Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 198331900

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal New Fish Tagging System
BPA Project Proposal Number 198331900
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
National Marine Fisheries Service
Business acronym (if appropriate) NMFS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Earl Prentice
Mailing Address 2725 Montlake Blvd. East
City, State, Zip Seattle, WA 98112-2097
Phone 2068424289
Fax 2068428364
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Determine the biological and technical feasibility of using PIT-tag technology to obtain information on juvenile and adult salmonids. Develop ancillary equipment to expand the PIT-tag system's capabilities to meet CRB resource stakeholder needs.
Target Species All salmonids

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 5.OF.9,10.11,12,13
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: ITS 14
Other Planning Document References Recovery Plan (examples are 2.1D; 2.3.b.4; 2.4.a; 2.6.c.2; and 2.9.d). The capability of interrogating returning PIT-tagged adult salmonids at federal dams throughout the Columbia River Basin (CRB) is called for in 1995 Biological Opinion relating to the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). In the Biological Opinion it states that Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE), and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) will be responsible for implementing this capability within the CRB.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1984 Developed tagging techniques for PIT tags
1984 Developed tagging equipment
1986 Developed automatic data entry station for tagging fish
1986 Investigated the effects of PIT tags on juvenile salmonids and determining tag retention
1986 Installed first prototype PIT-tag interrogation system at McNary Dam
1987 Designed and installed juvenile salmon PIT-tag interrogation systems at CRB dams
1987 Installed first PIT-tag interrogation system for adult salmon at Lower Granite Dam
1987 Developed prototype PIT-tag database for the CRB
1988 Developed slide-gate fish diversion system
1989 Evaluated effects of electromagnetic fields on juvenile and adult salmon (reproduction and behavior)
1990 Evaluated the technical feasibility of an acoustic PIT tag
1990 Investigated the effects of PIT tags on growth, behavior, and survival for different salmonid species
1993 Compared overwinter survival of hatchery coho released to wild in comparison to CWT
1994 Completed predator avoidance testing PIT-tag vs other tags
1995 Initiated a long-term tag retention study
1995 Installed and evaluated Separation-by-Code system (computer program and 2 and 3-way rotational fish diversion gates) at Lower Granite Dam
1996 Participated in the evaluation of 134-kHz ISO-based transceivers
1996 Developed and installed the first 400-kHz flat-plate interrogation system
1996 Installed Separation-by-Code system at Little Goose Dam.
1996 Developed first underwater PIT-tag interrogation system
1997 Installed the computer program MULTIMON into the main CRB sites
1998 Installed PIT-tag interrogation system in Bonneville Dam’s adult monitoring facility
1998 Evaluated PIT-tag interrogation systems at Bonneville Dam for tag-reading efficiency
1998 Completed development of a 3-way side-to-side fish diverter
1998 Directed fish tests for ISO-based PIT-tag system for juvenile salmon and made recommendations to proceed with transition
1998 Designed antenna systems for interrogation of adult salmon in fish ladders (orifices). Conducted basic development work on companion transceiver systems.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8712700 Smolt Monitoring by Non-federal agencies System development and evaluation No
9008000 Columbia Basin PIT-tag Information System System development, evaluation, and technical assistance No
9701000 PIT-tag System Transition Technical assistance and evaluation of systems No
All projects that use PIT tags and PIT-tag information Technical assistance No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Develop an extended-range PIT-tag interrogation system for adult salmon and other fish a. Make refinements to interrogation systems for orifices evaluated in FY99
1. b. Install and evaluate an interrogation system covering orifices for one fish ladder at Bonneville Dam.
1. c. Continue development of 134.2-kHz ISO-based pass-by PIT-tag interrogation systems for detecting adult fish in ladders
2. Fabricate, install, and evaluate the 134.2-kHz flat-plate interrogation system for Bonneville Dam a. Fabricate the 134.2-kHz flat-plate system for Bonneville Dam.
2. b. Install and evaluate the flat-plate system
2. c. Maintain the flat plate system and Make modifications as required to meet performance specifications
3. Assist BPA in the basin-wide transition to the 134.2-kHz ISO-based PIT-tag system for juvenile salmon a. Conduct tests, evaluate equipment and tags, and participate in planning and coordination meetings
4. Information & technology transfer and assistance a. Transfer technology developed by NMFS to PIT-tag users and assist users with PIT-tag technology

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/99 09/01/00 Develop an extended-range PIT-tag interrogation system for adult salmon and other fish Operational interrogation system covering the orifices in a fish ladder 44.0%
2 10/01/99 09/01/00 Fabricate, install, and evaluate the 134.2-kHz flat-plate interrogation system for Bonneville Dam Operational 134.2-kHz flat-plate interrogation system at Bonneville Dam 6.8%
3 10/01/99 09/01/00 Assist BPA in the basin-wide transition to the 134.2-kHz ISO-based PIT-tag system for juvenile salmon Functional 134.2-kHz ISO-base PIT-tag system for juvenile salmon at CRB dams 0.4%
4 10/01/99 09/01/00 Information & technology transfer and assistance Successful transfer of technology developed by NMFS and assistance to users of PIT-tag technology 0.2%
4 10/01/99 09/01/00 (Labor) 48.6%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $385,900
Fringe $ 81,800
Supplies $300,600
Operating $ 37,400
PIT tags 1,300 $ 3,800
Travel $ 47,500
Indirect $171,000
Other $ 700
Subcontractor $360,100
Total Itemized Budget $1,388,800

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $1,388,800
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $1,388,800
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
$ 0 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $1,450,000 $1,400,000 $1,300,000 $1,100,000
Total Outyear Budgets $1,450,000 $1,400,000 $1,300,000 $1,100,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: An inadequate budget would prevent developments, installations, and evaluations from proceeding in a timely and efficient manner and would prevent us from meeting Biological Opinion and other ESA obligations. Other factors that could create major problems include severe weather and delays in obtaining approvals and permits. These factors could prevent us from meeting schedule driven windows for equipment installation (e.g., ladder dewatering). Technical problems at any time could alter our proposed activities and their schedules.

Section 6. References

n/a or no information

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Do Not Fund
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Recommendation: Do not fund. The research and development has already gotten too far ahead of implementation in this area. For the moment, the priority should be on deploying the required number of detectors in adult passage facilities so that the accumulation of desperately needed data on adult passage survival rates, and smolt to adult survival rates can accelerate.

Comments: The programmatic need for the work should be more clearly explained. Putting this work in the context of the related project 9701000, PIT Tag System Transition, would help. The objectives are clearly stated and tasks are appropriately aligned to meet objectives. It is not clear how results will be evaluated nor is it clear that the proposed work can be completed in a timely manner. A detailed time line should be prepared and a monitoring plan implemented. The focus on adult monitoring is welcome, but should be taken much farther. They should be moving beyond feasibility studies and into implementation. A considerable amount of money is being put into PIT tagging without detectors to monitor adults. The proposal should inform the reviewers if the new ISO system is not capable of detecting the old tags. It is not clear if the existing 400 kHz detector they propose to take out of Bonneville is for juveniles or adults. The reviewers understand that there are many PIT tag technologies available worldwide. Considering these available technologies, they should provide a review of the availability and suitability of these systems to the application of monitoring juvenile and adults salmon in the Columbia River basin.

CBFWA: Subregional Team Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
This project should be re-named. This tagging system is no longer new.

CBFWA: Fish Passage Advisory Committee Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Criteria all: Met? Yes - Work necessary to develop adult fish PIT tag detection capability

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999

ISRP Final Review , ISRP 99-4 Recommendation:
Fund, but the project needs to develop an implementation plan.
Oct 29, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Fund, but the project needs to develop an implementation plan. In addition, the project needs to be included in a programmatic review of smolt and adult monitoring.

The ISRP wants to emphasize that it is a better strategy for the region to implement adult detection, as quickly as possible, even with the use of devices that have substantial inefficiencies rather than continuing research and development until 90% detection efficiencies are achieved. Our concern is that extremely valuable adult detection opportunities are being lost, and the need to monitor adults with PIT Tag detection is so important that they should proceed before the detection devices are "perfected." Specifically, NMFS is seeking efficiencies of 90%, but this high of a goal is not necessary; they could begin implementation with much lower detection and still obtain meaningful monitoring estimates using Jolly-Seber.

In addition, more thought should be given to innovative uses of the existing technologies outside the confines of the fish ladder geometry, rather than directing all research and development at developing new technology that will work efficiently in the very unfavorable geometry of the ladders. For example: a collection device (such as a fyke net) with a standard PIT tag detector in the cod end might be located in the pool at the upstream end of the ladder where the flow environment is less physically demanding and short distances from a conventional detector can be assured; alternatively a counting chamber using the same strategy might be built into the ladder.

Generally, the response addressed many of the questions and concerns posed. Nevertheless, it is not clear how the results will be evaluated other than "pass/fail." What standards will be used to choose between competing systems that work in part? It is still not clear that the proposed work can be completed in a timely manner if delays occur in any stage of the development and implementation.

NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Nov 8, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Mar 1, 2000
[Decision made in 11-3-99 Council Meeting]

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (NOAA Fisheries) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Return to top of page