Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199506325

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Monitoring and Evaluation
BPA Project Proposal Number 199506325
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Yakama Indian Nation
Business acronym (if appropriate) YN

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Melvin Sampson
Mailing Address 151 Fort Rd.
City, State, Zip Toppenish, WA 98948
Phone 5098656262
Fax 5098656293
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Columbia Plateau
Subbasin Yakima
Short Description Monitors YKFP in terms of natural production, harvest , ecological and genetic impacts, guides adaptive management within the project and provides detailed information on supplementation to the region.
Target Species Yakima and Klickitat Subbasin spring chinook, fall chinook, coho and summer steelhead.

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.4K, 7.1A, 7.1B, 7.1C, 7.1D, 7.1F, 7.2D, 7.3B, 7.4A, 7.6A, 7.6A.2, 7.6B.3, 7.6B.6, 7.6D, 7.7, 7.8E
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: 7.4K.1
Other Planning Document References 1. Yakima Fisheries Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (1/96) 2. Yakima Fisheries Project Spring Chinook Supplementation Monitoring Plan (Busack et al, 1997). 3. Wy Kan Ush Me Wa Kush Wit, Vol 1: pp 5A-2; 5B-13 through 5B-12; Vol 2: pp57 &59. 4. NPPC Yakima and Klickitat Subbasin Plans 5. The ISRG's Return to the River (Williams et al. 1996) -- Restoration of Salmonid Fishes in the Columbia River Ecosystem: Chapter 2.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1998 Monitoring prescriptions for 16 non-target taxa of concern have been developed and are being implemented to meet conservation objectives
1998 A practical approach for assessing ecological risks associated with stocking anadromous salmonids was developed to facilitate decision making and direct monitoring efforts.
1998 Preliminary results of indirect predation experiments suggest that hatchery fish may decrease survival of commingled smolts during certain portions of the spring and increase survival at other times.
1998 Fish predation indices were developed for smallmouth bass and northern pikeminnow; a channel catfish index is under development. Preliminary estimates indicate that smallmouth bass consumed 524,000 chinook salmon juveniles in the spring of 1998.
1998 Produced manuscript titled "A Production Function Based Model of Supplementation Dynamics" submitted to Trans. Am. Fish Soc.
1998 Produced multi-year power analysis of OCT/SNT survival comparison
1998 Modelled genetic effects of broodstock collection and usage rules
1998 Recorded detailed behavioral observations on wild spawning spring chinook (first ethological description of these behaviors on Columbia River spring chinook)
1998 Characterised detailed reproductive traits of Yakima wild spring chinook
1998 Developed DNA microsatellite profiles of Yakima spring chinook populations
1998 Developed 4 supplementation dynamics computer models
1997 Produced Yakima Fisheries Project Spring Chinook Supplementation Monitoring Plan (DOE/BP-64878-1)
1996 Developed "Pedigree" computer model for investigation of monitoring power using DNA markers.
1994 Produced report "Experimental designs for testing differences in survival among salmonid populations" (DOE/BP-00029-3)
1998 Refined species-specific outmigration estimators for Chandler smolt trap.
1997 Began broodstock collection of upper Yakima spring chinook at Roza Dam in 1997 and continued in 1998 using outlined genetic selection guidelines (Busack et al. 1997).
1998 The adult broodstock collection and monitoring facility at Roza Dam was shown to have no adverse effects on passage timing or spawning distribution of wild Yakima spring chinook.
1998 Strobe lights and infrasound were shown to be ineffective fish guidance methods at the juvenile trap at Roza Dam.
1997 Studies indicated that smolts marked with VI-jet tags were not reliably identifiable as adults; therefore, CWTs implanted at multiple body locations were used in 1998 to mark YKFP hatchery spring chinook parr for smolt-to-adult monitoring.
1997 A preliminary ecosystem diagnosis and treatment modeling analysis of Yakima fall chinook indicated that the major factor limiting natural production was a combination of excessive temperature in the lower river and late emergence timing.
1997 Began development of locally-adapted coho and fall chinook broodstocks by collecting returning adults in the Yakima subbasin.
1998 Preliminary results indicate low competitive impacts of outplanted hatchery coho parr on trout.
1997 Survival studies showed benefits from the following rearing treatments: raceway color pattern, overhead cover and mid-water structure. 1997 SNT treatment includes these elements plus mid-water feed delivery.
1998 Plans were developed to retrofit Lyle Falls fishway in the Klickitat subbasin to function as an effective broodstock collection and adult monitoring facility.
1998 Refined and augmented in-basin Yakima harvest monitoring methods.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
9200220 Physiological assessment of wild and hatchery juvenile salmonids Physiological/developmental monitoring of hatchery and wild spring chinook juveniles (parr/smolt) No
5510200 Yakima River side channel survey and rehabilitation Complementary habitat enhancement in upper Yakima No
5510800 Upper Yakima tributary irrigation improvement Restores passage to tributaries blocked by irrigation diversions. No
5510900 Teanaway River instream flow restoration Complementary adult passage project (NF Teanaway is an acclimation/release site). No
9705100 Yakima Subbasin Side Channels Restores juvenile salmonid rearing habitat No
9100 Re-establish safe access into tributaries of Yakima Subbasin Improve juvenile salmonid passage and rearing. No
9101 Restore upper Toppenish Creek watershed Improve juvenile salmonid passage and rearing. No
9102 Ahtanum Creek watershed assessment Improve juvenile salmonid passage and rearing. No
9603501 Satus Cr. Watershed Restoration Improve juvenile salmonid passage and rearing. No
9506404 WDFW Policy/Technical Involvement/Planning YKFP Co-Managers, YKFP No
9105500 Supplementation Fish Quality (Yakima Subbasin) NMFS contract to develop rearing treatment alternatives to increase hatchery fish survival. No
9200900 Yakima screens phase II O & M Basin juvenile salmonid passage No
9105700 Yakima phase II screen fabrication Basin juvenile salmonid passage No
9705600 Lower Klickitat ripairian & in-channel habitat enhancement project. Critical habitat enhancement and information sharing. No
8812025 YKFP Project Management (YIN) Yes
9506404 YKFP Project Management (WDFW) Yes
8811525 YKFP Construction Yes
9701725 YKFP Operations and Management Yes
20510 Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Yes

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Natural Production: Develop methods of detecting indices of increasing natural production, as well as methods of detecting a realized increase in natural production, with specified statistical power. a. Modeling: To design complementary supplementation/habitat enhancement programs for coho, spring & fall chinook & steelhead in the Yakima and Klickitat Subbasins.
1. b. Fall chinook survival study: Determine optimal locations within the lower Yakima Basin for increasing natural production of fall chinook, and to guide location of future acclimation/release sites
1. c. Coho life history study: Describe major features of the freshwater life history and survival rates of juvenile coho to guide location of future acclimation/release sites in coho re-introduction program.
1. d. Klickitat juvenile salmonid population surveys: Determine the spatial distribution and relative abundance of salmonids throughout the Klickitat basin to guide design of initial enhancement program.
1. e. Juvenile spring chinook micro-habitat utilization: Estimate baseline microhabitat utilization of juvenile spring chinook salmon. Future deviations in use will suggest carrying capacity problems.
1. f. Hatchery spring chinook juvenile marking: Estimate hatchery spring chinook smolt survival to Chandler & mainstem dams using PIT-tags, and smolt-to-adult survival (release to Yakima mouth) using CWTs.
1. g. Roza juvenile wild/hatchery smolt PIT tagging: To capture, PIT-tag and release wild and hatchery spring chinook to estimate relative wild/hatchery smolt survival to Chandler and the McNary Dam.
1. h. Wild/hatchery survival and enumeration (Chandler Juvenile Monitoring Facility):To refine operational and analytical procedures used in estimating hatchery and wild smolt passage at Chandler smolt trap.
1. i. Fall chinook optimal rearing treatment: Develop an accelerated rearing treatment for fall chinook to enable early outmigration and increase overall smolt survival.
1. j. Yakima coho stock and release study: Determine optimal location, date, and stock of release for Yakima coho re-introduction efforts.
1. k. Yakima spring chinook juvenile behavior: Determine differences in hatchery & wild spring chinook smolt behavior closely related to survival
1. l. Yakima hatchery spring chinook juvenile morphometric and coloration studies: Determine whether significant difference in body shape and coloration exist between OCT and SNT hatchery spring chinook before and during the time of release.
1. m. Yakima hatchery/wild spring chinook smolt physiology studies: Determine whether significant physiological differences exist among wild, OCT and SNT Yakima spring chinook smolts during rearing, at release, at Chandler and at McNary Dam.
1. n. Study of feasibility of using screw traps for long-term monitoring of juvenile production in the Klickitat Subbasin: Determine the feasibility of using screw traps to monitor long term juvenile salmonid production in the upper and lower Klickitat River.
1. o. Adult salmonid enumeration at Prosser Dam: Estimate the total number of adult salmonids returning to the Yakima Basin by species (spring and fall chinook, coho and steelhead), including return of externally marked fish.
1. p. Adult salmonid enumeration and broodstock collection at Roza and Cowiche dams: Estimate the total number of adult salmonids returning to the upper Yakima (Roza), and the total number of adult coho returning to the Naches (Cowiche).
1. q. Spawning ground surveys (redd counts): Monitor spatiotemporal redd distribution in theYakima (spring chinook, Marion Drain fall chinook, coho, Satus/Toppenish steelhead), and Klickitat (spring/fall chinook, coho, steelhead) Basin & collect carcass data.
1. r. Natural Spawning Observations: Characterize wild spring chinook reproductive behavior (adults & precocials) to serve as a baseline for future analysis of behavior of hatchery fish.
1. s. Yakima spring chinook residuals/precocials studies: Estimate baseline abundance of residual and precocial spring chinook salmon and determine the necessary sampling effort for long term monitoring following supplementation.
1. t. Relative hatchery/wild reproductive success: Determine whether spawning behavioral & reproductive success of wild spring chinook is affected by an artificial spawning channel, & estimate reproductive success of hatchery coho in a natural stream.
1. u. Yakima spring chinook gamete quality monitoring: Estimate sex-specific fertility, in-hatchery mortality, incidence of monstrosities and fry emergence timing for upper Yakima spring chinook from a subsample of eggs.
1. v. Scale analysis: Determine age and stock composition of juvenile and adult salmonid stocks in the Yakima and Klickitat basins.
1. w. Fish health monitoring: Monitor the disease status of Yakima Basin hatchery juveniles and broodstock, and determine pre-supplementation incidence of pathogens in wild Yakima spring chinook
1. x. Habitat inventory aerial videos and ground truthing: Measure critical environmental variables by analyzing data extracted from aerial videos and verified by ground examinations.
1. y. Out-of-basin environmental monitoring: Obtain and utilize information regarding mainstem and marine environmental and harvest-related impacts on all Yakima and Klickitat anadromous salmonids.
1. z. Trophic enhancement research: Utilize fish carcasses to “fertilize” streams which are currently deficient in nutrients.
1. A. Sediment impacts on habitat: Monitor stream sediment loads associated with the operation of dams and other anthropogenic factors (e.g., logging, agriculture and road building) affecting streams in the Yakima and Klickitat Subbasins.
1. B. Klickitat fish passage obstruction inventory assessment: Locate and describe existing salmonid fish migration barriers in the Klickitat Basin.
1. C. Klickitat water quality inventory: Record water quality measurements at each habitat survey reach on a seasonal basis.
1. D. Klickitat habitat inventory & analysis: Collect data on existing and historical fish populations, habitat and passage conditions throughout the basin for eventual use in the modeling runs that will generate initial enhancement plans.
1. E. Yakima hatchery spring chinook predator avoidance training: Determine efficacy of exposing Yakima hatchery spring chinook to avian predation prior to release in terms of increasing survival to Chandler.
2. Harvest: Develop methods to detect increases in harvest of YKFP targeted stocks. a. Out-of-basin harvest monitoring: Estimate group- and stock-specific harvest of hatchery and wild anadromous salmonids outside of the Yakima and Klickitat subbasins.
2. b. In-basin harvest: Estimate group- and stock-specific harvest of hatchery and wild anadromous salmonids within theYakima and Klickitat subbasins.
3. Genetics: Develop methods of detecting significant Pre- & post-supplementation (PAPS) genetic changes in targeted stocks as reflected by changes in extinction risk, within-stock genetic variability, between-stock genetic variability, and domestication. a. PVA analysis for all YKFP target stocks: Develop population viability analysis approaches for monitoring extinction risk of all YKFP target stocks by refining existing project models.
3. b. Allozyme/DNA data collection and analysis: Augment allozyme and DNA microsatellite baselines of all Yakima chinook stocks for monitoring within- and between population genetic variability.
3. c. Stray recovery on Naches and American spawning grounds: Determine the extent of gene flow from the supplemented Upper Yakima stock into the Naches and American River stocks.
3. d. Yakima spring chinook domestication: develop a domestication selection study for Upper Yakima spring chinook involving HxH and WxW matings that is sufficeitnly powerful to detect effects but also does not violate broodstock compositon rules.
4. Ecological Interactions: Determine if impacts to non-target taxa can be kept within specified biological limits, and determine if biotic interactions limit ability of supplementation to increase natural production. a. Avian predation index: Develop methods to index impact of avian predation on annual smolt production of Yakima salmon and steelhead.
4. b. Fish predation index: Develop methods to index impact of piscivorous fish on annual smolt production of Yakima salmon and steelhead.
4. c. Coho/chinook predation study: Estimate the percent of emergent spring chinook fry in the upper Yakima consumed by hatchery coho smolts.
4. d. Indirect predation: Determine the impact of the abundance of outmigrating hatchery smolts on the survival of commingled smolts (wild and hatchery) via alterations in predator behavior.
4. e. Yakima River spring chinook competition/prey index: Determine whether prey abundance limits the production of upper Yakima spring chinook smolts.
4. f. Upper Yakima Non-Target Taxa of Concern (NTTOC) monitoring: Determine the impact of spring chinook supplementation on the abundance, distribution or size structure of 16 NTTOC in the Yakima Subbasin.
4. g. Pathogen sampling: Determine supplementation impacts on the incidence of pathogens in wild Yakima spring chinook smolts.

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/00 12/01/00 Natural Production: Develop and implement methods of detecting indices of increasing natural production, as well as methods of detecting a realized increase in natural production, with specified statistical power. 83.0%
2 01/01/00 12/01/00 Harvest: Develop and implement methods to detect increases in harvest of YKFP targeted stocks. 0.0%
3 01/01/00 12/01/00 Genetics: Develop methods of detecting significant pre- & post-supplementation (PAPS) genetic changes in targeted stocks as reflected by changes in extinction risk, within-stock genetic variability, between-stock genetic variability, and domestication. 3.0%
4 01/01/00 12/01/00 Ecological Interactions: Develop and implement methods to assess ecological impacts of supplementation on non-target taxa, and impacts of strong interactor taxa on project success. 14.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel $1,473,287
Fringe $284,508
Supplies $396,158
Operating $ 7,472
Capital $ 5,585
PIT tags 105,144 $304,918
Travel $ 27,428
Indirect $514,380
Subcontractor Various, including WDFW $1,626,198
Total Itemized Budget $4,639,934

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $4,639,934
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $4,639,934
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $4,918,330 $5,213,429 $5,213,429 $5,213,429
Total Outyear Budgets $4,918,330 $5,213,429 $5,213,429 $5,213,429

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: The possibility that Yakima summer steelhead may be listed under the ESA could result in the imposition of constraints that would delay or preclude certain monitoring or production activities.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Amaral, S. V., F. C. Winchell, B. J. McMahon, and E. P. Taft. 1998. Evaluation of behavioral guidance technologies for diverting chinook salmon smolts at the Roza Dam screening facility. Report sent to Bonneville Power Administration No
Anonymous. 1990a. Yakima Subbasin Plan. No
Anonymous. 1990b. Klickitat Subbasin Plan. No
Berejikian, B.A., E.P. Tezak, S.L. Schroder, C.M. Knudsen, and J.J. Hard. 1997. Reproductive behavioral interactions between wild and captively reared coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). ICES Journal of Marine Science 54:1040-1050. No
Bilby, R. E., B. K. Fransen, and P. A. Bisson. 1996. Incorporation of nitrogen and carbon from spawning coho salmon into the trophic system of small streams: Evidence from stable isotopes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53:164-173. No
BPA(Bonneville Power Administration). 1993. Yakima /Klickitat Fisheries Project Planning Status Report. No
Busack, C. 1990. Yakima/Klickitat Production Project genetic risk assessment. In Yakima/Klickitat Production Project preliminary design report, Appendix A. Report, DOE/BP-00245-2. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Busack, C.A., and K.P. Currens. 1995. Genetic risks and hazards in hatchery operations: Fundamental concepts and issues. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15: 71-80. No
Busack, C., and C. Knudsen. A production-function based model of supplementation. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society (in press). No
Busack, C, C. Knudsen, A. Marshall, S. Phelps, and D. Seiler. 1991.Yakima Hatchery Experimental Design. Progress Report, DOE/BP-00102. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Busack, C., B. Watson, T. Pearsons, C. Knudsen, S. Phelps, M. Johnston. 1997. Yakima Fisheries Project Spring Chinook Supplementation Monitoring Plan. Report, DOE/BP-64878-1. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Chilcote, M.W., S.A. Leider, and J.J. Loch. 1986. Differential reproductive success of hatchery and wild summer-run steelhead under natural conditions. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115: 726-735. No
Collis, K., R.E. Beaty, and B.R. Crain. 1995. Changes in catch rate and diet of northern squawfish associated with the release of hatchery-reared juvenile salmonids in a Columbia River reservoir. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 15: 346-35 No
Currens, K.P., and C. Busack. 1995. A framework for assessing genetic vulnerability. Fisheries 20:24-31. No
CRITFC(Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission). 1995. Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Ksih-Wit (Spirit of the Salmon). Columbia River Anadromous Fish Restoration Plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs and Yakama Tribes. No
Fast, D.E., J. Hubble, M. Kohn, and B. Watson. 1991. Yakima River spring chinook enhancement study. Final report, DOE/BP-39461-9. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Fleming, I.A., and M.R. Gross. 1992. Reproductive behavior of hatchery and wild coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): Does it differ? Aquaculture 103:101-121. No
Hillman, T.W. 1989. Spatial interaction of juvenile chinook salmon and the redside shiner. Pages 209-247 in Don Chapman Consultants Inc., Summer and winter ecology of juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead trout in the Wenatchee River, Washington. No
Hillman, T. W. and J. W. Mullan. 1989. Effect of hatchery releases on the abundance and behavior of wild juvenile salmonids. Pages 265-285 in Don Chapman Consultants Inc., Summer and winter ecology of juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead trout No
Hindar, K., N. Ryman, and F. Utter. 1991. Genetic effects of cultured fish on natural fish populations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:945-957. No
Hoffmann, A., C. Busack, and C. Knudsen. 1994. Experimental designs for testing differences in survival among salmonid populations. Report, DOE/BP-00029-3. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland OR. No
ISAB (Independent Scientific Advisory Board). 1998. Review of salmonid artificial production in the Columbia River Basin as a scientific basis for Columbia River production programs. Northwest Power Planning Council, November, 1998. No
Johnston, J. H., and N. H. Ringler. 1979. The occurrence of blow fly larvae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on salmon carcasses and their utilization as food by juvenile salmon and trout. The Great Lakes Entomologist 12:137-140. No
Kapuscinski, A.R., and L.M. Miller. 1993. Genetic hatchery guidelines for the Yakima/Klickitat fisheries project. Public review draft. Unpublished report to Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project. No
Levy, S. 1997. Pacific salmon bring it all back home. BioScience 47:657-660. No
Maynard, D.J., T.A. Flagg, and C.V.W. Mahnken. 1995. A review of seminatural culture strategies for enhancing the postrelease survival of anadromous salmonids. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15: 307-316. No
McIntyre, J.D., R.R. Reisenbichler, J. Emlen, R.L. Wilmot, and J.E. Finn.1988. Predation of Karluk River sockeye salmon by coho salmon and char. Fishery Bulletin 86:611-616. No
McMichael, G. A., T. N. Pearsons, and S. A. Leider.. Minimizing ecological impacts of hatchery-reared juvenile steelhead on wild salmonids in a Yakima basin watershed In E. E. Knudsen, editor, Proceedings of the Toward Sustainable Fisheries Conference. No
Michael, J. H. 1995. Enhancement effects of spawning pink salmon on stream rearing juvenile coho salmon: managing one resource to benefit another. Northwest Science 69:228-233. No
Miller, W.H., T.C. Coley, H.L. Burge, and T.T. Kisanuki. 1990. Analysis of salmon and steelhead supplementation: emphasis on unpublished reports & present programs. Project 88-100, U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR No
Mullan, J. W., A. Rockhold, and C. R. Chrisman. 1992. Life histories and precocity of chinook salmon in the mid-Columbia River. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 54:25-28. No
Mundy, P.R., and B.D. Watson. Migratory behavior of yearling juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and steelhead (O. mykiss) in relation to water movement in the Yakima River, Washington. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. (in press). No
Neeley, D. 1992. Compiled analyses of 1991-92 entrainment/survival studies at Chandler smolt trap. Unpublished reports to the Post Release Survival Task Team of the Yakima Fisheries Project. No
Neeley, D. Chandler juvenile smolt trap certification: 1980's studies (in prep) No
Neeley, D. Chandler juvenile smolt trap certification: 1990's studies (in prep) No
Nickelson, T.E., M.F. Solazzi, and S.L. Johnson. 1986. Use of hatchery coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) presmolts to rebuild wild populations in Oregon coastal streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43:2443-2449. No
NPPC(Northwest Power Planning Council). 1994. Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Adopted Nov. 15, 1982, amended Dec. 14, 1994. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, OR. No
Olla et al 1994 No
Pearsons, T. N., G. A. McMichael, E. L. Bartrand, M. Fischer, J. T. Monahan, and S. A. Leider. 1993. Yakima Species Interactions Study. Annual Report, DOE/BP-01483-3. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Pearsons, T. N., G. A. McMichael, S. W. Martin, E. L. Bartrand, J. A. Long, and S. A. Leider. 1996. Yakima River Species Interactions Studies. Annual Report, DOE/BP-99852-3. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Peery, C. A., and T. C. Bjornn. 1996. Small-scale investigations into chinook salmon supplementation strategies and techniques: 1992-1994. Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Unit, Technical Report 96-3. No
Peterman, R.M. 1987. Review of the components of recruitment of Pacific salmon. Pages 417-429 in M.J. Dadswell, R.J. Klauda, C.M. Moffitt, R.L. Saunders, R.A. Rulifson and J.E. Cooper, eds. Common strategies of anadromous and catadromous fishes. No
Reeves, G. H., F. H. Everest, and J. D. Hall. 1987. Interactions between the redside shiner (Richardsonius balteatus) and the steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) in western Oregon: the influence of water temperature. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aqu No
RASP(Regional Assessment of Supplementation Planning). 1992. Supplementation in the Columbia River Basin, Parts 1-5. Report, Bonneville Power Administration. No
Reisenbichler, R.R.. 1997. Genetic factors contributing to declines of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest. Pages 223-244 in D.J. Stouder, P.A. Bisson, and R.J. Naiman, eds. Pacific Salmon & their Ecosystems: Status and Future Options. Chapman No
Sandford, B.P., and T.E. Ruehle. 1996. Juvenile salmonid PIT-tag studies at Prosser dam and Chandler canal fish collection facility, Yakima River, 1991 and 1992. Final Report. DOE/BP-07099-2. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Schroder, S.L. and C.M. Knudsen. 1996. Review of fish marking and tagging procedures suitable for the NATURES program. Pages 128-166 in D.J. Maynard, T.A. Flagg and C.V.W. Mahnken,eds. Development of a Natural Rearing System to Improve Supplemental Fis No
Shively, R.S., P.P. Poe, and S.T. Sauter. 1996. Feeding response by northern squawfish to a hatchery release of juvenile salmonids in the Clearwater River, Idaho. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125: 230-236. No
Sholes, W.H., and R.J. Hallock. 1979. An evaluation of rearing fall-run chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, to yearlings at Feather River Hatchery, with a comparison of returns from hatchery and downstream releases. California Fish and Game 64: 239 No
Steward, C.R. and T.C. Bjornn. 1990. Supplementation of salmon and steelhead stocks with hatchery supplementation: A synthesis of published literature. U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration, Project 88-100. Portland, OR. No
Swain, D.P., and B.E. Riddell. 1990. Variation in agonistic behavior between newly emerged juveniles from hatchery and wild populations of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47: 566-571. No
Tabor, R. A., R. S. Shively, and T. P. Poe. 1993. Predation on juvenile salmonids by smallmouth bass and northern squawfish in the Columbia River near Richland, Washington. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 13:831-838. No
Waples, R.S. 1991. Genetic interactions of hatchery and wild salmonids: lessons from the Pacific Northwest. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48(Supplement 1): 124-133. No
Waples, R.S., G.A. Winans, F.M. Utter, and C. Mahnken. 1990. Genetic monitoring of Pacific salmon hatcheries. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 92. No
Ward, D. L., J. H. Petersen, and J. J. Loch. 1995. Index of predation on juvenile salmonids by northern squawfish in the lower and middle Columbia River and in the lower Snake River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 124:321-334. No
Watson, B.D. 1993. Proposed natural production objectives for upper Yakima spring chinook under the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project. Internal YFP report. No
Wiley et al 1993 No
Williams et al. 1996. Return to the river: restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River ecosystem. Idependent Scientific Review Group, Northwest Power Planning Council, 10 September, 1996 No
Wood, C. C. 1987. Predation of juvenile Pacific salmon by the common merganser (Mergus merganser) on eastern Vancouver Island. II: Predation of stream-resident juvenile salmon by merganser broods. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44: No
YKFP (Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project). 1997. Upper Yakima spring chinook biological specifications. December 16, 1997 No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Delay Funding
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Recommendation: Delay funding until the proposals are separated into smaller subproposals: 1) monitoring directly related to evaluating the objectives, 2) research projects such as the species interactions study, and 3) projects designed to develop new methods. The entire set of proposals under the umbrella needs to be reorganized to explicitly address the two stated objectives to test supplementation and to provide a harvestable surplus.

Comments: Among the projects within the umbrella (20510) this proposal provided the best description of the project need and technical background. Table 1 was useful and could be improved by adding a symbol to indicate whether the results are expected to apply to only the Yakima or can be generalized for supplementation throughout the Columbia River basin. Task and objective descriptions were good, but it was not clear whether the assumptions were assumptions that were being tested by the project or assumptions that will not be tested but are necessary to infer from the project's results. The proposal encompasses a large number of objectives, which were described in very fine print and were laborious to read. It is not always clear how they fit together, or were chosen. The Busck et al. (1997) monitoring plan, which probably provides some of this explanation, was not cited in the references. The timeline (one year) for some objectives seems unrealistic, because the project will not be able to address interannual variation.

The proposal lists a very large number of research and monitoring activities, but does not develop an overarching strategy to explain why these particular activities were chosen or how all of these results are to be integrated to make an assessment of overall success/failure. While this rationale may well exist, it is not described. How do these various elements collectively lead to the evaluation of the supplementation objectives?

This subproposal lists monitoring activities but does not define the criteria by which supplementation results will be judged effective or ineffective. Clearly, a lot of useful ecological information is being collected. But for a multi-million dollar monitoring effort, a better explanation of the problem and the strategy should be provided. The proposal appears to combine research, M & E and methods development into one proposal. Those three categories should be in separate proposals. The proposal provides an overview of the scope of activities, but inadequate description of methods. Last year, the separate proposals that have been combined here were generally better.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Technical Criteria 1: Met? no - Are specific individual's time counted many times? E.g.. - Three full year FTEs assigned to one person across three projects (8812025, 9506325, and 9701325)?

Programmatic Criteria 2: Met? yes -

Milestone Criteria 3: Met? yes -

Resource Criteria 4: Met? yes -

CBFWA: Subregional Team Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
There appears to be a duplication of effort assigned to specific participants among the 4 FYKP proposals. Could the administrative manpower be removed from this budget proposal? This project appears to be very heavy on personnel. There is no definition of specific tasks for the subcontractors. There appears to be redundancy between tribal and state biologists among the monitoring and evaluation tasks listed in the proposal. There appears to be staff members listed for funding on this proposal that are also listed on additional projects (i.e. fishery biologist listed for 12 mo of support also identified in project #9604000 as a research manager).

ISRP Final Review , ISRP 99-4 Recommendation:
Oct 29, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Fund at appropriate interim level to maintain the basic program until province level review. See programmatic recommendation and comments in project 8811525

NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Fund existing activities
Nov 8, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Mar 1, 2000
[Decision made in 11-3-99 Council Meeting]; Address ISRP comments in BPA contract

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (Confederated Tribes And Bands Of The Yakama Indian Nation) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Sponsor (Confederated Tribes And Bands Of The Yakama Indian Nation) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Sponsor (Confederated Tribes And Bands Of The Yakama Indian Nation) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Return to top of page