BPA Fish and Wildlife FY 1998 Proposal
Section 1. Summary
Section 2. Goals
Section 3. Background
Section 4. Purpose and methods
Section 5. Planned activities
Section 6. Outcomes, monitoring and evaluation
Section 7. Relationships
Section 8. Costs and FTE
see CBFWA and BPA funding recommendations
Title of project
Hanford K-Basin Fall Chinook Acclimation
BPA project number 9603201
Acclimate fall chinook above McNary Dam to increase natural production in the Hanford Reach and to provide in-place/in-kind mitigation for John Day Dam. Develop a master plan to utilize the Hanford K-Basins to implement restoration and mitigation objectives in the mid- and upper-Columbia basin for fall chinook, coho and sturgeon.
Business name of agency, institution or organization requesting funding
Yakama Indian Nation
Proposal contact person or principal investigator
Supports a healthy Columbia basin; maintains biological diversity; maintains genetic integrity; increases run sizes or populations; program coordination or planning; basinwide; education
|Target stock||Life stage||Mgmt code (see below)|
|Upriver Bright/Fall Chinook||Pre-smolt/smolt||S, W|
|Coho||Pre-smolt/smolt||S, E, W|
|Sturgeon||Egg, yearling||S, W|
|Affected stock||Benefit or detriment|
|Predators, Pathogens, Mutualists||Beneficial|
Stream area affected
Stream name Columbia River
Stream miles affected 51
Hydro project McNary, John Day, The Dalles, Bonneville, Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, Ice Harbor
Biological results achieved
A Master Plan will be completed during FY97 that will provide several alternatives for raising target species at the K-basins. Evaluation of adult returns from fall chinook releases from 1993-1996 has not yet been completed.
Project reports and papers
Blodgett, J.1994. K-Basin Fall Chinook Acclimation Project Annual Report
Adaptive management implications
The John Day fall chinook are 100% CWT as required by NMFS for ESA conditions to monitor straying. Survival at all life stages can therefore be determined with statistical methods using data from dam sampling, dam counts, and ocean and river harvests. White sturgeon enhancement (provided for in Master Plan Development) via supplementation will be evaluated through mark/recapture programs.
Specific measureable objectives
Increase natural production of fall chinook in the Hanford Reach and allow in-place/in-kind mitigation for the construction of John Day Dam. The project goal is to return as adults 0.5 to 1.0 percent of fall chinook acclimated and released from net pens in the K-basins. White sturgeon have also been impacted in the mid-Columbia and Snake River Basins and will be a central focus of the master plan to use the K-basins to implement restoration. At this time no enhancement of white sturgeon has been implemented in the area above McNary Dam.
John Day fall chinook will be acclimated to increase survival. Data from coho in the Yakima River indicate survival can be substantially increased with acclimation versus direct stream release. As part of the master plan, the YIN intends to utilize the 350 white sturgeon broodstock presently on hand at Hanford to implement supplementation of the depressed mid-Columbia stocks. However, risks to native stocks will be minimized by using local populations of sturgeon to reintroduce back into the Columbia.
Fall chinook in the mid-Columbia are not in danger of extirpation, but the K-Basin acclimation proposal provides John Day mitigation reprogramming from the lower river to "in-place, in-kind" mitigation. White sturgeon are badly depressed in this region. The master plan developed under this project would seek to begin rebuilding white sturgeon populations using at least in part the established broodstock at Hanford. However, primary supplementation actions will be coordinated with the states of Washington and Oregon and the USFWS and use local wild broodstock collected from behind the dams on the mainstem Columbia and Snake Rivers.
Hypothesis to be tested
We will be testing the hypotheses that the K-basin purification pools located on the Hanford Nuclear Reservation can be used as artificial supplementation facilities for the outplanting of fall chinook, coho and sturgeon populations into selected areas of the Columbia Basin.
Justification for planning
The NPPC has determined that a master plan must be developed for all new fish rearing facilities before construction can begin.
700,000 to 1,000,000 fall chinook (John Day Mitigation fish) will be acclimated annually in net pens in the Hanford K-Basin ponds. This project supports the regional goal of reprogramming John Day fall chinook above McNary Dam. The long-term goal is to have these fall chinook return as adults to the Hanford Reach to supplement natural production of fall chinook and to increase tribal harvest opportunity in Zone 6. The Department of Energy has offered the use of the K-Basin facilities to the Yakama Indian Nation and BPA. The YIN agreement with DOE provides opportunity to evaluate the K-Basin by development of a master plan for achieving artificial propagation and enhancement goals for salmon, white sturgeon, and other appropriate species.
|Phase Planning||Start 7/1996||End 7/1997||Subcontractor Yes|
|Phase Implementation||Start 10/1997||End 7/1998||Subcontractor|
|Initiate construction actions pursuant to master plan.|
|Phase O&M||Start 10/1997||End ongoing||Subcontractor|
|Provide for the operations and maintenance of K-basins.|
SUMMARY OF EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Expected performance of target population or quality change in land area affected
Costs for this program will be jointly shared by BPA, Department of Energy and the Yakama Indian Nation. Benefits to fall chinook and white sturgeon are expected to occur within a few years. Full funding has not been defined and long term funding needs are yet to be determined and will be based on master plan development.
Present utilization and convservation potential of target population or area
The Hanford Reach supports the largest fall chinook population in the Columbia Basin. The sturgeon populations which will be impacted have been reduced as a result of the installation of the hydro dams.
Long term expected utilization and conservation potential for target population or habitat
Sport fisheries and tribal subsistence, ceremonial and commercial fisheries will have increased harvest opportunities as a result of this action.
The goal is for up to 5 million fall chinook to be reared and released. The Master Plan product will describe the sturgeon and coho production potential of the facility.
700,000 to 5,000,000 fall chinook (John Day Mitigation fish) will be acclimated annually in net pens in the Hanford K-Basin ponds. This project supports the regional goal of reprogramming John Day fall chinook above McNary Dam. The long-term goal is to have these fall chinook return as adults to the Hanford Reach to supplement natural production of fall chinook and to increase tribal harvest opportunity in Zone 6. The Department of Energy has offered the use of the K-Basin facilities to the Yakama Indian Nation and BPA. The YIN agreement with DOE provides opportunity to evaluate the K-Basin by development of a master plan for achieving artificial propagation and enhancement goals for salmon, white sturgeon, and other appropriate species.
The number of adults that enter the fishery is one indicator of success. However, the ability of the project to increase runs and maintain the genetic diversity of the resource is also important. It is our intent to monitor the stocks for genetic change, if possible.
Incorporating new information regarding uncertainties
Increasing public awareness of F&W activities
The purpose of this project is to provide additional opportunity for fishing groups to harvest fish. We will need to make sure that notification to the public is made to advertise the benefits of this project.
|Related BPA project||Relationship|
|5509800 9603202||Partially implements FY97 Proposal # 5509800. See also 9603202|
|9604000 Coho Restoration Mid-columbia R Tributaries||Provides coho for reintroduction into Mid-Columbia Tributaries|
Opportunities for cooperation
The DOE is funding maintenance of the K-Basin facilities and encourages their use in the Fish and Wildlife Program (J. Wagoner letter to R. Hardy, May 1, 1995). DOE has offered use of the K-Basin facilities to the YIN and BPA.
1997 Planned $358,400
|Future funding needs||Past obligations (incl. 1997 if done)|
How does percentage apply to direct costs
The indirect rate applies to the total direct project costs.