Return to Proposal Finder FY 2000 Proposal 199604300

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Objectives, tasks and schedules
Section 5. Budget
Section 6. References
Section 7. Abstract

Reviews and Recommendations
Title Type File Size File Date

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement Project
BPA Project Proposal Number 199604300
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Nez Perce Tribal Fisheries/Watershed Program
Business acronym (if appropriate) NPT

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name John S. Gebhards/ Jason L.Vogel
Mailing Address P.O. Box 1942
City, State, Zip McCall, ID 83638
Phone 2086345290
Fax 2086344097
Manager of program authorizing this project
Review Cycle FY 2000
Province Mountain Snake
Subbasin Salmon
Short Description Implement and monitor supplementation program to recover native summer chinook salmon in Johnson Creek. Construct facilities for adult collection and holding, NATURE's concept rearing, and smolt acclimation.
Target Species Summer Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

NPPC Program Measure Number(s) which this project addresses: 4.2, 7.1b, 7.2d.1, 7.2d.3, 7.4a.1, 7.4a.2., 7.3b, 7.3b.2, 7.4c.1, 7.4d, 7.4e, 7.4f, 7.4o, 7.4o.1
FWS/NMFS Biological Opinion Number(s) which this project addresses: NMFS ESA Section 10 Permits #1164 and #1147, FWS Sec. 7 BiOp 501.1100, 1-4-98-F4 (bull trout), ESA Section 10 Application (Lothrop 1998), NMFS Sec. 7 BiOp - Issuance of Section 10 Direct Take Permit for JCAPE, 7-16-98.
Other Planning Document References Snake River Recovery Plan: 4.1,4.4; Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kush-Wit: Volume I: 5B 14-22, 5D 1-4, Volume II: 2 118-127; Salmon River Subbasin Plan: Objective 5.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1997 Development of the Johnson Creek Summer Chinook Salmon Supplementation Program
1997 Collected baseline information on environmental conditions on Johnson Creek
1998 Initiated preliminary design analysis
1998 Collected baseline information on environmental conditions on Johnson Creek
1998 Determined abundance and selected life history characteristics/patterns of juvenile summer chinook salmon.
1998 Determined abundance and spawning distribution/success of upstream migrant adult summer chinook salmon.
1998 Operation of the adult weir (July through September) resulted in the capture of 114 adult summer chinook. There were 54 adults utilized as broodstock.
1998 Monitor and evaluate operation of adult collection and holding facility for adverse impacts to summer chinook salmon.
1998 Prepared quarterly reports and presented results

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

Project ID Title Description Umbrella
8909800 Idaho Salmon Supplementation (IDFG) Long Term Supplementation Evaluation. Will utilize 9604300 production and evaluation data in a system-wide evaluation. No
8909802 Salmon Supplementation Studies in ID (NPT) Long Term Supplementation Evaluation. Will utilize 9604300 production and evaluation data in a system-wide evaluation. No
9703800 Listed Stock Gamete Preservation (NPT) Long Term Gamete Preservation No

Section 4. Objectives, Tasks and Schedules

Objectives and Tasks

Objective Task
1. Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement (JCAPE) Project coordination a. Participate in the production planning and coordinate with co-managers to facilitate project objectives.
1. b. Participate in facility design and development to provide physical requirements of the biological needs for project tasks.
1. c. Complete necessary environmental and cultural resource reviews on project activites.
1. d. Modify Annual Operations Plan (AOP) to address production goals, broodstock acquisition, spawning protocols, incubation strategies, rearing programs tofacility operations and maintenance.
1. e. Obtain appropriate permits for all project activities as needed for project implementation (NMFS/FWS/USFS).
1. f. Provide informational reports to agencies and public on project activities and present findings at Annual BPA/CBFWA Project Review and other forums (i.e. AFS, NAFWS, etc.). Prepare BPA quarterly and annual reports.
2. JCAPE Facility Construction Implementation a. Complete final engineering design that meets the needs of the JCAPE project.
2. b. Award construction contract and begin construction of facilities on Johnson Creek and the McCall Fish Hatchery.
2. c. Oversee construction activities for JCAPE facilities on Johnson Creek and the McCall Fish Hatchery.
3. Collect baseline information on environmental conditions in Johnson Creek, with special attention to smolt emigration and adult spawning migration periods. a. Monitor a constant recording thermograph and stage gauge to collect water temperature information near the adult trapping, emigrant trapping, smolt acclimation, and release facility and permanent gauging station.
4. Determine abundance, selected life history characteristics/patterns, and spatial distribution of juvenile summer chinook salmon pre-, during, and post-supplementation of indigenous summer chinook salmon. a. Operate juvenile chinook salmon emigration trapping trap to obtain timing, estimate abundance, and life history characteristics.
4. b. PIT tag natural parr, pre-smolts and smolts for estimating survival, emigration timing, and travel times to Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, and McNary dams.
4. c. Conduct juvenile summer parr PIT tagging (PIT tag at least 700 juvenile summer parr)with IDFG to obtain summer parr survival estimates and movement patterns.
4. d. Assist IDFG snorkel, general parr monitoring sites (GPM), for presence/absence and general trend information.
5. Adult Salmon Collection, Holding and Spawning a. Install, operate, and maintain a portable adult salmon weir/trap on Johnson Creek for broodstock collection.
5. b. Collect broodstock and release fish above weir for natural spawning in accordance with JCAPE Broodstock Management Plan and ESA permits.
5. c. Hold adult salmon until ready for spawning.
5. d. Spawn Johnson Creek broodstock in accordance with JCAPE Broodstock Management Plan.
5. e. Collect disease, genetic, tag, age, and size data from spawned adult salmon.
6. Determine abundance and spawning distribution/success of upstream migrant jack and adult anadromous summer chinook salmon pre-, during, and post-supplementation of indigenous summer chinook salmon in the Johnson Creek system. a. Evaluate the portable weir/trap facility during spawning migration for enumeration of upstream migrant summer chinook salmon.
6. b. Collect run timing information from adults trapped.
6. c. Collect length, sex, physical characteristics, tissue for genetic analysis, spawning maturation, scales, otoliths, percent spawned, snouts from CWT tagged fish, and record marks on all carcasses, and mark all adults released upstream of the weir.
6. d. Estimate efficiency and total escapement above the weir, utilizing a mark-recapture study comparing marked to unmarked carcasses and determine hatchery to wild fish ratios and fish per redd ratio.
6. e. Conduct intensive multiple count spawning ground surveys to enumerate redds, live fish, and carcasses and determine relative abundance of spawners.
7. Determine and monitor genetic characteristics/patterns, of supplementation vs. natural summer chinook salmon pre-, during, and post-supplementation of indegenous summer chinook salmon. a. Conduct genetic analysis of Johnson Creek summer chinook population in order to determine within-population genetic variability.
8. Evaluate operation of adult collection and holding facility for adverse impacts to resident and/or anadromous fish populations in Johnson Creek. a. Monitor upstream and downstream of the weir in regular intervals with multiple ground counts and snorkeling to enumerate redds, live fish, and carcasses of salmon that may be impeded by the presence of the adult weir.
9. Egg Incubation and Juvenile Rearing a. Begin egg incubation at the McCall Fish Hatchery.
9. b. Implement egg segregation for disease, until pathology results are finalized.
9. c. Continue egg segregation or egg culling as recommended by pathologists.
9. d. Begin initial fry set out and feeding as determined by fish culturist.
9. e. Transfer juvenile fish to outside rearing ponds as determined by fish culturist.
9. f. Coordinate and conduct mass fish marking when fish achieve appropriate size for marking.
10. Monitor smolt production in the hatchery to evaluate health status, growth rates, and condition factors to compare supplementation fish with natural fish. a. Perform standard health and pathological tests coordinated with ongoing evaluations conducted by Idaho Fish & Game and U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
11. Smolt Acclimation and Release a. Activate acclimation channels prior to fish transfer.
11. b. Transfer smolts from McCall Fish Hatchery to acclimation channels on Johnson Creek.
11. c. Acclimate smolts on Johnson Creek for a minimum of 21 days.
11. d. Begin volitional release of smolts after initial 21 day acclimation period.
11. e. Release remaining smolts from acclimation channels after 45 days from initial transfer to acclimation channels.
12. Determine effectiveness of acclimation of hatchery summer chinook salmon to increase the overall population of Johnson Creek summer chinook salmon. a. Implement marking program (CWT and VIE tagging) of hatchery chinook juveniles to have a definative internal and external mark to compare survival estimates between hatchery and wild chinook in the Johnson Creek system.
12. b. PIT tag a portion of Johnson Creek hatchery pre-smolts per brood year for estimating survival, emigration timing, and travel times to Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, and McNary dams.
12. c. Compare timing, estimated numbers, and life history characteristics of hatchery juvenile summer chinook salmon compared to wild summer chinook salmon captured in emigrant traps (objective 4, task a).

Objective Schedules and Costs

Objective Start Date End Date Measurable Biological Objectives Milestone FY 2000 Cost %
1 01/01/96 12/01/24 2.0%
2 01/01/98 12/01/03 75.0%
3 01/01/98 12/01/24 Collection of environmental data 1.0%
4 01/01/98 02/01/29 Collection of biological data from remnant population 3.0%
5 01/01/98 12/01/23 Collection of adults for broodstock 2.0%
6 01/01/98 12/01/29 Collection of biological data from wild and supplemented fish 2.0%
7 01/01/98 12/01/29 Utilize tissue samples from adults for baseline genetic monitoring 1.0%
8 01/01/98 12/01/29 Determine effectiveness of adult collection facility 1.0%
9 01/01/98 12/01/25 Egg incubation and juvenile rearing 7.0%
10 01/01/98 12/01/29 Collection of biological data from juvenile supplementation fish 1.0%
11 03/01/00 04/01/25 Acclimation and release of juvenile smolts First smolt release will occur in 2000. 2.0%
12 10/01/99 10/01/29 Evaluation of the acclimation and release of juvenile smolts 3.0%

Section 5. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2000 Cost
Personnel Suppl. 165,640 + M&E 110,771 (6 permanent and 6 seasonal staff). $276,411
Fringe Suppl. 36,918 + M&E 23,569 (24.0% for Full-time employees 14.0% for Temporary employees). $ 60,487
Supplies Suppl. 17,150 + M&E 11,580 $ 28,730
Operating Suppl. 48,321 + M&E 16,852 $ 65,173
Capital Suppl. 1,910,000 $1,929,733
NEPA Suppl. 15,000 $ 15,000
Construction Suppl. 142,500 $142,500
PIT tags 18,000 $ 52,200
Travel Suppl. 43,726 + M&E 25,430 (Includes vehicles, per diem, airfare, etc.) $ 69,156
Indirect Suppl. 66,812 + M&E 43,098 (22.9% of everything except subcontractor and PIT Tags). $109,910
Other Suppl. + M&E $ 0
Subcontractor Suppl. 16,200 + M&E 34,500 $ 50,700
Total Itemized Budget $2,800,000

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2000 project cost $2,800,000
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2000 budget request $2,800,000
FY 2000 forecast from 1999 $ 0
% change from forecast 0.0%

Reason for change in estimated budget

Not applicable

Reason for change in scope

Not applicable

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2001 2002 2003 2004
All Phases $725,000 $735,000 $745,000 $755,000
Total Outyear Budgets $725,000 $735,000 $745,000 $755,000

Other Budget Explanation

Schedule Constraints: We assume that improvements in mainstem passage and flows will allow for increased smolt-to-adult survival. Without this, our efforts will be negated. Availability of salmon in 2000 may change the focus of the project to a captive broodstock program.

Section 6. References

Reference Watershed?
Blankenship, H.L. 1990. Effects of time and fish size on coded wire tag loss from chinook and coho salmon. American Fisheries Society Symposium 7:237-243. No
Cuenco, M.L, T.W.H. Backman, and P.R. Mundy. 1993. The use of supplementation to aid in natural stock restoration. In, Genetic Conservation of Salmonid Fishes, J.G., Cloud and G.H. Thorgaard, eds. Plenum Press, New York. No
Daniel, M.D. and J.S. Gebhards. 1998. Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement Project's Annual Operations Plan. Nez Perce Tribe. McCall, Idaho. No
FishPro. 1998. Program Verification - Biologiccal Criteria (Version 2). Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement Project. Sept. 30, 1998. Prepared for Bonneville Power Administration and Nez Perce Tribe. No
Frederick, J.L. 1997. Evaluation of fluorescent elastomer injection as a method for marking small fish. Bulletin of Marine Science 61(2):399-408. No
Haw, F., P.K. Bergman, R.A. Fralick, R.M. Buckley, and H.L. Blankenship. 1990. Visible implanted fish tag. American Fisheries Society Symposium 7:311-315. No
IHOT (Integrated Hatchery Operations Team). 1995. Policies and Procedures from Columbia River Basin Anadromous Salmonid Hatcheries. Bonneville Power Administration Report 92-043. Portland, OR. No
Kincaid, H.L., and G.T. Calkins. 1992. Retention of visible implant tags in lake trout and Atlantic salmon. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 54:163-170. No
Krebs, C.J. 1989. Ecological Methodology. Harper Collins Publishers. Pages. 16-30. No
Kucera, P.A. 1998. Nez Perce Tribe Vision of the Future for Chinook Salmon Management in the South Fork Salmon River. In, Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Status Review Symposium. USFWS, Boise, ID. Feb. 3, 4, and 5, 1998. No
Lothrop, R.C. 1998. Application for a permit to enhance the propagation or survival of endangered South Fork Salmon River subbasin summer chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 Dated March 23, 1998. No
Mavros, W.V., J.S. Gebhards, and M.D. Daniel. In Preparation. Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement Project's Broodstock Management Plan. Nez Perce Tribe. McCall, Idaho. No
Maynard, D.J., T.A. Flagg, and C.V.W. Mahnken. 1996. Development of a natural rearing system to improve supplemental fish quality, 1991-1995. Progress Report prepared for Bonneville Power Administration. Project No. 91-055.Contract No. DE-A179-91BP2061. No
NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1995. Snake River Salmon Recovery Plan. National Marine Fisheries Service, Portland, OR. No
NPPC (Northwest Power Planning Council). 1994. Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Northwest Power Planning Council. Portland, OR. No
PMFC (Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission). 1983. Coded-wire tagging procedures for Pacific salmonids. PMFC, Portland, Oregon. No
RASP (Regional Asessment of Supplementation Project). 1992. Supplementation in the Columbia Basin. Part I - IV. RASP Summary Report Series. Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. No
Schwartzberg, M. 1987. Columbia River Salmon Stock Identification Project for Stocks Originating Above Bonneville Dam. Field Operations Guide. Technical Report 87-1. CRITFC. No
Smith, S.G., J.R. Skalski, J.W. Schlechte, A. Hoffmann and V.Cassen. 1994. SURPH.1 Manual. Statistical survival analysis of fish and wildlife tagging studies. Report to Bonneville Power Administration. Contract DE-B179-90BP02341, Project 89-107. 268 p. No
SRSRT (Snake River Salmon Recovery Team). 1994. Final recommendations to the National Marine Fisheries Service, Portland, Oregon. No
Stelle, William. 1996. Letter to John Etchart, Chairman, Northwest Power Planning Council. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service. Seattle, WA. March 12, 1996. No
Steward, C.R. 1996. Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for the Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery. Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resources Management, Lapwai, ID. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy, B.P. A. Contract No. 87B136809, Pr. No 83-350. No
Vogel J.L., Harbeck, J., and Hesse, J.A. 1998. Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for the Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement Program. Nez Perce Tribe. McCall, Idaho. No
Waples, R.S., O.W. Johnson, P.B. Aebersold, C.K. Shiflett, D.M. VanDoornik, D.J. Teel, and A.E. Cook.1993. A genetic monitoing and evaluation program for supplemented populations of salmon and steelhead in the Snake River Basin. Contract DE-A179-89BP0011. No
Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kush-Wit, Spirit of the Salmon. 1995. The Columbia River Anadromous Fish Restoration Plan of the Nez Perce, Umatilla, Warm Springs and Yakim Tribes. Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission, Portland, OR. No

Section 7. Abstract


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

ISRP Preliminary Review , ISRP 99-2 Recommendation:
Delay Funding
Jun 15, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Recommendation: Delay funding until clear scientific evidence is provided that this project is a high priority in the Salmon River drainage.

Comments: This was a very difficult proposal to evaluate. It was difficult to assess the priority of spending nearly $3 million to initiate artificial propagation – this is a major policy issue, not really a scientific or technical one. Are there potential significant biological benefits in creating a new facility versus continuing to use the existing facilities at McCall? The proposal does not convince the reviewers that this is the best location for this activity relative to other locations in the Salmon River basin. It may be, but this is not described in enough detail. The authors cite a letter from NMFS toward this point, but do not describe the contents. Why is this a priority area? This is the same criticism the ISRP had of this proposal last year. Funded work in the past has been collecting baseline life history information on Johnson Creek chinook (to examine survival of wild fish) but no results are presented. The authors propose to use the NATURE's concepts in rearing and releasing smolts, but failed in the proposal to describe or reference the NATURE's program. Visible implant tags are proposed for large-scale use in the study in spite of recent studies in Montana (N. Amer. J. Fish Mgt 16 [4]) that indicate substantial tag loss associated with this technique. The proposal needs better expressed goals and a timeline.

Nevertheless, reviewers found many positive things in the proposal. The proposal was very well written. The proposal makes clear from the outset that the project is an emergency effort to prevent extirpation of an ESA-listed stock, then sets forth a logical plan. The array of objectives is thorough (indeed, exceptionally large) and for the most part well stated. Most of the methods are thoroughly presented. There are a few vague points, such as (p. 20, lines 2-3) the method for calculating parr (abundance?) and survival estimates is not described. But the quality of the proposal and the qualifications of project personnel leave little doubt that they have a proper method in mind. It is highly commendable that the authors included discussions of risks. This is one of the only proposals that covered this requirement.

The budget warrants further scrutiny. Personnel and travel budgets look excessive. It concerns reviewers that the fish hatchery, the associated investigative project, or the two combined should need such extensive support personnel as an office manager, a program manager, and a contract administrator.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999

CBFWA: Nonwatershed Technical Group Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Criteria all: Met? Yes -

CBFWA: Subregional Team Comments Recommendation:
Aug 20, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Capital Funding source ($2,800,00). This project is moving through the NPPC step process. Brood stock has been collected and smolts will released in the spring of 2000.

ISRP Final Review , ISRP 99-4 Recommendation:
Oct 29, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]
Fund. The ISRP's concerns regarding priority of the project in the Salmon River subbasin was adequately addressed. The responses adequately identified and addressed each ISRP comment.

NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Nov 8, 1999
[There are no budget numbers associated with this review.]

NWPPC Funding Recommendation , NWPPC 2000-6 Recommendation:
Mar 1, 2000
[Decision made in 11-3-99 Council Meeting]

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
Sponsor (Nez Perce Tribe - Lapwai) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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