Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199007800

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Predator Removal: Large-Scale Patterns
BPA Project Proposal Number 199007800
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Geological Survey
Business acronym (if appropriate) USGS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name James H. Petersen
Mailing Address 5501A Cook-Underwood Rd.
City, State, Zip Cook, WA 98605
Phone 5095382299 236
Fax 5095382843
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mainstem/Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Evaluate causes of large-scale geographic patterns in predation on juvenile salmon by northern pikeminnow. Examine complex interactions of temperature, juvenile salmon, and juvenile American shad on predation patterns in mainstem rivers.
Target Species Northern pikeminnow, juvenile salmonids, juvenile American shad

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.2A (Systemwide analysis of uncertainties), 5.7, 5.7A, 5.7B (Predation), 7.5B.3 (Snake River fall chinook limiting factors)
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: NMFS Biological Opinion (1995), Section IV Project Effects, Part 5 Northern Pikeminnow Removal Program (p. 64)
Other Planning Document References NMFS Proposed Recovery Plan for Snake River Salmon (1995). Task No. 2.8b. “Conduct research to determine the extent of predation problems and evaluate predation control measures”.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1991 Published results of early predation studies in John Day Reservoir
1994 Published results of studies on light intensity, predator physiology, and salmonid loss estimates
1995 Published results of system-wide indexing of predation
1997 Conducted workshops to train regional biologists in bioenergetic modeling techniques
1998 Manuscript accepted on northern pikeminnow bioenergetics modeling

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9007700 Northern Pikeminnow Management Program Provide supporting analyses to cooperating agencies No
9600600 PATH - (also other PATH-related projects) Provides supporting analyses for PATH analyses of system-wide salmonid mortality No
9702400 Predation by Fish-Eating Birds on Juvenile Salmonids in the Columbia River Provides analyses of fish predation in the lower Columbia River that can be compared to bird predation estimates. No
20515 Mainstem Columbia River Umbrella Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Document large-scale spatial patterns of predation on juvenile salmonids in major reaches of the Columbia and Snake Rivers. a. Review existing literature and datasets; compute and perform statistical tests on differences in predation rates and predator growth
2. Test the hypothesis that temperature differences between upriver and downriver locations could produce variations in predation rates and predator growth a. Document large-scale temperature differences in major reaches of the Columbia and Snake Rivers.
2. b. Conduct bioenergetic simulations testing effects of temperature on predation rates and predator growth
3. Test the hypothesis that differences in diet between upriver and downriver locations could produce variations in predation rates and predator growth. a. Conduct field sampling of northern pikeminnow to document diet differences during September and October
3. b. Conduct bioenergetic simulations testing the effects of diet variation on predation rate and predator growth

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/00 12/01/00 Report and publication 30.0%
2 01/01/00 12/01/00 Report and publication 70.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $ 54,108
Fringe $ 14,812
Supplies $ 500
Operating $ 500
Travel $ 15,500
Indirect $ 32,460
Total Itemized Budget $117,880

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $117,880
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $117,880
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
USGS Use of agency boats $ 5,000 unknown
ODFW Miscellaneous personnel $ 2,000 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

Not applicable  

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Field study will require collecting permits.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Beamesderfer, R. C., B. E. Rieman, L. J. Bledsoe, and S. Vigg. 1990. Management implications of a model of predation by resident fish on juvenile salmonids migrating through a Columbia River reservoir. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 10:290-304. No
Beamesderfer, R. C., D. L. Ward, A. A. Nigro. 1996. Evaluation of the biological basis for a predator control program on northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) in the Columbia and Snake rivers. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53:2898-2908. No
Beyer, J. M., G. Lucchetti, and G. Gray. 1988. Digestive tract evacuation in northern squawfish . Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45:548-553. No
Brandt, S. B., and J. Kirsch. 1993. Spatially explicit models of striped bass growth potential in Chesapeake Bay. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 122:845-869. No
Buchanan, D. V., R. M. Hooten, and J. R. Moring. 1981. Northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) predation on juvenile salmonids in sections of the Willamette River basin, Oregon. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 38:360-364. No
Cech, J. J. Jr., D. T. Castleberry, T. E. Hopkins, and J. H. Petersen. 1994. Northern squawfish, Ptychocheilus oregonensis, O2 consumption rate and respiration model: Effects of temperature and body size. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51:8-12. No
Ebel, W.J., D. C. Becker, J. W. Mullan, and H. L. Raymond. 1989. The Columbia River: Towards a holistic understanding. In: D. P. Dodge, Proc. Internat. Large Riv. Symp., Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 205-219. No
Faler, M. P., L. M. Miller, and K. I. Welke. 1988. Effects of variation in flow on distribution of northern squawfish in the Columbia River below McNary Dam. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 8:30-35. No
Gadomski, D. M., M. G. Mesa, and T. M. Olson. 1994. Vulnerability to predation and physiological stress responses of experimentally descaled juvenile chinook salmon, Oncorhyncus tshawytscha. Environ. Biol. Fish. 39:191-199. No
Hanson, P. C., T. B. Johnson, D. E. Schindler, and J. F. Kitchell. 1997. Bioenergetics Model 3.0 for Windows. University of Wisconsin Seagrant Institute, Technical Report WISCU-T-97-001, Madison, WI. No
ISG, 1996. Return to the River: Restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River Esosystem. Report to the Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Gadomski, D. M., and C. A. Barfoot. In press. Diel and distributional abundance patterns of fish embryos and larvae in the lower Columbia and Deschutes Rivers. Environ. Biol. Fish. No
Gray, G. A., G. M. Sonnevil, H. C. Hansel, C. W. Huntington, and D. E. Palmer. 1984. Feeding activity, rate of consumption, daily ration and prey selection of major predators in the John Day pool. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Or. No
Kitchell, J. F., and L. B. Crowder. 1986. Predator-prey interactions in Lake Michigan: model predictions and recent dynamics. Environ. Biol. Fish. 16:205-211. No
Kitchell, J. 1997. Bioenergetics modeling workshops for evaluating predator control programs on the Columbia River. Unpublished report to the U.S. Geological Survey, Cook, Washington. No
Marmorek, D. R., and C. N. Peters. 1998. Plan for Analyzing and Testing Hypotheses (PATH): Weight of evidence report. August 1998. ESSA Technologies, LTD., Vancouver, B. C., Canada. 116 p. + appendices. No
McKenzie, S. W., and A. Laenen. 1998. Assemby and data-quality review of available continuous water temperatures for the mainstems of the lower- and mid-Columbia and lower-Snake Rivers. Unpublished report and data to the NWPPC and EPA, Portland, Oregon No
National Research Council (NRC). 1996. Upstream: Salmon and society in the Pacific Northwest. National Academy Press, Washington D. C. No
Parker, R. M., M. P. Zimmerman, and D. L. Ward. 1995. Variability in biological characteristics of northern squawfish in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 124:335-346. No
Petersen, J. H., M. G. Mesa, J. Hall-Griswold, W. C. Shrader, G. W. Short, and T. P. Poe. 1990. Magnitude and dynamics of predation on juvenile salmonids. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon. No
Petersen, J. H., and D. L. DeAngelis. 1992. Functional response and capture timing in an individual-based model: predation by northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) on juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49:2551 No
Petersen, J. H. 1994. Importance of spatial pattern in estimating predation on juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 123:924-930. No
Petersen, J. H., D. M. Gadomski, and T. P. Poe. 1994. Differential predation by northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) on live and dead juvenile salmonids in the Bonneville Dam tailrace (Columbia River). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51:1197-1204. No
Petersen, J. H., and D. L. Ward. In press. Development and corroboration of a bioenergetics model for northern pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) feeding on juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. No
Poe, T. P., H. C. Hansel, S. Vigg, D. E. Palmer, and L. A. Prendergast. 1991. Feeding of predaceous fishes on out-migrating juvenile salmonids in John Day Reservoir, Columbia River. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120:405-420. No
Poe, T. P., R. S. Shively, and R. A. Tabor. 1994. Pages 347-360 in D.J. Stouder, K. L. Fresh, and R. J. Feller, editors. Ecological consequences of introduced piscivorous fishes in the lower Columbia and Snake rivers. Theory and Application in Fish F No
Quinn, T. P., and D. J. Adams. 1996. Environmental changes affecting the migratory timing of American shad and sockeye salmon. Ecology 77:1151-1162. No
Rice, J. A., J. E. Breck, S. M. Bartell, and J. F. Kitchell. 1983. Evaluating the constraints of temperature, activity, and consumption on growth of largemouth bass. Environmental Biology of Fishes 9:263-275. No
Ricker, W. E. 1941. The consumption of young sockeye salmon by predaceous fish. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 5:293-313. No
Rieman, B. E., and R. C. Beamesderfer. 1990. Dynamics of a northern squawfish population and the potential to reduce predation on juvenile salmonids in a Columbia River reservoir. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 10:228-241. No
Rieman, B. E., R. C. Beamesderfer, S. Vigg, and T. P. Poe. 1991. Estimated loss of juvenile salmonids to predation by northern squawfish, walleyes and smallmouth bass in John Day Reservoir, Columbia River. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120:448-458. No
Roby, D. D., D. P. Craig, K. Collis, S. L. Adamany. 1998. Avian predation on juvenile salmonids in the lower Columbia River. 1997 Annual Report. Bonneville Power Administration and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland, Oregon. No
Rondorf, D. W., M. S. Dutchuk, A. S. Kolok, and M. L. Gross. 1985. Bioenergetics of juvenile salmon during the spring outmigration. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon. No
Shively, R. S., T. P. Poe, and S. T. Sauter. 1996. Feeding response by northern squawfish to a hatchery release of juvenile salmonids in the Clearwater River, Idaho. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 125:230-236. No
Shuter, B.J., and J. R. Post. 1990. Climate, population viability, and the zoogeography of temperate fishes. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 119:314-336. No
Somerton, D. A. 1990. Detecting differenes in fish diets. Fishery Bull., U.S. 89:167-169. No
Stanford, J. A., and J. V. Ward. 1992. Management of aquatic resources in large catchments: Recognizing interactions between ecosystem connectivity and environmental disturbance. Pages 91-126 In: R. J. Naiman (ed.), Watershed Management. Springer- No
Stewart, D. J., J. F. Kitchell, and L. B. Crowder. 1981. Forage fishes and their salmonid predators in Lake Michigan. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 110:751-763. No
Tabor, R. A., R. S. Shively, and T. P. Poe. 1993. Predation on juvenile salmonids by smallmouth bass and northern squawfish in the Columbia River near Richland, Washington. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 13:831-838. No
Vigg, S., T. P. Poe, L. A. Prendergast, and H. C. Hansel. 1991. Rates of consumption of juvenile salmonids and alternative prey fish by northern squawfish, walleyes, smallmouth bass, and channel catfish . Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120:421-438. No
Vigg, S., and C. C. Burley. 1991. Temperature-dependent maximum daily consumption of juvenile salmonids by northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) from the Columbia River. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48:2491-2498. No
Ward, D. L., J. H. Petersen, J. J. Loch. 1995. Index of predation on juvenile salmonids by northern squawfish in the lower and middle Columbia River and in the lower Snake River. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 124:321-334. No
Welander, A. D. 1940. Notes on the dissemination of shad, Alosa sapidissima (Wilson), along the Pacifc coast of North America. Copeia 1940:221-223. No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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