Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199107100

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Snake River Sockeye Salmon Habitat and Limnological Research
BPA Project Proposal Number 199107100
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes
Business acronym (if appropriate) SBT

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Doug Taki
Mailing Address P.O. Box 306
City, State, Zip Fort Hall, ID 83203
Phone 2082383914
Fax 2082383742
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Snake
Subbasin Salmon
Short Description Increase carrying capacities of Snake River sockeye salmon rearing lakes (Redfish, Pettit, and Alturas). Evaluate the effects of nutrient additions and fish stocking on the lake's ecosystems.
Target Species Snake River sockeye salmon

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 2.2A, 7.5A, 7.6A
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses:
Other Planning Document References Proposed Recovery Plan for Snake River Salmon 1.3.a and 1.6.c, CBFWA FY99 DAIWP - Salmon River Subbasin

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1994 Fertilization experiment in limnocorral enclosures in Redfish Lake.
1995 Test fertilization of Redfish Lake.
1995 Reduce the number of non-endemic spawning kokanee in Fishhook Creek.
1997 Fertilize lakes to increase sockeye carrying capacity and overwinter survival of released sockeye pre smolts in Redfish, Alturas, and Pettit lakes.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9107200 Redfish Lake sockeye captive broodstock No
9204000 Redfish Lake sockeye salmon captive broodstock rearing No
9009300 Genetic analysis of Oncorhynchus nerka No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Continue extensive limnological monitoring in Redfish, Alturas, and Pettit lakes. Continue monitoring limnological parameters in Stanley Lake with a less intensive schedule. a. Conduct ongoing limnological studies during 1999 and 2000 to provide information on physical, chemical, and biological characteristics relating to O. nerka production. This includes a lake fertilization monitoring program.
1. b. Complete winter limnology sampling and estimate sockeye salmon production opportunities and constraints during this season.
1. c. Coordinate efforts with the USFS, IDFG, Idaho State Dept. of Water Resources.
2. Fertilize Redfish, Alturas, and Pettit lakes. a. Apply pharmaceutical grade nitrogen and phosphorous by boat at weekly intervals. Rates of application had already been determined for 1998 and after evaluating 1998 limnological data and O. nerka population estimates those rates may change for 1999.
2. b. Obtain a lake fertilization prescription from Dr. John Stockner based on 1998 limnological data.
3. Enumerate sockeye smolt outmigration from Pettit and Alturas lakes. We will use a smolt collection weir and a screw trap at the outlet streams of Pettit and Alturas lakes, respectively. a. Collect sockeye smolts from Alturas and Pettit lakes. Enumeration and potential PIT tagging (pending TOC recommendation) will be undertaken at each location.
4. Continue monitoring O. nerka population characteristics and densities in the Sawtooth Valley lakes in conjunction with IDFG to determine inter-annual trends. a. Estimate the emergent O. nerka fry population entering Redfish Lake. Estimate summer survival of age-0 fish by comparing population estimate to end of the summer trawl/hydroacoustic work.
4. b. Estimate O. nerka stream spawner population size and sex ratio in Redfish (Fishhook Crk.), Alturas, and Stanley lakes using spawning ground surveys. Estimate spawner distribution, stream residency, and fecundity of spawning kokanee for each stream.
4. c. Estimate the total number of O. nerka in Sawtooth Valley lakes (Redfish, Alturas, Pettit, and Stanley) using hydroacoustics. Use vertical gillnets to partition targets. Determine year class strength and mortality.
4. d. Correlate hydroacoustic population estimates with IDFG's trawling estimates.
5. Determine seasonal loss of O. nerka to piscivorous fish in the Sawtooth Valley lakes. a. Estimate potential predation and competition impacts to O. nerka by nursery lake fish community constituents by stomach content analysis of gill-net captured fish in Alturas & Pettit lakes. Samples will come from different time periods and lake locations.
6. Assist the IDFG with in-lake captive broodstock production activities for progeny from the captive rearing programs. a. Assist IDFG with developing O. nerka juvenile release strategy protocols and evaluation of fish performance.
6. b. Assist IDFG with construction and maintenance of net pens used to rear O. nerka juveniles in the Sawtooth Valley nursery lakes.
6. c. Assist IDFG with placement and retrieval of egg incubation boxes in Redfish Lake.
6. d. Assist IDFG personnel, where needed, with PIT tagging of sockeye salmon destined for nursery lake re-introduction.
6. e. Solicit and obtain written recommendations from other sockeye salmon experts on release and lake production strategies.
7. Technology Transfer a. Provide written reports to the Stanley Basin Technical Oversight Committee.
7. b. Provide an annual report to the BPA.
7. c. Attend appropriate conferences and meetings that relate to sockeye salmon. Give presentations on project to professional organizations, conferences, etc.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 09/01/91 10/01/10 25.0%
2 06/01/95 10/01/10 27.0%
3 04/01/96 08/01/15 16.0%
4 09/01/91 08/01/15 11.0%
5 09/01/91 10/01/10 7.0%
6 09/01/91 10/01/10 3.0%
7 09/01/91 12/01/15 11.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel three 12 mo. FTE, one 9 mo. FTE, one 6 mo. FTE, one 1 mo. FTE $122,361
Fringe $ 41,603
Supplies $ 5,500
Operating $ 71,490
PIT tags 500 $ 1,450
Travel includes per diem, etc. for field work $ 33,000
Indirect $ 46,615
Subcontractor Biolines and Eco-Logic Ltd. $ 97,442
Subcontractor Washington State University $ 19,000
Total Itemized Budget $438,461

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $438,461
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $438,461
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $451,000 $460,000 $467,000 $467,000
Total Outyear Budgets $451,000 $460,000 $467,000 $467,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: End dates for most objectives are impossible to predict. Many tasks are dependant on the number of returning adults, lake habitat conditions, number of progeny available from the captive broodstock program, etc.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Bevan, D., J. Harville, P. Bergman, J. Crutchfield, P. Klingeman, and J. Litchfield. 1994. Snake River Salmon Recovery Team: Final recommendations to National Fisheries Service. No
Bowles, E.C., and T. Cochnauer. 1984. Potential sockeye salmon production in Alturas Lake Creek drainage, Idaho. Prepared for USDA, Forest Service Sawtooth National Forest. No
Bjornn, T.C., D.R. Craddock, and D.R. Corley. 1968. Migration and survival of Redfish Lake, Idaho, sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 97(4): 360-373. No
Budy, P., C. Luecke, W.A. Wurtsbaugh, and H. P. Gross. 1994. Effects of nutrient enhancement on plankton and the growth of juvenile salmon in Redfish Lake. IN D. Tuescher and D. Taki, eds. Snake River sockeye habitat and limnological research - annu No
Budy, P., C. Lueke, and W.A. Wurtsbaugh. 1996. A comparison of four years of limnology in the Sawtooth Lakes with emphasis on fertilization of Redfish Lake. IN, D. Tuescher and D. Taki, eds. Snake River sockeye salmon habitat and limnological research No
Budy, P., C. Lueke, W.A. Wurtsbaugh, H.P. Gross, and C. Gubala. 1995. Limnology of the Sawtooth Valley Lakes with respect to potential growth of juvenile sockeye salmon. Northwest Sci. 69: 33-150. No
Budy, P., C. Luecke, and W.A. Wurtsbaugh. 1998. Adding nutrients to enhance the growth of endangered sockeye salmon: trophic transfer in an oligotrophic lake. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 127: 19-34. No
Edmundson, J., and L. Peltz. 1990. Juvenile sockeye salmon outplants into Pass and Esther Passage lakes, and the nutrient enrichment of Pass Lake. Proceedings of the 1990 sockeye culture workshop. Anchorage, Alaska. Alaska Department of Fish and Game No
Gross, H.P., W.A. Wurtsbaugh, C. Luecke, and P. Budy. 1994. Comparison of epilimnetic and metalimnetic fertilizations on the phytoplankton and zooplankton in Pettit Lake, Idaho. IN D. Tuescher and D. Taki, eds. Snake River sockeye habitat and limn No
Gross, H.P. 1995. Evaluation of lake fertilization as a tool to assist in the recovery of the Snake River sockeye salmon. M.S. thesis, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. No
Gross, H.P., W.A. Wurtsbaugh, C. Luecke, and P. Budy. 1997. Fertilization of an oligotrophic lake with a deep chlorophyll maximum: predicting the effect on primary productivity. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 1177-1189. No
Hyatt, K.D., and J.G. Stockner. 1985. Responses of sockeye salmon to fertilization of British Columbia coastal lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 320-331. No
Koenings, J.P., and R.D. Burkett. 1987. Population characteristics of sockeye salmon smolts relative to temperature regimes, euphotic volume, fry density, and forage base within Alaskan lakes. p. 216-234. IN H.D. Smith, L. Margolis, and C.C. Wood, ed No
Kyle, G.B. 1994. Assessment of trophic level responses and coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) production following nutrient treatment (1981-1986) of Bear Lake, Alaska. Fisheries Research 20: 294-261. No
Luecke, C., P. Budy, W.A. Wurtsbaugh, H.P. Gross, and G. Steinhart. 1996. Simulated growth and production of endangered Snake River sockeye salmon: assessing lake management strategies for nursery lakes. Fisheries (Bethesda), 21(6): 18-25. No
National Marine Fisheries Service. 1994. Biological Opinion. Trapping of Alturas Lake kokanee Oncorhynchus nerka outmigrants during the spring of 1994-1997. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ma No
National Marine Fisheries Service. 1995. Proposed Recovery Plan for Snake River Salmon. U. S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. No
National Marine Fisheries Service. 1996. Section 10 permit to take endangered species. Permit number 998. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Silver Springs, Maryland. No
Plante, C., and J.A. Downing. 1992. Relationship of salmonine production to lake trophic status and temperature. Can. J. Fish. Auqat. Sci. 50: 1324-1328. No
Rieman, B.E., and D.L. Meyers. 1992. Influence of fish densities and relative productivity of growth of kokanee in ten oligotrophic lakes and reservoirs in Idaho. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 121: 178-191. No
Robinson, D.G., and W.E. Barraclough. 1978. Population estimates of sockeye salmon in a fertilized oligotrophic lake. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 35: 851-860. No
Stockner, J.G. 1996. An assessment of rearing capacity of Stanley Basin lakes for sockeye salmon, Oncorhynhus nerka; recommendations for enhancement by whole lake fertilization; and comments on limnological monitoring. Prepared for Doug Taki, Shoshone- No
Stockner, J.G., K. Shortreed, J. Hume, K. Morton, and M. Henderson. 1995. PR Model; unpublished data obtained through personal communication. No
Stockner, J.G., and E.A. MacIsaac. 1996. British Columbia lake enrichment programme: two decades of habitat enhancement for sockeye salmon. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 12: 547-561. No
Taki, D. and A. Mikkelsen. 1997. Fish population dynamics in Sawtooth Valley lakes. IN, D. Taki and A. Mikkelsen, eds. Snake River sockeye salmon habitat and limnological research-1996 annual report. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Bonneville Power Administrat No
Tuescher, D., and D. Taki. 1995. Lake carrying capacity and production estimates. IN, D. Tuescher and D. Taki, eds. Snake River sockeye salmon habitat and limnological research-1994 annual report. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration No
Tuescher, D. and D. Taki. 1996. Fish population dynamics in Sawtooth Valley Lakes. IN, D. Tuescher and D. Taki, eds. Snake River sockeye salmon habitat and limnological research-1994 annual report. U.S. Dept. of Energy, Bonneville Power Administratio No
Zadina, T., and M. Haddix. 1993. Consequences and solution to early fry release timing in Virginia Lake. Proceedings of the 1990 sockeye culture workshop. Anchorage, Alaska. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Delay Funding
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Recommendation: Delay funding until project describes that a risk assessment has been done pertaining to risks associated with altering food web structure. In addition, if funded, this project needs careful annual review with better reporting on results.

Comments: Programmatic justification for the project seems literal, rather than descriptive and logical. The proposal fails to provide compelling evidence that nutrient addition will adequately enhance Snake River sockeye. Published reports (Trans. Am. Fish Soc .127[1]) suggest that "whole-lake fertilization would aid in the recovery of Snake River sockeye" and "fertilization should be considered an important short-term tool for decreasing erosion of stock", but also that "8 years after the end of a 3-year fertilization period, adult returns would only be 5% greater than for unfertilized conditions." If (or when) adult sockeye resume migration to the lakes, fertilization might be more cost-effective; it may not be effective now.

This project should be classed primarily as research, secondarily as implementation (one aspect only). The narrative on project history is inappropriately mixed into the technical background section. The proposal is inadequate in its consideration of possible unwanted side-effects. The fertilization could have many ramifications for the biotic community. The authors need to describe the risks inherent in the action of fertilizing the lake and changing the nutrient level and makeup of the plankton community. The proposal does not adequately address the extensive research done in Canada. The proposal remains inadequate for the same reasons the ISRP identified last year [see last year's report and comments on page 89, appendix A]. Funding level appears high.

Peer reviewed publications in fisheries or aquatics journals should come from this work. Given the nutrient-poor status of most of the Snake Basin, the results of the large-scale fertilization experiment represent an important opportunity for technology transfer to the fisheries community. Funding has been provided since 1991 at about $500K per year, aimed at many basic research questions. The project should support a solid publication base. Reports to the Technical Oversight Committee are certainly necessary for oversight, coordination and for adaptive management to occur. But these and the required final report to BPA fall considerably short of the potential for transfer of information to both the scientific community and to a public interested in the fate of the Redfish Lake Sockeye and the Endangered Species Act. Peer review publication, particularly of the fertilization experiments, should be expected.

The proposal does not seem to adequately describe the role and contribution of the subcontractor. It appears there is a change in the subcontractors (previously from Utah State with a good publication record for the project), which raised concerns among the reviewers regarding the project's continuity.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Criteria all: Met? Yes -

CBFWA: Subregional Team Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
This project is important and should continue. We recommend funding at a reduced rate in order to meet other management priorities within this sub region. The reduction would occur by reducing Objective 2 by approximately 10%. We would like to see an umbrella for all of the sockeye projects in this area.

CBFWA: Watershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
Technically Sound? Yes
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Complete Section 4, measurable biological objectives and milestones.

A good proposal, but how does the progress reported relate to time-referenced accomplishments and objectives? What has been accomplished in 8 years?

This is a proven technique in Canada.

Concerned about cost-effectiveness because of passage barriers caused by hydro projects.

ISRP Final Review , ISRP 99-4 Recommendation:
Oct 29, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Fund. The additional information provided by the project sponsor addressed the ISRP's concerns. Involvement of the TOC in oversight of the various sockeye projects helps ensure integration of the various projects and provides a venue for examination of risks associated with the overall program.

NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Nov 8, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Mar 1, 2000
[Decision made in 11-3-99 Council Meeting]

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (Shoshone Bannock Tribe) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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