Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 198806400

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Kootenai River White Sturgeon Studies and Conservation Aquaculture
BPA Project Proposal Number 198806400
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
Business acronym (if appropriate) KTOI
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Susan Ireland
Mailing Address P.O. Box 1269
City, State, Zip Bonners Ferry, ID 83805
Phone 2082673620
Fax 2082671131
E-mail ireland@kootenai.org
 
Manager of program authorizing this project
 
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Columbia
Subbasin Kootenai
 
Short Description Prevent extinction, preserve existing gene pool, and begin rebuilding healthy age classes of the endangered white sturgeon in the Kootenai River using conservation aquaculture techniques with wild broodstock.
Target Species white sturgeon, kokanee, burbot


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.3B.11, 10.4B.1, 10.4B.2, 10.4B.5, 10.8B, 2.2G
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Kootenai River White Sturgeon Biological Opinion (59 FR 45989) ESA Section 10 Permit No. PRT-798744
Other Planning Document References Bonneville Power Administration. 1997. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Conservation Aquaculture Project Environmental Assessment. DOE/EA 1169. Portland, Oregon. Kincaid, H. 1993. Breeding Plan to Preserve the Genetic Variability of the Kootenai River White Sturgeon. Final Report to the Bonneville Power Administration. Contract Number DE-AI79-93B002886. Portland, Oregon. Resident Fish Manager's Caucus of the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (RFM-CBFWA). 1997. Multi-Year Implementation Plan for Resident Fish Protection, Enhancement, and Mitigation in the Columbia River Basin. Final Draft, June 3, 1997. Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority. Portland, Oregon. U. S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. White Sturgeon: Kootenai River Population Recovery Plan. Region 1, USFWS, Portland, Oregon.


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1991 Monitored wild white sturgeon reproduction and recruitment
1991 Built experimental hatchery
1991 Produced white sturgeon offspring from wild adults
1992 Produced white sturgeon offspring from wild adults
1992 Released offspring from 1991 year class into the Kootenai River
1993 Produced white sturgeon offspring from wild adults
1993 Performed kokanee spawning surveys
1994 Released offspring from 1992 year class into the Kootenai River
1994 Monitored juvenile releases
1994 Performed kokanee spawning surveys
1995 Produced white sturgeon offspring from wild adults
1995 Monitored wild sturgeon reproduction during experimental flow releases
1995 Performed kokanee spawning surveys
1996 Monitored wild sturgeon reproduction during experimental flow releases
1996 Spawned wild adult white sturgeon
1996 Performed kokanee spawning surveys
1997 Produced white sturgeon offspring from wild adults
1997 Monitored wild sturgeon reproduction during experimental flow releases
1997 Developed and implemented disease testing protocol for juvenile releases
1997 Developed and tested non-lethal sampling method for detection of white sturgeon iridovirus (WSIV)
1997 Released offspring from 1995 year class into the Kootenai River
1997 Developed methodology for field collection of sperm to reduce number of wild sturgeon transported to hatchery
1997 Monitored juvenile releases
1997 Performed kokanee spawning surveys
1997 Reintroduced kokanee eggs into two tributaries using instream incubation
1998 Began facility and water supply upgrades
1998 Produced white sturgeon offspring from wild adults
1998 Monitored juvenile releases
1998 Monitored wild sturgeon reproduction during experimental flow releases
1998 Reintroduced kokanee eggs into three tributaries using instream incubation


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9404900 Kootenai River Ecosystems Improvements Study Co-investigator No
8806500 Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations Co-investigator No
9084 Assessing Genetic Variation Among Columbia Basin White Sturgeon Genetics testing for Kootenai River white sturgeon No


Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Prevent extinction and preserve genetic variability of white sturgeon in the Kootenai River using conservation aquaculture. a. Collect and spawn wild broodstock following protocol outlined in the breeding plan for white sturgeon in the Kootenai River (Kincaid 1993).
1. b. Rear progeny in at least two separate facilities to prevent fish loss due to unforseen circumstances.
1. c. Initiate planning process for facility to be constructed for white sturgeon rearing using a reliable water source.
1. d. Retain family identity by keeping individual families separate during egg, larvae, and juvenile stages. Mark juvenile white sturgeon with PIT tags and scute removal before release.
1. e. Investigate tagging techniques to allow for release of white sturgeon juveniles at Age 1.
1. f. Release up to 1,000 white sturgeon juveniles per family into the Kootenai River following release protocol outlined in the breeding plan (Kincaid 1993).
1. g. Further refine disease testing protocol for detection of the presence and prevalence of white sturgeon iridovirus (WSIV) and other pathogens affecting white sturgeon.
1. h. Design and implement research to further define the relationship between salmonid diseases (i.e. IPNV) and their potential effect on white sturgeon.
1. i. Investigate techniques for cryopreservation of gametes from white sturgeon.
2. Monitor and evaluate genetic variability, survival, condition, growth, movement, and habitat use of hatchery reared juvenile white sturgeon released into the Kootenai River. a. Conduct sonic tracking studies to determine movement and habitat use of hatchery reared juvenile white sturgeon.
2. b. Sample juvenile white sturgeon to determine life history characteristics using gillnets, hoopnets, and angling.
2. c. Evaluate habitat characteristics in areas used by juvenile white sturgeon and identify habitat improvement opportunities.
2. d. Evaluate genetic characteristics of hatchery produced juvenile white sturgeon.
3. Provide facilities, assistance, and coordination for additional research and training. a. Hatch and rear certified disease-free rainbow trout as food for wild white sturgeon brood stock and as part of aquaculture training.
3. b. Provide facilities and assistance for development of research methods for IDFG burbot and rainbow trout project.
3. c. Provide facilities and assistance for cooperative research with USGS National Biological Service to determine timing of embryo development of white sturgeon.
3. d. Provide facilities and assistance for cooperative research with USGS National Biological Service to determine timing of embryo development of white sturgeon.
3. e. Provide technical assistance and training to others involved in white sturgeon conservation in the Columbia Basin.
3. f. Develop techniques for propagation of native burbot using wild broodstock.
4. Investigate kokanee fishery improvement opportunities. a. Collect baseline abundance, distribution, and reproduction data for native kokanee in lower Kootenai River tributaries.
4. b. Provide recommendations and implementation program for improving salmonid spawning habitat in Kootenai River tributaries.
4. c. Obtain disease-free kokanee eggs from Canada for experimental reintroductions into tributaries in the lower Kootenai River where kokanee have been extirpated.
5. Assist IDFG with the monitoring and evaluation of natural spawning of white sturgeon. a. Use artificial substrate mats to sample for eggs and larvae in areas above Bonners Ferry when fish move above the bridge.
5. b. Use D-ring plankton nets to sample for eggs and larvae during spawning.
5. c. Sample stomachs of predator fish for eggs and larvae.
6. Provide administrative and technical oversight of Kootenai Tribal Fisheries Program funded by BPA. a. Participate in the NPPC and CBFWA process.
6. b. Provide monthly and annual progress reports to BPA.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/91 01/01/15 Replacement of one generation (20 year classes) of white sturgeon. x 88.0%
2 01/01/91 01/01/22 Survival of one generation (15 out of 20 year classes) of white sturgeon to spawning. x 5.0%
3 01/01/91 01/01/15 Ongoing assistance and coordination for research 3.0%
4 01/01/93 01/01/08 Return of sustainable, harvestable levels of kokanee to tributaries where reintroduction has occurred. x 2.0%
5 01/01/91 01/01/08 Ongoing M&E coordinated by IDFG x 1.0%
6 01/01/91 01/01/22 Participation required as long as native species are at risk to due construction and operation of hydrosystem. x 1.0%


Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel Biologist/Admistrator; Hatchery Manager; 4 Fish Culturists; M&E; Hatchery Maintenance $240,000
Fringe 33% of Personnel Costs $ 79,200
Supplies $ 30,000
Operating $ 60,000
Capital Building and major equipment $1,400,000
NEPA FY99 $ 0
Construction Design, construction management, construction contingencies $608,000
PIT tags 6,000 $ 17,400
Travel includes training $ 10,000
Indirect 54.7% of PERSONNEL COSTS $174,602
Other Professional Services (IDFG database; disease and genetic testing) $ 13,000
Subcontractor University of Idaho- Biology Department $ 25,000
Subcontractor B.C. Ministry of Fisheries - Research $ 28,000
Subcontractor B.C. Ministry of Fisheries-Aquaculture $ 65,000
Total Itemized Budget $2,750,202


Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $2,750,202
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $2,750,202
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable


Reason for change in scope

Not applicable


Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
Upper Columbia United Tribes Fish and Wildlife Support $ 74,500 unknown
US Fish and Wildlife Service Disease testing - no cost contribution for some analysis $ 0 unknown
British Columbia Ministry of Fisheries Fail-safe facility - contributions listed in Section 8d. $ 0 unknown

 

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $3,542,250 $1,000,000 $1,100,000 $1,200,000
Total Outyear Budgets $3,542,250 $1,000,000 $1,100,000 $1,200,000
 

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The conservation aquaculture program should continue until evidence is available to show that natural reproduction is yielding adequate recruits to sustain the genetic variability of the population, as defined in the recovery plan (USFWS 1998).


Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Anders, P.J. 1995. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Studies. Report C: Kootenai River Tributary Kokanee Spawning Ground Survey. Annual Report. BPA Project No. 88-64. No
Conte, F.S. S.I. Doroshov, P.B. Lutes, and M.E. Strange. 1988. Hatchery Manual for the White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus Richardson) with Application to other North American Acipenseridae. Publications Division, Agriculture and Natural Resources, No
EcoAnalysts, Inc. 1998. Stream Habitat Survey of Long Canyon, Parker, and Trout Creeks: Tributaries to the Kootenai River, Idaho, with Special Consideration of Kokanee Spawning Habitat and Enhancement Potential. Prepared for Kootenai Tribe of Idaho. Yes
Ireland, S.C. 1997. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Studies and Conservation Aquaculture. Annual Report. BPA Project No. 88-64. Portland, Oregon. No
J-U-B Engineers. 1997. Preliminary Engineering Report - Hatchery Improvements for the Recovery of White Sturgeon. Prepared for Kootenai Tribe of Idaho. BPA Project No. 88-64. No
Kincaid, H. 1993. Breeding Plan to Preserve the Genetic Variability of the Kootenai River White Sturgeon. Final Report to the Bonneville Power Association. Contract Number DE-AI79-93B002886. Portland, Oregon. No
LaPatra, S.E., J.M. Groff, G.R. Jones, B. Munn, T. L. Patterson, R.A. Holt, A.K. Hauck, and R.P. Hedrick. 1994. Occurrence of white sturgeon iridovirus infections among cultured white sturgeon in the Pacific Northwest. Aquaculture Vol. 126:201-210. No
McCabe, G.T., and L.G. Beckman. 1990. Use of an artificial substrate to collect white sturgeon eggs. California Fish and Game 76 (4) : 248-250. No
MFWP, CSKT, and KTOI. 1997. Fisheries mitigation and implementation plan for losses attributable to the construction and operation of Libby Dam. No
Northcote, T.C. 1973. Some impacts of man on Kootenay Lake and it’s salmonids. Great Lakes Fishery Commission. Technical Report, Number 2. No
Northwest Power Planning Council. 1994 as amended in 1995. Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP). Portland, Oregon. No
Paragamian, V.L., G. Kruse, and V. Wakkinen. 1995. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Investigations. Annual Progress Report FY 1994. Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration. Contract No. DE-AI79-88BP93497; Project No. 88-6 No
Paragamian, V.L., G. Kruse, and V. Wakkinen. 1996. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Investigations. Annual Progress Report FY 1996. Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration. Contract No. DE-AI79-88BP93497; Project No. 88-6 No
Parsley, M.J., L.G. Beckman, and G.T. McCabe. 1989. Report I in A.A. Nigro, editor. Status and habitat requirements of white sturgeon populations in the Columbia River downstream from McNary Dam. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Project 86- No
Partridge, F. 1983. Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations. Idaho Department of fish and Game. Job Completion Report. Project F-73-R-5, Subproject IV, Study VI, Boise, Idaho. No
Resident Fish Manager's Caucus of the Columbia Baisn Fish and Wildlife Authority (RFM-CBFWA). 1997. Multi-Year Implementation Plan for Resident Fish Protection, Enhancement, and Mitigation in the Columbia River Basin. Final Draft, June 3, 1997. Columb No
U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. White Sturgeon: Kootenai River Population Draft Recovery Plan. Region 1, USFWS, Portland, Oregon. No
U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. White Sturgeon: Kootenai River Population Recovery Plan. Region 1, USFWS, Portland, Oregon. No


Section 7. Abstract

Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Fund in part
Date:
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Comment:
Recommendation: Fund in part. Fund the research component. Do not fund capital expenditures until a comprehensive review of regionwide white sturgeon recovery efforts is complete. Do not fund kokanee portion of the proposal, objective 4, because the scientific basis for linking kokanee to white sturgeon is not justified.

Comments: This project addresses Kootenai white sturgeon, which is federally listed as endangered. White sturgeon have not recruited into the spawning population since 1974. The primary purpose of the project is to preserve the existing gene pool and to restore the natural age-class distribution through construction and operation of a hatchery.

This is a fairly well written proposal, of a quality in the midrange of those reviewed, that warrants funding for the sturgeon research but not the kokanee work (which is an aberration here). A second major problem is the lack of evidence of integration/coordination with other white sturgeon work in the Columbia River basin. The proposal cites the FWP and white sturgeon BiOp, as well as two related projects and one proposal (funded?) from last year. There are good accomplishments, but the kokanee results seem out of place. Objectives and tasks are good, but the kokanee work does not seem appropriate for this study. Perhaps it is needed, but just not justified in terms of white sturgeon. A key element of the proposal is an expensive hatchery, which assumes that spawning and early survival are the keys to success (questionable). There is a small amount of cost sharing (3%). Technical background is good for sturgeon but poor for kokanee and burbot (both of which seem peripheral or even irrelevant to the main objectives). The rationale/significance for sturgeon work is good and the relationships to other projects are excellent. Project history is good for sturgeon, but nothing is given for kokanee. However, if arrangements have been made for hatchery space with the Canadians, why is the expense of the KTH justified? Objectives are really mostly methods. In summary, the sturgeon work is good (although it needs evidence of coordination with similar work in the Columbia basin) but kokanee work should be separated out. The sturgeon work might be a good candidate for multi-year funding.

Several specific comments from reviewers were:

  • Vital information is left out of the background/justification section of this proposal. Numbers are given concerning targets for sustaining and rehabilitating the population. How were these numbers derived? Was some population viability analysis done?
  • What life history structure will demonstrate that the conserved population is made healthy? How does the present structure compare with other populations that are intact (e.g., below Bonneville Dam)?
  • Page 18 states, "Number of fish released per family will be adjusted in future years when actual survival rate is known". This presumes that the environment and therefore the risks are constant. Is this true? The hydrograph has been very unstable since the installation of the dam.
  • The statement concerning losing an entire generation of spawners may be in error given the life span of white sturgeons, alarming though the missing age classes may be. Was the mean generation time for Kootenai white sturgeon formally calculated?
  • The description of how genetic structure of the population is to be monitored is inadequate. What is going to be indexed? heterozygosity? presence of rare allelles? What genetic analyses will be performed? protein electrophoresis? mtDNA? nuclear DNA? Who is the geneticist? Will this be subcontracted to a genetics group?
  • Will pedigree analyses be performed to examine success of different mating combinations?
  • Will samples of wild fish be taken to monitor possible differences between hatchery and wild brood stocks?
  • Given the several problems that have occurred in the past with holding fish, have risks of aquacultural failure been assessed, specifically of a Canadian "failsafe" facility?
  • Note that increasing interspecific competition of hatchery fish with wild fish was not mentioned as a potential unwanted side-effect, although it is raised as an issue in proposal 8806500. Adding hatchery fish to a system that is nutrient limited increases pressure on wild fish. Food limitation seems important to define. Is this the reason for the kokanee work? If so, it is poorly justified as such. The kokanee work nonetheless should be separated from the sturgeon work. However, it does make sense to supplement the wild stocks if there is another life history bottleneck, such as recruitment, and food is in surplus. There may be other compelling hypotheses, but these look like two hypotheses that should be tested.
  • Demonstrated coordination among Columbia River basin white sturgeon researchers is essential, considering the common problems. Genetics of stocks basin-wide needs attention. A more formal statement of competing hypotheses throughout the basin could be helpful in guiding research.

CBFWA: Resident Fish Review Comments Recommendation:
Date:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Comment:
Screening Criteria: yes

Technical Criteria: yes

Programmatic Criteria: yes

Milestone Criteria: no-There is no recovery plan as of yet.

General Comments: The price is awfully high for the project compared to where we were three years ago. We need to investigate the possibility of BPA ESA, and Capital dollars for funding. A new hatchery should be as cost effective as possible.


CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Fund
Date:
Aug 20, 1999
2000
$1,150,000
Comment:

ISRP Final Review , ISRP 99-4 Recommendation:
Fund in part
Date:
Oct 29, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Comment:
Fund in part. Fund the research component. Do not fund capital expenditures until a comprehensive review of regionwide white sturgeon recovery efforts is complete. Do not fund kokanee portion of the proposal, objective 4, because the scientific basis for linking kokanee to white sturgeon is not justified.

The ISRP stands by its original recommendation. The answers to the specific ISRP concerns do not justify capital expenditure. This project was recommended for partial funding, pending a review of regionwide sturgeon recovery efforts. The PIs agree, and provide specific responses to a number of issues raised in the ISRP review. Although the responses are, for the most part, adequate, they do not provide a compelling argument that the original ISRP recommendation was not a wise one.


NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Fund in part
Date:
Nov 8, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Comment:

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Fund in part
Date:
Mar 1, 2000
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Comment:
(4). Kootenai River White Sturgeon Studies and Conservation Aquaculture; KTOI; Project ID #8806400; FY 00 CBFWA Rec. $1,150,202

Description/Background: Prevent extinction, preserve existing gene pool, and begin rebuilding healthy age classes of the endangered white sturgeon in the Kootenai River using conservation aquaculture techniques with wild broodstock.

Final ISRP Evaluation: Fund in part. Fund the research component. Do not fund capital expenditures until a comprehensive review of region-wide white sturgeon recovery efforts is complete. Do not fund kokanee portion of the proposal, Objective 4, because the scientific basis for linking kokanee to white sturgeon is not justified.

Project Sponsor's Policy Response: Concurred with CBFWA and ISRP funding recommendations on delaying hatchery construction. The original $2,750,202 funding request was reduced to $1,150,202 by eliminating the capital construction portion of the budget.

Council Recommendation: Fund in part. Do not fund hatchery construction and kokanee study. Approve a project funding level of $1,095,202. The sponsors concurred with CBFWA and the ISRP on delaying hatchery construction, and agree with the attendant budget reduction recommendations. The sponsor did not address the ISRP criticism of the proposed kokanee study portion of the project. The funding recommended above reflects the Council's acceptance of the ISRP recommendation to delete the kokanee study. (the figure includes a reduction of $55,000).


NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Fund
Date:
Mar 1, 2000
2000
$1,095,202
Comment:
[Decision made in 12-7-99 Council Meeting]; Fund in part per ISRP Rec.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
capital
Date:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
$1,604,000
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
$ 0
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
$ 0
Sponsor (Kootenai Tribe Of Idaho) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Sponsor (Kootenai Tribe Of Idaho) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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