BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1998 Proposal

Section 1. Summary
Section 2. Goals
Section 3. Background
Section 4. Purpose and methods
Section 5. Planned activities
Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation
Section 7. Relationships
Section 8. Costs and FTE

see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations

Section 1. Summary

Title of project
Monitoring of Supplementation Response Variables for YKFP

BPA project number   9506406

Short description
Lead the development of detailed monitoring plans stating major objectives, experimental hypotheses, risk containment measures, and specific field protocols for the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP). Provide power analyses for the experimental design; implement monitoring and evaluation of the reproduction success and long term fitness response variables.

Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Proposal contact person or principal investigator
 NameBill Hopley, Research Scientist
 Mailing address600 Capitol Way N
Olympia, WA 98501-1091


Section 2. Goals

Supports a healthy Columbia basin; maintains biological diversity; maintains genetic integrity; adaptive management (research or M&E)

Target stockLife stageMgmt code (see below)
Upper Yakima spring chinookJuvenile and adult freshwater phasessS, N, W
Upper Yakima spring chinookJuvenile and adult freshwater phasessS, N, W

Affected stockBenefit or detriment
Resident and anadromous species within the Yakima basinTo be determined by monitoring and evaluation of the YKFP

Section 3. Background

Stream area affected

Stream name   Yakima River
Subbasin   Yakima

This task is one of an integrated suite of tasks which, collectively, implement the YKFP. This task will be initiated in 1997 to support development and implementation of the YKFP monitoring plan.

Biological results achieved

Project reports and papers
The YKFP Monitoring Implementation Plan is in draft form as of February, 1997.

Adaptive management implications
Under the adaptive management structure for the YKFP, project managers propose actions (strategies) in response to a set of agreed-upon objectives. These actions are designed as experiments to test whether the predicted results (or some other result) occurs. They also define operating assumptions needed to accept the strategies, associated uncertainties, and the risk of not meeting the stated objectives if the assumptions are incorrect or the strategy is not feasible. The experiments must be carefully designed to obtain valid (i.e. statistically reliable) results in a specified period of time. The experiments are conducted and carefully monitored to allow statistical evaluation of the results. The process includes a mechanism for review of the previous year's results, which may cause the objective to be modified, in turn restarting the process.

Section 4. Purpose and methods

Specific measureable objectives
Perform cyclic revision of the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Plan. Perform power analyses to support experimental design work. Conduct monitoring and evaluation of long term fitness and reproductive success following implementation of the YKFP.

Critical uncertainties
Under development by the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team

Biological need
Implementation of the Monitoring and Evaluation plan. A detailed Monitoring and Evaluation Plan is now under development by the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team (MIPT). After completion in 1997, it will guide specific M & E tasks on an annual basis.

Hypothesis to be tested
Under development by the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team

Alternative approaches
Alternative approaches to achieve the NPCC objectives for the YKFP were presented in the draft EIS. The task described herein supports the preferred alternative as presented in the Yakima Fisheries Project Record of Decision, March, 1996.

Justification for planning
This task responds to the NPPC comments on the YKFP Master Plan instructing the state and the tribal managers to establish a project management structure. This task guides implementation the YKFP monitoring plan in addition to conducting a portion of the on-the-ground work.

Under development by the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team

Section 5. Planned activities

Phase PlanningStart 1997 End 2005Subcontractor
Monitoring will begin no later than the scheduled initiation of brood stock collection in April, 1997. The YKFP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team is developing a detailed monitoring plan based on pre-facility baseline work in genetics, reproductive success, species interactions and post-release survival.
Phase ImplementationStart 1997 End 2005Subcontractor
Monitor the post-supplementation progress of long-term fitness and reproductive success of supplemented hatchery and naturally spawning upper Yakima spring chinook
Project completion date   2005

Constraints or factors that may cause schedule or budget changes
Risk monitoring and containment measures will be developed by the YKFP Monitoring and Evaluation Work Group based on risks identified in the final EIS via the adaptive management process used by the YKFP.

Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation


Expected performance of target population or quality change in land area affected
Under development by the YKDP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team

Assessment of effects on project outcomes of critical uncertainty
Critical uncertainties are classified in the Project Status Report, Vol. 3; Upper Yakima Spring Chinook as resolvable or unresolvable. Resolvable uncertainties will be approached through experimentation, monitoring, and evaluation. The effect of unresolvable uncertainties will be detected through monitoring according to the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Plan.

Information products
Monitoring implementation hypotheses and protocols to assess the result of supplementation on target and non-target taxa; power analyses and statistical support for experimental design; evaluation of the effects of hatchery supplementation on the genetic status and reproductive success of upper Yakima spring chinook.

Coordination outcomes
The YKFP and each supporting task including that described herein is designed to provide transferable primary information for use in supplementation projects throughout the Col. R. basin.

Under development by the YKFP Monitoring Implementation Planning Team

Provisions to monitor population status or habitat quality
The YKFP is designed as an experiment. The Monitoring Implementation Planning Team (MIPT) provides a detailed monitoring plan, including specific field protocols to monitor numerous response variables, including stoci status, genetic change, reproductive success, natural production, and ecological interactions.

Data analysis and evaluation
The project management structure provides for a Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC). Specific projects, including that described herein, report results to the STAC which will incorporate information into the YKFP adaptive management framework.

Information feed back to management decisions
Through the YKFP adaptive management process as described in detail in the FEIS and the PSR.

Critical uncertainties affecting project's outcomes
Achieve habitat stability/improvement in the Yakima basin. Provide more favorable water quality and flows in the Yakima basin.

Achieve improvement in the status of upper Yakima spring chinook. Transfer genetic and reproductive success monitoring techniques to other users. Achieve no negative impacts to genetic health or reproductive capacity of upper Yakima spring chinook.

Incorporating new information regarding uncertainties
Through the adaptive management process incorporated by the project.

Increasing public awareness of F&W activities
The YKFP incorporates a Project Annual Review (PAR) which offers the opportunity for peer review to assess the effectiveness of various tasks in achieving overall project objectives. In addition, project scientists publish results in peer-reviewed scientific jourls and BPA contract reports.

Section 7. Relationships

Related BPA projectRelationship
9506400 The Intergovernmental Agreement Yakima Fisheries Project Scientific and Management Services Provides the contract for WDFW policy oversight and technical direction for this and other priority tasks within the adaptive management framework of the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project.
9506401 Refinement of Marking Methods for the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Is developing the marking technology necessary to identify project fish at the treatment replicate level and recover information about those fish by benign sampling. Evaluation of project success is dependent upon this assumption.
9506402 Upper Yakima Species Interactions Studies Established the biological baseline for spawning, rearing, and production of rainbow trout, steelhead, spring chinook salmon, and non-target species that may be important effectors or respond to supplementation. This task also develops monitoring techniques and specific monitoring plans that must be in place at the inception of YKFP supplementation and continue as the system responds. Evaluation of project objectives and success is dependent upon this assumption.
9506403 Development of the Genetic Management Framework for Upper Yakima spring Chinook 9506404 - Policy/Technical Involvement and planning in the Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project 9506405 - Further Development of the NIT and LNIT Strategie Provides the genetic management component, a complement to the ecological interactions component described above. Both are central to Project objectives as defined by the NPPC. Evaluation of project objectives and success is dependent upon this assumption.Provides for WDFW policy and technical planning and coordination.Provides field testing and final definition of the new innovative treatments to be ussed for fish rearing to produce individuals with traits similar to their wild counterparts. Evaluation of project objectives and success is dependent upon this assumption.

Opportunities for cooperation
The cooperating fishery managers on the YKFP are the Yakama Indian Nation and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. A project management framework stipulates that project management is directed by a Policy Group consisting of representatives of the fishery managers. The USBOR is an interested party in the basin and several proposed monitoring facilities are operated by BOR. BPA is the funding entity and has the lead responsibility for NEPA development and compliance.

Section 8. Costs and FTE

Future funding needs   Past obligations (incl. 1997 if done)
FY$ Need% Plan % Implement% O and M
1998200,000 40%60%  
1999200,000 20%80%  
2000200,000 20%80%  
2001200,000 20%80%  
2002200,000 80%20%  

Other non-financial supporters

Longer term costs   Approximataely $200k through 2005


FY97 overhead percent   19%

How does percentage apply to direct costs
Total of direct costs except capitalized equipment and fish food

Contractor FTE   19%
Subcontractor FTE   1.3