Return to Proposal Finder FY 2001 Ongoing Proposal 199900301

Proposal Table of Contents

Additional Documents

Section 1. General Administrative information
Section 2. Past accomplishments
Section 3. Relationships to other projects
Section 4. Budgets for planning/design phase
Section 5. Budgets for construction/implementation phase
Section 6. Budgets for operations/maintenance phase
Section 7. Budgets for monitoring/evaluation phase
Section 8. Budget Summary

Reviews and Recommendations
No documents associated with this request


Section 1. General Administrative Information

Title of Project Proposal Evaluate Spawning of Salmon Below the Four Lowermost Columbia River Dams
BPA Project Proposal Number 199900301
Business name of agency, institution,
or organization requesting funding
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
Business acronym (if appropriate) WDFW/ODFW/USFWS/PSMFC
 

Proposal contact person or principal investigator

Name Joe Hymer
Mailing Address 2108 Grand Blvd.
City, State, Zip Vancouver, WA 98661
Phone 3609066740
Fax 3609066776
E-mail hymerjah@dfw.wa.gov
 
Manager of program authorizing this project Joe Hymer, Pat Frazier, Don Anglin
 
Review Cycle FY 2001 Ongoing
Province Lower Columbia
Subbasin Mainstem Columbia
 
Short Description Monitor, protect, and enhance fall chinook and chum spawning and rearing below Bonneville Dam. Develop a habitat profile of the spawning and rearing area. Search for evidence of fall chinook spawning below The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams.
Target Species


Project Location

[No information]


Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs)

Sponsor-Reported Relevant RPAs

Sponsor listed no RPAs for this project proposal

Relevant RPAs based upon NMFS & BPA Review

NMFS and BPA did not associate any reasonable and prudent alternatives with this project proposal


Biological Outcomes of this project: Evidence (redds or fish) of fall chinook spawning below Bonneville, The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams and chum spawning below Bonneville Dam. Profiles of adult populations spawning below the four lowermost dams including important biological and genetic characteristics. Improved population estimates for fall chinook and chum spawning below Bonneville Dam. Profiles of juvenile fall chinook and chum salmon rearing below Bonneville Dam, including important biological and genetic characteristics. Determination of juvenile to adult survival rates for fall chinook spawning and rearing below Bonneville Dam. Hydraulic and habitat models will be used to quantify impacts of Bonneville Dam operations on spawning and rearing habitat and the associated numbers of fall chinook and chum. Dam operations will be recommended that will enhance or optimize spawning and rearing conditions and allow full utilization of available habitat in the mainstem Columbia River. Stranding portion of this project will identify peak susceptibility periods, minimum flow reductions causing stranding, critical flow bands, and physical locations where chinook and chum salmon fry are most susceptible to stranding in the Ives/Pierce island complex.
Biological Data: A 2-dimensional hydraulic and habitat model will be used to simulate the amount of fall chinook and chum spawning and rearing habitat available as a function of streamflow magnitude and fluctuation. Determination of the physical and biological aspects of chum and chinook stranding will require data from three sources: 1) physical and biological field data collected from entrapments as described, 2) population index data collected by ODFW and WDFW as part of the overall study, and 3) water elevation data as collected by USFWS as part of this study. Linkage of this data to Bonneville Dam operations will require the completion of an unsteady flow model which is under the development by USFWS and USGS/BRD also as part of this study. Maps of redd distribution and documentation of dewatered redds will be used to determine impacts of hydrosystem on returning adults. In future years smolt to adult survival rates will be available as part of this study.


CBFWA-Generated Information

Database Administrator notes on the history of this proposal form: None
Type of Project (assigned by CBFWA Analysts): anadromous


Section 2. Past Accomplishments

Year Accomplishment
2000 Incorporated data collected from piezometers to estimate emergence timing for fall chinook and chum in Ives/Pierce Island complex.
2000 Developed population estimates for fall chinook and chum spawning in Ives/Pierce Island complex.
2000 Documented evidence of fall chinook spawning below John Day Dam.
2000 Incorporated data collected from piezometers to estimate emergence timing for chinook and chum in the Ives/Pierce island complex.
2000 Documented evidence of fall chinook spawning below John Day Dam.
2000 Produced population estimates for fall chinook and chum in the Ives/Pierce island complex.
2000 Documented and mapped over 100 fall chinook redds spawning in deep water near Ives and Pierce Islands, characterized the general substrate type at redds, and collected velocity measurements at selected redds.
2000 Successfully installed piezometers within the study area; collected long-term temperature data that demonstrate a temperature gradient between the hyporheic zone and the river.
2000 Maintained real time empirical data and analyses availability on the Fish Passage Center web site.
2000 Initial pilot work to collect information pertaining to the physical and biological aspects of chum/chinook stranding/entrapment in the Ives/Pierce island complex. This information will be used as a guide for the FY 2001 studies.
2000 Verification that both chum and chinook fry were stranded in the Ives/Pierce island complex as a result of river flow fluctuations.
1999 FACT SHEET provided to FPAC, BPA, and NMFS for discussions on Bonneville Dam flow requirements for fall chinook and chum spawning and rearing.
1999 Determined emergence timing for chinook and chum in the Ives/Pierce island complex and verified accuracy of preseason estimates.
1999 Estimated emergence timing for chinook and chum in the Ives/Pierce island complex.
1999 Documentation of earlier spawning fall chinook is found in the Ives/Pierce island complex.
1999 Observations of both chum and chinook fry stranding events in the Ives/Pierce island complex as a result of reductions in streamflow.
1999 Evidence of fall chinook spawning below The Dalles and John Day dams and chum below Bonneville Dam is documented.
1999 Developed population estimates for fall chinook and chum spawning below Bonneville Dam for the 1999 return.
1999 Conducted extensive in-season analysis to determine spawning and incubation flows and to recommend flows to protect alevins and juveniles from elevated total dissolved gas levels and stranding.
1999 Measured microhabitat parameters for fall chinook and chum and recorded geographic locations of some important hydraulic features.
1999 Deep water redds are found below Bonneville Dam.
1999 Installed two water level recorders in the island complex and mainstem Columbia for 2-dimensional model.
1999 Location of shallow and deep water redds for the 1999 return are recorded on GPS and map of general known spawning area is developed
1999 Installed two water level recorders/thermistors with remote communication from spawning and rearing areas below Bonneville Dam.
1998 Locations of shallow water redds for the 1998 return are recorded on GPS and a map of generally known spawning area is developed.
1998 Cursory observations reveal some stranding and entrapment of juvenile chinook and chum below Bonneville Dam.
1998 Model developed to provide spawning and incubation flows for fall chinook and chum salmon below Bonneville Dam.
1998 Reached goal of 100 samples for genetic testing of bright stock fall chinook spawning below Bonneville Dam


Section 3. Relationships to Other Projects

n/a or no information


Section 4. Budget for Planning and Design Phase

Task-based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Planning and Design Phase

n/a or no information


Section 5. Budget for Construction and Implementation Phase

Task-based Budget

Objective Task Duration in FYs Estimated 2001 cost Subcontractor
1. Describe spawning and rearing habitat use and build hydraulic and habitat models a. Field data collection for geo-referenced 2-dimensional hydraulic model. 2 (FY01-Year 2) $ 5,002  
b. Build and calibrate hydraulic model 2 (FY01-Year 2) $ 38,535  
c. Spawning and rearing habitat use surveys 3 (FY 01-Year 3) $ 22,225  
d. Spawning and rearing habitat use models FY 01 $ 17,143  
2. Conduct in-season analysis and habitat modeling for flow recommendations a. Re-install remote water level recorders in fall chinook and chum spawning areas 3 (FY 01-Year 3) $ 12,585  
b. Conduct in-season analysis and real-time monitoring: data access on web site 3 (FY 01-Year 3) $ 12,836  
c. Spawning and incubation protection flows in FY 01; long-term flow recommendations FY 01 $ 17,843  


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Construction and Implementation Phase

FY 2002
$ 10,000


Section 6. Budget for Operations and Maintenance Phase

Task-based Budget

Objective Task Duration in FYs Estimated 2001 cost Subcontractor
1. Conduct in-season analysis and habitat modeling for flow recommendations a. Re-install remote water level recorders in fall chinook and chum spawning areas. Gage costs for FY 01 are included in Section 4. 2 (starts FY 2002, see out years below) $ 0  


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Operations and Maintenance Phase

FY 2003 FY 2002
$ 11,000 $ 9,590


Section 7. Budget for Monitoring and Evaluation Phase

Task-based Budget

Objective Task Duration in FYs Estimated 2001 cost Subcontractor
1. Collect biological data to profile the life histories and estimate numbers of returning adult fall chinook and chum spawning below the four lowermost dams. Document the initiation, peak, and duration of spawning plus location of shallow water redds. a. In shallow water areas, count fish and redds, record location of redds on GPS, and map redds. Below Bonneville Dam - annually. Below The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams, one complete life cycle (FY 2003) $ 28,965  
b. From carcasses collect scales, lengths, sex, and spawning success. Annually $ 28,965  
c. Estimate total spawning populations. Develop expansion factors for population estimates based on recoveries of tagged carcasses. Annually $ 4,828  
2. Map salmon spawning areas in areas or conditions where observations from a boat are not possible (Bonneville Dam). a. Using underwater video system and a GPS, locate and map fall chinook and chum spawning areas within the area emphasized in the physical habitat model; collect habitat variables; create spawning maps. FY 2001-2005 $ 32,000  
b. Using underwater video system and a GPS, locate and map fall chinook and chum spawning areas after flows have increased and shallow water observations are not possible. FY2001-2005 $ 4,100  
3. Determine stock origin of fall chinook and chum spawning below Bonneville Dam and fall chinook spawning below The Dalles, John Day, and McNary dams a. Collect GSI and DNA tissue samples. DNA and GSA -until the sampling goal of 100 per each pool and species is achieved. $ 4,828  
b. Examine and analyze tissue samples for genetic identification purposes. see above $ 16,673  
c. Examine carcasses for missing fin clips and collect snouts of CWT fish in conjunction with Objective 1. Annually $ 28,965  
4. Assess hyporheic water temperature and effect on juvenile emergence and adult spawning habitat use. a. Install piezos in spawning areas; place thermographs; collect temperature data over emergence period; provide data to agencies. FY2001-2005 $ 56,000  
b. Map hyporheic upwelling using temperature differences between subsurface and river; create map of potential upwelling sites; compare to spawning areas; prepare report. FY 2001-2005 $ 49,000  
5. Profile the life histories of juvenile chinook and chum emerging and rearing below Bonneville Dam and determine smolt to adult survival rates for chinook. a. Calculate temperature units either by river or ground water to estimate emergence timing. Annually $ 8,042  
b. Collect juvenile fall chinook and chum with a stick or beach seine and sample catch for species composition, fin marks, and lengths. Annually $108,415  
c. Determine if differences exist between estimated and actual emergence timing and identify relationships between environmental factors and emergence timing and size and time of emigration. Annually $ 8,042  
d. Attempt to apply coded-wire tags to 10,000 juvenile chinook captured in the Ives/Pierce Island complex. Begin CWT tagging in FY 2001; if successful, increase number of fish tagged beginning in FY 2002. $ 41,958  
6. Collect physical and biological data pertaining to stranding/entrapment of two species of juvenile salmon (fall chinook and chum) in the Ives Island area and relate to Bonneville Dam discharge history. a. Collect information from entrapment/stranding sites pertaining to substrate composition, embeddedness, vegetation composition, water chemistry, elevation/location, salmonid species composition and size. Determining the extent of stranding is expected to be performed annually beginning in FY 2002; determining locations of entrapment sites at various river flows is expected to be completed in FY 2001 $106,111  


Outyear Objective-Based Budget

n/a or no information


Outyear Budgets for Monitoring and Evaluation Phase

FY 2005 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2002
$640,000 $615,000 $627,000 $603,000


Section 8. Estimated Budget Summary

Itemized Budget

Item Note FY 2001 Cost
Personnel FTE: FWS -1.1 BRD 0.6 FWS 42,272 BRD 25,967 $ 68,239
Fringe FWS 10,568 BRD 8,829 $ 19,397
Supplies FWS 2,600 BRD 1,500 $ 4,100
Travel FWS 1,970 BRD 0 $ 1,970
Indirect FWS 13,720 BRD 13,793 $ 27,513
Other O&M for remote gages and boat FWS 4,950 $ 4,950
Personnel FTE: PNNL 0.85 ($90,568) WDFW 0.125 ($6,405) 1.0 PSMFC ($35,100) .92 PSMFC ($39,970) 1.9ODFW ($60,774) $232,817
Fringe PNNL ($12,281) WDFW ($1,499) PSMFC ($12,987) PSMFC ($15,189) ODFW ($21,879) $ 63,835
Supplies PNNL ($11,258) WDFW ($450) PSMFC ($2,000) PSMFC ($21,500) WDFW ($13,500) ODFW ($30,900) $ 79,608
Travel PNNL ($11,557) WDFW ($1,000) PSMFC ($4,320) PSMFC ($7,188) ODFW ($4,200) $ 28,265
Indirect PNNL ($30,436) WDFW ($2,198) PSMFC ($8,161) WDFW ($3,173), PSMFC ($17,077) ODFW($31,322) $ 92,367
Capital PNNL ($0) WDFW ($0), PSMFC ($0), PSMFC ($30,000) ODFW ($0) $ 30,000
NEPA PNNL ($0) WDFW ($0), PSMFC ($0) PSMFC ($0) ODFW($0) $ 0
Total Itemized Budget $653,061


Total estimated budget

Total FY 2001 project cost $653,061
Amount anticipated from previously committed BPA Funds $ 0
Total FY 2001 budget request $653,061
FY 2001 forecast from 2000 $403,805
% change from forecast 61.7%


Reason for change in estimated budget

Expansion of stranding work based upon observations of stranded chum and chinook fry in 2000. Cost of field work and analysis for the 2-dimensional modeling and habitat use/non-use approach is significantly higher than the cost of the 1-dimensional approach.


Reason for change in scope

Work conducted in FY99 and FY00 indicated a geo-referenced 2-D hydraulic and habitat model was required to quantify the complex hydraulics in the study area as well as the backwater effect from ocean tides and downstream tributary inflow. A more rigorous, quantitative approach (logistic regression model) for habitat use/non-use data collection was also indicated, including mapping of redds not visible during normal boat-surveys. Temperature of ground water upwelling sites appeared to be highly correlated to location of spawning sites, thus more effort to map ground water upwelling is warranted. In addition, in-season analysis and flow recommendation work far exceeded the planned level during FY99 and F000. This is also anticipated to be the case in FY2001.


Cost Sharing

Not applicable
 

Outyear Budget Totals

2002 2003 2004 2005
Construction/implementation $ 10,000 $ 0 $ 0 $ 0
Operations and maintenance $ 9,590 $ 11,000 $ 0 $ 0
Monitoring and evaluation $603,000 $615,000 $627,000 $640,000
Total Outyear Budgets $622,590 $626,000 $627,000 $640,000
 

Other Budget Explanation

Not applicable


Reviews and Recommendations

This information was not provided on the original proposals, but was generated during the review process.

CBFWA Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Ongoing Funding: yes; New Funding: no
Date:
Jul 14, 2000
2001
$403,805
Comment:
There are significant budget changes that are not easily tracked from the FY 2000 proposal to the FY 2001 proposal. It appears that there has been an expansion of the work without specifically adding new tasks and objectives. Further investigation of this expansion is warranted.

Expansion of stranding work is based upon observations of stranded chum and chinook fry in 2000. Cost of fieldwork and analysis for the 2-dimensional modeling and habitat use/non-use approach is significantly higher than the cost of the 1-dimensional approach.

Work conducted in FY99 and FY00 indicated that a geo-referenced 2-D hydraulic and habitat model was required to quantify the complex hydraulics in the study area as well as the backwater effect from ocean tides and downstream tributary inflow. A more rigorous, quantitative approach (logistic regression model) for habitat use/non-use data collection was also indicated, including mapping of redds not visible during normal boat-surveys. Temperature of ground water upwelling sites appeared to be highly correlated to location of spawning sites, thus more effort to map ground water upwelling is warranted. In addition, in-season analysis and flow recommendation work far exceeded the planned level during FY99 and FY00. This is also anticipated to be the case in FY2001.


NWPPC Funding Recommendation Recommendation:
Fund
Date:
Sep 13, 2000
2001
$366,169
Comment:
Rationale: Budget increase inappropriate in this review.

NW Power and Conservation Council's FY 2006 Project Funding Review Funding category:
expense
Date:
May 2005
FY05 NPCC Start of Year:
$779,586
FY06 NPCC Staff Preliminary:
$779,586
FY06 NPCC July Draft Start of Year:
$779,586
Sponsor (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

Sponsor (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Comments (Go to Original on NPCC Website):

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