BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1998 Proposal

Section 1. Summary
Section 2. Goals
Section 3. Background
Section 4. Purpose and methods
Section 5. Planned activities
Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation
Section 7. Relationships
Section 8. Costs and FTE

see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations

Section 1. Summary

Title of project
Umatilla River Basin Trap and Haul Program

BPA project number   8802200

Short description
Provide low-water passage for fish in the lower Umatilla River by transporting smolts and adults around irrigation diversions. Coordinate operation of passage facilities and flow enhancement projects to provide adequate passage conditions. Project has immediate survival benefits for spring & fall chinook, coho, and steelhead.

Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

Proposal contact person or principal investigator
 NameGary James, Fisheries Program Manager
 Mailing address
Pendleton, OR 97801

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Section 2. Goals

Supports a healthy Columbia basin; maintains biological diversity; maintains genetic integrity; increases run sizes or populations

Target stockLife stageMgmt code (see below)
Umatilla River Summer SteelheadSmolt/AdultS, W
Umatilla River/Carson Spring ChinookSmolt/AdultS
Umatilla River/Mid-Columbia Bright Fall ChinookSmolt/AdultS
Umatilla River/Tanner Creek CohoSmolt/AdultS

Affected stockBenefit or detriment
Snake River Fall ChinookBeneficial

Section 3. Background

Stream area affected

Stream name   Umatilla River
Stream miles affected   100+
Subbasin   Umatilla

Beginning in the early 1980's, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife began implementing a comprehensive plan to supplement steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. Part of this effort included the construction of fish passage facilities in the lower river. The Threemile Dam adult trap was completed and the required fish transportation units were obtained in 1988. The Westland juvenile trap and bypass facility was completed in 1990. Other lower river passage facilities have been constructed by BPA in the early to mid 1990's. The Trap and Haul project is an integral part of this passage effort. The project operates these facilities to provide adequate fish passage and survival conditions by trapping and hauling fish during low flow situations and coordinating the use of flow enhancement projects and passage facilities to optimize migration conditions during other periods.

Biological results achieved
Salmon runs were extinct in the Umatilla River Basin prior to implementation of the Umatilla Fish Restoration Program. This plan, of which the Trap and Haul project is a key component, has resulted in annual returns of 3,300 to 8,000 adult salmon and steelhead to the Umatilla River over the last 10 years. This project has been responsible for transporting from 5,000 to 3,000,000 salmon and steelhead smolts and 1,000 to 4,000 adults annually. The project is also responsible for ensuring that smolts and adults not hauled have adequate passage conditions. The survival of these fish would have otherwise been in jeopardy. The project also collects and transports broodstock trapped from the Umatilla River.

Project reports and papers
Contractor submits both monthly and annual reports to BPA. Annual reports are available for each year since inception.

Adaptive management implications
The project is continually learning how to more effectively operate and integrate both existing and new passage facilities, trapping facilities, and flow enhancement programs to increase the survival of smolts leaving the Umatilla River and adults migrating upstream to natural production areas. Increases in smolt numbers entering the Columbia River directly addresses the Council's rebuilding goals by increasing the number of adults that return to the Columbia and Umatilla Rivers. In addition, the project makes management recommendations based on observations of migration and adult returns which are incorporated into the Umatilla Basin and Hatchery Annual Operating Plan.

Section 4. Purpose and methods

Specific measureable objectives
Coordinate trap & haul, flow enhancement, and physical passage facilities to provide adequate passage conditions on an annual basis for salmon and steelhead smolts and adults migrating through the lower Umatilla River. Operate both adult and juvenile traps to provide information regarding population sizes, timing, health, etc. Collect broodstock required to maintain Umatilla programs and provide a management tool for maintaining the genetic and biological diversity of the Umatilla River target populations.

Critical uncertainties
The most important life history stages potentially impacted in the Umatilla Basin are adult and juvenile passage in the lower river. Without this project to provide passage and survival benefits for both adults and juveniles, it is uncertain whether the Umatilla Basin restoration program would have any chance of success in achieving its adult return goals. Critical uncertainties related to the success of the project but outside of project control include annual Umatilla flow conditions, survival of adults and juveniles in the mainstem migration corridor and ocean conditions all of which may mask benefits realized in the Umatilla River by the project. No risks have been identified with implementation of the project.

Biological need
The project provides safe transportation for juvenile and adult migrants during periods when the lower Umatilla River does not provide adequate flow conditions for natural migration. The project also coordinates operation of flow enhancement programs to improve flow conditions and decrease the periods when inadequate passage conditions exist. In addition, during time of adequate natural migration conditions, the project ensures fish passage facilities are operated to provide optimal passage conditions past man made diversions systems. The project also operates the adult trap in the lower Umatilla River providing a valuable tool for managing returing adult populations.

Hypothesis to be tested

Alternative approaches
An alternative approch has been identified (Umatilla Basin Project) and is currently being implemented. However, the Umatilla Basin Project, while reducing the requirement for trap and haul, will not eliminate it. In addition, the project is already adaptively changing from primarily providing physical transport to being the main vehicle for operation of the comprehensive flow enhancement programs being implemented in the basin.

Justification for planning

The project involves operation of trapping facilities and associated hauling equipment to safely catch, transport, and release adult and juvenile salmon and steelhead in the lower Umatilla River. The project also has primary responsibility for operation and coordination of the physical passage facilities and flow enahncement programs to optimize passage conditions for both upstream and downstream migrants.

Section 5. Planned activities

Phase PlanningStart 1988 End 1988Subcontractor
Develop project outline.
Phase ImplementationStart 1988 End 1989Subcontractor
Obtain project hauling equipment and begin operation of passage facilities.
Phase O&MStart 1989 End On-goingSubcontractor
Continue efforts to provide for passage of adult and smolt salmonids under low-flow river conditions. Continue shake-down at facilities and refine operational criteria. Adaptively change project in the future to operation and coordination of the various passage improvement projects as flow enhancement programs increase stream flows and the need for artificial transportation decreases. Continue BPA funding of ODFW and CTUIR to operate Trap and Haul program.
Project completion date   On-going

Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation


Expected performance of target population or quality change in land area affected
Outcome is known. With the project, adequate survival rates can be maintained to ensure continued returns of salmon and steelhead. Without the project, passage conditions would reduce survival to levels where continued success of returns would be jeopardized.

Present utilization and convservation potential of target population or area
Annual returns ranging from 400 to 2,500 adults for each of the four targeted species.

Assumed historic status of utilization and conservation potential
Three of the four targeted Umatilla species populations were extinct for over seventy years.

Long term expected utilization and conservation potential for target population or habitat
Umatilla Hatchery Master Plan identifies adult return goals for each species.

Contribution toward long-term goal
Increases in passage survival and subsequent adult returns.

Indirect biological or environmental changes
Increases to wildlife habitat and production of non-target resident fish stocks by improved water conditions in the lower river.

Physical products
Up to 3,000,000 smolts, 4,000 adults, and 1,000 broodstock have been hauled on an annual basis. In addition, up to 8,000 adults are trapped annually.

Environmental attributes affected by the project
Flows in the Umatilla River are directly affected by project decisions regarding flow enhancement.

Changes assumed or expected for affected environmental attributes
More consistent and adequate flow conditions for anadromous salmonid migration and natural production.

Measure of attribute changes

Assessment of effects on project outcomes of critical uncertainty

Information products
Project monthly and annual reports provide information on water flows, passage conditons, adult returns, and smolt outmigration.

Coordination outcomes
Spring 1993 provided the first operational experience with enhanced flows. Increasing participation and coordinating logistics between the various parties during flow enhancement efforts has improved in the years since.

The project is involved with many other associated projects in the Umatilla Basin and performance outcome of Trap & Haul is largely dependent on the results from these other projects. It is very difficult to assess what measurements could be made to determine that the project is being successful. Since project inception, goals for broodstock collection, adult disposition, and data collection have been met but these are secondary goals compared to insuring adequate passage conditions exist.

Provisions to monitor population status or habitat quality
The adult trapping facility at Three Mile Dam operated by the project provides one of the most comprehensive tributary monitoring opportunities in the region for assessing population status of target stocks. The Westland juvenile trap and bypass facility also provides the ability to monitor juvenile outmigration.

Data analysis and evaluation
Most of the information and data collected by the project is supplied to associated M & E projects for detailed analysis and/or evaluation.

Information feed back to management decisions
Adaptive management decisions are made every year by basin co-managers based on recommendations or information supplied by the project. These decisions are incorporated into the Umatilla Basin and Hatchery Annual Operating Plan.

Critical uncertainties affecting project's outcomes
Good question!

As mentioned in the Monitoring Approach section above, specific measure will be hard to identify.

Incorporating new information regarding uncertainties
Again, any information that changes the operations or goals of the project are incorporated through the Umatilla Basin and Hatchery Annual Operating Plan.

Increasing public awareness of F&W activities
Locally, the Three Mile Dam adult facility is very visible to the public and information regarding adult returns is supplied to the public on a regular basis. The facility is also a very popular attraction for both public and private tours.

Section 7. Relationships

Related BPA projectRelationship
8403300 Umatilla Hatchery O & M All listed projects, along with Trap & Haul, are components of the overall Umatilla Basin Restoration Program. The Trap & Haul project is specifically related to these other projects by providing adequate passage conditions for both juveniles and returning adults; broodstock collection; and adult return data.
8343500 Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facilities O & M
9101400 Umatilla Hatchery Satellites - Design & Construction
9000501 Umatilla Basin Natural Production M & E
8710001 Umatilla River Basin Anadromous Fish Habitat E
Related non-BPA projectRelationship
Umatilla Basin Project/USBRPart of overall Umatilla Basin Restoration Program

Opportunities for cooperation
The Trap and Haul Project is a model for cooperation between diverse interest groups as it provides a fish passage "contingency plan" during low flow periods while the well established irrigation interests also remain intact. The project also coordinates the operation of the USBR funded Umatilla Basin Project and BPA funded passage facilities with ODFW, ODWR, and local irrigation districts to provide adequate flow and fish passage conditions in the lower Umatilla Basin. The BPA funded fish screen and trapping facilities operated by the project are maintained under the direction of USBR and local irrigation districts. ODFW is a subcontractor to the project and a cooperator in the Umatilla River Fish Restoration Program. ODFW and USFWS produce hatchery smolts which the project transports through the lower Umatilla River. ODFW also operates and maintains juvenile fish screens which are monitored by the project for fish passage. NMFS develops fish passage and screening criteria for the facilities the project operates. The project also assists in the transportaion of adults and juveniles to the basin as well as the collection and transportation of broodstock needed for the Umatilla River Fish Restoration Program.

Section 8. Costs and FTE

1997 Planned  $296,000

Future funding needs   Past obligations (incl. 1997 if done)
FY$ Need% Plan % Implement% O and M
1998435,000 0%0% 100%
1999460,000 0%0% 100%
2000480,000 0%0% 100%
2001500,000 0%0% 100%
2002500,000 0%0% 100%
Longer term costs   Expected annual cost of $400,000 to $500,000.

For annual operation and maintenance.

FY97 overhead percent   34%

How does percentage apply to direct costs
This percentage applies to all direct project costs within the CTUIR portion of the contract. The CTUIR indirect rate does not apply to subcontracted costs.