BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1998 Proposal
Section 1. Summary
Section 2. Goals
Section 3. Background
Section 4. Purpose and methods
Section 5. Planned activities
Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation
Section 7. Relationships
Section 8. Costs and FTE
see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations
Title of project
SBT/SPT Joint Culture Facility
BPA project number 9500600
Plan and develop a facility to provide trout for the Duck Valley and Fort Hall Reservations as part of the resident fish substitution portion of the program. Trout production will include native Yellowstone cutthroat, redband trout, and rainbow trout. Rainbow trout will provide fish for put and take fisheries in enclosed reservoirs. In addition to providing recreational and subsistence fishery opportunities, put and take fisheries will ease pressure on native fish stocks Native fish will be used to re-establish stocks diminishing due to habitat loss, hybridization with non-native species, and exploitation. Past stocking of native cutthroat trout in other areas (Dwyer and Rosenlund 1988) has shown success and provides key information on problems associated with production of native species in a hatchery setting.
Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
Proposal contact person or principal investigator
Supports a healthy Columbia basin; maintains biological diversity; maintains genetic integrity; increases run sizes or populations
|Target stock||Life stage||Mgmt code (see below)|
|Yellowstone cutthroat trout||N W|
|Redband trout||N W|
|Affected stock||Benefit or detriment|
Stream area affected
Hydro project Palisades; Minidoka; American Falls
1992 CH2M Hill Feasibility study, 1995 Master Plan, 1996-1997 Purchase and Capital Construction. If the facility is large enough (ie. has sufficient water), then surplus eggs could be provided to the BPA programs throughout the basin. Funding would be directed toward operations and maintenance of the facility.
Biological results achieved
Project reports and papers
1992 Preliminary Feasibility study; 1995 Hatchery Master Plan.
Adaptive management implications
Information gathered during planning, implementation, operation, and maintenance will be used to modify future actions related to this project for the highest level of efficacy and cost effectiveness. In addition, past projects concerning stocking of native fishes by other individuals will provide information necessary to project success. Phase II of the project includes experimentation with different techniques in holding and spawning native fishes. Phase III includes development of an EIS to weigh benefits of outplanting eggs for native species recovery against any indirect or direct disadvantages.
Specific measureable objectives
Adult cutthroat and redband brood stock will be spawned in the hatchery to provide eggs, fingerlings, and catchable trout for Duck Valley and Fort Hall Reservations. Cutthroat brood stock (160) pairs will be spawned to provide 350,000 eggs and 8,000 catchables for the Fort Hall Reservation. Redband (150 - 300 pairs) will be spawned to provide Duck Valley Reservation with 350,000 eggs, 245,000 fingerlings and 94,000 catchables. Also rainbow trout eggs will be purchased to provide 550,000 rainbow fingerlings and 164,000 catchable rainbows for the Duck Valley and Fort Hall Reservation.
Whether we can successfully hold and spawn native brood stock in a hatchery setting and outplant eyed eggs in remote site hatchboxes.
Fish are needed to help recover native populations of cutthroat trout on the Fort Hall Reservation and redband trout on the Duck Valley Reservation, and to provide catchable rainbow trout for economic development and alternative fisheries on both reservations.
Hypothesis to be tested
HO: Hatcheries cannot be used to re-establish and help perpetuate native fishes. HA: Hatcheries can be used to re-establish and help perpetuate native fishes.
Habitat restoration/enhancement and protection of existing native fish populations/stocks is inadequate given their continued decline from genetic introgression, habitat degradation, and exploitation
Justification for planning
N/A - This project is in implementation and operation and maintenance phases.
Phase I - Construction of hatchery facility with separate rearing/holding areas for native fishes and rainbow trout. Rainbow trout will be raised for outplanting to enclosed terminal reservoirs for recreational and tribal subsistence fisheries. Phase II - Experiment with holding and spawning of native fish species. Phase 3 - Collect tissue samples from local populations of native fish to assess genetic purity, collect gametes from genetically pure populations and use them as brood stock for the hatchery. Every year brood stock would be replaced with wild gametes at a rate of 20 - 30%. Eyed eggs will be outplanted to hatch-boxes.
|Phase Planning||Start 1996||End 1997||Subcontractor|
|Complete purchase of hatchery, rebuilding necessary components, Experiment with holding and spawning of native fish species.|
|Phase Planning||Start 1995||End 1996||Subcontractor Montgomery-Watson|
|1992 CH2M Hill 1995 Master Plan.|
|Phase Planning||Start 1991||End 1992||Subcontractor CH2M Hill|
|1992 CH2M Hill|
|Phase Implementation||Start 2000||End 2020||Subcontractor|
|Production and outplanting of native fish eggs to target streams.|
|Phase Implementation||Start 1998||End 2000||Subcontractor|
|Collect tissue samples from local populations of native fish to assess genetic purity, collect gametes from genetically pure populations and use them as brood stock for the hatchery. Experiment with holding and spawning of native fish species.|
|Phase Implementation||Start 1997||End 2020||Subcontractor|
|Production and outplanting of rainbow trout to terminal reservoirs.|
|Phase O&M||Start 1997||End 2020||Subcontractor|
|Operation and maintenance of hatchery.|
SUMMARY OF EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Expected performance of target population or quality change in land area affected
Restoration and recovery of native fisheries on the Fort Hall and Duck Valley reservations.
Present utilization and convservation potential of target population or area
Depleted numbers of native Yellowstone cutthroat and redband trout. Factors responsible for the decline of genetically pure populations include; fragmented (i.e. hydropower projects) and degraded habitat, genetic introgression, and exploitation.
Assumed historic status of utilization and conservation potential
Healthy populations of Yellowstone cutthroat trout and redband trout within Fort Hall and Duck Valley reservations
Long term expected utilization and conservation potential for target population or habitat
Return of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in Fort Hall reservation and redband trout in Duck Valley reservation to near historic levels.
Contribution toward long-term goal
Production targets weak stocks for restoration. Supplementation will help re-establish affected populations. Production will also be for Duck Valley and Fort Hall trout put and take programs to reduce exploitation of sensitive native fish stocks.
Indirect biological or environmental changes
Public may support improved habitat and native species rather than degraded habitats populated with warm-water exotic fishes.
Adult cutthroat and redband brood stock will be spawned in the hatchery to provide eggs, fingerlings, and catchablo provide eggs, fingerlings, and catchable trout for Duck Valley and Fort Hall Reservations. Cutthroat brood stock (160) pairs will be spawned to provide 350,000 eggs and 8,000 catchables for the Fort Hall Reservation. Redband (150 - 300 pairs) will be spawned to provide Duck Valley Reservation with 350,000 eggs, 245,000 fingerlings and 94,000 catchables. Also rainbow trout eggs will be purchased to provide 550,000 rainbow fingerlings and 164,000 catchable rainbows for Duck Valley and Fort Hall Reservations.
Environmental attributes affected by the project
Changes assumed or expected for affected environmental attributes
Measure of attribute changes
Assessment of effects on project outcomes of critical uncertainty
Problems will be addressed by referencing other pertinant peer reviewed projects and through basic scientific method and iterative techniques.
Annual reports and quarterly reports will be submitted for the duration of the project. In addition, project outcomes related to native species recovery will be published in appropriate peer reviewed journals.
A feasibility study and report were completed in 1992. It showed that purchase of an existing facility would be more cost effective than building a new one. A hatchery Masterplan was completed in 1996. The SPT and SBT decided coordination would be the most effective means to implement a native species and put and take production facility. State organizations have decided not to participate until native species eggs were made available.
Continued monitoring of target stocks/streams will provide information on health and numbers of native fishes. In particular, monitoring the number of return spawners to sites of release and any increases in population estimates of native fish stocks.
Provisions to monitor population status or habitat quality
Continued monitoring of fish populations and habitat by biologists to assess increases in production, health, and numbers of native fishes.
Data analysis and evaluation
Quantitative data will be analyzed using the appropriate statistical tests of significance. Outcomes will be evaluated by professional biologists using the appropriate scientific methods.
Information feed back to management decisions
Project success will be assessed and future project planning, implementation, and operation and maintenance will be adjusted accordingly through adaptive management techniques.
Critical uncertainties affecting project's outcomes
Collection of baseline data, historical information, and results from projects completed by other individuals/entities.
Measurable tangibles include; native fish numbers, genetic integrity of native fish, health of native fish, and success of Duck Valleys put and take program.
Incorporating new information regarding uncertainties
Any information gained from the project will be incorporated into future planning, implementation, and operation and maintenance of the project.
Increasing public awareness of F&W activities
Information disseminated on the project will stress the importance of restoring native fish to areas where they once flourished. Increased numbers of native fish will be available to anglers.
|Related BPA project||Relationship|
|9201000 Habitat Restoration/Enhancement Fort Hall Bottoms||Provides habitat for re-introduction and natural spawning of native cutthroat trout|
|9501400||Assessment of native fish losses|
Opportunities for cooperation
Partnership between Fort Hall and Duck Valley reservations. Cooperation with IDFG, ODFW, BPT.
1997 Planned $315,000
1996 Unobligated $1,400,000
|Future funding needs||Past obligations (incl. 1997 if done)|
Other non-financial supporters
Blackfoot River Watershed Council
FY97 overhead percent 26%
Operation and Maintenance in perpetuity
How does percentage apply to direct costs
Personnel and fringe benefits.