Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199101904

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Hungry Horse Mitigation - Nonnative Fish Removal / Hatchery Production
BPA Project Proposal Number 199101904
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Business acronym (if appropriate) USFWS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Wade Fredenberg
Mailing Address 780 Creston Hatchery Road
City, State, Zip Kalispell, MT 59901
Phone 4067586872
Fax 4067586877
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Columbia
Subbasin Flathead
Short Description Conduct nonnative fish removal in Lake McDonald in Glacier National Park to facilitate restoration of native bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout in the Flathead drainage; produce hatchery fish for offsite stocking to mitigate Flathead Lake losses.
Target Species Westslope Cutthroat Trout, Bull Trout

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 10.3A.10, 10.3A.11, 10.3A.12
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Bull Trout ESA Listing (63 FR 31647) Westslope Cutthroat Trout Petitioned (63 FR 31691)
Other Planning Document References Fisheries Mitigation Plan for Losses Attributable to the Construction and Operation of Hungry Horse Dam; by Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT); approved by NPPC November, 1991. Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Implementation Plan; by MFWP and CSKT; approved by NPPC March, 1993. Flathead River Drainage Bull Trout Status Report; Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group 1995.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1993 Initiate hatchery component of 5-year kokanee stocking and monitoring program.
1993 Initiate bull trout experimental hatchery development and research.
1995 Develop kokanee broodstock.
1997 Initiate offsite westslope cutthroat and rainbow trout stocking.
1997 Initiate bull trout experimental culture development.
1997 Develop Sekokini Springs Natural Rearing Facility fish culture program.
1998 Evaluate success of kokanee program.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9502500 Flathead River Instream Flow Project Umbrella Subproposal No
9608701 Focus Watershed Coordination - Flathead River Watershed Watershed Plan No
9410002 Excessive Drawdown Mitigation - Hungry Horse Component Yes
20554 Hungry Horse Fisheries Mitigation Yes
9101901 Hungry Horse Mitigation - Flathead Lake Monitoring and Habitat Enhancement Yes
9101903 Hungry Horse Mitigation - Watershed Restoration and Monitoring Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Produce native westslope cutthroat trout at Creston NFH. a. Acquire eggs and rear up to 100,000 westslope cutthroat trout annually for offsite mitigation stocking.
2. Develop experimental techniques for hatchery culture of bull trout at Creston NFH. a. Continue experimental evaluation of bull trout broodstock, providing eggs and fry for research purposes.
2. .
3. Produce rainbow trout at Creston NFH. a. Acquire eggs and rear up to 100,000 rainbow annually for CSKT offsite mitigation in closed basin waters.
4. Facilitate native species recovery in Lake McDonald in Glacier National Park through a 5-year pilot program to reduce limiting factors. a. Assess existing fish population structure (species composition, age/growth, relative abundance, genetics, and food habits) in Lake McDonald (FY 2000 - FY 2001).
4. b. Assess existing zooplankton community composition and population structure in Lake McDonald (FY 2000 - FY2001)
4. c. Evaluate deepwater trapnets, Merwin traps, and/or other techniques for passive capture of native and introduced fishes (FY 2000) in large glacial lakes.
4. d. Conduct spawning and recruitment surveys and assess limiting factors for native bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout in tributaries to Lake McDonald (FY 2000 - FY 2004)
4. e. Conduct full-scale passive and active removal efforts to eliminate, to the maximum extent practical, all introduced fishes from Lake McDonald; including lake trout, lake whitefish, kokanee, and rainbow trout. (FY 2001 - FY 2002).
4. e. Evaluate response of native fish and zooplankton communities to introduced fish species removal efforts (FY 2003 - FY 2004).
4. f. Implement habitat restoration actions as needed to improve spawning and recruitment of native bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout (FY 2003 - FY 2004).
4. g. Provide long-term recommendations for maintaining the native species complex in Lake McDonald and assess application of these techniques to other waters in Glacier National Park, the Flathead Basin, and the Columbia River system.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 07/01/97 10/01/25 15.0%
2 09/01/93 12/01/99 8.0%
3 04/01/97 10/01/25 5.0%
4 10/01/99 09/01/04 Population Estimates X 72.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel Approx 4.2 FTE $159,300
Fringe $ 68,300
Supplies Fish production equipt., PIT tag reader, ropes, anchors, waders, PFD's, anaesthetic, misc. equipt. $ 10,000
Operating Boat hydraulic retrofit; working barge; vehicle, net, trap maintenance; fish food; chemicals $ 72,100
NEPA Will be conducted by NPS for objective 4. $ 0
PIT tags 1,000 $ 2,900
Travel $ 4,000
Indirect Overhead $ 77,350
Subcontractor Consultant to be selected - zooplankton analysis $ 10,000
Subcontractor Hickey Bros. Consulting, Baileys Harbor, Wisconsin - trapnet expertise $ 15,000
Subcontractor UM Wild Trout and Salmon Genetics Lab - DNA analysis $ 10,000
Total Itemized Budget $428,950

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $428,950
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $428,950
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
USFWS Hatchery space, project administration, and facility maintenance $150,000 unknown
National Park Service Equipment (boats, motors, etc.) and lodging for field crews $ 50,000 unknown


Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $405,000 $420,000 $350,000 $350,000
Total Outyear Budgets $405,000 $420,000 $350,000 $350,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: ESA-related actions such as recovery plans, or permitting for westslope cutthroat trout or bull trout could delay or modify objectives 1 and 4. Objectives 1 and 3 subject to modification by management agencies (MFWP or CSKT).

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Donald, D.B. and D.J. Alger. 1993. Geographic distribution, species displacement, and niche overlap for lake trout and bull trout in mountain lakes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:238-247. No
Kanda, N. 1998. Genetics and conservation of bull trout: Comparison of population genetic structure among different genetic markers and hybridization with brook trout. Doctoral dissertation. University of Montana, Missoula. No
Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. 1991. Fisheries mitigation plan for losses attributable to the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam. MDFWP and CSKT, Kalispell. No
Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. 1993. Hungry Horse Dam fisheries mitigation implementation plan. MDFWP and CSKT, Kalispell. No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Fund in part
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Recommendation: Fund in part. Do not fund objective 3, non-native stocking.

Comments: This project is a component of the Hungry Horse Fisheries Mitigation umbrella (20554), the specific goals of which are to remove introduced species from Lake McDonald, and plant hatchery fish elsewhere in the Flathead Lake basin. This is a continuing project, funded at the level of about $650k annually, which is projected to decrease somewhat over the next five years.

The proposal does not make a compelling case for the planned biological manipulations or the issues involved, although it is an improvement over last year's proposal. It is curious that they planted exotics in their previous management program and are now proposing to eliminate them. As with other projects under this umbrella, a comprehensive review of all such projects should be conducted, perhaps by a visiting committee. In the case of this particular project, where the actions proposed could have long-term consequences, it is essential that such review be conducted as soon as possible.

This was a reasonably well written proposal. It reflects adaptive management well, by shifting emphasis from the unsuccessful kokanee planting project to restoration of a different lake. It lists relevant FWP measures, ESA listings, and three other plans, as well as the other umbrella projects and 2 others. It has a realistic list of accomplishments, including the failed kokanee experiment, which was not the fault of the hatchery. Other work was good. The objectives are good, and focus on FY2000. The new Lake McDonald work seems reasonable. The budget is reasonable, with good cost sharing. The narrative is good, with excellent background for the planned FY2000 work. There is good rationale for the shift in emphasis. The proposal relates the work to FERC relicensing and the FWS own related work elsewhere. Good history and listing of reports. The Technical and/or scientific background section is very thorough. The Objectives and Methods sections dovetail nicely. The methods are good, especially those for the Lake McDonald work. Considering the shift in emphasis, this would not be a good candidate for multi-year funding.

Several questions were raised by the ISRP review, which could be better addressed in the proposal:

  • What was the central focus of the adaptive management strategy of the Implementation Plan?
  • Why were exotic rainbow trout (still are) and Kokanee salmon being stocked in waters of the Flathead? Have the potential side effects of introductions that run counter to FWP policies been acknowledged?
  • Is the mitigation plan to increase fisheries yield or to protect native fishes impacted by dams?
  • Is there a monitoring plan to see if off site fisheries will reduce, have no effect or even increase fisheries pressure on sensitive populations?
  • Objective 4 task a: Wouldn't a multiple mark and recapture scheme give you more information than a simple Peterson estimate?
  • Given that we are seeing dramatic weather fluctuations driven by the Southern Oscillation, doesn't it make more sense to capture temporal variation in estimates of community composition and population structure of zooplankton?
  • Developing "trigger" points (unacceptable levels of exotic species) is a good plan. Complete extirpation of exotics is rare.

This would be a better proposal if there was a stronger commitment to native fishes. Stocking rainbows should be phased out entirely. The review group was strongly in support of those objectives that support mitigation and enhancement of native species and was philosophically opposed to mitigating the loss of native species by introduction of non-native species (i.e. rainbow trout). Indeed, this project appears to embrace contradictory actions and philosophies in that regard. Nonetheless, the project is well presented within the context of the review criteria.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999

CBFWA: Resident Fish Review Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Screening Criteria: yes

Technical Criteria: yes

Programmatic Criteria: yes

Milestone Criteria: no-Until further deliberation.

ISRP Final Review , ISRP 99-4 Recommendation:
Oct 29, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Fund. The response adequately covers the ISRP concerns over non-native stocking. It is clear now that the non-natives are being stocked into lakes where conflicts with native fish restoration will not occur.

NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Under policy review
Nov 8, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Fund in part
Mar 1, 2000
[Decision made in 12-7-99 Council Meeting]; Fund obj 1,2,3 only

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Fund at original request
Mar 1, 2000
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
(j) Hungry Horse Mitigation -- nonnative fish removal - (#910904, USFWS, $428,950)

This is an ongoing project that was initiated in 1992 after the Council adopted the Hungry Horse Mitigation Plan. The project is intended to mitigate for Hungry Horse Dam hydro-related losses of salmonids from the Flathead River/Lake system. Hungry Horse Dam, constructed in 1952, blocked access from Flathead Lake to tributary reaches in the South Fork Flathead River, eliminating spawning and rearing habitat for bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout from Flathead Lake.

In Fiscal Year 2000 the sponsor seeks funding through this project to remove lake trout, a non-native predator of the native bull trout from Lake McDonald in Glacier National Park as offsite mitigation under the Power Act. The proponent explains that lake trout appeared in Lake McDonald in the 1950s, and that significant, viable lake trout populations in this type of system are considered incompatible with native bull trout. The proponent seeks funding to remove lake trout from Lake McDonald to assess the response of native bull trout. It is the new lake trout removal component of this project that raises a policy issue for the Council. Several policy issues are presented. First, this is an existing project with significant history. The lake trout removal activities proposed for Lake McDonald for the first time this year are a new and different element of the project.

The Council has consistently had a policy concern that projects seem to change or be redirected over time without a logical and natural progression, and without prior Council consideration of the new approach. A good example is the concern the Council has expressed in past years with traditional artificial production projects shifting into captive propagation projects without warning or prior Council approval.

In this case, the removal of lake trout from Lake McDonald does not seem to be a logical progression or next step for this existing project. This project was initially funded as in-place mitigation through the kokanee production and stocking program in Flathead Lake/River. This is the centerpiece of the project described in the Council's program. The sponsors state that the kokanee program has failed, and that the focus shifted in Fiscal Year 1998 to rainbow trout and westslope trout production and stocking. The primary management objectives of both the kokanee and trout production activities apparently were to provide angler opportunities and to redirect angler effort from areas in the Flathead Lake/River system with depressed populations of westslope cutthroat trout and/or bull trout. It is difficult to understand the consistency between the historic project activities and approach and the proposed lake trout removal. In fact, the proposal indicates that westslope cutthroat and bull trout populations in Lake McDonald are themselves depressed. Lake trout, on the other hand, are apparently abundant. Removing lake trout from Lake McDonald is fundamentally inconsistent with the project's historic approach of creating angler opportunity in areas without depressed native stock populations. The lake trout removal activities are of a fundamentally different nature than those that proceeded it, and are more logically considered a new project.

The second policy issue presented by the lake trout component of the proposal is whether or not the activity is appropriately funded from the direct program as off-site mitigation for hydro-impacts to the Flathead Lake/River system. While many actions are funded by the direct program as off-site mitigation where in-place/in-kind mitigation is not possible, the Council and the program seek a rational or logical connection between such projects and hydro-related impacts. Such a connection appears to be missing in the lake trout removal activities of this project. The project proposal indicates that lake trout were introduced to Lake McDonald before Hungry Horse Dam was constructed in 1952. Expending funds to examine eradicating a species introduced before Hungry Horse dam was even built is far removed from the core of the Act's fish and wildlife mitigation objectives. This is not to say that such a project, or even this project, may never be funded by the direct program. Rather, the tenuous connection of the "problem" to the hydro-system tends to make such a project a low priority when considered relative to the many projects proposed for funding.

Third, during the October 12th Fish and Wildlife Committee meeting, the project sponsor acknowledged that lake trout removal to assist native species is not a management strategy that is endorsed by all relevant entities. The Council has concerns over moving forward with the funding for this project with the uncertainty that even if proven as a successful tool in aiding the recovery of depressed populations of native salmonids, there remained the strong possibility that the agencies with jurisdiction would not agree to implement the strategy in other areas. The Council is also concerned that the management agencies have not coordinated their own approaches to lake trout in Lake McDonald. It was noted that the sponsor here sought ratepayer funds to test the feasibility of effecting a large scale reduction in the lake trout population with nets, traps, etc., but the National Park Service maintained a catch limit on lake trout for recreational fishers at Lake McDonald.

Finally, as alluded to above, the Council is presented with total funding recommendations by CBFWA that exceed the budget available for Fiscal Year 2000. In addition, the ISRP is recommending that some projects not proposed by CBFWA receive funding. In short, Fiscal Year 2000 is an extremely tight budget year. In making its recommendations to Bonneville, the Council faces the difficult task of establishing at least general priorities on which projects to fund. Establishing these priorities is a policy matter for the Council. In this case, given the budget constraints and the points discussed above regarding the lack of a logical progression to the proposed activities, and the tenuous connection of the problem to a hydrosystem cause, the Council finds the lake trout removal component of this project to be a low priority for funding.

The Council recommends funding the other objectives of this proposal in Fiscal Year 2000 at the level identified in the original proposal. The sponsor's request to increase the funding level to $159,417 made in its letter to Council staff dated November 8, 1999 for those objectives is not accepted by the Council at this time. If the sponsor requires additional the funds as stated in its November 8, 1999 letter, it should route the request through CBFWA in the quarterly review process.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (USFWS) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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