Return to Proposal Finder FY 2001 Ongoing Proposal 199005200

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Budgets for planning/design phase
Section 5. Budgets for construction/implementation phase
Section 6. Budgets for operations/maintenance phase
Section 7. Budgets for monitoring/evaluation phase
Section 8. Budget Summary

Reviews and Recommendations
No documents associated with this request


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Performance/Stock Productivity Impacts of Hatchery Supplementation.
BPA Project Proposal Number 199005200
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey (formerly National Biological Survey)
Business acronym (if appropriate) BRD
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Reg Reisenbichler
Mailing Address Western Fisheries Research Center, 6505 NE 65th St.
City, State, Zip Seattle, WA 98115
Phone 2065266559
Fax 2065266654
E-mail reg_reisenbichler@usgs.gov
 
Manager of program authorizing this project Reg Reisenbichler
 
Review Cycle FY 2001 Ongoing
Province Systemwide
Subbasin Systemwide
 
Short Description Measure genetic changes from artificial propagation of steelhead and spring chinook to provide increased understanding of the reputed failure of steelhead supplementation in Idaho's Clearwater River and an improved knowledge basis for supplementation.
Target Species


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


Biological Outcomes of this project: More effective supplementation: The resulting knowledge of fitness-related genetic differences between hatchery and wild fish will provide managers with a basis for assessing genetic risks from supplementation of spring chinook (for which no other data exist) and an improved basis for steelhead. Substantial differences may prompt restricted use of supplementation and stimulate efforts to modify hatchery programs to reduce domestication selection; little or no difference may encourage supplementation and suggest little genetic benefit from modifying hatchery environments. Substantial but reversed performance differences in the streams and in the hatchery would suggest that unintentional domestication selection may be very important; whereas substantial differences in the streams but not in the hatchery would suggest that relaxed selection in the hatchery may be the dominant effect. The former would suggest a need to modify the hatchery environment or program; the latter would not.
Biological Data: This study measures growth and relative survival for offspring of hatchery and wild adults both in hatchery ponds or raceways, and in natural streams. These parameters are measured over the entire life (i.e., swim-up to returning adult) for experimental fish reared in the hatchery, or until smolting and outmigration in streams. Ancillary studies, supported by USGS, examine behavioral (e.g., behavioral dominance; time of migration) and physiological (e.g., ATP-ase and other "smolt" indices) differences between juveniles from hatchery and wild parents.


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
1995 Publication: Reisenbichler, R.R., and G.S. Brown. 1995. Is Genetic Change From Hatchery Rearing of Anadromous Fish Really a Problem? Pages 578-579 in H.L. Schramm, Jr., & R.G. Piper [eds] Uses and Effects of Cultured Fishes in Aquatic Ecosystems. AFS
1996 Conference Proceedings: Reisenbichler, R.R. 1996. Effects of supplementation with hatchery fish on carrying capacity and productivity of naturally spawning populations of steelhead. Pages 81-92 in G.E. Johnson, D.A. Neitzel, and W.V. Mavros [eds.] …
1997 Publication: Reisenbichler, R.R.. 1997. Genetic factors contributing to declines of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest. Pages 223-244 in D.J. Stouder, P.A. Bisson, and R. J. Naiman [eds.] Pacific Salmon and Their Ecosystems: Status and …
1998 Conference Proceedings: Reisenbichler, R.R. 1998. Questions and partial answers about supplementation--genetic differences between hatchery and wild fish. Pages 29-38 In E.L. Brannon and W.C. Kinsel [eds] …Columbia R Anadromous Salmonid Rehabilitation …
1999 Publication: Reisenbichler, R.R., and S.P. Rubin. 1999. Genetic changes from artificial propagation of Pacific salmon affect the productivity and viability of supplemented populations. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56:459-466.
2000 Progress report: describes ~10% reduction in fry-to-smolt survival of HxH (hatchery) compared to WxW (wild) salmon in the Little White Salmon River. Timing of outmigration also differed among groups. Other differences were apparent in the hatchery.


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information


Section 4. Budget for Planning and Design Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Planning and Design Phase

n/a or no information


Section 5. Budget for Construction and Implementation Phase

Task-based Budget

Objective Task Duration in FYs Estimated 2001 cost Subcontractor
1. Compare the growth and survival of genetically marked offspring from wild, Clearwater River, steelhead (W) and from Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (Dworshak NFH) steelhead (H) rearing together in two natural streams in the Clearwater River system, Id a. Process samples, analyze data, and write report. 2 $ 79,156  
2. Compare the growth and survival of genetically marked offspring of wild spring chinook salmon from Warm Springs River (W) and of Warm Springs Hatchery fish (H) released into the Metolius River, OR. a. Capture hatchery and wild adults, combine their gametes to create genetically marked groups of HxH, HxW, and WxW fish at the s-SOD locus, and release these experimental groups of fish as eyed embryos or swim-up fry in the Metolious R 1 $ 26,770  
2. b. Sample juveniles residing in the Metolius R. in August, and trap juveniles migrating downstream. Determine relative survival and size of the offspring of hatchery and wild fish. 2 $184,700  
3. Compare the growth and survival of genetically marked offspring from wild fish and from hatchery fish in hatchery ponds at Clearwater, or Warm Springs hatcheries. Growth (in length and weight) and relative survival will be evaluated a. Rear genetically marked HxH, HxW, and WxW groups of salmon, spawned in Task 2a, together in hatchery troughs or ponds using standard hatchery rearing practices and release the fish at the standard time of release. 1 $ 50,900  
(cont) immediately before the juvenile fish are released from the hatchery as smolts, and as returning adults. b. Compare the relative survival and size of experimental salmon shortly before the standard release date. 2 $ 54,540  
c. Mark the experimental fish with an external mark so that they can be recognized when they return as adults. Determine relative return rates and sizes of these fish when they return as adults. 2 $ 52,500  
4. Test for selection on the genetic marks by comparing the growth and survival of juvenile fish with the different genotypes rearing together in natural streams and in hatcheries. a. Determine relative return rates and sizes of fish with the different genetic marks when they return to the hatcheries as adults. 1 $ 26,100  
5. Determine the effect of egg size on subsequent growth and survival of juvenile steelhead in streams and in the hatchery. a. Sample juvenile steelhead in Silver Cr. at the end of the growing season, and determine the mean size and relative survival of fish from the different egg-size groups. 2 $ 14,900  
6. Test for an effect of incubation temperature by comparing the growth and survival of juvenile steelhead from matings early in the season, incubated at 7 C and from matings made later, incubated at 12 C. a. Process samples, analyze data, and write report. 2 $ 13,100  
7. Test for an effect of cryopreservation by comparing the growth and mortality, and the response to various stressors of juvenile fish from "fresh" and cryopreserved milt. a. Analyze data and write report. 1 $ 25,040  


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Construction and Implementation Phase

FY 2002
$478,600


Section 6. Budget for Operations and Maintenance Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Operations and Maintenance Phase

n/a or no information


Section 7. Budget for Monitoring and Evaluation Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Monitoring and Evaluation Phase

n/a or no information


Section 8. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2001 Cost
Personnel FTE: 6.0 $216,326
Fringe $ 54,186
Supplies $ 36,800
Travel $ 16,254
Indirect $126,303
PIT tags # of tags: 2000 $ 4,800
Subcontractor University of Washington -- 1 FTE of laboratory technician $ 38,637
Subcontractor Student Conservation Association--2-3 month volunteers. $ 4,400
Subcontractor U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service--hatchery expenses. $ 5,000
Subcontractor Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife--starch-gel electrophoresis for genetic marks. $ 25,000
Total Itemized Budget $527,706


Total estimated budget

Total FY 2001 project cost $527,706
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2001 budget request $527,706
FY 2001 forecast from 2000 $519,000
% change from forecast 1.7%


Reason for change in estimated budget

This modest change (+$8700) resulted from more accurate cost estimates, and the need to process samples that would have been processed the previous year had not FY 2000 funding been below the requested level.


Reason for change in scope

No change in scope.


Cost Sharing

Not applicable
 

Outyear Budget Totals

2002
Construction/implementation $478,600
Total Outyear Budgets $478,600
 

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

This project has not yet been reviewed

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