Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199401001

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Mitigation for Excessive Drawdowns at Libby Reservoir
BPA Project Proposal Number 199401001
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
Business acronym (if appropriate) MFWP/CSKT
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Brian Marotz, Scott Snelson
Mailing Address 490 N. Meridian Rd.
City, State, Zip Kalispell, MT 59901
Phone 4067514546
Fax 4062570349
E-mail marotz@digisys.net
 
Manager of program authorizing this project
 
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Columbia
Subbasin Kootenai
 
Short Description Mitigate for fish and fish habitat losses due to excessive drafting of Libby Reservoir for power production (Fish and Wildlife Program measures 903(a) and (b)).
Target Species Bull trout, Kootenai River White Sturgeon, Inland Redband Trout, Westslope Cutthroat Trout, Burbot, Mountain Whitefish


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 903(a), 903(b) (NPPC 1987), 10.1B, 10.1C, 10.2A.2, 10.2B, 10.3A.1-4, 10.3A.6, 10.3A9, 10.3A11, 10.3A.18 (NPPC 1995)
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: Kootenai River White Sturgeon Biological Opinion (59 FR 45989) NMFS Hydrosystem Operations for Salmon Recovery (56 FR 58619; 57 FR 14653) Bull Trout Listing (62 FR 31647) Westslope Cutthroat Trout proposed listing (63 FR 31691)
Other Planning Document References Fisheries Mitigation and Implementation Plan for Losses Attributable to the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam. 1998. Kootenai Watershed Programmatic Habitat and Physical Parameter Review (Bibliography)Open File Report – MFWP-Libby, MT Bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout recovery plans and actions (Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team 1997; Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group 1995; Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team 1998, MFWP and CSKT 1991, 1993; Montana Westslope Cutthroat Trout Recovery Team, in prep.) Fisheries Losses Attributable to Reservoir Drawdown In Excess of Limits Stated in the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program: Hungry Horse and Libby Dams 1987-1991 (Marotz and DosSantos 1993); Fisheries Losses Attributable to Reservoir Drawdown In Excess of Limits in the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program: Hungry Horse and Libby Dams 1991-1993 (MFWP and CSKT 1997);


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): resident


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1998 Completed geomorphic surveys of major portions of Libby and Big Cherry Creeks (key recovery area for bull and westslope cutthroat trout) necessary to remap floodplain and design a large-scale habitat restoration effort
1998 Completed channel protection/ stabilization/ habitat restoration and migration barrier removal that connects and revitalized over 15 miles of critical westslope and bull trout trout habitat in key core recovery tributaries to Libby Reservoir
1998 Continue trial of remote site incubators as a mechanism to improve the strength of native westslope cutthroat trout (WCT) populations in reservoir tributaries
1998 Complete a cooperative watershed inventory of the Young Creek Drainage with USFS
1996 Documented long-range, international migration of burbot from Libby Reservoir into Kootenai River in British Columbia
1996 Collected burbot genetic samples for a cooperative (IDFG) analysis to compare Libby Reservoir burbot to populations in the Kootenai River of Idaho
1997 Documented severe declines in native westslope cutthroat trout populations in tributaries to Libby Reservoir


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9608720 Focus Watershed Coordination-Kootenai River Watershed (FWC) Excessive Drawdown Mitigation (EDDM, Project # 9401001), is the mechanism by which local watershed plans developed by the FWC are funded and implemented. EDDM also provides GIS support for developing and prioritizing watershed plans No
8806500 IDFG-Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations White Sturgeon Recovery No
8806400 KTOI – White Sturgeon Experimental Aquaculture White Sturgeon Recovery No
9101903 Hungry Horse Reservoir Mitigation Sister mitigation project on Flathead System- exchange information and techniques and occasionally share personnel. No
9401002 Flathead River Native Species Project Sister mitigation project on Flathead System- exchange information and techniques and occasionally share personnel. No
3874700 Streamnet Geographic Information Services Unit Providing data layer updating and development for managers and mitigation efforts and provides mapping services for local watershed planning and research No
0 Purchase Conservation Easement from Plum Creek Timber Company along the Fis Yes
20517 Fisheries Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam Yes
9401001 MFWP- Libby Reservoir Excessive Drawdown Mitigation Yes
8346500 Libby and Hungry Horse Modeling Technical Analysis Yes
8346700 Mitigation For The Construction And Operation Of Libby Dam Yes


Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Assess the metapopulation strength of transboundry (British Columbia and Montana) populations of native bull trout in the Kootenai River, above Libby Dam. a. In cooperation with BC Environment, conduct aerial (helicopter) redd surveys of the major tributaries of the Kootenai River (Lussier, Skookumchuk, St. Mary, Findlay, Kikomun, Bull, Wild Horse and White Rivers, Gold and Bloom Creeks) of British Columbia.
1. b. Ground truth major redd concentrations found by aerial surveys and identify possible index streams for long term population monitoring
1. c. In cooperation with MFWP management personnel and Libby Mitigation, conduct redd surveys in the Grave and Weasel Creek drainages of Montana.
1. d. In cooperation with BC Environment, capture and implant 40 adult bull trout in Kootenai River upstream of the Elk river, with 50-month radio transmitters
1. e. Track movements of radio-tagged trout through the staging and spawning seasons to identify likely spawning areas.
2. Monitor permanent stream form and sediment monitoring stations in the WigwamRiver (BC) and Grave Creek (MT) to allow early detection of habitat degradation that could contribute to population declines for bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout a. Conduct McNeil core sampling in both drainages using stratified random sampling techniques within these known spawning areas and establish permanent coring stations for long term monitoring.
2. b. In known rearing areas in both drainages from population estimates and conduct Crouse substrate scoring transects in these areas.
2. c. Correlate juvenile rearing densities with substrate scores and establish permanent substrate scoring stations in both drainages and juvenile population estimates.
2. d. Correlate juvenile rearing densities with substrate scores and establish permanent substrate scoring stations in both drainages and juvenile population estimates.
3. Fill in the gaps in our knowledge of native westslope cutthroat populations and other trout species in Libby Reservoir and associated tributaries a. Determine strength of adfluvial spawning runs in Young, Big, Five-mile, Ten-Mile, Pinkham, Sinclair, Therriault, Swamp, Lake and Fortine Creeks and the Tobacco River, using migrant traps and redd counts.
4. Continue to monitor the effectiveness of using remote site incubators (RSI’s) as a means of increasing recruitment of age-1 or greater westslope cutthroat trout into Libby Reservoir and expand the trial to include other tributaries. a. Operate the Young Creek permanent weir to capture upstream migrating adult trout and downstream migrating juvenile trout to monitor number of spawning adults entering the creek to spawn and measure the number and size of WCT emigrating from the creek.
4. b. Conduct electrofishing population estimates in historically sampled reaches to monitor the effects of RSI’s and artificial redds. Begin comparative monitoring for future reference.
5. Evaluate thermal otolith marking methods for marking WCT fry delivered from RSI’s to enable more effective evaluation of RSI program. a. Treat all batches of eggs being deployed in RSI’s with a unique series of temperature variations
5. b. Collect emerged fry from each RSI, label and preserve in ethanol.
5. c. Mount a random sample of emerged fry from each RSI collection, prepare otolith cross sections and create a digital images cross section catalogue of otolith growth patterns.
5. d. Collect otoliths from out-migrating adult WCT captured in traps in Young Creek and from those WCT captured in Libby Reservoir gill nets. Prepare cross sections of otoliths.
5. e. Determine if otolith patterns found in adult WCT have a similar early life pattern to that of a catalogued lots of eyed-eggs or emerged fry.
6. Develop a source of “in-drainage” westslope cutthroat trout eggs for use in RSI and artificial redd, WCT recovery program. a. Determine with microsatelite genetic analysis if the BC Enviroment's Conners Lake WCT brood stock is sufficiently similar to "wild" in- drainage stocks to use in RSI based recovery efforts
6. b. If a suitable “wild” strain is identified from BC, negotiate an egg exchange, obtain permits etc. to allow use of the eggs in the recovery program.
6. c. If no source of BC WCT eggs is available develop a plan to trap and hold sufficient numbers of Wigwam River or Grave Creek WCT to provide genetic integrity and introduce sex products into existing Montana hatchery system for brood stock.
7. Develop and implement watershed-based habitat protection and enhancement projects in identified bull, westslope and inland redband trout core recovery areas. a. Working cooperatively with the Focus Watershed Coordination program and local watershed councils, contact landowners to describe goals and encourage cooperation in renovation efforts.
7. b. Conduct stream inventories and evaluate feasibility of returning specific stream reaches to quality native trout habitat.
7. c. Select and prioritize project sites for habitat restoration, livestock fencing and watering stations, migrant passage improvement, point source sediment abatement, streambank stabilization and revegetation of riparian areas.
7. d. Formalize landowner and agency agreements to protect investments. Develop cost-share programs with USFS, NRCS, Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, Lincoln Conservation District, USACOE and other agencies and organizations
7. e. Develop site plans, maps, material lists and contracts, obtain 124, 3A, 404 and chemical treatment permits for selected project sites.
7. f. Initiate purchasing, contracts and implement plans at highest priority sites. Document remaining projects for inclusion in the Libby Mitigation Program.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/97 11/01/02 Maintain stable to increasing native species populations. Understand the population dynamics of and monitor for signs of collapse, one of North Americas strongest bull trout meta populations 3.0%
2 01/01/94 11/01/02 Forecast potential downturns in bull trout populations and allow managers to react prior to population collaspe 5.0%
3 01/01/94 11/01/02 10.0%
4 04/01/94 11/01/02 Reverse the downward trend in westslope cutthroat trout (WCT) populations in tributaries to Libby Reservoir and increase number of WCT returning to tribs. as adults from the Reservoir to spawn 15.0%
5 06/01/94 11/01/02 10.0%
6 01/01/99 04/01/01 5.0%
7 08/01/96 11/01/02 Increased numbers of spawning and rearing native species in core recovery areas and increases in connection between populations 52.0%


Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel 0.2 FTE Focus Watershed Coordinator, 1 FTE Senior Technician, 1FTE Junior Technician., 0.5 FTE Junio $ 63,520
Fringe $ 12,704
Supplies Minor tools and instruments, software habitat restoration material $ 24,850
Operating office furniture ($700), light fixture, office painting $ 1,200
Capital Purchase of conservation easements to protect stream project investments (20,000 $ 20,000
NEPA Meeting rooms and printing costs for documents. NEPA documentation performed in-kind by project $ 1,200
Travel 52 nights per diem @$12, 170 days @$23, 10 nights out-of state lodging@50, 12 nights in-state lodge $ 16,927
Indirect 17.2% $ 55,470
Other Fixed wing flight time for radio telemetry tracking of bull trout 50-3.5 hr flights @ $210/hr $ 36,750
Subcontractor $ 12,600
Subcontractor $ 56,250
Subcontractor $ 76,500
Total Itemized Budget $377,971


Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $377,971
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $377,971
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable


Reason for change in scope

Not applicable


Cost Sharing

Organization Item or service provided Amount Cash or In-Kind
US Army Corps of Engineers 75/25 cost share for channel stabilization Young Creek $168,750 unknown
US Army Corps of Engineers (25%) and Libby Area Conservancy District (25%) 50/50 cost-share for channel stabilzation of Libby Creek $ 76,500 unknown
BC Environment 40- coded,high frequency, 50 month transmitters $ 11,000 unknown
BC Environment Operating migrant trap on Wigwam River. BPA funds contract labor and BC Environment coodinates equipment, support and logistics $ 6,000 unknown

 

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002
All Phases $300,000 $250,000
Total Outyear Budgets $300,000 $250,000
 

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Project schedule changes are the norm rather than the exception due to many variables beyond our control (e.g.weather, CBFWA priorities) making prioritization of tasks an adaptive process. It is anticipated that project will proceed as scheduled


Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Campana, S.E. and J.D. Neilson. 1985. Microstructure of fish otoliths. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42:1014-1032 No
Chisholm, I. and P. Hamlin 1987. 1985 Libby Reservoir Angler Census: May 13 - October 31, 1985. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks for Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. 45p. No
Council. 1987. Northwest Power Planning Council Fish and Wildlife Program. Yes
Council. 1994. Northwest Power Planning Council Fish and Wildlife Program. Document 94-55. Yes
Crouse, M. C. Callahan, K. MaLueg and S.E. Dominguez. 1981. Effects of fine sediments on growth of juvenile coho salmon in laboratory streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 110:281-286. No
Dalbey, D., J. DeShazer, L. Garrow, G. Hoffman and T. Ostrowski. 1997. Quantification of Libby Reservoir Levels Needed to Maintain or Enhance Reservoir Fisheries: Methods and Data Summary, 1988-1996. DRAFT report to Bonneville Power Administration. 70 Yes
Hart. L. G., and R. C. Summerfelt. 1975. Surgical procedures for implanting ultrasonic transmitters in flathead catfish(Polyodictis olivaris). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 104:56-59. No
Heezen, K. L., and J. R. Tester. 1967. Evaluation for radio tracking by triangulation with special reference to deer movements. Journal of Wildlife Management 31:124-141. No
Henderson, H. F., A. D. Hasler, and G. G. Chipman. 1966. An ultrasonic transmitter for use in studies of movements of fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 95(4):350-356. No
ISAB. 1997. Ecological impacts of the flow provisions of the Biological Opinion for endangered Snake River salmon on resident fishes in the Hungry Horse, and Libby systems in Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia. Independent Scientific Advisory Board. Yes
Johnson, J. H. 1971. Fish-borne transmitters. Underwater Telemetry Newsletter 1(2): 1, 3-4. No
Marotz, B. and J. DosSantos. 1993. Fisheries Losses Attributable to Reservoir Drawdown in Excess of Limits Stated in the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program: Hungry Horse and Libby Dams. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks and Confederated Salish an Yes
Marotz, B. and J. Fraley. 1986. Instream Flows Needed for Successful Migration and Rearing of Rainbow and Westslope Cutthroat Trout in Selected Tributaries of the Kootenai River. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks for Bonneville Power Administration. 137p Yes
Marotz, B., B. Hansen and S.Tralles. 1988. Instream Flows Needed for Successful Migration and Rearing of Rainbow and Westslope Cutthroat Trout in Selected Tributaries of the Kootenai River. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks for Bonneville Power Administra Yes
Marotz, B., D. Gustafson, C. Althen, and B. Lonon. 1996. Model development to establish Integrated Operation Rule Curves for Hungry Horse and Libby reservoirs, Montana. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks report to Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Yes
Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 1997. Montana bull trout restoration plan. Prepared for Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Helena , Montana. Yes
Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group. 1995. Flathead River drainage bull trout status report. Prepared for the Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 46pp. Yes
Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group. 1996. Lower Kootenai River Drainage bull trout status report (Below Kootenai Falls.) Prepared for the Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 32pp. Yes
Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group. 1996. Upper Kootenai River Drainage bull trout status report (including Lake Koocanusa, upstream of Libby Dam.) Prepared for the Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 30pp. Yes
Montana Bull Trout Restoration Team. 1998. Draft restoration plan for Bull trout in the Clark Fork River Basin and Kootenai River Basin Montana. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, Montana. 109 pp. Yes
Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. 1997. Fisheries Losses Attributable to Reservoir Drawdown in Excess of Limits in the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program: Hungry Horse and Libby Dams 1991-1993. Yes
Mulford, C. J. 1984. Use of a surgical skin stapler to quickly close incisions in striped bass. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 4:571-573 No
Neilson, J.D. and G.H. Geen. 1981. Method for preparing otoliths for microstructure examination. Prog. Fish-Culture 43(2). No
Neilson, J.D. and G.H. Geen. 1985. Effects of feeding regimes and diel temperature cycles on otolith increment formation in Juvenile chinook salmon Oncorhychus Tshawytscha. Fisheries Bulletin 83: no.1. No
Rosgen, D. L. 1996. Applied River Morphology. Wildland Hydrology, Pagosa Springs, Colorado. No
Ross, M. J., and J. H. McCormick. 1981. Effects of external radio transmitters on fish. Progressive Fish-Culturist 43:67-72. No
Schramm, H. L., Jr., and D. J. Black. 1984. Anesthesia and surgical procedures for implanting radio transmitters into grass carp. Progressive Fish-Culturist 46:185-190. No
Stasko, A. G. 1971a. Bibliography of underwater telemetry in biological applications. Underwater Telemetry Newsletter 1(1):6-9. No
Stasko, A. G. 1971b. People and projects in underwater telemetry. Underwater Telemetry Newsletter 1(2):5-14. No
Stasko, A. G. 1971c. Review of field studies on fish orientation. Annals N.Y. Acad. Sci. 188:12-29. No
Summerfelt, R. C., and L. Hart. 1972. Performance evaluation of a 74 kilocycle second transmitter for behavioral studies on reservoir fishes. Proceedings of the Southeast Association Game and Fish Commission 25(1971):607-622. No
Weaver, T. and J. Fraley. 1991. Fisheries Habitat and Fish Populations. Flathead Basin Forest Practices Water Quality and Fisheries Cooperative Program. Flathead Basin Commission, Kalispell, Montana. No
Weisberg, S. and R.V. Frie. 1987. Linear models for growth of fish. Pages 127-143 in R.C. Summerfelt and G.E. Hall, eds. Age and growth of fish. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa. No
Williams, D. F., and R. Roaf. 1973. Implants in surgery. Saunders, Philadelphia.Williams, D. F., and R. Roaf. 1973. Implants in surgery. Saunders, Philadelphia. No
Winter, J. D. 1983. Underwater biotelemetry. Pages 371-396 in L.A. Nielsen and D.L. Johnson, editors, Fisheries techniques. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. No


Section 7. Abstract

Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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