selection and sample sizes in studies of anadromous salmonids. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Information Report Series, Fisheries Number 80-1, Portland, Oregon. No
Miller, W.H., T.C. Coley, H.L. Burge, and T.T. Kisanuki. 1990. Analysis of salmon and steelhead supplementation: emphasis on unpublished reports and present programs. Part 1 in W.H. Miller (ed.). Analysis of salmon and steelhead supplementation, Parts 1-3 No
Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho and Idaho Department of Fish and Game. 1990. Clearwater River sub-basin salmon and steelhead production plan. Prepared for Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Nickelson, T.E., M.F. Solazzi, and S.L. Johnson. 1986. Use of hatchery coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) presmolts to rebuild wild populations in Oregon coastal streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43(12):2443-2449. No
Peterman, R.M. 1990. Statistical power analysis can improve fisheries research and management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47:2-15. No
Petrosky, C.E., and T.C. Bjornn. 1988. Response of wild rainbows (Salmo gairdneri) and cutthroat trout (S. clarki) to stocked rainbow trout in fertile and infertile streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45(12):2087-2105. No
Reisenbichler, R.R. 1981. Columbia River salmonid broodstock management - annual progress report (unpublished). National Fishery Research Center, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Seattle, Washington. No
Reisenbichler, R.R. 1984. Outplanting: potential for harmful genetic change in naturally spawning salmonids. Pages 33-39 in J.M. Walton, and D.B. Houston (eds.). Proceedings of the Soviet-American symposium on aquaculture. National Fisheries Research Cent No
Reisenbichler, R.R. 1988. Relation between distance transferred from natal stream and recovery rate for hatchery coho salmon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 8:172-174. No
Reisenbichler, R.R., and J.D. McIntyre. 1977. Genetic differences in growth and survival of juvenile hatchery and wild steelhead trout, Salmo gairdneri. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 34:123-128. No
Reisenbichler, R.R., and J.D. McIntyre. 1986. Requirements for integrating natural and artificial production of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest. Pages 365-374 in R.H. Stroud (ed.). Fish Culture in Fisheries Management. American Fisheries Soc No
Smith, E.M., B.A. Miller, J.D. Rodgers, and M.A. Buckman. 1985. Outplanting anadromous salmonids - a literature survey. Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, Project 85-68, Portland, Oregon. No
Snow, H.E. 1974. Effects of stocking northern pike in Murphy's Flowage. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Technical Bulletin 79, Madison. No
Steward, C.R., and T.C. Bjornn. 1990. Supplementation of salmon and steelhead stocks with hatchery fish: a synthesis of published literature. Part 2 in W.H. Miller (ed.). Analysis of salmon and steelhead supplementation, Parts 1-3. Project 88-100, Bonnev No
Supplementation Technical Work Group (STWG). 1988. Supplementation research - proposed five-year work plan. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Verspoor, E. 1988. Reduced genetic variability in first-generation hatchery populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:1686-1690. No
Vincent, E.R. 1985. Effects of stocking catchable trout on wild trout populations. Pages 88-91 in W. King (ed.). Proceedings of the wild trout management symposium. Trout Unlimited. No
Vincent, E.R. 1987. Effects of stocking catchable-sized hatchery rainbow trout on two wild trout species in the Madison River and O'Dell Creek, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 7:91-105. No
Walters, C.J., J.S. Collie, and T. Webb. 1988. Experimental designs for estimating transient responses to management disturbances. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:530-538. No

Section 7. Abstract


The goal of the Idaho Supplementation Studies (ISS) Project is to evaluate the utility of supplementation as a recovery/restoration strategy for depressed stocks of spring and summer chinook salmon in Idaho. The project is a multi-agency effort, covering 31 streams throughout the Salmon River and Clearwater River basins, working to help define the potential role of chinook salmon supplementation in managing Idaho’s natural spring and summer chinook populations, and identify genetic and ecological impacts to existing natural populations. The ISS experimental design is split into three main approaches: (1) Large-scale population production and productivity studies designed to provide Snake River basin-wide inferences, (2) Using study streams to evaluate specific supplementation programs, and (3) Small-scale studies designed to evaluate specific hypotheses. Approaches (1) and (2) measure population responses to supplementation and are long-term studies. Approach (3) determines specific impacts of supplementation such as competition, dispersal, and behavior; and are short-term studies conducted in “controlled” environments. We expect this research to demonstrate the best methods for supplementing existing natural populations of chinook salmon and re-establishing natural populations in streams where chinook salmon have become extirpated. We expect supplementation effects and recommendations to be different for each stream. The study design called for a minimum of 15 years (three generations) of research (Leitzinger and Bowles 1991). Sampling was initiated in 1991 and implementation began in 1992. The supplementation effects will be monitored and evaluated by comparing juvenile production and survival, fecundity, age structure, and genetic structure and variability in treatment and control streams of similar ecological parameters.

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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