Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 198346700

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam
BPA Project Proposal Number 198346700
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks
Business acronym (if appropriate) MFWP

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Brian Marotz / Greg Hoffman
Mailing Address 490 N. Meridian Rd.
City, State, Zip Kalispell, MT 59901
Phone 4067514546
Fax 4062570349
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Columbia
Subbasin Kootenai
Short Description Research, design, execute and monitor watershed / habitat enhancement projects that mitigate for native fish losses caused by hydropower construction and operation.
Target Species Westslope cutthroat trout, Kootenai River white sturgeon, bull trout, burbot, inland rainbow trout.

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: Program Measures10.1B, 10.1C.1, 10.3B, 10.3B.2, 10.3B.3, 10.3B.5, 10.3B.6, 10.3B.7, 10.3B.10 and 10.3B.11.
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Kootenai River White Sturgeon Biological Opinion (59 FR 45989) NMFS Hydrosystem Operations for Salmon Recovery (56 FR 58619; 57 FR 14653) Bull Trout Listing (62 FR 31647) Westslope Cutthroat Trout proposed listing (63 FR 31691)
Other Planning Document References Fisheries Mitigation and Implementation Plan for Losses Attributable to the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam (MFWP,CSKT and KTOI 1998). Kootenai Watershed Programmatic Habitat and Physical Parameter Review (Bibliography)Open File Report – MFWP-Libby, MT Bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout recovery plans and actions (Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team 1997; Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group 1995; MFWP and CSKT 1991, 1993; Montana Westslope Cutthroat Trout Recovery Team, in prep.) Fisheries Losses Attributable to Reservoir Drawdown In Excess of Limits Stated in the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program: Hungry Horse and Libby Dams 1987-1991 (Marotz and DosSantos 1993); Fisheries Losses Attributable to Reservoir Drawdown In Excess of Limits in the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program: Hungry Horse and Libby Dams 1991-1993 (MFWP and CSKT 1997).

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1995 Developed a tiered (variable volume) approach for white sturgeon spawning flows balanced with reservoir IRCs and Snake River salmon biological opinion
1998 Rehabilitated approximately 200' of Pipe Creek frontage to prevent further loss of habitat for bull trout and rainbow trout.
1998 Developed on-site isolation facility for eventual brooding of inland rainbow trout.
1989 The LRMOD and preliminary IRCs (called Biological Rule Curves) were first published in 1989 (Fraley et al. 1989), then refined in 1996 (Marotz et al. 1996).
A long-term database was established for monitoring populations of kokanee, bull trout, westslope cutthroat trout, rainbow trout and burbot and other native fish species, as well as zooplankton and trophic relations.
1997 The effects of dam operation on benthic macroinvertebrates in the Kootenai River was assessed (Hauer et al. 1997) for comparison with conditions measured in the past (Perry and Huston 1983).
1996 A model was calibrated to estimate the entrainment of fish and zooplankton through Libby Dam as related to hydro-operations and use of the selective withdrawal structure.
1998 Chemically rehabilitated Carpenter Lake in northern Lincoln County to remove illegally introduced and stunted bluegill, largemouth bass, yellow perch, and northern pike populations.
1997 Chemically rehabilitated Bootjack, Topless, and Cibid Lakes in eastern Lincoln Country to remove illegally introduced pumpkinseed and yellow perch.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8806500 IDFG-Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations White Sturgeon Recovery No
8806400 KTOI – White Sturgeon Experimental Aquaculture White Sturgeon Recovery No
9404900 Kootenai River Ecosystem Improvement Study Ecosystem Function No
9401001 MFWP - Libby Reservoir Excessive Drawdown Habitat Enhancement No
8346500 MFWP - Libby and Hungry Horse Technical Analysis Reservoir and River Modeling No
9608702 MFWP - Focus Watershed Coordination Watershed Coordination No
8346500 Libby and Hungry Horse Modeling Technical Analysis - Libby Component Yes
20028 Purchase Conservation Easement from Plum Creek Timber Company Fisher River. Yes
9401000 MFWP- Libby Reservoir Excessive Drawdown Yes
20517 Libby Fisheries Mitigation Program Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Monitor spawning and rearing use of mainstem Kootenai River by fluviat burbot and rainbow, cutthroat, and bull trout. a. Continue hoopnetting operations during December and February to monitor burbot spawning activity in the stilling basin below Libby Dam.
1. b. Monitor tributary use of fluvial bull trout in the Montana portion of the Kootenai River, and the Wigwam River in B.C. Redd counts have been the principal bull trout monitoring tool since 1983 (Dalbey et al. 1998).
1. c. Describe the magnitude of the spawning run of trout into O’Brien and Callahan Creeks and the recruitment of fry from these spawning events back into the Kootenai River.
1. d. Continue counting rainbow redds below Libby Dam from river locations 4-20 through 5-31 between Alexander Creek and the Fisher River.
2. Document entrainment of fish through Libby Dam during flow events greater than 20,000 cfs. a. Monitor entrainment of fish through Libby Dam via high velocity netting in the outlet tubes.
2. b. Measure draft tube velocity distributions and correlate with discharge volume and reservoir elevation (head differential).
2. c. Incorporate >20 kcfs entrainment data into the existing entrainment model (Skaar et al. 1996).
2. d. Investigate feasibility of development and installation of kokanee salmon deterrent structure on the face of Libby Dam.
3. Monitor zooplankton and gamefish populations in Koocanusa Reservoir. a. Monitor seasonal and annual changes in fish abundance in near shore zones with seasonal gillnetting.
3. b. Conduct annual estimates of population numbers of each age class of kokanee (hydroacoustics).
3. c. Monitor burbot movement in Libby Reservoir via telemetry and tag returns.
3. d. Monitor zooplankton populations in the reservoir.
3. e. Extend the existing food habits data to include information about winter and summer diets.
4. Develop isolation habitat at the Libby Field Station for native interior redband trout to be used as the initial source of eggs for species recovery actions. a. Survey and redesign the stream channel on the Libby Field Station Spring Creek using Rosgen standards.
4. b. Obtain 124, 3A and 404 permits for channel construction, and contract for stream restoration.
4. c. Line the excavated creek bed and place rearing and spawning habitat structures in the channel.
4. d. Monitor reconstructed creek for water quality and make adjustments as needed to provide maximum rearing habitat. Monitor for benthic invertebrate population establishment.
4. e. Conduct population estimates for interior redband trout in the Basin Creek and the East Fork Yaak River drainages and determine how many individual fish might be taken from this population without affecting viability.
4. f. Given favorable indications from Tasks "d" and "e", capture interior redband from Basin Creek and transport to the Libby Field Station isolation habitat.
5. Assess the seasonal movement and habitat use of native burbot and bull trout in the Kootenai River between Libby Dam and Idaho. a. Surgically implant radio and sonic transmitters into captured bull trout.
5. b. Monitor movements of radio-tagged fish through several seasons to identify seasonal movements, habitat use and likely spawning concentrations.
5. c. Determine habitat preference by use of established IFIM methods, radio telemetry, temperature recorders, and SCUBA transects and snorkeling.
6. Implement the Libby Mitigation Plan (MFWP, CSKT and KTOI 1998) to enhance native species in the Kootenai Basin. a. Implement habitat enhancement, fish passage improvements, off-site mitigation and monitoring as established in the Libby Fisheries Mitigation and Implementation Plan.
6. b. Establish site-specific project designs, budgets and timelines for completion of projects listed in the plan.
6. c. Conduct post-treatment data collection for monitoring and reporting purposes.
6. d. Identify projects not previously listed in the Mitigation Plan that will enhance native species in the Kootenai River watershed.
7. Further define river operations required to mitigate for losses of macrozoobenthos associated with river regulation. a. Use model to quantify varial zone area of the Kootenai River affectd by various ramping operations
7. b. Quantify seasonal losses of macrozoobenthos in the Kootenai River during ramping periods.
7. c. Establish seasonal operational guidelines to minimize effects (refine those already proposed).
8. Link the IFIM model to the existing reservoir model to help evaluate operational tradeoffs between the reservoir and river as per NPPC direction. a. Expand on information contained in the 1999 IFIM report.
8. b. Develop interface between existing reservoir model (LRMOD) and completed riverine model (RHABSIM).
8. c. Continue to collect habitat locations for bull trout for incorporation into the model.
9. Quantify and document life cycle requirements and devise recovery actions for burbot in the Kootenai basin (in cooperation with KTOI and IDFG). a. Enumerate burbot below Libby Dam with SCUBA transects.
9. b. Review the feasibility of stocking burbot in closed basin Kootenai basin lakes.
9. c. Continue to collect burbot tissue for mitochondrial DNA analysis.
9. d. Determine distribution, timing of spawning, and habitat use of all life stages of burbot in the Kootenai River from Libby Dam to the Idaho border.
10. Quantify white sturgeon populations in the Montana portions of the Kootenai River. Investigate habitat requirements of juvenile hatchery sturgeon and determine availability of habitat in Montana. a. Determine habitat use of juvenile white sturgeon in Montana and Idaho using SCUBA transects, hook and line surveying, gill and trammel nets, and radio telemetry. A graduate student will be funded through this project to accomplish Tasks "a" and "c".
10. b. Conduct beam trawling efforts for egg and larval fish collection in the Idaho and British Columbia portions of the Kootenai River. Effort will be coordinated with IDFG, and will consist of a minimum of 20 trawling days during July and August.
10. c. Determine habitat requirements of larval, juvenile and adult white sturgeon in Montana portions of the Kootenai River and investigate recovery options.
10. d. Continue participation in the white sturgeon recovery team.
11. Continue efforts investigating site-specific limiting factors affecting recruitment of salmonid populations in the lower Kootenai River (Kootenai Falls to Idaho border). Address and implement actions that will enhance this fishery. a. Install screw trap in O'Brien Creek to determine juvenile outmigrant abundnce druing May through September.
11. b. Inventory spawning and rearing habitat in principal tributaries (Callahan, Ruby, Star, O'Brien Creeks and Yaak River) and explore enhancement opportunities.
11. c. Conduct electrofishing population estimates in the mainstem Kootenai River and principal tributaries. Determine recruitment to the Kootenai River.
11. d. Contract stream rehabilitation projects to meet fisheries enhancement objectives.
11. e. Monitor projects to determine cost-effectiveness of various mitigation techniques.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/94 08/01/50 6.0%
2 10/01/92 08/01/02 7.0%
3 08/01/83 08/01/50 6.0%
4 07/01/97 08/01/02 7.0%
5 02/01/96 08/01/15 10.0%
6 05/01/95 05/01/55 Objectives will be met if standing stock of target species is increased. 25.0%
7 04/01/94 04/01/02 6.0%
8 08/01/95 08/01/02 10.0%
9 10/01/94 08/01/02 5.0%
10 01/01/99 05/01/01 8.0%
11 10/01/94 08/01/15 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $150,342
Fringe $ 52,985
Supplies $ 34,500
Operating $ 7,000
Capital $ 48,000
NEPA Provided by in-house personnel $ 0
Travel Travel and Training $ 28,000
Other Overhead $ 79,173
Subcontractor Contracted services for stream rehabilitation work $100,000
Total Itemized Budget $500,000

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $500,000
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $500,000
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
USFS Financial and physical support for a proposed westslope cutthroat trout and inland rainbow trout conservation plan in the Yaak River drainage ($25K in FY99; anticipate field support in FY2000 (in kind)). $ 0 unknown
Kootenai River Network Completion of a watershed bibiography for the Kootenai River Basin (in kind). $ 0 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $500,000 $505,000 $510,000 $515,000
Total Outyear Budgets $500,000 $505,000 $510,000 $515,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: We must implement many mitigation actions simultaneously so that as some individual projects are delayed by permitting, contracting or public input, others continue through completion. Our goal is to finalize several site-specific projects annually.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Anders, P. J. 1993. Natural spawning of white sturgeon in the Kootenai River. Annual Hatchery Report FY1993, Report A. Kootenai Tribe of Idaho for Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Anders, P. J. 1994. Kootenai River tributary kokanee spawning ground survey. Annual Hatchery Report FY1994, Report C. Kootenai Tribe of Idaho for Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Bovee, K.D. 1978. Probability-of-use criteria for the family Salmonidae. Instream Flow Information Paper 4. United States Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS-78/07. 79pp. No
Bovee, K.D. 1982. A guide to stream habitat analysis using the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology. Instream Flow Information Paper 12. United States Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS- 82/26. 248pp. No
Bovee, K.D. 1986. Development and evaluation of habitat suitability criteria for use in the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology. In-stream Flow Information Paper 21. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Report 86(7). 235pp. No
Bovee, K.D., and R.T. Milhous. 1978. Hydraulic simulation in instream flow studies: theory and techniques. Instream Flow Information Paper 5. United States Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS-78/33. 129pp. No
Chisholm, I.M. and J.J. Fraley. 1986. Quantification of Libby Reservoir levels needed to maintain or enhance reservoir fisheries. Annual report. Prepared for BPA by MFWP, Kalispell, MT. Project 83-467. No
Chisholm, I.M., M.E. Hensler, B. Hansen, D. Skaar. 1989. Quantification of Libby Reservoir levels needed to maintain or enhance reservoir fisheries. Methods and Data Summary 1983-1987. Prepared for BPA by MFWP, Kalispell, MT. Project 83-467. No
Cushman, R.M. 1985. Review of ecological effects of rapidly varying flows downstream from hydroelectric facilities. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 5:330-339. No
Dalbey, S.R., J. DeShazer, L. Garrow, G. Hoffman, and T. Ostrowski. 1998. Quantification of Libby Reservoir levels needed to enhance reservoir fisheries. Methods and data summary, 1988-1996. MFWP, for BPA. Project 83-467. No
Greenback, J. 1941. Selective poisoning of fish. Transactions of American Fisheries Society. 70:80-86. No
Hauer, R. and J.A. Stanford 1997. Kootenai river zoobenthos investigation. Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations - Montana. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks Region 1 (Open File Report). Annual Report to Bonneville Power Administration. No
Huston, J. E., P. Hamlin and B. May. 1984 Lake Koocanusa Investigations – Final Report 1972-1983. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks – Region 1 in cooperation with Seattle District ACOE. No
ISAB. 1997. The Normative River. Independent Scientific Advisory Board report to the Northwest Power Planning Council and National Marine Fisheries Service. Portland, OR. No
ISAB. 1997b. Ecological impacts of the flow provisions of the Biological Opinion for endangered Snake River salmon on resident fishes in the Hungry Horse, and Libby systems in Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia. Report 97-3. No
ISG. 1996. Prepublication Copy. Return to the River: Restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River ecosystem. Development of an alternative conceptual foundation and review and synthesis of science underlying the FWP. Document 96-6. No
Leathe, S.A. and P.J. Graham. 1982. Flathead Lake fish food habits study. Final Report. Prepared for the Environmental Protection Agency by Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Kalispell, Montana. No
Marotz, B.L., B. Hansen, and S. Tralles. 1988. Instream flows needed for successful migration, spawning and rearing of rainbow and westslope cutthroat trout in selected tributaries of the Kootenai River. MFWP. Prepared for BPA. Project 85-6. Yes
Milhous, R.T., M.A. Updike, and D.M. Schneider. 1989. Reference manual for the Physical Habitat Simulation system (PHABSIM) - Version II. Instream Flow Information Paper 26. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 89. No
Milhous, R.T., D.L. Wegner, and T. Waddle. 1984. User's guide to the Physical Habitat Simulation System (PHABSIM). Instream Flow Information Paper 11. United States Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS-81/43. 320pp. No
Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group. 1996. Upper Kootenai River drainage bull trout status report. Prepared for the Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 30 pp. No
Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group. 1996. Middle Kootenai River drainage bull trout status report. Prepared for the Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 36 pp. No
Montana Westslope Cutthroat Trout Recovery Team. In preparation. Montana westslope cutthroat trout recovery plan. Prepared for Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Helena, Montana. No
Paragamian, V. L. 1994. Kootenai River fisheries investigations: stock status of Burbot and Rainbow Trout, and fisheries inventory. 1994 annual work plan, draft. IDFG, Coeur d'Alene, ID. No
Partridge, F. 1983. Sub project IV: River and stream investigations, Study IV: Kootenai River fisheries investigations. Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Boise, Idaho. No
Payne, T.R. 1992. Stratified random selection process for the placement of Physical Habitat Simulation (PHABSIM) transects. Paper presented at AFS Western Division Meeting, July 13-16, 1992, Fort Collins, Colorado. No
Payne, T.R. 1988. A comparison of weighted usable area calculations using four variations of the IFG4 hydraulic model. Paper presented at AFS Bioengineering Symposium, October 24-27, 1988, Portland, Oregon. No
Perry, S.A. 1984. Comparative ecology of benthic communities in natural and regulated areas of the Flathead and Kootenai Rivers, Montana. North Texas State University. Denton, Texas. No
Perry S. and J. Huston. 1983. Kootenai River Investigations Final Report 1972-1982. Section A. Aquatic Insect Study. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 112p. No
Rosgen D.L. 1996. Aplied fluvial morphology. Wildland Hydrology. Pagosa Springs, CO. Printed Media Companies, Mpls, MN. No
Skaar, D., J. DeShazer, L. Garrow, T. Ostrowski, and B. Thornberg. 1996. Quantification of Libby Reservoir levels needed to maintain or enhance reservoir fisheries; investigations of fish entrainment through Libby Dam, 1990-1994. Prepared for … No
Snyder, E. B. and G. W. Minshal. 1996. Ecosystem metabolism and nutrient dynamics in the Kootenai River in relation to impoundment and flow enhancement for…Stream Ecology Center, Department of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID. No
Trihey, E.W., and D.L. Wegner. 1981. Field data collection for use with the physical habitat simulation system of the instream flow group. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Draft Report. 151pp. No
USDA Forest Service. September, 1987. Kootenai National Forest, Forest Plan. Yes
Wesche, T.A. and P.A. Rechard. 1980. A summary of instream flow methods for fisheries and related research needs. Eisenower Consortium Bulletin 9. No
Woods, P. F. and C. M. Falter. 1982. Limnological investigations: Lake Koocanusa, Montana Part 4: factors controlling primary productivity [special report 82-15]. Prepared for: USACE, Seattle, WA. No
Wright, A. 1996. Review of Columbia River operating criteria. Facilitators Report to National Marine Fisheries Service and Bonneville Power Administration. Al Wright Consulting, Portland, OR. 15 pp. (plus 17 pp. appendices) No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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