Return to Proposal Finder FY 2001 Ongoing Proposal 198740100

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Budgets for planning/design phase
Section 5. Budgets for construction/implementation phase
Section 6. Budgets for operations/maintenance phase
Section 7. Budgets for monitoring/evaluation phase
Section 8. Budget Summary

Reviews and Recommendations
No documents associated with this request

Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Assessment of Smolt Condition: Biological and Environmental Interactions
BPA Project Proposal Number 198740100
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Western Fisheries Research Center, Columbia River Research Laboratory
Business acronym (if appropriate) USGS

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Robin M. Schrock , Alec G. Maule, Ph.D.
Mailing Address 5501A Cook-Underwood Road
City, State, Zip Cook, WA 98605
Phone 5095382299 x231
Fax 5095382843
Manager of program authorizing this project James Seelye Ph.D.
Review Cycle FY 2001 Ongoing
Province Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
Short Description Provide technical research support to hatchery and regional fishery managers to determine interactions between juvenile salmonid physiological development and the environment affecting smoltification, disease resistance, and smolt-to-adult returns.
Target Species

Project Location

[No information]

Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal

Biological Outcomes of this project: Quantitative measurements of background natural immunostimulation provided by rearing waters on growth, immunological development, and survival. Provide smoltification measurements to fishery managers. Increased smolt-to-adult survival of hatchery reared salmonids by modification of rearing protocols. Identification of appropriate life stages for immunostimulant or nutritional enhancement to improve disease resistance.
Biological Data: Project, hatchery, fish health center, and regional agency records of long term growth, mortality, and adult return records for comparison. Health screening records from USFWS Fish Health Centers provide past disease outbreak information. Standards for hatchery strategies: A Conceptual Framework for Conservation Hatchery Strategies for Pacific Salmonids. 1999. T. A. Flagg and C. E. Nash (eds.) NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-38. Comprehensive reviews of the effects of immune enhancers for aquaculture: Sakai, W. 1999. Current research status of fish immunostimulants. Aquaculture 172:63-92. Raa, J., G. Roerstad, R. Engstad, and B. Robertsen. 1992. The use of immunostimulants to increase resistance of aquatic organisms to microbial infections. In: Shariff, M., R. P. Subasinghe and J. R. Arthur (eds.) Diseases in Asian aquaculture I. Proceedings of the first symposium in Asian aquaculture, 26-29 November 1990, Bali, Indonesia. Fish Health Section.

CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous

Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1999 Schrock, R. M., R. E. Reagan, P. A. Petrusso, and J. Coyle. Assessment and Analysis of Smolt Condition in the Columbia River Basin. Technical Report, Volume 1. Evaluation of a Modified Feeding Strategy on Growth and Smoltification of Steelhead.
1999 Schrock, R. M., P. V. Haner, K. M. Hans, J. W. Beeman, S. P. VanderKooi, J. D. Hotchkiss, P. A. Petrusso, S. G. Smith, and A. G. Maule. Assessment of smolt condition for travel time analysis. Annual report.
1999 VanderKooi, S. P. and A. G. Maule. 1999. Incidence of Renibacterium salmoninarum in juvenile spring chinook salmon at Columbia and Snake River hatcheries: 1993-1996. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 11: 162-169.
1999 Martinelli-Liedtke, T. L., R. S. Shively, G. S. Holmberg, M. B. Sheer, and R. M. Schrock. 1999. Nonlethal gill biopsy does not affect juvenile chinook salmon implanted with radio transmitters. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 19:856-859.
1999 21st Smolt Workshop, sponsored with Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, December 6, 1999 hosted at the University of Washington School of Fisheries. Proceedings available upon request.
1999 Completed hatchery data compilation and review for mid-Columbia federal hatcheries, analysis by University of Washington, School of Fisheries under BPA contract DE-B179-87BP35885, joint report in progress.
1999 Technical research assistance for "Assessing summer and fall Chinook Salmon Restoration in the Clearwater, Lower Salmon, Grande Ronde, and Imnaha Rivers" project, Nez Perce Tribe and WDFW.
1999 Technical research assistance for "Avian Predation in Oregon Estuaries and Juvenile Salmonid Migration" project. Oregon Cooperative Fishery Research Unit and ODFW.
1999 Technical research assistance for "Evaluation of Procedures for Collection, Transportation, and Downstream Passage of Outmigrating Salmonids", Oregon Cooperative Fishery Research Unit and US Army Corps of Engineers.
1999 Technical research assistance for "Survival Differences in Coho Salmon reared under Semi-natural Conditions and Standard Conditions in a Hatchery", WDFW Mitchell Act Hatchery Evaluation.
1999 Technical research assistance for "The influence of genetic differences on the Survival and Emigration of Wenatchee River Steelhead Trout", WDFW and Chelan County PUD.

Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information

Section 4. Budget for Planning and Design Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Budgets for Planning and Design Phase

n/a or no information

Section 5. Budget for Construction and Implementation Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Budgets for Construction and Implementation Phase

n/a or no information

Section 6. Budget for Operations and Maintenance Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Budgets for Operations and Maintenance Phase

n/a or no information

Section 7. Budget for Monitoring and Evaluation Phase

Task-based Budget

Objective Task Duration in FYs Estimated 2001 cost Subcontractor
1. Investigate effects of rearing conditions and the environment on development in hatchery and wild/naturally spawning populations. a. Describe growth and immunological development in three water sources (at the same temperature). b. Determine differences in disease resistance in three water sources. c. Identify wild/natural and hatchery stocks, obtain ESA/state permits. 2001 $100,000  
2. Compare effects of rearing conditions and the environment on long term survival. a. Determine long term seawater survival of smolts reared in different water sources. b. Determine seawater survival of related wild and hatchery stock. b. Establish marking protocol for adult returns. 2005 $ 35,500  
3. Maintain comprehensive database of juvenile salmonid physiology and adult survival a. Complete hatchery rearing/emigration factor investigation. b. Develop a biologically and environmentally integrated, geospatial database framework from comprehensive database. c. Assist hatcheries in development and maintenance of standardized data. 2001 $ 80,000  
4. Develop and evaluate indices of smoltification. a. Complete analysis and report of mucus lysozyme investigations related to early development and disease resistance. 2001 $ 40,000  
5. Provide technical assistance to cooperating agencies and BPA-funded projects. a. Provide technical assistance and analytical support to state, federal, and tribal fishery managers. b. Organize annual regional smolt workshop to facilitate information exchange and post proceedings on BPA website. 2001 $ 85,800  

Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information

Outyear Budgets for Monitoring and Evaluation Phase

FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2002 FY 2003
$255,000 $255,000 $341,300 $428,800

Section 8. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2001 Cost
Personnel FTE: 3.5 $155,600
Fringe 0.30 $ 46,700
Supplies $ 40,000
Travel $ 5,000
Indirect 0.38 $ 94,000
Total Itemized Budget $341,300

Total estimated budget

Total FY 2001 project cost $341,300
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2001 budget request $341,300
FY 2001 forecast from 2000 $206,000
% change from forecast 65.7%

Reason for change in estimated budget

The goal of artificial production in the Columbia River basin has changed with increasing emphasis on the release of higher quality fish to increase long term survival, and with characteristics similar to wild fish. After inquiries by hatchery managers about the use of new enhanced diets toward this end, we developed a hatchery production study to answer two uncertainties related to differential disease resistance between hatchery and wild fish. This production level study requires additional funds to cover materials and time 1) to evaluate of the effects of naturally occurring immunostimulants in the rearing water on development and long term disease resistance, and 2) to compare development between wild and hatchery fish to determine critical life stages when genetic selection may occur due to differences in disease resistance.

Reason for change in scope

Our technical research assistance activities respond to inquiries by regional fisheries agencies and hatchery managers. The basis for differences in survival between hatchery and wild fish has not been explained. Effects of naturally occurring immunostimulants in source water, and promotion of enhanced feeds by production feed manufacturers are two areas of practical concern because both may influence growth, disease resistance, and survival. Differences found between the water treatment groups will prescribe changes in hatchery rearing protocols to further the release of more disease resistant fish and to help determine if diet enhancement to improve disease resistance is justified.

Cost Sharing

Not applicable

Outyear Budget Totals

2002 2003 2004 2005
Monitoring and evaluation $341,300 $428,800 $255,000 $255,000
Total Outyear Budgets $341,300 $428,800 $255,000 $255,000

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable

Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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