BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1997 Proposal
Section 1. Administrative
Section 2. Narrative
Section 3. Budget
see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations
Title of project
Grande Ronde Basin, Joseph Creek Subbasin, Wallowa Valley Ranger District Project Implementation
BPA project number 5508100
Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
Sponsor type OR-Federal Agency
Proposal contact person or principal investigator
|Name||Kevin Martin / Duane Kloes|
|Mailing address||Wallowa Mountains Office
88401 Hwy. 82
Enterprise, OR 97828
BPA technical contact , EWP
Biological opinion ID
NWPPC Program number
Streams requiring rehabilitation in the Grand Ronde Basin, Joseph Creek Subbasin were prioritized in 1983 by a team of agency and tribal biologists representing the Forest Service, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, and the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation. Program objectives are to rehabilitate instream aquatic and riparian habitats for salmon and steelhead production. Quality instream and overhead cover will be directly improved utilizing three complementary approaches; 1) instream structure additions - large woody material, boulders, root wads, and/or combinations of these. 2) riparian fencing - exclosure units designed to optimize recovery efforts. 3) streamside vegetation plantings - native deciduous and coniferous species.
Project start year 1997 End year 2001
Start of operation and/or maintenance 1988
Project development phase Implementation
Projects completed to date that relate in application within the Joseph
Creek Subbasin; (NOTE: Below projects overlap, ie; planting within exclosure
Miles of Riparian Protection Fence
Chesnimnus Creek - 25.3 = 12.65 miles of stream exclosure
Devils Run Creek - 5.5 = 2.75
Elk Creek - 8.1 = 4.05
Peavine Creek - 6.5 = 3.25
Davis Creek - 5.6 = 2.80
Vance Draw - 1.5 = 0.75
Dry Forks Creek - 1.0 = 0.50
53.5 = 26.75
Miles of stream with ongoing riparian revegetation programs
Chesnimnus Creek - 10.65
Devils Run Creek - 2.75
Elk Creek - 5.10
Peavine Creek - 3.25
Miles of stream treated with instream habitat improvement structures
Chesnimnus Creek - 14.25
Devils Run - Creek 3.75
Elk Creek - 5.10
Peavine Creek - 3.25
TNT Creek - 1.20
Vance Draw - .75
As stated previously, in 1988 the Wallowa Valley Ranger District, in cooperation with the Bonneville Power Administration began a extensive program of riparian/fisheries restoration and enhancement.
The Bonneville Power Administration has previously funded this project under contract No. DE-A179-84-BP-17578, Project No. 84-9;
FY 93 - $ 16,590
FY 92 - $ 54,971
FY 91 - $116,904
FY 90 - $102,653
FY 89 - $128,648
FY 88 - $102,856
Biological results achieved
To date The Wallowa Valley Ranger District has accomplished 26.75 miles of riparian/fisheries restoration within the Joseph Creek Subbasin. Fisheries habitat improvement accomplishments occur in three major work activities:
(1) Project monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
(2) Maintenance of previous projects.
(3) Implementation of habitat rehabilitation projects.
Biological results achieved as a results of a comprehensive restoration program include, re-establishment of riparian vegetation, including trees and shrubs, increased bank stability, increased stream shading resulting in decreased water temperatures, increased spawning and rearing habitat, increased soil productivity, decreased sediment production, and a rejuvenated riparian zone.
Annual reports and technical papers
Annual reports include those made to the Bonneville Power Administration
under Contract no. DE-AI19-84-BP-17578, Project No. 84-9.
An indirect and highly beneficial effect of the ten year effort has been the building of a fisheries program on the Wallowa Valley Ranger District which has resulted in an increased awareness of the importance of streams and fish habitat by District personnel and the public. The Joseph Creek watershed is managed exclusively for wild steelhead trout production. Current steelhead production potential for the Grand Ronde Basin is estimated at 16,566 adults and 432,844 smolts (ODFW 1986).
Knowledge gained from this program has increased the knowledge pool for habitat restoration. Measuring the results of completed projects has allowed fisheries professionals to design current and future restoration projects with predicable results. Knowledge includes such factors as what works, what does not, and what restoration activities cost. In addition, the Blue Mountains Natural Resource Institute has adopted Elk Creek as a Demonstration Project for the purpose of "demonstrating" the knowledge gained from restoration activities and how to transfer and apply that knowledge to other public and private lands.
Specific measureable objectives
Limiting factors associated with instream and riparian habitat degradation
were identified by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, USDA Forest
Service, and Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation (1984). These
1) High summer water temperatures
2) Low summer flows
3) Lack of riparian vegetation
4) Lack of (instream) habitat diversity
5) Lack of channel stability
Specific measurable objectives are;
1) Stream Surface Shaded; Objective - Between 60% and 100% of the stream surface should be shaded form June to September during the hours of 10 A.M. and 4 P.M.
2) Stream Bank Stability; Objective - Stream banks should have 80% or more of their total lineal distance in a stable condition.Ė
3) Streambed Sedimentation; Objective - No more than 15% of stream substrate should be covered by inorganic sediment.
4) Grass-Forb Cover; Objective - Riparian zones should provide at least 80% of the site enhancement potential.
5) Shrub Cover; Objective - Riparian zones should provide at least 80% ofthe site enhancement potential.
6) Tree Cover; Objective Riparian zones should provide at least 80% of the site enhancement potential crown cover for sites that would naturally be dominated by trees. For riparian zones that naturally contain only a few trees per acre (20 or less), optimum tree cover for wildlife is considered to be 100% of potential.
Underlying assumptions or critical constraints
Fisheries habitat improvement implementation will occur in three major work activities:
(1) Project monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
-post-project monitoring, first year after accomplishment and every 3 to 5 years following until objectives are met.
-evaluation and reporting, first year after accomplishment
(2) Maintenance of previous projects.
-as needed (funded on a separate project proposal)
(3) Implementation of habitat rehabilitation projects. Individual projects may include one or all of the items listed below, action items dependant on the need of the individual stream reach;
-instream habitat restoration
-hand planting of riparian vegetation
-construction of riparian protection fencing
Brief schedule of activities
DRY FORKS: Scheduled 1997
This creek was part of the 1990 stream survey (see file for results and discussion). It is a Class IV stream but has potential for Class II (ie., low gradient, and relatively large drainage area). Project Work Plan on file. The survey length was 2.9 miles, divided into 3 reaches. Reach 1 is in need of LOM debris and fencing to control livestock grazing. Reach 2 is in need of revegetation and LOM debris. Reach 3 is in need of increasing pool habitat, revegetation of the riparian area, and fencing to control livestock grazing.
Location: T3N R47E Sec. 30, 25, & 26
Description: Reach 1 - (1) Addition of instream habitat (LOM). (2) Construction of approximately 1.6 miles of riparian protection fence to control livestock grazing. Reach 2 - (1) Plant with Lodge Pole Pine, approximately 8 AC. (2) Addition of instream habitat (LOM). Reach 3 - (1) Mechanically increase pool habitat with addition of instream structure. (2) Plant with Lodge Pole Pine, approximately 2.5 AC. (3) Construction of approximately 1.0 mile of riparian protection fence to control livestock grazing. All reaches will receive post project monitoring.
TNT GULCH: Scheduled 1997
TNT Gulch is a major flow contributor to Devils Run Creek. This creek was part of the 1991 stream survey (see file for results and discussion). It is a known Steelhead fisheries (ODF&W). The creek has been severely degraded due to past management activities. Sediment production is high, instream habitat and riparian vegetation, producing shade are non-existent, also floodplain has been severely compacted. Two miles of stream are in need of instream habitat, revegetation of the riparian zone, and fencing to control livestock grazing. Project Work Plan on file.
Location: T3N R47E Sec. 10, parallel to Rd. 4690
Description: (1) Construction of 4.0 miles of riparian protection fence. Fence line was laid out FY 89. (2) Revegetation of riparian zone with Lodge Pole Pine, approximately 10 AC. (3) Pre- and post-project monitoring.
Location: T3N R47E Sec. 14, parallel to Rd. 4690
Description: (1) Reconstruct an existing exclosure on TNT Gulch. This fence was constructed in 1989 to protect seedlings. It has served that purpose and is no longer required for that purpose. The fence includes the stream channel, the fence is no longer needed to protect seedlings. This project purposes to reduce the size of the exclosure from 15 AC to approximately 4 AC, and include only the stream channel and immediate riparian zone. This will reduce maintenance requirements and increase livestock forage available, while continuing to protect the stream channel. (2) Addition of large woody material. (3) Plant with Lodge Pole and Ponderosa Pine. (4) Pre and post project monitoring.
WEST FORK PEAVINE CREEK: Scheduled 1998
Location: T4N R46E Sec 19
The W. Fork Peavine Creek is a second order stream, rising of the west rim of Getchel Ridge and flowing four miles in a southeasterly direction to join East Fork Peavine to form Peavine proper. West Fork Peavine Creek is a Class II stream. This creek was part of the 1992 stream survey (see file for results and discussion).
Description: The W. Fork Peavine Creek is a second order stream, rising of the west rim of Getchel Ridge and flowing four miles in a southeasterly direction to join East Fork Peavine to form Peavine proper. West Fork Peavine Creek is a Class II stream. In 1994 large woody material was added to the West Fork to create diversified instream habitat, cover, and create pools. What is required is (1) establishment of fixed photo points, (2) two exclosure fences and (3) riparian plantings.
GOULD GULCH: Scheduled 1998
Location: T2N R45E Sec. 15
Gould Gulch is a major supplier of high quality water to Elk Creek. Late, summer flows in Gould Gulch are supplied by springs located within the riparian zone.
Description: This project is to construct a exclosure fence protecting a spring source that is being negatively impacted by grazing livestock, loss of water due to ground compaction, loss of water quality due to sediment production, loss of riparian dependant plant species. Project size is approximately 1 acre.
SWAMP CREEK: Scheduled 1998 and 1999
This Creek was part of the 1992 stream survey (see files for results and discussion). Class I. Project work plan on file.
Location: T3N R45E Sec. 18, 19, and 30 NE. Project area is located 1/4 mile downstream of the Swamp Creek cow camp continuing downstream for 2 miles.
Description: In 1986 41 log weirs were constructed within this reach. This project was completed with KV program dollars. Since the original construction in 1986 no maintenance activities have occurred. A inventory of the structures conducted 1992 reveals that 12 structures are in need of intensive maintenance or reconstruction to bring the structures up to design goals. Note: The 1986 project also included willow plantings and construction of a riparian pasture fence to control livestock access.
Location: T3N R45E Sec 31, T2N R45E Sec 6, 7, 18, 19
Description: In 1995 the Forest Service acquired approximately 6 miles of Swamp Creek that had been previously privately owned. During private ownership the property was managed for livestock grazing and timber production. This project is to (1) construct 8 miles of riparian protection fencing (exclosure), and (2) reintroduce large woody material into the channel.
Cost: $50,000 (#30,000 first year, $20,000 second year)
ALDER CREEK-HEADWATERS: Scheduled 1998
A tributary to Chesnimnus Creek of the Joseph Creek drainage. A formal inventory of 2.2 miles was conducted in 1986 by ODF&W from the National Forest boundary to the National Forest boundary. The streambank condition indicate erosion is taking place; the majority of stream banks are unstable and soil movement common perhaps due to excess runoff. Stream shade is lacking along with vegetative diversity. The stream also lacks habitat diversity. The creek is in need of instream habitat, vegetative cover and fencing to control livestock grazing. Historically a known Anadromous/Steelhead fisheries. Project Work Plan on file.
Location:T3N R47E Sec. 31 & 32.
Description: (1) Addition of instream habitat diversity (LOM). (2) Revegetate with deciduous vegetation, approximately 8.5 AC. (3) Construction of approximately 4.5 miles of fence to control livestock grazing. (4) Construction of 1/2 mile of Elk Proof exclosure fencing protecting 1/4 mile of stream channel. These materials are on hand, this will be a cooperative project between Range and Fisheries. (5) Pre- and post-project monitoring.
McCARTY CREEK: Scheduled 1999
This creek is a contributor of high quality flow (ie; cool and clear) to Peavine Creek. It was part of the 1990 stream survey and is a known Steelhead fisheries (ODF&W), (see file for results and discussion). Class II. Project Work Plan on file.
Location: T3N R46E Sec. 17
Description: (1) Addition of habitat structures (LOM) to increase habitat diversity. (2) Construction of approximately 1.6 miles of riparian protection fence to control livestock grazing. (3) Plant with deciduous species to enhance riparian vegetation to provide stream shade, approximately 4 AC. (4) Pre- and post-project monitoring.
TAMARACK GULCH: Scheduled 2000
This creek was part of the 1990 stream survey (see file for results and discussion). Class II. Project Work Plan on file. Stream survey length was 1.6 miles, the creek was divided into 2 reaches. The survey indicated that Reach 1 and 2 are in need of increased pool habitat, stream shade, fencing to control livestock grazing, and addition of LOM debris. Work is planned for FY 91-92.
Location: T3N R47E Sec. 35
Description: Reach 1 and 2 - (1) Mechanically increase pool habitat with addition of LOM. (2) Plant with Lodge Pole Pine to increase stream shade, supplement with deciduous vegetation, approximately 10 AC. (3) Construct approximately 3.2 miles of riparian protection fence to control livestock grazing. (4) Addition of LOM to increase instream habitat. (5) Post project monitoring.
CONIFER PLANTING Scheduled 1997 to 2001
The conifer planting would occur within riparian zones that have been logged or grazed heavily in the past. The project would involve planting 15 acres within the riparian areas along steelhead and resident rainbow habitat in the Joseph Creek Section 7 Watershed. Many of the areas will be small locations throughout the stream length (less than one acre), which increases the amount of planting time per acre, thus, increasing cost. The results from the project will be future shade, LWM recruitment, and lower stream temperatures.
Location: Various within the Joseph Creek Watershed
Cost: $6,000 per year
The Joseph Creek Subbasin is managed exclusively for wild steelhead trout production. Current steelhead production potential for the Grand Ronde basin is estimated at 16,566 adults and 432,844 smolts (ODFW 1986). To reach this production potential additional fisheries/riparian restoration must occur within the Joseph Creek Subbasin.
Summary of expected outcome
The results of continued restoration efforts include, re-establishment of riparian vegetation, including trees and shrubs, increased bank stability, increased stream shading resulting in decreased water temperatures, increased spawning and rearing habitat, increased soil productivity, decreased sediment production, and a rejuvenated riparian zone.
Dependencies/opportunities for cooperation
ĖThe projects only restriction is funding.
ĖThe are NO risks associated with implementing this project.
Aspects of monitoring will include;
1) Establish and photograph fixed photo points
2) Establish permanent stations and record streamwater temperature
3) Monitor channel morphology, establish and monitor permanent stream transects
4) Establish and monitor planting plots for survival and growth
|Historic costs||FY 1996 budget data*||Current and future funding needs|
|(none)||New project - no FY96 data available||1997: 96,336|
* For most projects, Authorized is the amount recommended by CBFWA and the Council. Planned is amount currently allocated. Contracted is the amount obligated to date of printout.
CBFWA funding review group Snake River
Recommendation Tier 2 - fund when funds available
Recommended funding level $96,336