Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199406900

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal A Spawning Habitat Model to Aid Recovery Plans for Snake River Fall Chinook
BPA Project Proposal Number 199406900
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Business acronym (if appropriate) PNNL

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name David R. Geist
Mailing Address MS K6-85, P.O. Box 999
City, State, Zip Richland, WA 99352
Phone 5093720590
Fax 5093723515
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Columbia Lower Middle
Short Description Investigate ground-water/surface-water interactions influencing fall chinook salmon spawning site selection in the Hanford Reach, and predict spawning habitat of other mainstem spawning salmonids.
Target Species Fall chinook salmon, steelhead trout

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.5B.3, 7.5B.5
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: None
Other Planning Document References The Snake River Recovery Plan recommends an ecosystem approach to land management and habitat recovery (Sec. 1.4), provision of adequate instream flows (Sec. 1.5), and expansion of life history information (Sec. 2.11). The "Return to the River" (ISG 1996) emphasizes the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River as both a model of metapopulation dynamics and study area of "normative" river reaches (p. 519-520). The report finds that ground-water/surface-water interactions in salmon habitat are important components of a normative river and managers should strive to incorporate this information in salmon recovery options (p. 510). Hanford Reach fall chinook salmon are recommended as an index population in the Multi-Year Implementation Work Plan (CBFWA 1997; p. 17). In their FY99 review of the Fish and Wildlife Program, the ISRP specifically recommends additional research in the Hanford Reach (recommendation V-B.2.b.2). This research addresses each of the above recommendations.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1997 Completed conceptual spawning habitat model for fall chinook salmon (Geist and Dauble 1998).
1998 Completed comparison of geomorphic features between Snake and Columbia rivers (Dauble and Geist, manus. submitted).
1998 Provided empirical evidence that interstitial flow pathways and ground water/surface water interactions were important determinants of fall chinook salmon spawning (Geist, in press).
1998 Translated information and technology from Hanford Reach to on-going efforts in Snake River (Geist, in press).

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9102900 Life history requirements of fall chinook in the Columbia River Basin. The US Fish and Wildlife Service depends on our project for validation/verification of their Snake River fall chinook salmon spawning habitat model. No
9701400 Evaluation of juvenile fall chinook stranding in Hanford Reach The Wash. State Department of Fish and Wildlife depends on our project for sharing of staff and computer resources for conducting Hanford Reach stranding project. No
PATH Data from this project will be used by PATH. No
99003 Evaluate Spawning Just Below the Four Lowermost Columbia Dams Yes
9102900 Life History Requirements of Fall Chinook in the Columbia River Basin. Yes
9701400 Evaluation of Juvenile Fall Chinook Stranding on the Hanford Reach Yes
9801003 Monitor and Evaluate the Spawning Distribution of Snake River Fall Chinook Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Define production potential of fall chinook salmon that spawn in the Hanford Reach. a. Conduct limits analysis for depth, substrate, velocity, and lateral slope at representative habitat types/locations.
1. b. Select and describe appropriate geomorphic features and hyporheic zone characteristics in areas where limits analysis suggest spawning should occur.
1. c. Estimate potential redd densities at various seeding levels and compare to known values.
1. d. Extrapolate range of density values to other areas deemed suitable based on geomorphic features.
1. e. Prepare report/paper.
2. Demonstrate that steelhead spawn in the Hanford Reach and determine the characteristics of key physical features that define steelhead spawning habitat. a. Identify historical and existing steelhead spawning locations.
2. b. Conduct limits analysis for depth, substrate, velocity, and lateral slope at representative habitat types/locations.
2. c. Select and describe appropriate geomorphic features and hyporheic zone characteristics in areas where limits analysis suggest spawning should occur.
2. d. Prepare report/paper.
3. Evaluate whether an analysis of geomorphic features within the Hells Canyon Reach of the Snake River can be used to assist in defining existing or potential fall chinook salmon spawning habitat. a. Select study sites and identify permitting and coordination issues.
3. b. Place and monitor piezometers in study areas within Hells Canyon Reach.
3. c. Conduct data analysis.
3. d. Prepare final report.
4. Synthesize information from objectives 1 through 3 into a final completion report. a. Information collected in each of the first three objectives will be synthesized into a project completion report.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 10/01/98 06/01/00 Task completion report 45.0%
2 01/01/99 09/01/01 Task completion report 20.0%
3 10/01/99 09/01/01 Task completion report 25.0%
4 10/01/01 09/01/02 Project completion report 10.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $163,890
Fringe $ 30,139
Supplies $ 45,511
Travel $ 15,510
Indirect $ 56,072
Subcontractor Associated Western Universities $ 22,005
Total Itemized Budget $333,127

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $333,127
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $333,127
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002
All Phases $340,000 $110,000
Total Outyear Budgets $340,000 $110,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: Section 7 consultation may be required for Snake River fall chinook and Columbia River steelhead (Objectives 2 and 3). The installation of piezometers will require habitat protection permits from the states of Washington and Idaho (Objectives 1 - 3).

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Arnsberg, B.D., W.P. Connor, and E. Connor. 1992. Mainstem Clearwater River study: Assessment for salmonid spawning, incubating, and rearing. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Becker, C.D. 1985. Anadromous salmonids of the Hanford Reach, Columbia River: 1984 status. PNL-5371, Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA. No
Brunke, M., and T. Gonser. 1997. The ecological significance of exchange processes between rivers and ground water. Freshwater Biology 37:1-33. No
Burner, C.J. 1951. Characteristics of spawning nests of Columbia River salmon. Fishery Bulletin 52:95-110. No
Chapman, D.W., D.E. Weitkamp, T.L. Welsh, and T.H. Schadt. 1983. Effects of minimum flow regimes on fall chinook spawning at Vernita Bar 1978 - 1982. Report to Grant County Public Utility District, Ephrata, Washington, By Don Chapman Consultants, McCal No
Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA). 1997. Draft FY 1998 annual implementation work plan. Portland, OR. No
Connor, W.P., A.P. Garcia, H.L. Burge, and R.H. Taylor. 1993. Fall chinook salmon spawning in free-flowing reaches of the Snake River. Pages 1-29 in D.W. Rondorf and W.H. Miller (eds.). Identification of the spawning, rearing, and migratory requiremen No
Connor, W.P., A.P. Garcia, A.H. Connor, R.H. Taylor, C. Eaton, D. Steele, R. Bowen, and R.D. Nelle. 1994. Fall chinook salmon spawning habitat availability in the free-flowing Snake River. Pages 22-40 in D.W. Rondorf and K. Tiffan (eds.). Identifica No
Dauble, D.D., and D.G. Watson. 1997. Status of fall chinook salmon populations in the mid-Columbia River, 1948-1992. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17:283-300. No
Dauble, D.D., and D.R. Geist. Manuscript in prep. Changes in watershed characteristics that affect production of fall chinook salmon. Submitted to Regulated Rivers. No
Department of Commerce. 1997. Final Rule on Endangered Species Listing for Evolutionary Significant Units (ESUs) of West Coast steelhead. August 18, 1997. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. No
Department of Energy (DOE). In preparation. Hanford Site steelhead management plan. No
Eldred, D.R. 1970. Steelhead spawning in the Columbia River, Ringold to Priest Rapids Dam, September 1970 progress report. Washington Department of Game, Ephrata, WA. No
Frissell, C.A., W.J. Liss, C.E. Warren, M.D. Hurley. 1986. A hierarchical framework for stream habitat classification: viewing streams in a watershed context. Environmental Management 10:1099-214. No
Geist, D.R. 1995. Hanford Reach: What do we stand to lose? Illahee 11:130-141. No
Geist, D.R., D.D. Dauble, and R.H. Visser. 1997. The development of a spawning habitat model to aid in recovery plans for Snake River fall chinook salmon. Fiscal Year 1995 and 1996 Progress Report to the Bonneville Power Administration , Portland, OR. No
Geist, D.R. and D.D. Dauble. 1998. Redd site selection and spawning habitat use by fall chinook salmon: the importance of geomorphic features in large rivers. Environmental Management 22:655-669. No
Geist, D.R. In press. Redd site selection and spawning habitat use by fall chinook salmon. Ph.D. Dissertation. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. No
Geist, D.R., M.C. Joy, D.R. Lee, and T. Gonser. 1998. A method for installing piezometers in large cobble-bed rivers. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 18:78-82. No
Groves, P.A., and J.A. Chandler. In press. Spawning habitat used by fall chinook salmon in the Snake River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. No
Hvorslev, M.J. 1951. Time lag and soil permeability in ground water observations. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Bulletin 36. No
Huntington, C., W. Nehlsen, and J. Bowers. 1996. A survey of healthy native stocks of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest and California. Fisheries 21(3):6-14. No
Imhof, J.G., J. Fitzgibbon, and W.K. Annable. 1996. A hierarchical evaluation system for characterizing watershed ecosystems for fish habitat. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53(Suppl.1): 312-326. No
Independent Scientific Group (ISG). 1996. Return to the river, restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River ecosystem. Pre-publication copy dated September 10, 1996. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, OR. No
Independent Science Review Panel (ISRP). 1998. Review of the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program for Fiscal Year 1999 as Directed by the 1996 Amendment to the NW Power Act. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, OR. No
Lee, D.R., and J.A. Cherry. 1978. A field exercise on groundwater flow using seepage meters and mini-piezometers. Journal of Geological Education 27(1):6-10. No
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 1995. Proposed Recovery Plan for Snake River salmon. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA. No
Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). 1994. 1994 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon. No
Palmer, C.D. 1993. Borehole dilution tests in the vicinity of an extraction well. Journal of Hydrology 146: 245-266. No
Rondorf, D.W., and W.H. Miller (eds.). 1993. Identification of the spawning, rearing, and migratory requirements of fall chinook salmon in the Columbia River basin. U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Shirvell, C.S. 1989. Ability of PHABSIM to predict chinook salmon spawning habitat. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 3:277-289. No
Spane, F.A., Jr. 1996. Applicability of slug interference tests for hydraulic characterization of unconfined aquifers: (1) analytical assessment. Ground Water 34(1): 66-74. No
Stanford, J.A., J.V. Ward, W.J. Liss, C.A. Frissell, R.N. Williams, J.A. Lichatowich, C.C. Coutant. 1996. A general protocol for restoration of regulated rivers. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management, 12:391-413. No
Swan, G.A. 1989. Chinook salmon spawning surveys in deep waters of a large, regulated river. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 4:355-370. No
Watson, D.G. 1973. Estimate of steelhead trout spawning in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River. Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, WA. No
White, D.S. 1993. Perspectives on defining and delineating hyporheic zones. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12:61-69. No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Fund (High priority)
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Recommendation: Fund (High priority)

Comments: There appears to be overlap of this project with 9701400, which addresses steelhead spawning in the Hanford Reach. If availability of spawning habitat in the mainstem limits chinook numbers then this work could lead to a habitat capacity estimate for the system. Comparison with estimates of escapement to the reach may be a powerful management tool. We noticed no mention of water velocity in the list of 16 characteristics that might affect spawning of chinook. The proposal should better describe relationships with other projects. The methods described seemed to go beyond what might be necessary.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Technical Criteria 1: Met? no - Need more rationale for collecting data in Hanford Reach.

Programmatic Criteria 2: Met? yes -

Milestone Criteria 3: Met? yes -

Resource Criteria 4: Met? no - Need input from fisheries co-managers

CBFWA: Subregional Team Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
This is a solid project that compliments much of the management decision making processes in the Hanford Reach. Due to priorities and budget constraints, we recommend funding only Objective 1 for FY00. We recommend the Idaho Non Watershed SRT review Objective 3 for possible additional funding. ID Non Watershed SRT reviewed this proposal and determined that Fall chinook are not a high priority species in their region. Due to limited funds available, they do not support funding the Idaho portion of the proposal.

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Mar 1, 2000
[Decision made in 9-22-99 Council Meeting]

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
$ 0
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
$ 0
Sponsor (US DOE) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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